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Miniature Surgical Robots
 

Miniature Surgical Robots

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    Miniature Surgical Robots Miniature Surgical Robots Presentation Transcript

    • Miniature Surgical Robots
      Lee Redden
      5-28-2010
      CS327A Mini-Symposium
    • Outline
      Three Types of Surgeries
      Problems with Miniature Robots
      Problems with Miniature Surgical Robots
      Examples of NOTES robots
      Market Feasibility
      Questions
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      2
    • Minimally Invasive Surgery
      (MIS)
      Traditional Surgery
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      3
    • Natural Orifice Translumenal
      Endoscopic Surgery
      (NOTES)
      The Cobra triangulating scope
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      4
    • Problems with Miniature Robots
      They must be small (most of the other problems come from this)
      Use small motors, no torque, no power
      Wireless? (Supply own power)
      Create locomotion, perform
      surgery
      SIZE
      SPEED
      STRENGTH
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      5
    • One Peritoneal Cavity Surgical Solution
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      6
    • Camera not restricted to a port
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      7
    • Problems with Miniature Surgical Robots
      Loss of access, manipulation, palpation, vision
      Sterilization
      • Stabilization
      • FDA approval, electronics inside patients
      Malfunctions, asimov’s three rules
      How do you control the robots
      Surgeon Training
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      8
    • Peritoneal Cavity Driving Robots
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      9
    • How Should
      Micro-bots Swim?
      How Sould Micro-bots
      Assemble?
      How Should
      Micro-bots Walk?
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      10
    • Versatile Endoscopic Capsule for gastrointestinal TumOr Recognition and therapy (VECTOR)
      Pills for GI Track Inspection
      Wireless Capsule Endoscopy
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      11
    • Market Feasibility
      Minimal Invasive Surgery = Minimal Access
      Significantly longer surgeries
      Less morbidity, less recovery time
      Small portable
      (take to space, war zone)
      Cheaper
      Procedure dependent device
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      12
    • Citations
      Patronik, N. A., Zenati, M. A., and Riviere, C. N. 2005. Preliminary evaluation of a mobile robotic device for navigation and intervention on the beating heart. Computer Aided Surgery, 10(4):225-232.
      Lee L Swanström, MD, FACS, YashodanKhajanchee, MD, Maher A Abbas, MD, FACS, FASCRS. 2008. Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery: The Future of Gastrointestinal Surgery. The Permanente Journal. Volume 12 No. 2
      Lehman, A., Wood, N., Dumpert, J., Oleynikov, D., Farritor, S., "Dexterous Miniature In Vivo Robots for NOTES," IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechanics, Scottsdale, AZ, October 2008.
      Platt, S., Hawks, J., Rentschler, M., Redden, L., Farritor, S., Oleynikov, D.,"Modular Wireless Wheeled In Vivo Surgical Robots," Proceedings of the 2008 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE 2008), August 3-6, 2008, Brooklyn, New York.
      Lehman, A., Wood, N., Dumpert, J., Oleynikov, D., Farritor, S., "Robotic Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pp. 2969-2974, Pasadena, CA, May 2008.
      Martin Probst, ChristophHürzeler, Ruedi Borer, and Bradley J. Nelson. 2009. A microassembly system for the flexible assembly of hybrid robotic mems devices. International Journal of Optomechatronics
      www.vector-project.com. 5-27-10
      Richard Satava. SLS Annual Meeting, Endo Expo 2009. Boston, MA. September 9, 2009 Future of Surgery and the Future of Surgeons {MS PowerPoint, 28 MB}
      M. Probst, C. Hürzeler, R. Borer, B. J. Nelson, "A Microassembly System for the Flexible Assembly of Hybrid robotic Mems Devices", International Journal of Optomechatronics, Vol. 3, No. 2, April 2009, p. 69--90.
      L. Zhang, J. J. Abbott, L. X. Dong, K. E. Peyer, B. E. Kratochvil, H. X. Zhang, C. Bergeles, B. J. Nelson, "Characterizing the Swimming Properties of Artificial Bacterial Flagella", Nano Letters, Vol. 9, No. 10, October 2009, pp. 3663-3667 (doi: 10.1021/nl901869j).
      Z. Nagy, K. Harada, M. Flückiger, E. Susilo, I. K. Kaliakatsos, A. Menciassi, E. Hawkes, J. J. Abbott, P. Dario, B. J. Nelson, "Assembling Reconfigurable Endoluminal Surgical Systems: Opportunities and Challenges", International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics, Vol. 1, No. 1, November 2009, pp. 3-16.
      http://rise.csumb.edu/Students/human_organs.jpg
      Miniature Surgical Robots
      13
    • Miniature Surgical Robots
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    • Miniature Surgical Robots
      15