ÍNDEX 1. A small introduction of London 2. What to see and what to do in London 3. The British Museum 4. The National Gallery 5. Victoria & Albert Museum 6. St Paul’s Cathedral 7.The Tower of London 8. Westminster Abbey 9. Buckingham Palace 10. Houses Of Parliament 11. Trafalgar Square 12. Royal Observatory of Greenwich 13. London Eye 14. Covent Garden 15. Parks
1. A small introduction of London(I) London is the biggest city in Britain. Over 7 million people live and work in London. London is also one of the most important cities in the world. It is a centre for business and tourism.
1. A small introduction of London(II) During 2012, it was an Olympic year for London. London got almost 300000 foreign visitors and almost 600000 visitors from the UK. 2012 was an important year for the Queen Elizabeth II because it was her Diamond Jubilee (60th anniversary of her accession to the throne)
2. What to see and what to do in London(I) There are many exciting things to do in London. There are a big number of museums and monuments that you must visit in the city. Some of them are a must-see, like the National Galery, the British Museum, Buckingham Palace, the Houses of the Parliament, the Tower of London or the two temples more emblematic in the city: St Paul’s Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.
3. The British Museum It is one of the largest museums in the world. There are thousands of exhibits and over five km of galleries. The museum has regular special exhibitions such as ancient Roman and Greek art, the Egyptians and the Anglo- Saxons. World-famous objects such as the Rosetta Stone, Parthenon sculptures, and Egyptian mummies are visited by up to 6 million visitors per year .
4. The National Gallery It is the most famous art gallery in London. It is in Trafalgar Square. It has many famous paintings like “Samson and Delilah” by Rubens, “Sunflowers” by Van Gogh, “Venus and Mars” by Botticelli or “Self Portrait at the age of 34” by Rembrandt
5. Victoria & Albert Museum It is the greatest museum of art and design in the world. It has got the largest dress collection in the world. As an art museum you can find furniture, carpets, ceramics, sculture and jewellery.
6. St Paul’s Cathedral (I) It is one of the great churches in London. It was built in 604, was burned in 675, and was rebuilt but the Vikings demolished it in 962. After the fire of 1087, a church was built in Norman style but it was burned during the Great Fire of 1666. The current church was built by Sir Christopher Wren.
6. St Paul’s Cathedral (II) In the crypt are the tombs of the Duke of Wellington, Churchill or Fleming. The main attraction is the Dome that it was decorated by James Thorhill. It has hosted major events such as Churchill’s funeral, Charles & Diana’s wedding, the 80th anniversary of the Queen Elizabeth II or the century of the Mother Queen.
7. The Tower of London It was built by William I the Conqueror. This tower has been a fortress, a royal palace, a refuge, a prison and nowadays is the home of the Crown Jewels. The Beefeaters are the ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London. In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners in the Tower and safeguarding the Crown Jewels but in practise they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right.
8. Westminster Abbey (I) A legend says that in 616 a sanctuary was founded in this place and it was known as Thorn Island. In 960 Benedictine monks came to this site establishing a tradition of daily workship. The Abbey has been the coronation church since 1066 and is the final resting place of 17 monarchs.
8. Westminster Abbey (II) You can find the tombs of Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton or David Livingstone. In the Poets’ Corner Jane Austen, Shakespeare, Handel or T.S. Elliot are honored
9. Buckingham Palace (I) Buckingham Palace serves as both the office and London residence of Her Majesty The Queen. It is one of the few working royal palaces remaining in the world today. During the summer, visitors can tour the 19 State Rooms, which form the heart of the Palace. These magnificent rooms are decorated with some of the greatest treasures from the Royal Collection, including paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens and Canaletto.
9. Buckingham Palace (II) Changing the Guard or Guard Mounting is the process involving a new guard exchanging duty with the old guard. The Guard that looks after Buckingham Palace is called The Queens Guard and is divided into two Detachments: the Buckingham Palace Detachment (responsible for guarding Buckingham Palace) the St Jamess Palace Detachment (responsible for guarding St Jamess Palace). All the guards taking part in the ceremony are dressed in traditional red tunics and bearskin hats, and the ceremony is set to music.
10. Houses of Parliament (I) The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the Houses of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the UK. It lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London. After being the primary London residence of the Kings of England, it served as the home of Parliament which had been meeting there since the 13th century, and the seat of the Royal Courts of Justice. Sir William Wallace was judged here.
10. Houses of Parliament (II) The Clock Tower was built by Charles Berry in 1858. Inside the Clock Tower (320 ft=98 m) you can find the most famous clock face and chimes in the world, Big Ben which is the name of the biggest bell (13.5 tons)
11. Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square is home to Nelsons Column, iconic stone lions, the famous Fourth Plinth and a lot of pigeons. Its a must-see destination for visitors to London. Youll often find cultural events, performances, shows and other special activities going on in the square by the fountains. At Christmas youll find the biggest Christmas tree in London, an annual gift from the city of Oslo.
12. Royal Observatory of Greenwich The Greenwich Meridian Line, Longitude 0°, is the centre of world time, defined by transit instrument and line across the Royal Observatory courtyard. Endorsed by international agreement in 1884 as the Prime Meridian of the world, it attracts visitors from around the globe to stand astride the line that divides East and West. You can see the 17th century rooms occupied by the first Astronomer Royal, the observation room with its early Tompion clocks and displays on the development of improved navigation at sea that led to Britain’s leadership in world exploration and trade for several centuries.
13. London Eye The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames. The entire structure is 443 ft (135 m) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 394 ft (120 m). It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the UK, visited by over 3.5 million people annually. You can see 40 km in all directions.
14. Covent Garden Covent Garden is a world famous district, unequalled in its mix of shops, restaurants, history, entertainment and culture. In the 1600’s, Covent Garden was a fruit and flower market but now you can buy clothes and antiques there, visit the cafes and bars or see circus and street performances.
15. Parks (I) The most famous parks, near central London, are Hyde Park, Regent’s Park and St James’s Park. They are all royal parks. In Hyde Park you can find Speakers’ Corner. Every Sunday since 1866 a range of different speakers gather at Speakers Corner to air their views and the tradition continues today. Speakers Corner is situated in the top right hand corner of Hyde Park opposite Marble Arch.
15. Parks (II) Many famous figures have spoken at Speakers Corner including Karl Marx, Lenin, William Morris, George Orwell and Lord Soper. Regent’s Park is very beautiful. It is home to the London Zoo. There is an open-air theatre there. You can watch Shakespeare’s plays there in summer.