• Where is it located.• Tourist sites 1. Machu Picchu 2. Líneas de Nazca 3. Circuito mágico del agua• Areas 1. Costa 2. Sierra 3. Selva
Where is it located? Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Tourist sites1 - Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438– 1472). Often referred to as the "City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.
2 - Lineas de nazca The Nazca Lines are ancient geoglyphs found on the Pampas de Jumana in the Nazca Desert, between the towns of Nazca and Palpa. They were drawn by the Nazca culture and consist of several hundreds of figures ranging from designs as simple as lines to complex zoomorphic, and geometric fitomorfas appear drawn on the earths surface.
3 - Circuito Mágico del Agua The Park of the Reserve is a park located in the Santa Beatriz in the city of Lima, capital of Peru. It has an irregular shape, and is located between two of the main roads out of the city center to the south of it: the Paseo de la República and Avenida Arequipa. It has an area of eight hectares and has a neo-classical style. It was designed by French architect Claude Sahut and had several sculptures by Peruvian artists.
AreasPeru is divided into three areas are: Costa, Sierra andjungle
1 - Costa In Peru, the Coast region, is the longitudinal region of the country coast or shoreline that covers a long narrow territory between the Pacific Ocean and the foothills of the Peruvian Andes, considering that extends to 500 m, 1 although other sources indicate higher altitude. For the most part, is a region of hot or semi-hot climate characterized by low precipitation Within the coast is the capital of Peru, "Lima"
2- Sierra The Peruvian Andes form the central part of the Andes, across the entire territory of Peru from north to south. Within the geography of Peru is a natural region is also called Andean region, or region of the Sierra mountain range. Bordered on the west by the Coast region and east by the jungle.
3- Selva In Peru, the Forest and the East are local names of the Amazon, the vast rain forest in South America. The portion of this biome occupies territory has an area of over 782,800 square kilometers from the eastern slopes of the Andes to the political borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia in the Amazon plain.