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  • 1. Underworld: Persephone (L) and Hades (R) in temple, Orpheus (w/ lyre) singing in lower right (for the return of his wife Eurydice)
  • 2. Underworld Who’s Who: Persephone (with double/quadruple torch) & Hades in Temple, others see below Hermes and Heracles w/ Cerberus Sisyphus Tantalus Orpheus w/lyre 3 Judges of UW: Minos, Rhadamanthys, Aeacus
  • 3. Hades w/ Cornucopia-Fruit of the Earth, Persephone w/ bow-shaped plow
  • 4. Attic grave with pomegranate flowers to show dead person was an initiate in the Eleusis Cult
  • 5. Pomegranate Flower (mark of Eleusis Cult Membership)
  • 6. Cave at Eleusis where Persephone supposedly returned from the Underworld
  • 7. Persephone (far left) returning from the Underworld with Hermes standing next to her (note woman in center w/ torches)
  • 8. Eleusis Mystery Box on head of woman statue from temple door of Eleusis – note pomegranate flower and grain symbols: Persephone & Demeter
  • 9. Side of slide 142, showing torch as well
  • 10. Hermes, pre-450BC (b/c of beard): note wing-boots, hat (Petasos), stick (Kerykeion/Caduceus)
  • 11. L  R: Dionysus, choir of nymphs (note excess limbs), Hermes
  • 12. L  R: Dead friend of Odysseus, sacrifice to the dead, Odysseus, and Hermes (even though Hermes is not mentioned here in Homer’s account)
  • 13. Hermes, post-450BC (b/c no beard, young) behind a satyr (follower of Dionysus)
  • 14. Famous Statue of Hermes delivering baby Dionysus: done by the sculptor Praxiteles
  • 15. Hermes Psychogogue (collecting only one soul)
  • 16. Lekythos (death offering vase) Painting: Hermes Psychogogue dropping dead woman’s soul at bank of Styx
  • 17. Charon (off the reverse of the Lekythos in slide 150)
  • 18. Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) collecting dead hero
  • 19. Roman Hermes (aka Mercury) portraying defining, mysterious phallus
  • 20. Satyr and person bringing offerings to a Herm (note the Caduceus indicating Hermes)
  • 21. A Classic (pun) Herm
  • 22. Phallic Hermes (note wing attribute)
  • 23. Birth of Dionysus: Zeus sitting, Dionysus’s head emerging from Zeus’s thigh, Hermes standing by to take baby Dionysus to garden on the island of Naxos
  • 24. L  R: dancing Satyr, Island Dionysus (older version, w/ beard) holding kantharos, dancing maenad (mainland Dionysus female worshiper), with ivy or vines in background
  • 25. Dionysus’s Garden at Naxos: Satyrs (spirits of fermentation) are making wine while Island Dionysus waits with kantharos; note satyr playing instrument (double-flute?) in Dionysus’s ear
  • 26. Mainland Dionysus (right): beardless (newer version), holding thyrsus, dressed in women’s clothes, looking at a woman (maenad?)
  • 27. Later Dionysus: beardless/younger, women’s clothes, holding tambourine (maenad instrument) and thyrsus, grape-cluster wreathe on head, sitting side-saddle (effeminate) on panther (attribute animal)
  • 28. Island Dionysus in Garden at Naxos: sitting, drinking from kantharos, surrounded by grapes and little satyrs