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World History 10.5.1Standards & GoalAnalyze the arguments for entering into war presented byleaders from all sides of the Great War and the role ofpolitical and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideologicalconflicts, domestic discontent and disorder, andpropaganda and nationalism in mobilizing the civilianpopulation in support of “total war.”
19thCentury into the 20th...WWI: The first major conflict fought in the 20th...The last political conflict fought in the 19thcentury.Four Europes five major powers ruled by emperors.Each one was related to the others through marriageor blood.− United Kingdom: George V− Germany: Wilhelm II− Austria-Hungary: Franz Joseph I− Russia: Nicolas II
The Politics of Five...Goal: Try to ally with two other powers... Threeagainst two.Alliances in 1914− Triple Entente – United Kingdom, France, &Russia− Central Powers – Germany & Austria-HungaryQuestion – Click Linkhttps://voicethread.com/share/4443955/
Nationalist RivalriesFrance vs. Germany− Defeated in 1871 by Prussia and allied Germanstates, France is eager for revenge.
Economic RivalriesUnited Kingdom vs. Germany− Threatened by Germanys weltpolitik and growingnavel power, the United Kingdom seeks alliancesto keep Germany in check.− Weltpolitik: (World Policy) Policy of KaiserWilhelm II to forge Germany from a EuropeanPower into a world power.
Ethnic RivalriesRussia vs. Austria-Hungary− Germanic Austria-Hungary presses for dominanceover Slavic Balkan nations.− Slavic Russia considers itself to be the protector offellow Slavic Balkan nations.
Serbia: The Powder KegAustria-Hungary Empire governed over provincesthat were predominantly Serbian in population.June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria– bother of Emperor Franz Joseph I – goes toSerbian capital, Sarajevo on a “goodwill tour.”Question – Click Linkhttps://voicethread.com/share/4436071/
Gavrilo Princip: The MatchJune 28, 1914 Serbian Nationalist Gavrilo Principassassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wifeSophie, Duchess of Hohenberg− Ferdinands last words: "Sophie, Sophie! Dont die!Live for our children!"
The Explosion1914− July 28: Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war onSerbia.− July 31: As an ally of Serbia, Russia announces full mobilization of herarmed forces− August 1: Germany mobilizes her armed forces and declares war onRussia.− August 3: Germany Declares war on France.− August 4: Germany declares war on neutral Belgium and invades in aright flanking move designed to defeat France quickly. As a result ofthis invasion, Britain declares war on Germany.− August 6: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
ConsequencesMost thought the war would be over by Christmas.War lasted four years.1 in 6 soldiers who went off to fight never camehome.
Fields of FranceMore the nine-hundred thousand British Soldiersdied in WWI - approximately three times thepopulation of Anaheim. After the war manyexpressed loss and grief through song. Below is alink to one written after the war.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lf_4xkIBMgw
Why Should You Care?Less than two weeks after Gavrilo Principassassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand Europesfive major nation were at war with one another.Over ten million soldiers and seven million civilianswere killed.How quickly did the United States and its Allies goto war after 9/11?Could it happen again? Question – Click Linkhttps://voicethread.com/share/4443972/