Males More likely to have never been married (41.0 vs. 33.9) Less likely to be currently married (48.5 vs. 52.4) Less likely to be separated, widowed or divorced (10.5 vs. 13.7) Females More likely to have never been married (33.3 vs. 27.3) Less likely to be currently married (46.6 vs. 48.4) Less likely to be separated, widowed or divorced (20.1 vs. 24.3)
Beliefs influenced by country of origin, educational attainment, level of acculturation, and sex
Gender Roles in Hispanic Families Familismo : Family life is of primary importance Well-defined, traditional roles Men and women viewed as fundamentally different -- complementary Man's realm = public, work and civic life outside home Woman's realm = private, in the home and church Strong connection between feminine gender and child bearing Idealized femininity: submissive, chaste, and dependent Idealized masculinity: dominant, virile, and independent Similar to Traditional Anglo American gender roles, but somewhat more conservative
Indigenous religious traditions + Catholicism of Spanish missionaries
Although dominant religion in Latin America, institutionally weak
More charismatic than Anglo Catholics
"Matriarchal core”: With the historic lack of indigenous Latino priests, Hispanic women have been consistently the primary transmitters of the faith and exercised autonomous authority in the devotional life of their people. (Matovina, 2001)
Growing trend of Hispanic conversion to Protestantism
Problems with Catholic Church Weak institutional ties Service needs not being met Attractiveness of Protestantism, especially Evangelical Charismatic Stronger sense of family and fellowship Greater number of native Spanish- speaking pastors More opportunity for independent lay participation More welcoming of different cultural style of worship Greater access to leadership roles within churches
U.S. Census Bureau, "Hispanics in the United States”http://www.census.gov/population/www/ socdemo/hispanic/files/Internet_Hispanic_in_US_2006.pdf
Bedolla, L.G., Monforti, J.L.L., & Pantoja, A.D. (2007). A second look: Is there a latino/a gender gap? . Journal of Women, Politics and Policy, 28(3), 147-171.
Bernal,G. & Saez-Santiago, E. (2006). Culturally centered psychosocial interventions. Journal of Community Psychology 34 (2) 216-25.
Eisenman, R., & Dantzker, M.L. (2006). Gender and ethnic differences in sexual attitudes at a hispanic-serving university. The Journal of General Psychology, 133(2), 153-162.
Hunt, L.L. (2001). Religion, gender and the hispanic experience in the united states: Catholic/ protestant differences in religious involvement, social status, and gender-role attitudes. Review of Religious Research, 43(2), 139-160.
Laroche, M.J. (2002). Psychotherapeutic considerations in treating Latinos. Harvard Review of Psychiatry 10 (2), 344-53.
Matovina, T. (2001, September 14). Hispanic catholics: 'El futuro' is here. Commonweal, 19-21.