Physical Education Department Showcase Sep 2005


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Physical Education Department Showcase Sep 2005

  1. 1. Physical EducationPhysical Education Department ShowcaseDepartment Showcase Opening Day for FacultyOpening Day for Faculty September 1, 2005September 1, 2005
  2. 2. Master Fitness SpecialistMaster Fitness Specialist CertificateCertificate Cooper Institute, Dallas, TexasCooper Institute, Dallas, Texas CVD – 1.1 million/annually, 90%CVD – 1.1 million/annually, 90% occur at rest, 45% are fataloccur at rest, 45% are fatal Plaque components – soft vs. hardPlaque components – soft vs. hard Soft plaque more dangerousSoft plaque more dangerous (situation – an ind. w/60% hard vs.(situation – an ind. w/60% hard vs. 50% soft) the 50% soft worse case50% soft) the 50% soft worse case scenario – sometimes less occlusionscenario – sometimes less occlusion is worseis worse
  3. 3. CholesterolCholesterol First identified in mid 1800’sFirst identified in mid 1800’s Adolf Windaus – 1928Adolf Windaus – 1928 CHD causes in 1948 unknownCHD causes in 1948 unknown Dr. Ancel Keys suggested CHDDr. Ancel Keys suggested CHD related to lifestyle (specifically diet)related to lifestyle (specifically diet) 1948 – Framingham Heart Study –1948 – Framingham Heart Study – landmark studylandmark study 1940’s – 1950’s Normal cholesterol1940’s – 1950’s Normal cholesterol 150-350mg/dl150-350mg/dl
  4. 4. Framingham Heart StudyFramingham Heart Study 56 year study56 year study Produced 1000+ scientific papersProduced 1000+ scientific papers Every 2 years study random participants foreverEvery 2 years study random participants forever Developed what we know as risk factors todayDeveloped what we know as risk factors today Realized our cholesterol would be betterRealized our cholesterol would be better <150mg/dl – these people rarely have CHD<150mg/dl – these people rarely have CHD Questionnaires have been used to estimateQuestionnaires have been used to estimate physical activity level of participantsphysical activity level of participants This is where Cooper has filled in the gap withThis is where Cooper has filled in the gap with actually fitness testing in the laboratoryactually fitness testing in the laboratory Exercise has been identified as the #1 predictorExercise has been identified as the #1 predictor of mortalityof mortality
  5. 5. ACSM GUIDELINES 2000ACSM GUIDELINES 2000 Coronary Artery Disease RiskCoronary Artery Disease Risk FactorsFactors Positive Risk FactorsPositive Risk Factors Family historyFamily history Cigarette smokingCigarette smoking Hypertension –Hypertension – Now abnormal BP (2005)Now abnormal BP (2005) HypercholesterolemiaHypercholesterolemia Impaired fasting glucoseImpaired fasting glucose ObesityObesity Sedentary lifestyleSedentary lifestyle Negative Risk FactorNegative Risk Factor High serum HDL cholesterol > 60mg/dLHigh serum HDL cholesterol > 60mg/dL (1.6mmol/L)(1.6mmol/L)
  6. 6. Contributing Factors for CHDContributing Factors for CHD Stress (hostile) or depressedStress (hostile) or depressed TGTG
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