Canadian History


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Canadian History

  1. 1. Warm Up 1/24 <ul><li>What two countries settled Canada? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France and Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What animal made them both want to settle there? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beaver </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Canadian History
  3. 3. I can & EQ <ul><li>I can explain the History of Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>How have the French and English influenced the languages and religions of Canada? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Languages <ul><li>The Europeans that settled Canada came mostly from the countries of Great Britain and France . </li></ul><ul><li>The people from Great Britain spoke English . </li></ul><ul><li>The people from France spoke French . </li></ul>
  5. 5. English <ul><li>English speaking settlers moved all across Canada . </li></ul><ul><li>Today, almost 70 percent of Canadians speak English as their first language of choice. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the official languages today of the government and business in Canada is English . </li></ul>
  6. 6. French <ul><li>The French people settled in Canada also. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, about 20 percent of the population of Canada speaks French as their first language. </li></ul><ul><li>French is also an official language of Canada today. </li></ul><ul><li>French is the only official language in Quebec today. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Language of Quebec <ul><li>Quebec was mostly settled by the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, 81% of the people in Quebec use French as their first language. </li></ul><ul><li>They advertise in both English and French , but the French word has to come first. </li></ul><ul><li>The English word also has to be in smaller print than the French word. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Language of the Government <ul><li>Two official languages…. English and French . </li></ul><ul><li>In Canada , all government documents have to be written in English and French . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religion of Canada <ul><li>French settlers were mostly Catholic . They settled in Quebec . </li></ul><ul><li>English settlers were Protestant , non Catholic Christians, such as Baptist and Methodist. </li></ul><ul><li>Today…. </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec- 80% are Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Canada- 44% are Catholic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Where did the settlers go? <ul><li>The French settlers settled in Quebec. </li></ul><ul><li>The English settlers settled in the Hudson Bay Area. </li></ul><ul><li>The first French colony in Quebec was in 1608. </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel de Champlain was the explorer that established the first French colony in North America </li></ul>
  11. 12. How did Canada become an Independent Nation? <ul><li>It was through a series of negotiations over time. Here is how that happened. </li></ul>
  12. 13. French and Indian War <ul><li>The French and Indian (Great Britain also) War took place from 1754-1763. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain won the war. Canada then became part of Great Britain in 1763. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people came to Canada to settle . </li></ul><ul><li>They were very interested in the natural resources , especially the beaver fur. </li></ul>
  13. 14. British North America Act of 1867 <ul><li>In the mid 1860’s , people that had come to Canada wanted to become united. </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted the British Parliament to give them a constitution that granted them the right to govern themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>This act was created to bring together the provinces, establish a parliament and have a prime minister. </li></ul><ul><li>The monarch was the same for Canada and Great Britain. </li></ul>
  14. 15. After World War I <ul><li>Canadian soldiers were used by Great Britain in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Canadians decided they wanted more control in their country. </li></ul><ul><li>When the war was over, they began to work on getting their independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1931, the British Parliament gave Canada its independence after many meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it was 1982 before Canada was totally free from the British Parliaments governing. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, both countries still share the same monarch . </li></ul>
  15. 16. Terms to know <ul><li>Separatists- people in Quebec that want it to be an independent country. </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalists- people that remained loyal to Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Northwest Passage- name of the route to Asia from Europe by cutting through Northern Canada. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Quebec’s Independence Movement <ul><li>Some people in Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>want it to be its own country. </li></ul><ul><li>They are called separatist . </li></ul><ul><li>They want to make sure their culture and French language is protected. </li></ul><ul><li>The people have voted on this and decided for Quebec to stay a province, not a country . </li></ul>
  17. 18. Why Canada does not want Quebec to become its own country <ul><li>Quebec is very important to Canada because it has so many industries . </li></ul><ul><li>The electronics and computer industries bring in a lot of revenue for the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the people in Canada do not want them to be their own country. </li></ul>
  18. 19. What the government has done for Quebec… <ul><li>They have passed laws protecting Quebec’s language and culture . </li></ul><ul><li>The first law made Canada bilingual…. English and French. </li></ul><ul><li>They have also guaranteed them the right to practice their French heritage. </li></ul>