Psychosocial Wellness Fall 2005Presentation Transcript
Psychosocial Wellness Psychosocial wellness tries to explain the way we think, feel, communicate, behave and how we find purpose in life. What are our driving forces to think and feel? Are we driven chemically, genetically, environmentally or by our cumulative experiences growing up? How can our psychosocial wellness help us or hurt us?
Define psychosocial wellness
What are the statistics?
Healthy People 2010
Self-Awareness – Understanding Your Needs
Treatment & Prevention
Interpersonal and social wellness
“In one year 44 million American Adults are limited in their ability to participate fully in life because of diagnosed mental disorders”
Nearly a fourth of American adults are affected by mental disorders each year.
Now 20 % of American children are afflicted – what will happen to them as adults?
We will briefly look at some of the more common conditions we see in the United States each year.
Risk Factors for Psychosocial Disorders (i.e. Addictions: Drug Use, Violence, Eating Disorders, Sexual Crimes)
Are you at risk for any of the following behaviors?
Alcoholism or workaholism
Anorexia or Bulimia
Compulsive gambling or shopping
Suffering from stress due to trauma
Suffering from loss (life, home, health)
If your answer is YES…
Good! You are only human! As humans we are vulnerable. If you do not believe you are vulnerable – you may just be that person that learns the hard way. Perception of vulnerability and susceptibility is a means of self-preservation. This realization hopefully can keep you on the “look-out”. Primary prevention strategies puts this concept to use. We cannot possibly know our future but we can know ourselves. Awareness of our behaviors can help us predict and plan our future. Looking at our family and surroundings can also give us a sense of our strengths and weaknesses. Adapt, adapt, adapt to the many stages of your life. This is your “salvation”.
Successful Treatment for Drug Use, Abuse and Misuse
Do you send people to jail if they drink alcohol or if they smoke tobacco or use marijuana? Why do we put people in jail?
Reasons we have sent people to jail
Threat to others
Threat to themselves
Ethical or moral issue
State or Federal offense
Deviation from societal norms – behavior not accepted by society
Fears of the degradation of the western civilization
What is an addiction versus a habit?
An unhealthy continued involvement with a mood-altering object or activity that creates harmful consequences. Signs of an addiction are (1) obsession/compulsion (2) loss of control (3) negative consequences (4) denial (5) escalation (6) tolerance (7) withdrawal symptoms.
A healthy continued involvement with an object or activity that contributes to your growth in all six dimensions of wellness.
Signs of Work Addiction
Need to control
Difficulty with relationships
Difficulty relaxing and having fun
Memory loss due to preoccupation with work
Receptor Site Theory
The Receptor Site Theory answers the question as to how chemicals are utilized by the body. The cells in your body maintain your existence. Cells utilize nutrients, oxygen, hormones and neurotransmitters to provide for your life sustaining functions (i.e. energy, repair, communication). The analogy of the “lock and key” describes how receptors only allow certain nutrients, drugs, hormones, neurotransmitters, etc. to enter the cell.
Main Effects of Drug Use
Depending on your drug of choice : Stimulant, Depressant, Hallucinogenic (Your personality has a lot to do with this)
The “positive” effect that your are looking for from the drug (the high, the low, the gone, the flow, the here, the there, the happy, the sad).
Once you develop a tolerance , the body will need more for the same effect. This contributes to the escalating need for more drug , more often, more time spent using, more money and obviously more energy spent involved with this addicting habit.
An addiction takes time from your schedule . Addictions leave less time for work, school, travel, reading, learning, meeting new people, going to parties, conferences, leisure activities.
Side Effects of Drugs
Chronic diseases (CVD, Cancer, COPD)
Nausea, Vomiting, Coughing
More colds, flu, absent from work, school
Lower GPA in school
Family problems, divorce, violence, rape
Accelerates the aging process
Eventually will lose independent living
We do not use drugs for these reasons – but these can be consequences for some people
Categories of Drugs
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs
Illicit (illegal) drugs
Fear that is out of proportion – anxiety is another word for fear – especially when there is no definite threat
Simple phobia or specific phobia – fear of heights
Social phobia – fear of humiliation or embarrassment
Generalized anxiety disorder
Obsessive – Compulsive Disorder
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Panic Disorders (Panic Attack) Excessive flow of excitatory signals reaching the surface (cortex) of the brain. Signs/symptoms similar to heart attack. Rapid heart rate, breathing, chest tightness, feeling of impending doom, hot flashes.
Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD) People with GAD often seem restless, unable to concentrate, and fatigued from lack of sleep. Anxiety refers to unfocused worry or excessive concern. People with GAD express this anxiety or concern more consistently and intensely than in most people.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Classified as an anxiety disorder. OCD appears to arise from a genetic predisposition (neurotransmitter – serotonin). Obsessive – intrusive, recurrent, inappropriate thoughts, impulses, or images Compulsive – repetitive behavior, such as counting, checking doors or handwashing in response to obsessive thoughts – behaviors that are unreasonable
Emotional disturbances that are intense and persistent enough to affect normal functioning
Signs/Symptoms of Depression
Loss of pleasure
Poor appetite/weight loss
Restless or fatigue
Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
Trouble concentrating/making decisions
Thoughts of death or suicide
Or s/s can be opposite of these listed
Depression (bipolar, unipolar, seasonal)
Bipolar – manic depression – periods of mania (highly excited, easily distracted, and very confident) followed by periods of depression (lack motivation, withdraw from interpersonal involvement, harbor negative feelings of self-worth, and may even consider suicide)
Unipolar disorder – far more common – two main forms – exogenous, secondary or reactive depression and endogenous or primary depression
When exogenous and endogenous occur together an individual can be incapacitating enough to be classified as major depression
Seasonal affective disorder – seasonal depression with lack of sunlight
Suicide Death becomes a solution for a suicidal person who is dealing with despair, depression, inability to cope, overwhelmed with a range of destructive emotions, including anxiety, anger, loss of self-esteem, hopelessness and loneliness.
Schizophrenia Problem with the reticular formation of the brain. Personality deterioration – disabling illness – delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, immobility, negativism, dysfunction in work, social, self-care