1. Extreme fatigue can be caused by an underlying medical condition such as chronic viral hepatitis,
fibromyalgia, anemia or hypothyroidism, according to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Chronic,
extreme fatigue can also stem from a psychological condition such as depression. Your doctor might
diagnose you with chronic fatigue syndrome if you experience serious fatigue for six months or longer that
causes you to decrease your normal daily activity by 50 percent, explains the University of Michigan Health
Some people with chronic fatigue syndrome have an underlying condition such as food allergies,
hypoglycemia, adrenal-gland disorders or chronic mononucleosis.
Certain nutritional deficiencies can cause or contribute to severe fatigue, and taking supplements might
help, reports the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. For example, an iron deficiency can cause anemia
and chronic fatigue, so taking an iron supplement could help reduce your fatigue.
If you have chronic fatigue syndrome, you might be deficient in vitamins B-6 or B-12, magnesium, Lcarnitine and dehydroepiandrosterone
Supplements of essential fatty acids such as those in fish oil and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide could
also help reduce your fatigue, even without a clear deficiency.
Taking a supplement of coenzyme Q10 or vitamins B-5 and D could help ease your fatigue, while vitamin
C and beta-carotene supplements can boost your immune system.
Additionally, supplements of chromium, L-citrulline, adrenal extract, pyruvate and pregnenolone could
help treat fatigue in some people.
Talk with your health-care provider before taking any supplements for fatigue.
You might take 300 to 1,000 mg of magnesium, with or without 600 mg of malic acid, daily to combat
fatigue, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.
A typical dosage of L-carnitine is 500 to 1,000 mg taken three times daily for about two months,
While the dosage of vitamin D is 600 to 1,000 international units -- IU -- per day, if you have a deficiency.
You could take 250 mg of vitamin B-5 twice daily, 1,000 mg of fish oil three times daily.
50 to 200 mg daily of DHEA,
60 to 100 mg of coenzyme Q10 each day, or 5 to 20 mg of NADH daily.
Injections of vitamin B-12 and magnesium have been used for treating chronic fatigue as well, notes the
University of Michigan Health System. Ask your physician about the dosage that's right for you before
taking any amount of a nutritional supplement to treat fatigue.
Taking iron supplements can be dangerous unless you have a deficiency, warns the University of Pittsburgh
Medical Center. Magnesium and L-carnitine can influence your blood pressure, fish oil can interact
negatively with blood-thinning medications like Coumadin, and DHEA can worsen hormone-sensitive
diseases including breast cancer, cautions the University of Maryland Medical Center. Discuss these and
2. other possible health risks with your doctor before taking any fatigue-fighting supplements.
What Is The L-Theanine Dose For Anxiety?
L-theanine is a relaxing and health promoting amino acid found in green tea. According to numerous
studies, ltheanine bulk powder has been demonstrated its ability to:
increase mental acuity and concentration;
improve learning ability and performance;
reduce symptoms of PMS;
promote fat loss;
improve immune system
When added to water, coffee, tea, and other beverages and foods, l-theanine powder adds a savory taste
and decreases bitter taste. The effect can be felt within 30 minutes after the supplement consumption.
There is little knowledge as to the dosage of l-theanine and no one can tell for sure what dosage is most
effective. There is a common knowledge that 100 mg 3 times a day might have a positive health effect,
though there are studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of 200 mg taken 4 times a day, thus the
total consumption of l-theanine powder can be up to 800 mg and even 1000 mg.
The subjects noticed their cognitive skills as well as mood improvement. They didn’t feel very relaxed,
but there was an anti-anxiety effect in 60 % of the subjects.
Dosage for L-tyrosine
The recommended dose of L-tyrosine is 500 to 1,000 mg taken up to three times a day before meals,
according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. The dosage for L-tyrosine can vary from person-toperson, however, so you should talk to your doctor to determine which dose is right for you.
L-tyrosine's most clinically proven benefit is the ability to help decrease fatigue and improve memory in
people with sleep deprivation or who have undergone significant levels of stress.
If you suffer from low thyroid hormone production, supplementation may benefit you since your body
requires L-tyrosine to make thyroid hormone.
L-tyrosine supplementation may also provide temporary treatment of attention deficit disorder.
It may also provide some relief for depression, but there is not enough evidence to confirm this.
Acetyl L-carnitine is a substance, made from amino acids, which helps your body burn fat for energy.
Taking a carnitine supplement could potentially help promote weight loss and improve your exercise
Before you start taking acetyl L-carnitine, however, consult your doctor to discuss the proper dosage and
3. possible side effects.
Acetyl L-carnitine works to convert fat into energy in your body and is used in many parts of your body,
particularly your muscle tissues, according to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Carnitine is found in dairy products and meats, but your body manufactures all it needs from methionine
Acetyl L-carnitine could help you lose weight by improving your fat-to-muscle ratio, or body composition,
says the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Carnitine supplements are also sometimes used to improve athletic or exercise performance. Carnitine
might potentially help to reduce your body's fat mass and increase muscle mass, as well as reduce
fatigue, notes the University of Maryland Medical Center, or UMMC.
The most common dosage range for acetyl L-carnitine is 1 to 3 grams daily, according to the University of
Michigan Health System.
Alternatively, carnitine is sometimes taken at a dosage rate of 500 to 1,000 milligrams three times per
day, notes the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. These dosage rates apply to acetyl L-carnitine, but
they're also the same for the other available forms, L-carnitine and propionyl L-carnitine. Ask your
physician about the dosage that's right for you before you begin taking any form of carnitine for weight
Carnitine supplementation could possibly help in treating symptoms of hyperthyroidism and preventing
or treating a carnitine deficiency while undergoing kidney dialysis, as well as treating Peyronie's disease,
chronic fatigue syndrome, infertility in men, erectile dysfunction, Alzheimer's disease and diabetic
Taking carnitine supplements may provide some health benefits if you have chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease, or COPD; intermittent claudication; celiac disease; depression; diabetes;
fibromyalgia; HIV/AIDS; liver cirrhosis; and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, says the
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Acetyl L-carnitine may be unsafe for people with low thyroid-hormone levels. You should also talk with your
doctor before taking carnitine if you have high blood pressure, liver cirrhosis, diabetes or peripheral
vascular disease, cautions UMMC. Carnitine supplements can interfere with thyroid medications as well.
NADH supplementation may be beneficial in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease
and chronic fatigue syndrome, SupplementNews.org reports.
This supplement may help reduce fatigue by increasing the amount of energy available in the body.
Additionally, NADH supplements may improve nerve signaling in the brain, which may diminish symptoms
associated with Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease; however, the exact way in which these supplements
work in the body is not currently known.
4. The amount of NADH you should take depends upon a variety of factors, including your current health
status and age.
Typically, the recommended dose of this supplement is 10 mg per day, which you should take on an
empty stomach with a full glass of water, the University of Michigan Health System explains. Consult your
medical provider before taking NADH to ensure you are receiving the proper amount of this supplement.
While there are eight varieties of vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol is the only type that meets the
requirements of humans, reports the Office of Dietary Supplements.
If you take a vitamin E supplement, look for the alpha-tocopherol form for maximum benefits. You need
15 mg of vitamin E each day, which does not change if you are pregnant. This amount increases to 19 mg if
you are breastfeeding.
Deficiency and Toxicity
Having a vitamin E deficiency is very rare, but it may occur if you have diminished fat absorption from
Crohn's disease or intestinal surgery, reports MayoClinic.com. A vitamin E deficiency may also occur if you
follow a very low-fat diet or suffer from malnutrition. Signs of a deficiency include anemia and neurological
issues. You can overdose and have toxic levels of vitamin E, since it is stored in your fat. Do not take more
than 1,000 mg of vitamin E. Consuming high amounts of vitamin E can increase your risk of death, reports
the University of Maryland Medical Center.
You can get all of the vitamin E you need by eating certain foods. Wheat germ oil is naturally high in vitamin
E; just 1 tbsp. provides 20.3 mg. A 1 oz. serving of almonds has 7.4 mg, 1 oz. of sunflower seeds contains 6
mg, 2 tbsps. of peanut butter has 2.9 mg and 1/2 cup of cooked spinach contains 1.9 mg. Broccoli, kiwi, raw
spinach, mangoes and tomatoes each provide around 1 mg of vitamin E per serving.
A deficiency in GABA can lead to severe complications and it is then necessary for a person to use a
supplement. The dosage varies with the condition; a person suffering from hypertension will not be
recommended the same dose as that of a person who is suffering from obesity.
Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid is a non-essential amino acid present in the brain. It is the most widespread
inhibitory neurotransmitter of the brain and helps in maintaining a proper balance between the mind
and the body. Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid, better known as GABA, is a natural tranquilizer; it helps induce
sleep and improves sleep quality as well.
GABA increases the level of Human Growth Hormone which further helps in maintaining a healthy body,
has anti aging properties and also helps in losing excess fat from the body.
The highly recommended dose of GABA includes 250 mg to 500 mg thrice daily. This is an ordinary dose
for treating chronic pain or for preventing seizures. If a single dose of GABA is taken then it should not
exceed 750mg.If advised by a specialist, only then you should increase the dose, or else not.
Suggested GABA Dosage
For Fibromyalgia, 250 mg to 500 mg of GABA to be taken thrice daily or as recommended by the
5. For Stress, 250 mg thrice daily or 750 mg of GABA to be taken once daily
GABA should always be taken on an empty stomach, preferably at night. It can cause mild drowsiness.
GABA is available in the form of powder, tablets and capsules. Capsules are often opend and mixed with a
juice or water, it allows easy ingestion.GABA is also available in the form of sublingual tablets, which are
usually placed undrer our tongue and left until dissolved.
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)
Pyridoxine is a vitamin. It can be found in certain foods such as cereals, beans, vegetables, liver, meat, and
eggs. It can also be made in a laboratory.
Pyridoxine is used for preventing and treating low levels of pyridoxine (pyridoxine deficiency) and the “tired
blood” (anemia) that may result.
Pyridoxine is also used for Alzheimer's disease, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Down
syndrome, autism, diabetes and related nerve pain, sickle cell anemia, migraine headaches, asthma, carpal
tunnel syndrome, night leg cramps, muscle cramps, arthritis, allergies, acne and various other skin
conditions, and infertility.
It is also used for dizziness, motion sickness, preventing the eye disease age-related macular degeneration
(AMD), seizures, convulsions due to fever, and movement disorders (tardive dyskinesia, hyperkinesis,
chorea), as well as for increasing appetite and helping people remember dreams.
Pyridoxine is frequently used in combination with other B vitamins in vitamin B complex products.
Vitamin B6 is available in multivitamins, in supplements containing other B complex vitamins, and as a
stand-alone supplement . The most common vitamin B6 vitamer in supplements is pyridoxine (in the
form of pyridoxine hydrochloride [HCl]), although some supplements contain PLP. Vitamin B6 supplements
are available in oral capsules or tablets (including sublingual and chewable tablets) and liquids. Absorption
of vitamin B6 from supplements is similar to that from food sources and does not differ substantially
among the various forms of supplements . Although the body absorbs large pharmacological doses of
vitamin B6 well, it quickly eliminates most of the vitamin in the urine .
Interactions with Medications
Vitamin B6 can interact with certain medications, and several types of medications might adversely affect
vitamin B6 levels. A few examples are provided below. Individuals taking these and other medications on a
regular basis should discuss their vitamin B6 status with their health care providers.
Co Q 10
Many people use coenzyme Q-10 for increasing exercise tolerance, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and
Some people also think coenzyme Q-10 might help increase energy. This is because coenzyme Q-10 has a
role in producing ATP, a molecule in body cells that functions like a rechargeable battery in the transfer of
energy. Coenzyme Q-10 been tried for treating inherited or acquired disorders that limit energy production
in the cells of the body (mitochondrial disorders), and for improving exercise performance.
6. Some people have also used coenzyme Q-10 for strengthening the immune systems of people with
HIV/AIDS, male infertility, migraineheadache, and counteracting muscle pain sometimes caused by a group
of cholesterol-lowering medications called “statins.”
How does it work?
Coenzyme Q-10 is an important vitamin-like substance required for the proper function of many organs and
chemical reactions in the body. It helps provide energy to cells.
For high blood pressure: 120-200 mg per day divided into 2 doses.
For isolated systolic hypertension: 60 mg twice daily.
Dividing the total daily dose by taking smaller amounts two or three times a day instead of a large amount
all at once can help reduce side effects.
DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) is made by the adrenal glands, which are located just above the kidneys
and liver. Levels of DHEA can decline with age. Adults can take one tablet daily with a meal.
DHEA supplements show some promise for easing mild to moderate depression. But more research is
In a small, six-week study, researchers from the National Institute of Mental Health found that treatment
with DHEA supplements helped relieve mild to moderate depression that occurs in some middle-aged
In addition to its potential value in treating depression, DHEA may help when used in combination with
regular treatment for the following conditions:
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Both agencies also say there is little evidence to support claims that DHEA has value in treating conditions
such as fibromyalgia, addressing issues with memory or muscle strength, or enhancing and stimulating the
Possible side effects of DHEA supplements can include:
Oily skin and acne, as well as skin thickening
High blood pressure
Facial hair in women
Deepening of the voice in women
Rapid or irregular heart beat
Unfavorable changes in cholesterol levels
Some of these side effects can result from DHEA raising the level of testosterone and estrogen in a person's
Medical experts caution that little is known about the long-term effect of the elevated hormone levels. So
DHEA supplements should not be taken long-term without consulting with a health care professional.
DHEA supplements are sometimes used by athletes because of a claim that it can improve muscle strength
and enhance athletic performance. That's because DHEA is a "prohormone" -- a substance that can increase
the level of steroid hormones such as testosterone.
There are risks associated with using any pre-steroid enhancer. And the higher the dose, the greater the
risk. Possible side effects include:
Permanent stunting of growth
Aggressive behavior, known as "roid rage"
Mood swings and other psychological symptoms
Higher blood pressure
Changes in cholesterol level
Since DHEA can increase the level of both testosterone and estrogen, women who use DHEA can
sometimes experience such permanent side effects as:
Growth of facial hair
If you are thinking of using DHEA supplements, there are several reasons you should discuss doing so with
your doctor first:
Many of the claims for DHEA involve serious medical conditions. These conditions need to be evaluated and
treated by a health care professional.
DHEA can interact with some medications and could alter their effectiveness.
Because DHEA can raise the level of both male and female hormones, the supplements can have a negative
8. effect on hormone-sensitive cancers, such as breast, ovarian, or prostate cancer.
Use of DHEA carries some risk and can cause a range of side effects, though this usually just occurs at the
higher end of the dose range.
They are two different forms of the same Amino Acid, but they work differently. The L-Carnitine helps the
body convert fat into energy, so it’s typically used by people who are exercising and/or trying to lose
weight. The Acetyl L-Carnitine is essentially a processed form of L-Carnitine that can pass the blood-brain
barrier to help energize the brain.
Amino Acids are important components of protein.* L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that helps form the
bioactive factors vital to cellular growth and maintenance.**
People take tyrosine for depression, attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit-hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD), the inability to stay awake (narcolepsy), and improving alertness following sleep
It is also used for stress, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, chronic
fatigue syndrome (CFS), alcohol and cocaine withdrawal, heart disease and stroke, ED (erectile
dysfunction), loss of interest in sex, schizophrenia, and as a suntan agent and appetite suppressant.
Some people also apply tyrosine to the skin to reduce age-related wrinkles.
How does it work?
The body uses tyrosine to make chemical messengers that are involved in conditions involving the brain
such as mental alertness.
Possibly Effective for:
Improving alertness following the loss of sleep. 150 mg/kg of tyrosine seems to help people who have lost a
night’s sleep stay alert for about 3 hours longer than they otherwise would.
Possibly Ineffective for:
Treating moderate depression.
Treating adult attention deficit disorder (ADD).
Treating childhood attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
For improving alertness after being without sleep for a long time: 150 mg/kg/day of tyrosine.
Methylcobalamin (Methyl B12)
Vitamin B12 is used for treating and preventing vitamin B12 deficiency, a condition in which vitamin B12
levels in the blood are too low.
Vitamin B12 is also used for memory loss; Alzheimer’s disease; boosting mood, energy, concentration and
the immune system; and slowing aging. It is also used for heart disease, lowering high homocysteine levels
9. (which may contribute to heart disease), male infertility, diabetes, sleep disorders, depression, mental
disorders, weak bones (osteoporosis), swollen tendons, AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma,
allergies, a skin disease called vitiligo, preventing cervical and other cancers, and skin infections.
Vitamin B12 is frequently used in combination with other B vitamins in various vitamin B complex products.
How does it work?
Vitamin B12 is required for the proper function and development of the brain, nerves, blood cells, and
many other parts of the body.
Insufficient Evidence for:
Shaky-leg syndrome. There are some reports that one form of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) can help
relieve tremor due to shaky-leg syndrome.
Alzheimer’s disease. Limited research suggests that higher vitamin B12 intake does not seem
Lung cancer. Preliminary evidence suggests that there is no relationship between levels of vitamin B12 in
the blood and lung cancer.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).
Fatigue or tiredness.
Immune system problems.
More evidence is needed to rate vitamin B12 for these uses.
The typical general supplemental dose of vitamin B12 is 1-25 mcg per day.
Supplementation of 25-100 mcg per day has been used to maintain vitamin B12 levels in
For preventing age-related macular degeneration (AMD): vitamin B12 1 mg, folic acid 2.5 mg, and
pyridoxine 50 mg daily has been studied.
10. Hypothyroidism returned 3 matches.
Be sure to take a strong multivitamin with minerals along with a couple of grams of Vitamin C each day.
The Top Five Supplements for Thyroid Support
LIST OF ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS
VITAMIN A AND THE CAROTENOIDS
Beta-carotene is a precursor to vitamin A (retinol) and is present in liver, egg yolk, milk, butter, spinach,
carrots, squash, broccoli, yams, tomato, cantaloupe, peaches, and grains. Because beta-carotene is
converted to vitamin A by the body there is no set requirement. Instead the RDA is expressed as retinol
equivalents (RE), to clarify the relationship.
(NOTE: Vitamin A has no antioxidant properties and can be quite toxic when taken in excess.)
L-Carnosine is a multi-potent super-antioxidant which stabilizes and protects the cell membrane.
SELENIUM An essential trace mineral, selenium works with vitamin E to protect cell membranes and tissues
Amino Acids Described as the "building blocks of protein," amino acids are important to the synthesis of
proteins and the overall functioning of the body. In particular, there are 10 amino acids classified as
"essential," which means they are not naturally made by the human body. These amino acids must be
acquired through the foods you eat, reports the University of Arizona Department of Biochemistry, or your
body will begin to break down existing protein, such as muscle tissue. Unlike fat, amino acids can't be
stored in the body for later use. Therefore, it is doubly important that you include these amino acids in your
diet on a consistent basis.
11. Essential Amino Acids
9 Essential Amino Acids
Arginine: This is one of the essential amino acids as it not only slows down the growth of cancer and
tumors, but it also helps in increasing the immunity of the body. It can be good for people suffering from
arthritis. It increases the muscle mass in the body and helps in bone and collagen building. It helps the
pancreas in releasing the insulin. Chocolate, coconuts, oats, meat, walnuts are some of the important
arginine amino acid sources.
Isoleucine: This amino acid benefits in the formation of hemoglobin. It is also essential for blood sugar
stabilization and its regularization. It is also essential to keep up the energy levels. Isoleucine is needed for
the repair of muscle tissue. Some of the best sources of this amino acid are eggs, fish, almonds, chickpeas,
lentils and soy.
Histidine: Histidine is important for the production of red and white blood cells and also for the growth of
tissues. This acid may help in treating nerve deafness. It also helps the body in digestion. Rice and wheat
are the best sources of histidine.
Leucine: Leucine is classified as a hydrophobic amino acid because of a hydrocarbon side chain. It is
necessary in the infants for them to grow properly. It releases a lot of energy during any form of exercise, it
is one of the amino acid benefits. These amino acids are also called precursors of cholesterol. Almonds,
oats, beans, chickpeas and corn are some of the food sources of leucine.
Lysine: Lysine is said to improve concentration. They assist in muscle mass and tissue repair. This essential
amino acid is also helpful in preventing fertility problems. It is important for the proper growth and
development in children. It also helps in calcium absorption. Cheese, potatoes, lima beans, milk etc. are
the primary sources of lysine. There are both, benefits and side effects of L-lysine, hence avoid excessive
Methionine: It supplies sulfur to the body. Apart from supporting the liver function, it also protects against
radiation, helps in preventing tumors, assists in breaking down of fats. Methionine is also beneficial for
those who are suffering from osteoporosis. The sources of methionine are meat, eggs, seeds, yogurt, lentils
12. and garlic.
Phenylalanine: The natural source for this amino acid is the breast milk of mammals. It is used for
rheumatoid arthritis and for alcohol withdrawal support. It is used for migraine pain, menstrual cramps
and it also works as a mood lifter. It is essential as it curbs hunger and food cravings. Peanuts, cheese,
soybeans, sesame seeds are some of the common sources of this amino acid.
Threonine: This essential amino acid helps the body produce more of antibodies thereby enhancing the
immunity system. It plays an important role in collagen production. It is in the essential amino acid lists
because it is necessary to maintain a proper protein balance in the body. It also does not allow fats to build
up on the liver. The best and common sources of threonine are wheat, brown rice, fish, peanuts etc.
Tryptophan: Again an essential amino acid due to the fact that it used by the brain for the production of
serotonin (useful for the feeling of well-being). It is important for management of depression and
schizophrenia. It aids in blood clotting process. These wonderful amino acids help us to regulate the sleep
cycle. It also prevents insomnia, impatience, depression and anxiety. Eggs, lamb, sesame seeds, beef, tuna
are some of the foods rich in tryptophan.
Valine: Valine is needed in the body to regulate the metabolism process and to repair muscle tissues.
Useful for the people who have just come out of drug addiction as they help to correct the amino acids
deficiencies caused due to drugs. It is necessary for the balancing of the nitrogen in the body. It also acts
as a stimulant. Diary, mushrooms, soy proteins are the rich food sources for valine.
Tyrosine is also a part of the essential amino acids list, as it is needed in the infants and children for their
proper growth and development. Tyrosine is important for the functioning of the pituitary gland and the
thyroid gland and it defends the skin against radiation.
Deficiencies of these amino acids will lead to retarded growth, childhood edema, lack of energy,
susceptibility to dangerous diseases due to decrease in the immunity system. Take a high protein diet and
include the food items that are mentioned above in your daily diet for your daily dose of amino acids.
These nine essential amino acids are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine,
threonine, tryptophan and valine.
The best sources for essential amino acids include beef, chicken, fish, dairy, whey protein and soy.
Nuts and legumes such as peanuts are abundant sources of amino acids, reports Natural Health
Techniques.com. Walnuts, almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews and peanuts are all rich sources of the essential
amino acid L-arginine. Arginine is known to boost immune function, assist in muscle metabolism and
muscle mass and enhance collagen production and bone growth. Almonds and cashews are also top
sources of isoleucine, another essential amino acid that stabilizes blood sugar and increases energy.
Almonds and peanuts also boast high levels of the amino acid phenylalanine, which is thought to enhance
Fish of any kind is another top source of many of the amino acids, according to Natural Health Techniques.
Moreover, fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, herring and sardines are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which
may have benefits in protecting against heart disease. Fish are abundant in the essential amino acids
13. isoleucine, lysine and methionine, according to Natural Health Techniques.
Soybeans and soy protein deliver high concentrations of several essential amino acids, reports Natural
Health Techniques. Soy protein can be particularly important for strict vegetarians, who might not
encounter some of these amino acids through their diets. Soy is rich in the essential amino acids
isoleucine, lysine, methionine, tryptophan and valine, according to Natural Health Techniques.
Eggs contain plentiful amounts of amino acids and are an excellent source of protein for relatively few
calories. According to Natural Health Techniques, eggs are good sources of the essential amino acids
methionine, isoleucine and lysine. Health Information News adds that eggs are a good source of
tryptophan, an essential amino acid involved in the production of the mood-enhancing neurotransmitter
How is hypothyroidism treated?
The most active thyroid hormone is actually T3. So why do physicians choose to treat patients with the T4
form of thyroid? T3 [liothyronine sodium (Cytomel)] is available and there are certain indications for its use.
However, for the majority of patients, a form of T4 [levothyroxine sodium (Levoxyl, Synthroid)] is the
preferred treatment. This is a more stable form of thyroid hormone and requires once a day dosing,
whereas T3 is much shorter-acting and needs to be taken multiple times a day. In the overwhelming
majority of patients, synthetic T4 is readily and steadily converted to T3 naturally in the bloodstream, and
this conversion is appropriately regulated by the body's tissues.
The average dose of T4 replacement in adults is approximately 1.6 micrograms per kilogram per day. This
translates into approximately 100 to 150 micrograms per day.
Ideally, synthetic T4 replacement should be taken in the morning, 30 minutes before eating. Other
medications containing iron or antacids should be avoided, because they interfere with absorption.
The goal is to maintain the TSH within normal limits. Depending on the lab used, the absolute values may
vary, but in general, a normal TSH range is between 0.5 to 5.0uIU/ml. Once stable, the TSH can be checked
yearly. Over-treating hypothyroidism with excessive thyroid medication is potentially harmful and can
cause problems with heart palpitations and blood pressure control and can also contribute to osteoporosis.
Every effort should be made to keep the TSH within the normal range.