Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Communia Luxembourg   Sharing Europeana Metadata   3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Communia Luxembourg Sharing Europeana Metadata 3 Goals 3 Questions 2 Options

567

Published on

Communia 7th workshop Luxembourg …

Communia 7th workshop Luxembourg
Sharing Europeana Metadata
Europeana Connect
National Library of Luxembourg
Patrick Peiffer

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
567
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Transcript

    • 1. Europeana Metadata licensing: Three goals, three questions and two options
      • Communia 7th Workshop – 01.02.2010
      • [email_address]
    • 2. Europeana Connect
      • One of the deliverables of Work Package 4
        • Europeana Licensing Framework
      • Focus of presentation
        • Agreements between Europeana and its Partners
    • 3. Europeana Agreements are ONLY about metadata
      • Metadata which can be under
        • Copyright, public domain, PSI rules, database rights, ...
      • This is a legal problem and will be solved by lawyers
      • If single metadata elements are commercially valuable or otherwise too valuable, partners are free to withhold them
      • Agreements do NOT cover digital / digitised objects
      • Digital objects stay at partner’s websites and remain entirely under partners’s re-use condition
    • 4. Europeana Agreements object metadata
      • Very general rights information about the digital objects is asked, to enable filtering of search results on Europeana
      • Digital objects can be
        • digital public domain,
        • accessible for free
        • accessible suject to payment
        • ...
      • Optional previews, if partner has cleared rights
      • Optional fulltext, for better search results
    • 5. Three goals for Metadata licensing 2
    • 6. Goal 1: Create Europeana metadata
      • Across domains
        • Museums, Libraries, Archives, a/v Archive
      • Across Nations
        • Multilingual
      • Semantically enriched
        • Vocabularies, Thesauri, Authority files
      • Encourage participation of end-users
        • Enrich and contribute
      2
    • 7. Goal 2: Discovery of partner’s digital objects
      • End-users follow links to the digital object, to the partner website
      • Traffic is generated towards partner’s websites
      • Allowing re-use is a must to discover through other channels e.g. facebook, wikipedia, ...
      2
    • 8. Goal 3: Sharing back Europeana metadata
      • All of Europeana metadata is shared back to everyone
        • Including translations, semantic enrichment and user contributions
      • Accessible through machine interfaces
        • APIs to query metadata
        • Data dumps to copy metadata,
        • Linked data to create “web of data”
      • Have simple rules to avoid exclusive capture of value
        • Participation breaks down
        • Same rules for everyone
      2
    • 9. Three goals recap
      • Collect metadata, enrich it, encourage end-user participation
      • Goal 1: Make it easy to contribute and re-use
      • Drive discovery and create traffic to partner’s sites
      • Goal 2: Non-Europeana discovery channels crucial
      • Share back enriched metadata to partners and everyone
      • Goal 3: Avoid exclusive capture
      2
    • 10. Goals are not about copyright
      • Goals are social and cultural, not legal
      • Starting with copyright will not help achieving goals
      • Keep in mind we are not talking about works, only metadata
      • Three questions are about social norms:
      • How to interact with partners, with the public (no commercial intent) and possible commercial use?
      2
    • 11.
      • “ There is nothing so useless as doing efficiently that which should not be done at all.” Peter Drucker
      2
    • 12. Three questions
      • Allow commercial use for Europeana?
      • Allow commercial use for everyone else?
      • Which is the simplest sharing mechanism that works, socially and legally, including use with no commercial intent?
      2
    • 13. First question is easiest
      • Boils down to a financing question of Europeana services
        • Exclusive sublicensing (selling) of metadata should be excluded
        • Metadata is available for free already
        • Affiliate programs most likely source of income
          • Buy this object at a bookshop, museumshop, etc.
        • Unlikely to generate huge revenues
        • Should be limited to help finance Europeana
        • Very relevant for long term sustainability (See Wikipedia)
      • Let’s set it aside for the moment
      2
    • 14. Second question: Commercial use for everyone
      • Metadata available for free for everyone anyway
      • Substantial value (e.g. better metadata) has to be added to be able to exploit commercially
      • “ Make it easy to contribute to and re-use metadata” is the first goal, these contributions may be from commercial players
      • “ Non-Europeana discovery channels” is the second goal, many of these channels are probably commercial (Facebook etc)
      • “ Avoid exclusive capture”, the third goal, seems to be the crucial element then to answer this second question
      2
    • 15. Third question: Working sharing models?
      • Contributions and re-use of metadata are also desired for non-commercial purposes
      • This is the Wikipedia, citizen-based value creation
      • The third goal “Avoiding exclusive capture” is crucial to have citizens sustainibly contribute their time and effort to Europeana metadata (see Wikipedia)
      2
    • 16. Reframing second and third question
      • All goals are reached if there is a simple model for
        • re-use for commercial and non-commercial intent
        • avoiding exclusive capture
        • requiring sharing back to everyone
      • Reframed:
      • How to handle commercial and non-commercial use for everyone while ensuring the sharing back of better metadata to everyone?
      2
    • 17. Two options
      • Allow commercial use upfront, but require the sharing back of better Metadata (share-alike)
        • No transaction costs, permission already given to everyone
        • Level playing field,
      • Bearing in mind that sharing back is also required if better metadata is produced without commercial intent
      2
    • 18. Two options
      • Allow commercial use upfront, but require the sharing back of better Metadata (share-alike)
        • No transaction costs, permission already given to everyone
        • Level playing field,
      • Allow commercial use only after permission has been asked and granted via separate contract
        • Substantial transaction costs, need to ask a lot of partners
        • Substantial technical costs, rights management for metadata
        • Danger of exclusive deals, because exclusivity is worth more
        • Citizens who contributed may not like this
      2
    • 19.
      • “ There is nothing so useless as doing efficiently that which should not be done at all.” Peter Drucker
      2
    • 20. Proposal for metadata: Allow commercial use, Require “Share alike”
      • Use the “Share-alike” option
        • A Creative Commons licence element
      • Allows commercial use
      • If no transformations, same conditions apply
      • Allows transformations only if they are shared back under same conditions (no exclusivity, no new rights)
      • Same conditions apply to everyone, even those who do not intend commercial use
      • It already works in Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons, who excel at creating better metadata
      2
    • 21. Danger: Europeana metadata stuck with non-commercial use only
      • Technological dead-end
        • New ways of making available require new permissions
        • Example: Documentary films which cannot be re-released on DVD
        • Linked data already uses links only, no copies needed
      • Bad for long-term sustainability
        • It will become increasingly impossible to find those who can give commercial rights
        • Orphan metadata problem
        • Complexity and costs for aggregators and Europeana
      2
    • 22.
      • Thanks for your interest and attention!
      • [email_address]
      19

    ×