Early ERCP and biliary sphincterotomy  with or without small ...
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Early ERCP and biliary sphincterotomy  with or without small ... Early ERCP and biliary sphincterotomy with or without small ... Presentation Transcript

  • Early ERCP and biliary sphincterotomy with or without small caliber pancreatic stent in patients with gallstone pancreatitis(nonrandomized, prospective, dual center trial)
    Z.Dubravcsik1, A.Szepes1, R.Fejes2, G.Balogh2, Z.Virányi1, P.Hausinger1, A.Székely2, L.Madácsy2
    1Gastroenterology and Endoscopy, Bács-Kiskun Megyei Önkormányzat Hospital, Kecskemét,
    2First Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Fejér Megyei Szent György Hospital, Székesfehérvár,
    HUNGARY
  • Introduction – acute pancreatitis
    Incidence: 5-73 /100,000
    Mortality: 5-15 %
    Severe (SAP): 20 %
    Biliary origin: 38 %
    ERCP, EST within 72 hours (SABP)
    Yamada (ed): Textbook of Gastroenterology, 5th ed., Blackwell Publisging, 2009.
    McDonald, Burroughs, Feagan (ed): Evidence Based Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2nd ed., Blackwell Publishing,2004.
    Tonsi et al: Acute pancreatitis at the beginning of the 21th century, World J Gastroenterol, 2009; 15(24):2945-59.
  • Recent Meta-Analysis of Early ES in Acute BiliaryPancreatitis
    CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY 2009;7:S3–S9
  • Pathophysiology –acute biliary pancreatitis
    Acinar cell injury
    Defective intracellular transport
    Duct obstruction
    Trypsin
    Trypsinogen
    Kumar, Abbas, Fausto (eds): Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th ed., Elsevier Saunder, 2005.
  • Hypothesis – Why early ERCP and EST is ineffective in recent RCT with ABP patientswithout cholangitis?
    In certain subgroups of patients ERCP and repeated PD cannulation with contrast filling may cause further pancreatic injury (similarly to patients with post-ERCP pancreatitis)
    EST and gallstone extraction from the CBD itself does not completely relieve the pancreatic duct obstruction, which may be due to:
    • Papillary edema and inflammation caused by spontaneous gallstone migration or EST itself
    • Prolonged spasm of the pancreatic sphincter due to paradoxical response of the SO evoked by high plasma levels of CCK
  • Introduction – Feasibility trial of PD stent application in ABP
    Post-ERCP pancreatitis
    Freeman et al: Pancreaticstentsforprevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis, ClinGastroenterolHepatol 2007; 5: 1354-65.
    Madácsy et al: Prophylactic pancreas stenting followedbyneedle-knife fistulotomy in patientswith SOD and difficult cannulation: newmethodtopreventpost-ERCP pancreatitis,DigEndosc, 2009; 21: 8-13.
    Madácsy et al: Rescue ERCP and insertion of a small-caliberpancreaticstenttopreventtheevolution of severepost-ERCP pancreatitis: a case-controlled series,SurgEndosc, 2009; 23 (8):1887-93.
    • Acute biliary pancreatitis
    Godi et al: Emergencypancreaticdrainagewithpostponed biliary sphincterotomy in patientswithacute biliary pancreatitis: sparinglittletimemaysave a lot, Endoscopy 2008; 40 (Suppl 1): A 412.
    Fejesatal: Feasibility and safety of emergency ERCP and small-caliberpancreatic stenting as a bridgingprocedure in patientswithacute biliary pancreatitis butdifficult sphincterotomy,SurgEndosc, 2010; 24:1878-1885.
  • Methods – prospective nonrandomized study
    Dual large volume endoscopic center (Kecskemét + Székesfehérvár County Hospital, >800 ERCP/year)
    Non-alcoholic pts (n=116)
    Biliary pancreatitis with cholangitis
    Gallbladder stones ± dilated CBD
    Elevated obstructive LFTs and WBC (>1.5N)
    EST (n=59) vs. EST+PD stent (n=57)
    Hospitalization, treatment (medical therapy, jejunal feeding), follow up (CT)
  • Hospitalization
    Admission
    History, physical examination
    Blood tests, abdominal USS
    ERCP (<72 hours from onset of pain)
    Contrast enhanced CT scan
    On day 3-5
    Follow up (at emission or day 10)
    Blood tests, USS
  • Indications for small caliber PD stent implantation
    Severe papillary edema due to impacted gallstone
    Repeated PD contrast filling (>5x)
    Repeated PD cannulation (>5x)
    Difficult biliary cannulation (>5x unsuccessful cannulation attempts during > 10 min)
    Use of needle knife precut papillotomy
  • Small caliber PD stents used
    Geenen® stent (5 Fr)
    Inner and duodenal flaps and sideholes
    Length: 3-5 cm
    0,025 F hydrophilic guidewire (until the border of pancreas head and body)
    Minimizing further PD contrast filling
    Stent extraction after 10 days with gastroscope
    5 F, 3-5 cm
    www.cookmedical.com
  • ABP, impacted gallstone:urgent ERCP, EST, PD stenting
  • Results – demography
  • Results - gender
  • Results - LFTs
  • Results - FBC, amylase, CRP
  • Outcome
    3x
    2x
    2x
    15.2%
    6.7%
    5.3%
    3.3%
    3.5%
    1.7%
    1.7%
    1.7%
  • Outcome
    p <0.02
    X2=5.697
    NS
    30.5%
    12.2%
    3.3%
  • Conclusion
    Early ERCP and EST with small caliber PD stenting is better to conventional EST alone:
    May offer sufficient drainage to reverse the process of ABP
    Results significantly less complications
    Results better outcome
    It could be a new endoscopic therapeutic strategy, but randomized controlled trials are necessitated to support this innovative approach