Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs) for
marine pen and cage farmers for
responsible and sustainable production

Bureau of Fi...
Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs)
• Better-Practice Guidelines aim to give farmers sensible
and practical guidelines to fo...
Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs)
• They incorporate many of the DA-BAFPS BAPS but are
focussed on particular culture syst...
Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs)
• These BPGs cover both cages and pens in marine,
brackish and freshwaters. The guidelin...
BPG sections
• This BMG is separated in to sections which follow the
culture process as follows;
–
–
–
–

–
–
–
–
–

Plann...
Cross-cutting issues
• Within each section there are crosscutting
issues that need to be addressed
–
–
–
–
–

Legal and re...
Planning and siting principles
• Environmentally suitable areas
• Water supply sufficient and suitable for
aquaculture Wat...
Farm design and construction principles
•
•
•
•

Design appropriate to location and environment
Design with biosecurity in...
Fry and Fingerling purchase or collection
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Use domesticated stocks wherever possible
Give preference to loca...
Production management
• Operation and husbandry
• Feed and feed management
– Use good quality formulated feeds.
– Make eff...
Fish health
• Biosecurity
– Farms should make appropriate provisions for
biosecurity

• Prevention
– Health management at ...
Fish welfare
• Transport
– minimise stress of the stock during
transportation

• Husbandry and handling
– minimise stress ...
Fish quality and food safety
• Use of chemicals & drugs
• Analysis for hazardous substances,
harmful algae, fish borne dis...
Harvest and post harvest management

•
•
•
•
•

Harvesting
Pre-chilling
Packaging
Storage
Transport and distribution

THEM...
Monitoring and record keeping
• Monitoring
– Production
– Environment

•
•
•
•

Record keeping
Documentation
Traceability
...
Social issues (staff training, health and
safety)

•
•
•
•

Social responsibilities
Staff training
Staff health
Staff safe...
Environmental management
•
•
•
•

Planning for sustainable production
Operation in a responsible manner
Bio Wastes
Other w...
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Better practice guidelines for fish farmers

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Better practice guidelines for fish farmers in the Philippines to reduce aquaculture impact

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Better practice guidelines for fish farmers

  1. 1. Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs) for marine pen and cage farmers for responsible and sustainable production Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Marine Environment and Resources Foundation THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 1
  2. 2. Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs) • Better-Practice Guidelines aim to give farmers sensible and practical guidelines to follow in the planning, management and operation of their farms. • These guidelines are based on lessons learned from local and international practice or scientific research. • Better Practice Guidelines are useful to improve our ways of working (knowledge, skills, capacity and practices). • These guidelines are being developed as good practice guidelines that if followed, would encourage responsible and sustainable production. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 2
  3. 3. Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs) • They incorporate many of the DA-BAFPS BAPS but are focussed on particular culture systems and mitigating aquaculture impact on the environment. • It is hoped that these guidelines will be taken up by producer organisations, mariculture parks, aquaculture parks, clusters of farmers and large farmers. • It would be difficult for a farmer to implement all guidelines immediately but it is hoped that the farmers will start to implement some immediately and gradually implement the others as time goes by. • These guidelines have been prepared for cage and pen operators with emphasis on mitigating environmental impact. THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 3
  4. 4. Better Practice Guidelines (BPGs) • These BPGs cover both cages and pens in marine, brackish and freshwaters. The guidelines cover the culture practice from the purchase of fry or fingerlings until the point of sale. • Different BPGs should be developed depending on species, culture system and geographical location. • It is recommended that for the Philippines the following BPGs are developed. – – – – – – Hatchery and nursery Cage and pen culture Pond culture Mollusc culture Seaweed culture Post harvest THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 4
  5. 5. BPG sections • This BMG is separated in to sections which follow the culture process as follows; – – – – – – – – – Planning and siting Farm design and construction Broodstock and hatchery management Production management • Feed and feed management • Fish health and welfare • Quality and food safety Harvest and post harvest management Monitoring and evaluation Record keeping Socio aspects (staff training, health and safety) Environmental mitigation THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 5
  6. 6. Cross-cutting issues • Within each section there are crosscutting issues that need to be addressed – – – – – Legal and regulatory Genetics and biodiversity Biosecurity Sustainable operation Environment • Efforts have been made to ensure that the poorer small scale farmers are not put at a disadvantage from the BPGs THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 6
  7. 7. Planning and siting principles • Environmentally suitable areas • Water supply sufficient and suitable for aquaculture Water with adequate current flow for flushing of organic matter • Minimise impact to sensitive habitats • Long-term sustainability • Avoid conflicts with other coastal users • Avoid navigational routes • Avoid sites with fluctuating water quality • Integrated with local community THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 7
  8. 8. Farm design and construction principles • • • • Design appropriate to location and environment Design with biosecurity in mind Use appropriate materials Consider the health and safety aspects of workers • Use integrated aquaculture where possible (fish, mollusc and seaweed) • Flexible and low risk technology • Design for ease of operation and management THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 8
  9. 9. Fry and Fingerling purchase or collection • • • • • • • Use domesticated stocks wherever possible Give preference to local and indigenous species Use hatchery reared stocks in preference to wild caught Purchase from a disease free source Give prophylactic treatment before stocking Acclimatise fry before stocking Grow to a sufficient size before strocking THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 9
  10. 10. Production management • Operation and husbandry • Feed and feed management – Use good quality formulated feeds. – Make efficient use of fish feed (do not overfeed or waste feed) – Minimize feed wastage. – Feeds must meet the nutritional requirements of the fish – Feed storage – Use of medicated feeds THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 10
  11. 11. Fish health • Biosecurity – Farms should make appropriate provisions for biosecurity • Prevention – Health management at hatcheries and farms should focus on disease prevention through good nutrition, sound management, and overall stress reduction rather than disease treatment. • Treatments – Quarantine, prophylactic treatments, etc. • Chemicals – Use, storage, disposal THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 11
  12. 12. Fish welfare • Transport – minimise stress of the stock during transportation • Husbandry and handling – minimise stress of the stock during the culture (sufficient feed, good water quality, etc) – Minimise stress during handling and grading at any stage of production. • Harvesting and killing – Fish should be killed humanely and quickly THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 12
  13. 13. Fish quality and food safety • Use of chemicals & drugs • Analysis for hazardous substances, harmful algae, fish borne disease • Traceability • HACCP • Record keeping THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 13
  14. 14. Harvest and post harvest management • • • • • Harvesting Pre-chilling Packaging Storage Transport and distribution THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 14
  15. 15. Monitoring and record keeping • Monitoring – Production – Environment • • • • Record keeping Documentation Traceability Reporting THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 15
  16. 16. Social issues (staff training, health and safety) • • • • Social responsibilities Staff training Staff health Staff safety THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 16
  17. 17. Environmental management • • • • Planning for sustainable production Operation in a responsible manner Bio Wastes Other wastes THEME: Bridging the gaps in the Philippine Aquaculture “Hotspots” © www.akvaplan.niva.no 17

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