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New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP
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New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP

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  • 1. CCHS - Consejo Superior de ssasas Investigaciones Científicas (Spain) ssasas Faculdade Letras – Universidade do Porto (Portugal) New urban spaces of interaction in the knowledge based society Patrícia ROMEIRO Learning Cities in the Knowledge Based Society Milan, 9-10-11 October 2008 Fellowship from the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Ministério da Ciência e Ensino Superior (Portugal)
  • 2. CONTEXT XXI Century The “Century of Knowledge” (Taichi Sakaya, 1991; Peter Drucker, 1994,..) At the territorial (urban) context …. Knowledge City (Van Winden & Van den Berg, 2004; Ergazakis et al., 2004;..) “… is a city that aims at a knowledge based development, by encouraging the continuous creation, sharing, evaluation, renewal and update of knowledge” (…) “this can be achieved though the continuous interaction between its citizens” (Ergazakis et al., 2004:7). This requires intentionality and planning….. The city’s appropriate design, ICT networks and physical spaces that support these interactions (Ergazakis et al., 2004).
  • 3. PRELIMINARY REMARKS AND TABLE OF CONTENTS MAIN QUESTION i) What kind of innovative urban spaces have been planned, to stimulate a higher density of the interactions among the urban actors (in a broader sense). … in addition … ii) What are the main challenges for urban planning in the Knowledge Society (KS) • STUDY: i) theoretical study, ii) Spanish examples STRUCTURE 1. New values and urban functions 2. New (and renew) urban spaces of interaction 3. Challenges for urban planning in the KS 4. Main conclusions and issues for reflection
  • 4. 1. NEW VALUES AND URBAN FUNCTIONS Cities Preferential cores of the territorial competition in the KS (Gordon & Buck, 2007; Sassen, 2002; Knight, 1995) Competition strategies based on the attraction of: i) New activities (new specialized services – informatics, design, cultural production, …) ii) New functions (territories of production … but also territories of consumption ) iii) New residents (attraction of “creative” and “high skilled” workers) “places to live, work, learn and play” CITIES “places of interaction”
  • 5. 2. NEW (AND RENEW) URBAN SPACES OF INTERACTION Interaction spaces always have been important to cities (Agora, Forum, …) But nowadays … they gain a renew protagonism and new characteristics Industrial Society: Spaces of intense knowledge circulation: Knowledge = Science&Technology i) Out of the inner city Urban Planning = Functional Logic ii) Apart from other urban functions (residential, commercial, etc.) Knowledge Society: Regeneration of the core urban areas Knowledge = not only Science&Technology with production activities and “formal Urban Planning = Multifunctional Logic knowledge production” organizations i) Renewing and re-shaping urban landscapes ii) Altering the city’s spatial organisation and structure. iii) Social impacts (new residents with new demands)
  • 6. 2. (cont.) New (and renew) urban spaces of (intense) interaction … some categories i) iHubs Main differences ii) Living labs i) Scale of intervention (small, large) iii) Cultural and leisure clusters/quarters ii) Dominant activity (economic, iv) Science shops residential, cultural, …) v) Squares iii) Promoter (public, private, mixed partnership) vi) Libraries vii) …
  • 7. 2. (cont.) Some Examples (Spain) N BARCELONA MADRID
  • 8. 2. (cont.) i) Large scale intervention Eje Prado-Recoletos (Madrid) Urban reconversion Promoter: Public (partnership) Thyssen Main activity: cultural, leisure Planning elements: green space creation, traffic restrictions and new cultural infrastructures. CaixaForum Other cultural organizations ... Prado Reina Sofía
  • 9. 2. (cont.) i) Large scale intervention La Marina Quarter (Barcelona) Urban regeneration N Promoter: Public (in partnership) Main activity: residential, economical, leisure, etc. Planning elements: houses (some social houses), sustainable mobility, cultural&social centres, research centres, etc.) – 75 ha
  • 10. 2. (cont.) ii) Small scale intervention Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid) Urban regeneration Promoter: Public Main activity: leisure Planning elements: new square
  • 11. 2. (cont.) ii) Small scale intervention Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid) Urban regeneration Promoter: Public Main activity: leisure Planning elements: new square
  • 12. 3. CHALENDGES FOR URBAN PLANNING IN THE KS XIX century → significantly different urban environment High … i) territorial complexity (economic, social, cultural, etc.) ii) diversity of urban actors iii) diversity of activities Challenges to urban planning New … iv) urban functions v) “ingredients” to competitiveness
  • 13. 3. (cont.) Urban planning practices can be renewed through: Humanism Communication i) the articulation of a new set of political-ethical ideals Interactivity (Borja, 2003) Sustainability Distinctiveness Culture Knowledge ii) implementation of a new type of intervention projects Creativity ICT
  • 14. 4. MAIN CONCLUSIONS AND ISSUES FOR RELFECTION Significantly different urban environment (higher territorial complexity and new elements for territorial competitiveness) Knowledge Society – creation of dense and multifunctional urban spaces in the city It is earlier to evaluate with precision the repercussions of these new spaces of interaction, but it is important be attentive…
  • 15. 4. (cont.) … some reflections ….. Cities as core centres in the KS, but also places of (knowledge) exclusion Urban planning - integrate new values and practices in the KS Planning as part of the political process rather than a technical activity (mediator role of urban planners) BOUNDARIES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS IN PLANNING PRACTICES REDUCTION PROMOTION SUPPORT
  • 16. Learning Cities in the Knowledge Based Society Milan, 9-10-11 October 2008 Thank you. Patrícia ROMEIRO (patricia.romeiro@cchs.csic.es) PhD student at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spain) and Oporto University (Portugal)

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