In adult patients with acute pancreatitis, which nutritional intervention, enteral or parenteral feeding, improves dietary intake, results in fewer treatment complications, and decreases length of hospitalization?
In the reviewed studies, evidence showed that patients receiving enteral nutrition therapy had fewer treatment complications, experienced dietary improvement, had a shorter length of hospitalization, and a lower cost of care.
Al-Omran, M., Groof, A., Wilke, D. (2008). Enteral versus parenteral nutrition for acute pancreatitis. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Vol. 4.
Louie, B. E., Noseworthy, T., Hailey, D., Gramlich, L. M., Jacobs, P., Warnock, G. L., (2004). Enteral or parenteral nutrition for severe pancreatitis: a randomized controlled trial and health technology assessment. Canadian Journal of Surgery, 48, (4), 299-306.