Canada physical features natural resources and climate 1011


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Canada physical features natural resources and climate 1011

  1. 1. Warm Up <ul><li>What Physical Feature in Canada do you think is the most important? Why? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Essential Question <ul><li>How does location, climate, access to water and resources affect where Canadians choose to live and work? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Canada’s Natural Resources and Physical Features
  4. 4. <ul><li>I can explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of resources, and population distribution on Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain the environmental issues of Canada. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Location of Canada <ul><li>Located in the Northern hemisphere and Western hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>The US state of Alaska borders Canada to the west </li></ul>
  6. 6. Location of Canada <ul><li>Population is about 33 million people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small population considering is the 2 nd largest country in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River are important trade routes from the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul>
  7. 8. Canada’s Physical Resources <ul><li>Canada is surrounded by three coastlines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arctic (North), Pacific (West), Atlantic (East) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada’s 3 oceans have helped Canada to be a leader in exporting fish to other countries </li></ul>
  8. 9. Physical Features of Canada <ul><li>Hudson Bay is a major resource in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>One major river in Canada is the St. Lawrence River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Great Lakes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Physical Features of Canada <ul><li>Canadian Shield- large rocky area in eastern and central Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountains are in the western part of Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 3,000 miles long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beautiful physical feature but also influences climate, tourism , and natural resources </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River <ul><li>The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River are important because it provides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A way to import and export goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs : are located in the Southern part of Canada because many factories are built near the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good farmlands are located near the St. Lawrence River provide grains , vegetables and fruit . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River
  12. 13. Canadian Population <ul><li>Where do many Canadians live? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Live in the Southern Part of Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Live near waterways such as the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Canada’s Northern Tundra <ul><li>Northern Tundra : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The northern part of Canada is very cold and considered a tundra: a nearly treeless plain and permanently frozen subsoil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its cold temperature makes it unpopular to live in </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Canada’s Location and Trade <ul><li>Canada three coastlines (Arctic, Pacific, Atlantic) allows it to trade Asia and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River allows for goods to be shipped from central Canada to the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States receives 80% of Canada's exports. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Natural Resources of Canada <ul><li>Natural resources- gifts of nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron ore, nickel , zinc, copper, gold, lead , diamonds, and silver are a few examples of natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good forests, lots of rivers and lakes , fish, fresh water, hydroelectric power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good soil, coal , oil, natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most resources are found in remote (far away or distant ) areas </li></ul>
  16. 18. Canada’s Natural Resources and Trade <ul><li>Canada exports many natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Canada has many sources of water which is used for hydroelectricity – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra energy is sold to the U.S . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5% of Canadian land can be used for farming which is a lot of land because Canada is the 2 nd largest country in the world. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Canadian Climate <ul><li>The climate of Canada limits the location of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Southern region is much like the northern United States with warm summers and cold winters </li></ul>
  18. 20. Warm Up <ul><li>What part of Canada would you most like to visit? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  19. 21. Canadian Climate <ul><li>Central and southern Canada has a long growing season and are an important sources of canola, wheat and other grains </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific region has cool summers and mild winters but can receive 100 inches of rain a year </li></ul>
  20. 22. Canada’s Climate and Trade <ul><li>Northern Canada has a rough and cold climate </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Canada is good for farming . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canola, wheat and other grains are grown in large amounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These crops are exported to other countries that can’t produce these crops due to having small amounts of farmland or bad climate. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Canadian Shield <ul><li>Canadian Shield </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a rocky surface of mainly igneous ( hard ) rock and forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The C.S. has three major natural resources: forests, minerals, and water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest are important for Canada’s timber industry </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Canadian Shield <ul><li>Canadian Shield </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals such as copper , iron, lead, nickel, gold, silver, uranium, zinc and diamonds . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers and lakes of the region make it an important source of hydroelectric power. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. Canadian Shield Environmental Problems <ul><li>Extracting (taking out) natural resources such as trees or minerals from the Canadian Shield has led to major pollution in the Canadian Shield. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution causes: coal fired electric power plants, metal smelters, automobiles and trucks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 26. Canadian Shield Environmental Problems <ul><li>Acid Rain falls in the C.S. but spreads rapidly because the made up of hard rock bedrock, which allows the acid rain to spread easier. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagine pouring water over dirt or a rock . Which surface does the water spread faster on? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Great Lakes Pollution <ul><ul><li>Many companies are located near the Great Lakes because they can use it to import and export goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overtime the Great Lakes has been a location for companies to dump toxic waste in. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 28. Great Lakes Pollution <ul><ul><li>Water pollution affects the health of the waterway , and leads to contaminated water life which creates &quot;dead&quot; lakes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who regularly eat a lot of fish will have larger levels of toxic chemicals in their bodies than those who only eat fish occasionally. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 29. Canada’s Timber Industry <ul><li>Nearly 50% of Canada is covered in vast forests </li></ul><ul><li>Canada’s forests provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat for wildlife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Recreation (hiking, camping and fishing) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Logging companies cut the trees down to sell it as timber </li></ul>
  28. 30. Canada’s Timber Industry <ul><li>Logging companies cut the trees down to sell it as timber </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Groups/Government Intervention: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Force Logging companies to plant small trees and seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the daily amount of trees being cut </li></ul></ul>