On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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The Knowledge Sources (KS) are modules that provide specific expertise needed by the application.
The blackboard, a shared workspace and dynamic "library" of contributions to the current problem
The control shell, which controls the flow of problem-solving activity in the system.
Useful for brainstorming style of interactions between diverse users www.piffe.com ww.physics.utoronto.ca/.../blackboard.jpg
“ Peer to Peer” Architectural Style
A peer-to-peer (P2P) style:
Network formed by diversely connected participants
Relies on the cumulative bandwidth of network participants rather than centralized resources
Useful for file-sharing- e.g. Napster, Limewire
Server-Based Network Peer-to-peer Network
Information Architecture… Genres
In the context of the web, there’s a similar need to identify the style of the information architecture.
In IA, have the emergent idea of Genres , “metadata genres” or “document genres”
Genres help to identify the content and how it will be used.
What are common genres in print media ?
Newsletters, newspapers, flyers, brochures, guidebooks, encyclopedias, coffee-table art books, the grant proposal, reports, legal briefs, others?
Common genres in film and video ?
Documentaries, broadcast news, romantic comedies, film noir, others?
Orlikowski and Yates*:
A genre is "a distinctive type of communicative action ,
a socially recognized communicative purpose &
a common aspects of form" .
*JoAnne Yates and Wanda J. Orlikowski, "Genres of Organizational Communication: A Structurational Approach to Studying Communication and Media, Academy of Management Review, 17 (April 1992), 299-326.
Genres emerge as a response to a purpose :
the advertising brochure emerged as a genre because of a need to quickly and easily distribute information about businesses and services.
Genres, on the web…
… the style and genre issue impacts both the design of the site structure and the information (information design).
What does a genre communicate?
Not just the content , but how it can be used, and how the content will be delivered .
Genres on the Internet
From physical form to virtual form:
On the web, we don’t have physical forms that give us cues about genres. So we have to convey the genre through the information design and site structure .