Modernizing Japan

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Modernizing Japan

  1. 1. MODERNIZING JAPAN
  2. 2. • The Tokugawa shogunate, was the last feudal Japanese military government which existed between 1600 and 1868. • The heads of government were the shoguns.
  3. 3. Emperor:Religious leader Shogun:a military commander Samurai:a class of highly skilled warriors, Farmers or peasants Artisans Merchants SOCIAL CLASSES
  4. 4. • The Tokugawa shogunate ruled from Edo Castle. • This time is also called the Tokugawa period] or pre-modern
  5. 5. • The Tokugawa Shogunate closed of Japan to outsiders, it maintained diplomatic relations only with Korea • In the mid 1800s U.S. decided to force an end to Japan’s Isolation.
  6. 6. • The goal was to open trade with the island nation • In 1853, The Commodore Matthew Perry and a fleet of four U.S. warships sailed into Tokyo Bay. • Perry Presented a letter demanded that Japan open trade relations with the U.S.
  7. 7. • Japan was forced to open relations with U.S. and other European Nations. • In 1867, rival leaders forced the end of the Tokunawa Shogunate. • The period between 1868 and 1912 is called the Meiji Restoration = Enlightened Rule • During this period Japanese Officials modernize and westernize the nation MEIJI RESTORATION
  8. 8. • 1st They made a study of Western technology and Science as well as Political and economic ideas. • 2nd They put an end to feudalism and made Japan an Industrial Nation • 3rd The Meiji adopted a constitution modeled after Germany’s which establishes a legislature divided by the upper house and the lower house • 4th They created a subsidy program: the japanese government provided money to hel start new industries. • 5th They built a railroad and a telegraph system, harbors and roads were improved. • 6th They created a banking system and a postal system • 7th They set up a modern army and navy. All men had to serve in the army for three years. • 8th The public education system was created as in the U.S. all boys and girls had to attend to school for six years. MODERNIZATIO N
  9. 9. REASONS FOR JAPANESE IMPERIALISM 1.Japan lacked many of the natural resources like coal 2.The population grew and they had a lack of living space
  10. 10. JAPANESE IMPERIALISM • In 1874 Japanesse seized the Ryuku Islands • In 1895 Japan added Taiwan to its territory • In 1905 Japan and Russia went to war and Japan won, Japan added part of Russian territory. • In 1910 Japan added Korea to its territory

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