How To Write An Abstract (Powerpoint)
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How To Write An Abstract (Powerpoint)

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How To Write An Abstract (Powerpoint) How To Write An Abstract (Powerpoint) Presentation Transcript

  • How to Write an Abstract: Abstract Submission & Poster Presentation  Mohammad K. Ismail MD Chief of GI, Methodist University Hospital Program Director GI Fellowship Training University of Tennessee, Memphis
  • Why Writing is Important
    • Francis Bacon once said, “reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; but writing an exact man”
  • Why bother to write well?
    • To communicate your work well
  • Reasons for Not Writing
    • Difficulty knowing where to start
    • Not knowing how to start
    • Anxiety about writing skills
    • Lack of confidence
  • Objectives
    • Attendees will learn
        • Basic information about various types of publications
        • How to write abstract
        • Submission of Abstract
        • Some Writing Tips
  • What is an Abstract
    • An abstract is a very concise statement of the major elements of your research project. It states the purpose, methods, and findings of your research project.
    • An abstract is a condensed version of a full scientific paper.
  • Identify Your Topic
    • First thing is to identify what are you planning to write
        • Clinical Vignette Abstract
        • Case report
        • Case series
        • Research
    • Do a background Research
  • Background Research
    • Search engines such as
    • PubMed or MEDLINE
    • MD Consult
    • Major Database listing available at UT Library website
    • http://library.utmem.edu/eresources/category/databases-major
  • Four C's of Abstract Writing
    • Complete — it covers the major parts of the project/case
    • Concise — it contains no excess wordiness or unnecessary information.
    • Clear — it is readable, well organized, and not too jargon-laden.
    • Cohesive — it flows smoothly between the parts.
  • How to Pick a Case Report
    • Consider presenting a case
    • - increases awareness of a condition
    • - unusual presentation of a relatively common condition
    • -suggests the proper diagnostic strategy
    • - unusual complication of a disease and its management
    • -about the message or lesson that the case can deliver
  • Format of Case Report
    • Where are you submitting abstract
    • For the ACP, the rules are available on the electronic abstracts portal
    • ( http://www.acponline.org/srf/abstracts/guide.htm )
    • Check the details for the forum/meeting you planning to submit
  • Clinical Vignette (Case Report) Abstract
    • Title and Author Information
    • Introduction
    • Case Description
    • Discussion
  • Title and Author Information
    • Create a winning title
        • Should be convincing
        • Appealing
    • Format for the title
    • Following the title, the names of all authors and their institutional affiliations are listed
  • Southern Society Meeting
    • GRANULAR CELL TUMOR OF ESOPHAGUS: A CASE SERIES
    • S Narra MD , M K Ismail MD
    • University of Tennesee, Memphis and
    • VA Medical Center Memphis, Tennessee
  • ACP Meeting
    • Ergotism Masquerading as Arteritis
    • Amy Tarnower, Associate, Department of Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI .
  • Introduction
    • The introduction should provide the subject, purpose, and merit of the case report.
    • Present background information
    • Focused comprehensive literature review that corroborates the author’s claims: prevalence, mortality, "100,000 people each year die of…"
    • “ Fulminant hepatic failure is a rare presentation of Wilson’s disease, which if unrecognized carries a high mortality rate without liver transplantation.”
  • Case Description
    • Describe in sequence
        • the history
        • physical examination
        • investigative studies
        • the patient's progress and outcome
  • Discussion
    • The discussion should evaluate the patient case for
        • accuracy, validity, and uniqueness
        • compare and contrast the case report
    • with the published literature
        • why decisions were made and extract the lesson from the case
  • Research Abstract
    • Suggested format
        • Title and Author Information
        • Introduction
        • Methods
        • Results
        • Conclusions
  • Before Finalizing
    • Get help from a mentor
    • Make revisions based upon the feedback
    • Have others read your draft in order to check for technical errors, such as spelling and grammar mistakes
  • Prior to Submission
    • Check Yourself did you :
    • Follow the instructions!!!!
    • Include headings exactly as stated in the instructions/template?
    • Use short, clear sentences; one idea per sentence?
    • Limit your abstract to the word count/character count requirement?
    • Edit, edit, edit
    • Check grammar, syntax and punctuation
  • ACP Clinical Vignette Abstract Checklist
    • Due date for abstract is ____________.
    • Number of copies needed ____________.
    • Presenting author is listed as first author.
    • Presenting author meets eligibility requirements for the meeting.
    • Author affiliations are listed.
    • Abstract clearly organized into Introduction, Case Description, and Discussion.
    • The “lesson” of the case is presented clearly and concisely.
    • Completed abstract meets word- limit requirements or fits into formatting box.
    • Abstract printed with correct font size and style (if stipulated).
    • Others have reviewed abstract for content, style, grammar, and spelling.
    • Mail abstract to:
    • Electronic submission
  • You Did It! Submit Your Abstract
    • Submit your abstract on or before any relevant deadline
    • Mostly online/check on paper submission
    • Payment may be needed for some Abstract Submission
  • Poster Presentation
    • Once accepted begin preparation early
    • Review with mentor
    • Add References appropriately
    • Submit stuff for printing Abstract for display: check on mounting
    • Take care of meeting registration, stay and travel arrangement
  • Forums for Presentation
    • ACP Meeting
    • Southern Society Meeting (SSCI)
    • Specialty Meetings
        • American College of Gastroenterology Meeting
  • Not the End of Work
    • Poster presentation: Not the end of work
    • Intermediate stage in a yet unfinished
    • project
    • Plan to write full manuscript ASAP
        • Choose Proper Journal for the case report
        • Read and follow the “Guidelines for Authors” of the target journal.
        • Set Goals
        • Set Deadlines for yourself
        • Shoot for the Moon
  • Why Abstracts Not Accepted
    • Most common deficiencies encountered (in order of frequency):
    • Poor presentation
    • Weak discussion
    • Lack of originality
    • Poor methods
    • Inappropriate statistical analysis
    • Inadequate results
  • How to Improve
    • Writing is an art, you can learn
    • Read published manuscript and abstract carefully in major journals and focus on detail
    • Practice; practice; practice
    • Get help from your mentors and colleagues
    • Attend classes in writing skills/read books
  • Some Writing Tips
    • Active voice is preferable to passive voice
        • “ We studied 15 patients with ARDS.” is much better than “Fifteen patients with ARDS were studied.”
    • Always use the full term before you refer to it by acronym [for example, Orthotopic Liver Transplantation (OLT)]
    • Write only one thought per sentence .
    • Eliminate unnecessary words
    • Ensure that verb tenses are consistent and correct
  • Closing Thoughts
    • Scholarly activities and Publications are a required part of residency training
    • Very Important for residents pursuing academic career
    • Important for academic advancement
    • Faraday once said, “Work; finish; publish”