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Perugia is an Italian town of 169,290 pepole, capital of the province and the region of Umbria. City of art, rich in history and monuments, has a good cultural and economic development and is a destination for tourists and students.
Perugia was founded in the 4th century a.C by the Etruscans. who built the first walls of the city. With the battle of Sentino (295 BC), Umbria was dominated by the Romans. Perugia was dominated in 493 by the Ostrogoths. Perugia was conquered in 537 by the Byzantines. in the eighth century Perugia came under the influence of the papacy. In 1860, Umbria became part of the Italian Republic
The Fontana Maggiore is the symbol of the historic center of Perugia. It is decorated with bas-reliefs carved by Nicola and Giovanni Pisano and is divided into two pools. The bas-reliefs show scenes of traditional agrarian and feudal culture, the months of the year with the signs of the zodiac, the Bible and the history of Rome.The Rocca Paolina was built between 1540 and 1543 by Pope Paul III. It was, until 1860, the old symbol of papal power. The building, designed by Antonio da Sangallo, was built on the houses of the Baglioni family and occupied part of the historic center.
Cathedral of San Lorenzo was designed in 1300 by Fra Bevignate. It was built in 1345 and completed in 1490. The external decoration of pink and white marble was never completed. The consecration of the cathedral was in 1587. The interior decoration was completed in the eighteenth century with the addition of paint, stucco ,gilding and marble. The National Gallery of Umbria is a beautiful museum. It preserves the largest collection of works of art in Umbria, from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century.
The Etruscan Arch is one of the seven gates of Etruscan walls of Perugia. It was built in the third century a.C. and renovation was made by Augustus in 40 a.C. after his victory in the war of Perugia. Palazzo dei Priori is the seat of the municipality of Perugia. it was built between 1293 and 1443. houses the National Gallery of Umbria and the Sala dei Notari
Perugia has many bars, shops and boutiques, especially in the old town, where there is Corso Vannucci, the main street. It is a very important street for shopping, it has many good shops and beautiful monuments.In October there is Eurochocolate, annual event dedicated to chocolate.
Perugia has two universities: The University for Foreigners, founded in 1925. It is the oldest Italian university for foreigners and specializes in teaching and diffusion of Italian language and civilization. The University of Perugia, which was one of the first universities in Italy.
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