Unequal treatment of the disabled Presented by So Chung Yin 10406697 Wong Chi Yuen   10428755
<ul><li>(A) Objective </li></ul><ul><li>(B) Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>(C) Recommendations / Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>...
Objective <ul><li>Analyzing whether the treatment of the current Hong Kong policies and social conditions are adequacy for...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The  Level of Resources Allocation ) <ul><li>For Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>To understand wha...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The  Level of Resources Allocation ) <ul><li>Physiological: air, water and foods </li></ul><u...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The  Level of Resources Allocation ) 4. Esteem: internal esteem factors such as autonomy and ...
<ul><li>In the situation in Hong Kong, the level of the hierarchy is currently on social needs and is trying to satisfy th...
<ul><li>3.Disabilities are difficult to have fully esteem needs in the existing Hong Kong society so that it is hard to ac...
Resources Allocation  and Satisfaction of Disabilities (The Degree of Resources Allocation) <ul><li>The more resources sup...
<ul><li>To analyze the degree of supporting power and show the relationship of Resources allocation and Satisfaction of di...
Resources Allocation  and Satisfaction of Disabilities (The Degree of Resources Allocation) Resources Allocation   Satisfa...
Analysis
Analysis
<ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Only 6.4% of disability with Diploma or higher education background.  </li></u...
<ul><li>Society Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Charities provided are limited and short term to the needy. </li></ul><ul><li>Exi...
<ul><li>Legal / Regulatory Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) received 15 628 inquiries and 921...
Recommendations <ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the amount of disable allowance plus salary which the w...
<ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic accessibility (E-Accessibility) </li></ul><ul><li>1. improve the ef...
<ul><li>Electronic accessibility (Innovation example) </li></ul><ul><li>Eye tracking system developed to control computer ...
<ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Entrust more power to the group of disable people, such as allocating 5 or les...
<ul><li>Social Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the current facilities for disable </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage innovation ...
<ul><li>Legal / Regulatory Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint cases only take 0.1% of the total disabilities number.  </li...
Conclusion <ul><li>Disable = not only individual problem </li></ul><ul><li>= social problem or public problem </li></ul><u...
Q & A
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POLS7050 - Unequal treatment of the disabled 10406697 & 10428755

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POLS7050 - Unequal treatment of the disabled 10406697 & 10428755

  1. 1. Unequal treatment of the disabled Presented by So Chung Yin 10406697 Wong Chi Yuen 10428755
  2. 2. <ul><li>(A) Objective </li></ul><ul><li>(B) Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>(C) Recommendations / Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>(D) Q & A </li></ul>Table of Contents
  3. 3. Objective <ul><li>Analyzing whether the treatment of the current Hong Kong policies and social conditions are adequacy for people with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Designing methods to assist disabilities acclimate to the society </li></ul><ul><li>Designing methods to affect their participation in public affair </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The Level of Resources Allocation ) <ul><li>For Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>To understand what level of the hierarchy of disabilities is currently on </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize the needs of disabilities and focus on satisfying their needs </li></ul><ul><li>To understand what kind of resources could motivate their participation in public affairs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The Level of Resources Allocation ) <ul><li>Physiological: air, water and foods </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and Security: security and protection from physical and emotional harm </li></ul><ul><li>Social (Love): friendship, family, acceptance and needs to give and receive love </li></ul>
  6. 6. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The Level of Resources Allocation ) 4. Esteem: internal esteem factors such as autonomy and external esteem factors such as status 5. Self-actualization: realizing and achieving person’s potential
  7. 7. <ul><li>In the situation in Hong Kong, the level of the hierarchy is currently on social needs and is trying to satisfy the esteem needs </li></ul><ul><li>Government and society should cooperate to focus on the first four levels (Physiological needs, Safety and Security needs, Social needs and Esteem needs), then the highest level (Self-actualization) could be achieved finally. </li></ul>Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The Level of Resources Allocation )
  8. 8. <ul><li>3.Disabilities are difficult to have fully esteem needs in the existing Hong Kong society so that it is hard to achieve the highest level to realizing and achieving their potential. </li></ul>Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (The Level of Resources Allocation )
  9. 9. Resources Allocation and Satisfaction of Disabilities (The Degree of Resources Allocation) <ul><li>The more resources supply, the more living needs of disabilities can be improved? </li></ul>In fact over supporting power may lead negative effects
  10. 10. <ul><li>To analyze the degree of supporting power and show the relationship of Resources allocation and Satisfaction of disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>inverted-U relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Y-axis = S atisfaction of disable d person </li></ul><ul><li>X-axis = R esources Allocation to the disable person </li></ul>Resources Allocation and Satisfaction of Disabilities (The Degree of Resources Allocation)
  11. 11. Resources Allocation and Satisfaction of Disabilities (The Degree of Resources Allocation) Resources Allocation Satisfactory Results Low Low <ul><li>The demand of disabilities can not be satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>Disabilities can not easily acclimate to the society </li></ul>Optimal High <ul><li>Potential of disable person can be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Public resources can be effectively used </li></ul><ul><li>Disabilities can acclimate to the society and make integrated society </li></ul>High Low <ul><li>Over reliance on social resources but are reluctant to contribute to society </li></ul><ul><li>Can not get acceptance from society </li></ul>
  12. 12. Analysis
  13. 13. Analysis
  14. 14. <ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Only 6.4% of disability with Diploma or higher education background. </li></ul><ul><li>High unemployment rate of disable 88.2% </li></ul><ul><li>Disable allowance amount $1,325 / $2,840 - either or CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Funding provide to NGO for supporting disable may not sufficient (70% for CSSA, 30% for different function including disable) </li></ul>Analysis
  15. 15. <ul><li>Society Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Charities provided are limited and short term to the needy. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing facility / construction is still insufficient (e.g. approximate 60% of LINK shopping centre with inadequate shopping facilities for the disability) </li></ul>Analysis
  16. 16. <ul><li>Legal / Regulatory Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) received 15 628 inquiries and 921 complaints: a. 344 sex discrimination, b. 528 disability discrimination c. 23 and 26 Family Status Discrimination cases of racial discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory of minimum wage reduces the competition of disable, extra cost required for assessor evaluation of wages for disability </li></ul>Analysis
  17. 17. Recommendations <ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the amount of disable allowance plus salary which the working disable people granted are not less than $6,000 or CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Implement disability insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Invest on developing of sheltered workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the employer from private sector or NPO to employ disability with agreed target by specific tax discount or fund subsidized. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic accessibility (E-Accessibility) </li></ul><ul><li>1. improve the efficiency with lower cost in providing public service, strengthening education and training to the disability </li></ul><ul><li>2. higher the education level, the higher the level of resistance from poverty and inequality. </li></ul>Recommendations
  19. 19. <ul><li>Electronic accessibility (Innovation example) </li></ul><ul><li>Eye tracking system developed to control computer (with Low cost) </li></ul><ul><li>- a computer software with drivers x 1 </li></ul><ul><li>- normal camera unit x 2 </li></ul><ul><li>- Plastic glasses x 1 </li></ul><ul><li>= done! </li></ul>Recommendations
  20. 20. <ul><li>Government Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Entrust more power to the group of disable people, such as allocating 5 or less additional seats to functional or community groups comprising the disabled person in Legislative Council. - this kind of power may help them to fight for the equilibrant from the source of problem </li></ul>Recommendations
  21. 21. <ul><li>Social Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the current facilities for disable </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage innovation in the design for disable </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the civil education to reduce conflict / barrier </li></ul>Recommendations
  22. 22. <ul><li>Legal / Regulatory Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint cases only take 0.1% of the total disabilities number. </li></ul><ul><li>seems relatively low comparing to the total population </li></ul><ul><li>seems the role of EOC is not yet utilized. - Strengthen the EOC role and resources - Strengthen enforcement to DDO </li></ul>Recommendations
  23. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Disable = not only individual problem </li></ul><ul><li>= social problem or public problem </li></ul><ul><li>= absent from efficient Market Theory </li></ul><ul><li>= Inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Up to this moment, Government interruption for re-balancing the disability situation is still required. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Q & A
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