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  • 1.
    • Shobna Bhatia
  • 2.
    • Fame
    • Recognition
    • Advance science
    • Requirement for professional recognition
    • …..
  • 3.
    • To draw the attention of a prospective reader
    • To induce him / her to read the entire paper or at least the abstract
    • To make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific
  • 4.
    • Simple and concise, but informative
    • Interesting and eye-catching
    • Accurate and specific about paper’s content
    • State the subject in full
    • Indicate study design, animal species
    • Grammatically correct
    • State results or not ?
  • 5.
    • Do not Use abbreviations (unless well accepted) Use literary titles Use interrogative/exclamatory titles Use all capitals
  • 6.
    • Pediatric intussusception: A report of 55 cases
    • Studies on cobalt estimation in liver disease
    • Comparative study of two new hypoglycemic drugs
  • 7.
    • Pediatric intussusception: A report of 55 cases Small bowel intussusception in children: A report of 55 cases
    • Studies on cobalt estimation in liver disease
    • Comparative study of two new hypoglycemic drugs
  • 8.
    • Pediatric intussusception: A report of 55 cases Small bowel intussusception in children: …
    • Studies on cobalt estimation in liver disease Serum cobalt levels in patients with cirrhosis of liver
    • Comparative study of two new hypoglycemic drugs
  • 9.
    • Pediatric intussusception: A report of 55 cases Small bowel intussusception in children: …
    • Studies on cobalt estimation in liver disease Serum cobalt levels in patients with cirrhosis of liver
    • Comparative study of two new hypoglycemic drugs Comparison of hypoglycemic effects of A and B with chlorpropamide in diabetic nude mice
  • 10.
    • Words or short phrases used for cross-indexing, and retrieval
    • 3-10 identifiers representing main concepts included in the article
    • Use MeSH words
    • Exclude words already in title
    • Arrange alphabetically
  • 11.
    • Key words
      • Coeliac disease
      • Children
      • India
      • Studied
        • Clinical features
        • Nutritional status
        • Histopathology findings
  • 12.
    • Key words
      • Coeliac disease
      • Children
      • India
      • Clinical features, nutritional status, histopathology findings
    • Title
    • Coeliac disease in Indian children: Assessment of clinical, nutritional and pathologic characteristics
  • 13.
    • Key words
      • Hepatitis B virus
      • Asymptomatic infection
      • Transmission of infection to babies
      • Viral kinetics
  • 14.
    • Asymptomatic hepatitis B virus infection is associated with low viral load and transmission of disease to babies
    • Hepatitis B virus with low viral load – low risk of transmission of disease to babies
    • Low viral load in hepatitis B is associated with low risk of transmission of virus to babies
  • 15.
    • Original paper Effects of tegaserod and erythromycin in patients with upper gut dysmotility- a comparative study
    • Editorial Promotility drugs: not all uniform?
  • 16.
    • A placebo-controlled trial of interferon gamma-1b in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    • Self-reported treatment adherence in inflammatory bowel disease in Indian patients
    • Daily aspirin -- only half the answer
    • Influence of baicalin on TNF-α mRNA expression in pancreatic tissue and apoptosis of pancreatic acinar cells of rats with severe acute pancreatitis
  • 17.
    • A succinct, accurate, summary of the paper
    • Purposes
      • Included in several abstracting services (including Medline)
      • Helps readers browse and decide
    • Independent (stand-alone)
  • 18.
    • A brief statement of chief points
    • Short but intelligible
    • Informative and interesting
    • Avoid unnecessary detail
    • Stand alone
    • Accurate
  • 19.
    • IMRAD pattern: purpose, basic procedures, main findings, principal conclusions
    • Structured/unstructured
    • Length: 150-250 words
    • No information not included in main body
    • Not a copy of sentences in the text
    • No references or abbreviations
    • Include main statistical conclusions
  • 20.
    • •  Background • Objective
    • •  Methods • Design
    • •  Results • Setting
    • •  Conclusion • Subjects
    • • Intervention
    • • Main outcome measures
    • • Results
    • • Conclusions
    + Background, limitations
  • 21.
    • Background/Objectives: Disease progression in Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may have association with different genotypes of the virus. In view of limited data available, we studied the prevalence/association and role of HBV genotypes, with reference to the viral and host characteristics in patients, reflecting the chronic form of the disease.
    • Methods : A total of 96 HBsAg seropositive and chronically infected patients attending the Gastroenterology out patients’ department of ___ Gastroenterology were studied for determination of HBV genotypes by nested PCR using type- specific primers. Biochemical markers of liver functions and HBe antigen status were evaluated by standard methods. Serum HBV DNA levels of patients were also measured by real-time PCR using Taqman® chemistry.
  • 22.
    • Results : HBV genotype was noted to be in the order of D (N= 80; 69.5%) > A (N=10; 8.6%) > B (N= 3; 2.6%) or B+ D (N= 3; 2.6%). Higher viral load (7.68 x 108 copies/ml) was associated in patients with elevated serum ALT activity (> 64 IU/L). Majority of the patients (86.3 %) also tested negative for HBe Ag upon serological analysis.
    • Conclusion: Identification of genotype B individually and intermingling of this genotype with the common genotype D is now reported for the first time from India. A detailed follow-up study, involving larger number of such patients might be helpful for better understanding of the HBV disease transmission and pathogenesis.
  • 23.
    • Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a single large oral dose of vitamin A in treating acute shigellosis in children in Bangladesh.
    • Design: Randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial.
    • Setting: Dhaka Hospital, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.
    • Subjects: 83 children aged 1­7 years with bacteriologically proved shigellosis but no clinical signs of vitamin A deficiency; 42 were randomized to treatment with vitamin A and 41 formed a control group.
    • Intervention: Children were given a single oral dose of 200,000 IU of vitamin A plus 25 IU vitamin E or a control preparation of 25 IU vitamin E.
  • 24.
    • Little information is available on the knowledge about scientific writing among medical teachers. We administered a 10-point questionnaire to test knowledge about scientific writing among medical teachers participants attending a writing workshop. 32 medical teachers participated. Of these, only 20 (63%) achieved a score of 50% or above. The younger participants (aged less than 30 years) scored worse than the older participants (aged > 30 years), the average scores in the two groups being 6.5 + 1.5 and 4.5 + 1.7, respectively (t-test; p<0.05). Indian medical teachers lack skills in medical writing and steps to improve this are needed.
  • 25.
    • Main focus is Methods and Results
    • V short introduction and Discussion
  • 26.
    • Do not provide
      • References
      • Figures
      • Tables
      • Long introduction / Discussion
  • 27.
    • Main text
      • No mismatch in numbers / results
      • No contradictions
  • 28.
    • Title should be accurate, detailed, interesting
    • Abstract
      • Structured vs unstructured
      • Short, concise and accurate