What was thenature oftheinternationalconnectionsbetweenthe Waldorf School and the New EducationMovement?P AT R I C I A Q U I R O G A U C E D AUNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID( S PA I N )EMAIL: PQUIROGA@EDU.UCM.ES
1. IntroductionAim: explore the connections between twomovements: The New Education Fellowship (NEF)and AnthroposophyTwo sources: The Journal The New Era Rudolf Steiner’s educational conferences 1907- 1925
2. Context Late nineteenth century, interest on the occult, esoterism and spirituality. In 1875: creation of the Theosophical Society in New York. 1902 Rudolf Steiner became the Secretary of the German Section of the Theosophical Society. Split in 1912. Rudolf Steiner creates the Anthroposophical Society.
3.New Education and Anthroposophy:theorigin of theirinterest in education (NEF): promotion of international education and provide an international record of “experimental work”, through their journal The New Era. Steiner lectured in Central Europe promoting Anthroposophy. A collaborator of Steiner, Emil Molt suggested the creation of a school. It happened in 1919 in Stuttgart (Germany).
From 0-7: Kindergarten Source: http://blog.bellalunatoys.com/2011/waldorf-kindergarten.html
From 7-14 Source: http://virlanda.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/waldorf.html
From 14-21Source: http://www.emersonwaldorf.org/high-school/student-artwork/
4. Sources and possibleconnectionsa) The journal The New Era- No articles or references developing Waldorf Education.- Two allusions: King’s Langley Priory School and The New School.
King’sLangleyPriorySchoolYear Name of Address Principal Date of Number of Ages Special activities Feesof the school foundation pupils perissue Boys Girls annu m1922 King’s King’s Miss 1900 15 20 6-18 Éducation base £90- Langley Langley Clark and sur l’expérience de £100. Priory (Herts) Miss la vie domestique School (B) Cross. et rurale.1925 King’s King’s Miss 1900 18 18 6-18 School is putting From Langley Langley Cross. into practice Dr. £90. Priory (Herts) Steiner’s School (B) educational principles as embodied in the “Waldorf School Method”
The New School Year of Name of Address Principa Date of Number of Ages Special Feespublicati school l foundatio pupils activities peron in the n annuNew Era m Boy GirlsJournal s1925 The New 40, 1925 Teaching in School Leigham accordance with (D) Court Rd., the principles of Streatha Dr. Steiner. m Hill, Eurhythmy. S.W.
b) Rudolf Steiner’s educationalconferences- He knew the existence of the “new schools”, but there are very few references.- Froebel. The difference lies in the image of the human being.
5. Conclusions Both movements shared some theoretical aspects. Occasional meetings but no evidences of connections. Strong differences in education:- NEF: heterogeneous, open to all initiatives.- Anthroposophy: based in Steiner indications, uniqueness of their proposal, more exclusive.