Emergency Management in the age of social convergence

4,016
-1

Published on

Conference on social media use in emergency management given at the Social Media in Government Conference on Oct. 3, 2011 for the Conference Board of Canada.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,016
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
94
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Here’s a brief overview of what we’ll cover today … Don’t hesitate to interrupt me !
  • Prepare message maps on all your hazards … risk-specific communications Ensure you have trained spokespeople exercise key crisis communications components regularly … as part of exercise program crises will happen … are you prepared?
  • Emergency Management in the age of social convergence

    1. 1. Age of Social Convergence: What it means for emergency managers <ul><ul><li>Conference Board of Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Patrice Cloutier </li></ul>
    2. 2. Progress: went from why to how … It’s not just about social media (Twitter or Facebook) … tools not a strategy … Focus instead on what they allow: instantaneous sharing of info, perceptions, opinions … about the incident … about your response. Remember MySpace ???
    3. 3. Remember … It’s not your emergency! … it’s the public’s … People no longer just want to be victims or witnesses … they participate … are you ready?
    4. 4. The era of official agencies simply “ pushing ” out info is over! To be relevant, organizations also need to “ pull ” data in.
    5. 5. The age of social convergence <ul><li>What's driving this change? </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile devices and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>+ Social media platforms and sharing </li></ul><ul><li>= Empowered citizens and volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>+ Volunteer and data mobilization </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>First vector of change </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>devices: </li></ul><ul><li>phones, </li></ul><ul><li>PDAs, </li></ul><ul><li>tablets </li></ul>
    7. 7. The age of social convergence <ul><li>First vector of change: mobile technology </li></ul><ul><li>GIS/GPS-enabled tech + sharing functions </li></ul>
    8. 8. The age of social convergence <ul><li>First vector of change: mobile technology </li></ul><ul><li>Cameras, vidcams, chat </li></ul>People will share during disasters
    9. 9. The age of social convergence <ul><li>Second vector of change: social media </li></ul><ul><li>Social media in emergencies </li></ul>People turn to whom they trust in emergencies: family and friends ... and credible sources. How can you become a destination for credible info ?
    10. 10. <ul><li>Second vector of change: social media </li></ul><ul><li>People sharing what they see and feel </li></ul>Craig Fugate, FEMA Administrator Monitoring SM to adjust your response to better meet local needs
    11. 11. The age of social convergence <ul><li>First result: empowered citizenry/volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Using technology to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis mapping, crowdsourcing, </li></ul>Next Debate: how do you integrate this in your EOC and plans?
    12. 12. <ul><li>Second result: Tech and social media as </li></ul><ul><li>mobilization/coordination tools </li></ul><ul><li>mobilizing people and data, coordinating donations and recovery </li></ul>
    13. 13. The social convergence equation MOBILE TECH AND DEVICES SOCIAL NETWORKS CITIZEN PARTICIPATION DATA/PEOPLE MOBILIZATION =
    14. 14. Impact on crisis comms and management <ul><li>Challenges for emergency managers: </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis communications/emergency info </li></ul><ul><li>Data integration </li></ul><ul><li>Validation and control </li></ul>
    15. 15. Impact on crisis comms and management <ul><li>Meeting increased expectations ...reacting within minutes … not hours. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Impact on crisis comms and management <ul><li>Data integration: crowdsourcing, training and </li></ul><ul><li>coordination issues </li></ul>Key issue: are citizens/volunteers trusted agents?
    17. 17. Impact on crisis comms and management <ul><li>Validation and control: is the info on SM reliable? </li></ul>Key issue: how do you deal with malicious intent? <ul><li>Info control being replaced by transparency and openness </li></ul><ul><li>self-correcting aspect of SM (to an extent…) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Impact on crisis comms and management <ul><li>Social convergence also brings opportunities … </li></ul>
    19. 19. Integrating social networks in EM A six-step approach Moving from “why use social media” to “how can I use it?”
    20. 20. Baseline: no use of SM <ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>no $$$, no time, no resources </li></ul><ul><li>no policy </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul><ul><li>Convince, lead by example </li></ul><ul><li>provide case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Show ROI </li></ul>
    21. 21. Limited Use of SM <ul><li>Some acceptance of SM by execs </li></ul><ul><li>Use as emergency info tool to “push” </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter as alerting/notification tool </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments: </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter monitored for breaking news </li></ul><ul><li>Growing % of audience want SM and web as main channel for emergency info </li></ul>
    22. 22. Interactive Use of SM <ul><li>More than one SM platform + website </li></ul><ul><li>Used mostly to “push” info out </li></ul><ul><li>Basic SM monitoring as “reputation” management tool </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning who you should engage with </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing your “reach” with web and key SM platforms </li></ul>
    23. 23. Conversational Use of SM <ul><li>Listen + Learn + Engage </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and engage with key “influencers” </li></ul><ul><li>SM monitoring as key EOC function </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments: </li></ul><ul><li>First level of “real” SM engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Key factor to help shape public perception of your response </li></ul>
    24. 24. Operational Use of SM <ul><li>SM monitoring not just a PIO function </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness and some use of data/info provided by citizens/volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Moving into ops/plans/intel functions </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments: </li></ul><ul><li>Broadening your operational picture </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizing your relevance/effectiveness through the use of volunteers in tough fiscal environment </li></ul>
    25. 25. Integrated Use of SM <ul><li>SM in all pillars of EM and all functions of EOC </li></ul><ul><li>Full mobilization and use of citizens/volunteers data and info … the power of the crowd/cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments: </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous engagement with communities and audiences, from preparedness to recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Full community-based Situational Awareness </li></ul>
    26. 26. Examples of SM use
    27. 27. Social Media and the Incident Management System Questions? Does the IC need to approve all tweets? Who does the monitoring? What section of the EOC? Or should it be the JIC? Is it a PIO function? ... and many more ...
    28. 28. Current trends in the use of SM in EM Case studies A look at six very different disasters
    29. 29. Haiti: tech volunteers to the fore! “ The global response to the January 2010 7.0 magnitude earthquake in Haiti showed how connected individuals are becoming increasingly central to humanitarian emergency response and recovery,” said Turner in the foreword of the study. “ Haitians trapped under rubble used text messaging to send pleas for help. Concerned citizens worldwide engaged in a variety of ways, from sending in donations via SMS, to using shared networks to translate and map requests for assistance,” he added. Ted Turner, Chair, UN Foundation, Report on Haiti for the OCHA
    30. 30. Boulder/Fourmile Canyon Fire: tactical applications of SM and crisis mapping SM as key EI tool + Twitter and pics combined on maps First responders dispatched based on that data
    31. 31. The Aussie Experience: floods and a cyclone <ul><li>Crisis mapping and data integration </li></ul><ul><li>35 maps created by volunteers, media and agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>info and maps linked from official agencies </li></ul><ul><li>SM/volunteer-created sites often the only available info </li></ul>“ … Queensland’s emergency services and the population at large took full advantage of the versatility and robustness of social media to prepare for and combat disaster …”
    32. 32. The Christchurch earthquake, Feb. 2011 Lessons learned from the September 2010 earthquake <ul><li>integrated platforms: blog, twitter feeds, local news, maps, Facebook page. </li></ul><ul><li>outgoing and incoming communication, facilitating a dialogue rather than just unidirectional information flow </li></ul>SM as COOP/BCP tools
    33. 33. Japan: the triple disaster Twitter = only communication tool immediately after the earthquake; however, Twitter helped spread rumors and misinformation, causing people to panic in areas where there was no reason to panic, one solution: have the government itself use Twitter to offer reliable information. Kobe City University Study
    34. 34. Tornadoes in the US: the SM story Legacy media realize the impact of SM Donations coordination through SM
    35. 35. Hurricane Irene and SM: a turning point? Extensive use of SM by emergency management agencies, governments and NGOs.
    36. 36. Remember … It’s not just about social media People want to participate, not just be victims You need to integrate the crowd/cloud data and info into your response
    37. 37. Patrice's blog: http://crisiscommscp.blogspot.com/ PTSC-Online.ca

    ×