Scotland Daniel 1 E

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Scotland Daniel 1 E

  1. 1. SCOTLAND Daniel Jiménez
  2. 2. Geography of Scotland The geography of Scotland is highly varied,  from rural lowlands to barren uplands, and  from large cities to uninhabited islands.  Located in Northern  Europe, Scotland comprises the northern  one third of the island of Great Britain as  well as 790 surrounding islands  encompassing the major archipelagoes of  the Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands and  the Inner and Outer Hebrides.           Scotland's only land border is  with England, which runs for 96 kilometres  in a north easterly direction from  the Solway Firth in the west to the North  Sea on the east coast. Separated by  the North Channel, the island of Ireland lies  30 kilometres from the southwest tip of the  Scottish mainland. Norway is located 305  kilometres to the northeast of Scotland  across the North Sea. The Atlantic Ocean,  which fringes the coastline of western and  northern Scotland and its islands,  influences the temperate, maritime climate  of the country.
  3. 3. Culzean Castle         Culzean Castle was built in stages between 1777  and 1792. It incorporates a large drum tower  with a circular saloon inside (which overlooks  the sea), a grand oval staircase and a suite of  well-appointed apartments. In 1945, the  Kennedy family gave the castle and its grounds  to the National Trust for Scotland. The clifftop  castle lies within the Culzean Castle Country  Park and is opened to the public. Since 1987, an  illustration of the castle has featured on the  reverse side of five pound notes issued by  the Royal Bank of Scotland.         Nowadays, The castle is used for  accommodation and wedding ceremonies.
  4. 4. Balmoral Castle Balmoral Castle is a large mansion. It became a royal residence during the reign of Queen Victoria I. The Castle began to be built under the orders of William Drummond in 1390. The castle was involved in the coronation King Jorge IV. Balmoral is known today for being the summer residence of Isabel II and the Duke of Edinburgh. The castle became a royal residence in 1848, when it was leased to Queen Victoria I, great-great grandmother of the current monarch. Both liked the residence that they decided to buy it for 30 thousand pounds. Prince Consort. immediately began to work to extend the Castle from the 15th century and adapt it to the needs of the Queen.
  5. 5. fraser castle Castle Fraser is the more elaborate plant z-shaped Castle of Scotland and one of the largest "Sea Castle" the Castle rises on an open, with farmland forest, which includes a garden and two forest paths. There is archaeological evidence showing the existence of a previous to the current Castle Square Tower. Fraser Castle was built as a family house Fraser of Muschalls, who lived there until 1921. Then it was sold and restored as a shooting range. Castle Fraser has recently been used as a filming of a movie. Today the castle is owned by the National Trust for Scotland, and is open to the public. It can also be rented for weddings.
  6. 6. Caerlaverock Castle Caerlaverock Castle is a moated triangular castle first built in the 13th century. It is located on the southern coast of Scotland, 11 kilometres south of Dumfries. Caerlaverock was a stronghold of the Maxwell family from the 13th century until the 17th century when the castle was abandoned. It was besieged by the English during the Wars of Scottish Independence , and underwent several partial demolitions and reconstructions over the 14th and 15th centuries. Although demolished and rebuilt several times, the castle retains the distinctive triangular plan first laid out in the 13th century. Today, the castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is a popular tourist attraction.
  7. 7. Loch ness Loch Ness is an extensive and deep freshwater lake located in the Highlands. This Lake is part of the series of lakes in Scotland that were carved by glaciers during past glaciations. Its waters have low visibility due to the nearby soils. It is the second largest lake in Scotland, but due to its great depth, it is of greater volume. Loch Ness has a secret that has never been descrifrado: Nessie, a strange creature that is said that it inhabits this deep lake. He was never confirmed if it exists or not, but many witnesses claiming to have seen him support his existence.
  8. 8. Music of Scotland Scotland is internationally known for its traditional music, which has remained vibrant throughout the 21st Century. Scotland's national instrument, the bagpipes, appears in many different forms, from pipe bands and traditional folk and ceilidh bands to solo performances, buskers and as an accompaniment to Highland dancing. Although this particular form of bagpipe developed exclusively in Scotland, it is not the only Scottish bagpipe, and other bagpiping traditions remain across Europe. The earliest mention of bagpipes in Scotland dates to the 15th century although they could have been introduced to Scotland as early as the 6th century.
  9. 9. National Gallery of Scotland The National Gallery of Scotland is the National Gallery of art in Scotland. It is on The Mound, in the Centre of Edinburgh, in a neoclassical building. The National Gallery of Scotland is home to permanent collections of European art and also hosts exhibitions of large-scale (Monet, the Titian and even Gauguin) in collaboration with its neighbour the Royal Scottish Academy. To discover the last five thousand years of Scottish history in portraits, visit the Scottish National Portrait Gallery: Robert Burns and Sean Connery
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