The Great Chicago Fire

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The Great Chicago Fire

  1. 1. The Great Chicago Fire By: Patrick Blanco
  2. 2. Origin <ul><li>Fire started about 9:00 p.m. on Sunday October 8 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally started by a cow owned by Patrick and Catherine O’Leary </li></ul><ul><li>The cow kicked a lantern in the barn starting the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire aided by city’s overuse of wood building </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spread of the Fire <ul><li>Fire department didn’t receive the fire alarm until 9:40 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>The guards directed the firemen in the wrong direction </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts were unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor of the city called for help but the fire was already large </li></ul><ul><li>Area destroyed by the fire (1868 ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spread of the Fire (Con’t) <ul><li>Fire destroyed the firemen’s water supply, the Chicago River </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighters were forced to give up </li></ul><ul><li>Fire continues to spread destroying hotels, theatres, Chicago City Hall, etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Philip Sheridan <ul><li>A Union General in the American Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Albany, New York </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up in Somerset, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Protected the people from The Great Chicago Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Married Irene Rucker and moved to Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in a house given by Chicago citizens in appreciation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sheridan in charge <ul><li>The mayor placed the city under martial law </li></ul><ul><li>Placing Philip Sheridan in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Protected the people from the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Sheridan’s home was spared but his personal papers was destroyed </li></ul>
  7. 7. Aftermath <ul><li>Fire burned itself out, due to winds and light drizzle </li></ul><ul><li>Determined the destroyed area more than 2,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>$222 million in property lost </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the 300,000 residents, 90,000 were homeless </li></ul><ul><li>200 - 300 lives lost </li></ul>
  8. 8. Surviving Structures <ul><li>St. Michael’s Church </li></ul><ul><li>Founded to minister for German immigrants in 1852 </li></ul><ul><li>A Roman Catholic church built in 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Survived The Great Chicago Fire due to the structure but heavily damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly rebuild after the fire </li></ul>
  9. 9. Surviving Structures <ul><li>Chicago Water Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1869 by William W. Boyington, an architect from Joliet, Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Made out of limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Structure to hold water and for firefighting </li></ul><ul><li>Gained prominence from The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Surviving Structures <ul><li>Chicago Avenue Pumping Station </li></ul><ul><li>Built by William W. Boyington </li></ul><ul><li>Built on the east side of the Chicago Water Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Survived the fire with the Chicago Water Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Renovated after the fire </li></ul>
  11. 11. Surviving Structures <ul><li>Old St. Patrick’s Church </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church and commonly known as Old St. Pat’s </li></ul><ul><li>Founded on Easter Sunday April 12, 1846 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally housed in a wooden building </li></ul><ul><li>Was constructed out of brick in the 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>Survived The Great Chicago Fire along with 3 other structures </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.thechicagofire.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/series/earth-the-biography/all/chicago-fire </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hydeparkmedia.com/cohn.html </li></ul>

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