Founders of Scouting and the BSA Robert S. S. Baden-Powell: As a youth, Robert Baden-Powell greatly enjoyed the outdoors, learning about nature and how to live in the wilderness. After returning as a military hero from service in Africa, Baden-Powell discovered that English boys were reading the manual on stalking and survival in the wilderness he had written for his military regiment. Gathering ideas from Ernest Thompson Seton, Daniel Carter Beard, and others, he rewrote the manual as a nonmilitary nature skill book and called it Scouting for Boys. To test his ideas, Baden-Powell brought together 22 boys to camp at Brownsea Island, off the coast of England . This historic campout was a success and resulted in the advent of Scouting. Thus, the imagination and inspiration of Baden-Powell, later proclaimed Chief Scout of the World, brought Scouting to youth the world over. Ernest Thompson Seton: Born in Scotland, Ernest Thompson Seton immigrated to America as a youth in the 1880s. His fascination with the wilderness led him to become a naturalist, an artist, and an author, and through his works he influenced both youth and adults. Seton established a youth organization called the Woodcraft Indians, and his background of outdoor skills and interest in youth made him a logical choice for the position of first Chief Scout of the BSA in 1910. His many volumes of Scoutcraft became an integral part of Scouting, and his intelligence and enthusiasm helped turn an idea into reality. Daniel Carter Beard: Woodsman, illustrator, and naturalist, Daniel Carter Beard was a pioneering spirit of the Boy Scouts of America. Already 60 years old when the Boy Scouts of America was formed, he became a founder and merged it with his own boys' organization, the Sons of Daniel Boone. As the first national Scout commissioner, Beard helped design the original Scout uniform and introduced the elements of the First Class Scout badge. &quot;Uncle Dan,&quot; as he was known to boys and leaders, will be remembered as a colorful figure dressed in buckskin who helped form Scouting in the United States . William D. Boyce: In 1909, Chicago publisher William D. Boyce lost his way in a dense London fog. A boy came to his aid and, after guiding the man, refused a tip, explaining that as a Scout he would not take a tip for doing a Good Turn. This gesture by an unknown Scout inspired a meeting with Robert Baden-Powell, the British founder of the Boy Scouts. As a result, William Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America on February 8, 1910 . He also created the Lone Scouts, which merged with the Boy Scouts of America in 1924. James E. West: James E. West was appointed the first Chief Scout Executive of the Boy Scouts of America in 1911. Although orphaned and physically handicapped, he had the perseverance to graduate from law school and become a successful attorney. This same determination provided the impetus to help build Scouting into the largest and most effective youth organization in the world. When he retired in 1943, Dr. West was recognized throughout the country as the true architect of the Boy Scouts of America.
TRUSTWORTHY A Scout tells the truth. He keeps his promises. Honesty is part of his code of conduct. People can depend on him. LOYAL A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation. HELPFUL A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward. FRIENDLY A Scout is a friend to all. He is a brother to other Scouts. He seeks to understand others. He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own. COURTEOUS A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position. He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together. KIND A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle. He treats others as he wants to be treated. He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason. OBEDIENT A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop. He obeys the laws of his community and country. If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them. CHEERFUL A Scout looks for the bright side of things. He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy. THRIFTY A Scout works to pay his way and to help others. He saves for unforeseen needs. He protects and conserves natural resources. He carefully uses time and property. BRAVE A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid. He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him. CLEAN A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean. He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals. He helps keep his home and community clean. REVERENT A Scout is reverent toward God. He is faithful in his religious duties. He respects the beliefs of others.
Boy scout transition
Webelos Transition to Boy Scouts
History of Boy Scouts ROBERT BADEN POWELL, Chief Scout of the World Wrote book called Scouting for Boys The Advent of Scouting: 11 days, 22 boys at the historic Brownsea Island campout 1907 DANIEL CARTER BEARD ERNEST THOMPSON SETON Incorporated the Boy Scouts of America on February, 8, 1910 WILLIAM D. BOYCE Lost in London. Met with Robert Baden-Powell. First Chief Scout of the BSA in 1910 First National Scout Commissioner JAMES E. WEST First Chief Scout Executive of the Boy Scouts of America in 1911. Server 32 years. Architect of the Boy Scouts of America
What Is Boy Scouting <ul><li>Ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camping, High Adventure, Nature, Ecology, Conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership Development </li></ul><ul><li>120 some Merit Badges </li></ul>#4 Cooking #1 First Aid #2 Swimming #3 Camping Top 4 merit badges earned most often
Ideals of Scouting <ul><li>Scout Oath (or Promise) </li></ul><ul><li>Scout Motto </li></ul><ul><li>Scout Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Scout Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On my honor I will do my best </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To do my duty to God and my country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and to obey the Scout Law; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To help other people at all times; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To keep myself physically strong, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mentally awake, and morally straight. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be Prepared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do a Good Turn Daily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRUSTWORTHY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOYAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HELPFUL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FRIENDLY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COURTEOUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KIND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OBEDIENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHEERFUL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THRIFTY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BRAVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CLEAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REVERENT </li></ul></ul>
Cub Scouts to Boy Scouts <ul><li>Pack Troop </li></ul><ul><li>Den Numbers Patrol Names </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Led Boy Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Bobcat to Webelo Tenderfoot to Eagle </li></ul><ul><li>Den Advancement Self Paced Advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Pack Meeting Awards Court of Honor </li></ul><ul><li>Arrow Points/ Webelo pins Merit Badges </li></ul><ul><li>1 weekend campout/yr weekend/mnth week/yr </li></ul>Boy Scouts: High Adventure, Service Hours, Personal Growth, Leadership Roles
Scout Leadership Positions <ul><li>Den chief: Boy Scout that helps at Cub Scout Webelos dens </li></ul><ul><li>PL: Patrol Leader </li></ul><ul><li>ASPL: Assistant Senior Patrol Leader </li></ul><ul><li>SPL*: Senior Patrol Leader, runs the troop meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian: Tracks the troops library materials </li></ul><ul><li>JASM: Junior Assistant Scout Master </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership Corps: Helps to lead in the troop </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor: Coordinates instructional events </li></ul><ul><li>Historian: Tracks historical events of the troop </li></ul><ul><li>Scribe: Documents current events of the troop </li></ul><ul><li>Quartermaster: Help keep track of supplies </li></ul>
Sc OUTING <ul><li>OUTING is a big part of SCOUTING. </li></ul><ul><li>Local councils operate and maintain Scout camps. About 70 councils also operate high-adventure programs. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Council operates 3 high-adventure areas: </li></ul><ul><li>The BSA conducts a national Scout jamboree every four years and participates in world Scout jamborees (also held at four-year intervals). Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, was the site of the 2001 National Scout Jamboree. </li></ul>Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico National High Adventure Sea Base in the Florida Keys. Northern Tier National High Adventure Program in Minnesota
Order Of The Arrow <ul><li>The OA is recognized as Scouting's </li></ul><ul><li>National Honor Society. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the Order of </li></ul><ul><li>the Arrow is fourfold: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To recognize those Scout campers who best exemplify the Scout Oath and Law in their daily lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To develop and maintain camping traditions and spirit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To promote Scout camping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To crystallize the Scout habit of helpfulness into a life purpose of leadership in cheerful service to others </li></ul></ul></ul>
Scout Ranks As the Scout Advances Through Ranks Required & Elective Merit Badges Minimum time between ranks Service hours Leadership Positions To Obtain Eagle Scout All the above requirements Prior to 18 birthday Eagle Project Eagle Board of Review Eagle Court of Honor Tenderfoot 2nd Class 1st Class Star Life Eagle
The Rank of Eagle Scout <ul><li>The highest advancement rank in Scouting (plus palms). </li></ul><ul><li>Eagle Scout has always carried with it a special significance, not only in Scouting but also in higher education, business or industry, and community service. </li></ul><ul><li>The award is a performance-based achievement whose standards have been well-maintained over the years. </li></ul><ul><li>Only two to four percent of Boy Scouts achieve this rank. More than 1 million Boy Scouts who have earned the rank since 1911. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The goals of Scouting—citizenship training, character development, and personal fitness—remain important for all Scouts, whether or not they attain the Eagle Scout rank. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
Scouts Good Turns 1 of 3 <ul><li>1912-The first Boy Scout Good Turn promoted a "Safe and Sane Fourth of July." </li></ul><ul><li>1917-The day after war was declared on Germany, under the slogan "Every Scout to Feed a Soldier," BSA members established 12,000 Scout farms were . </li></ul><ul><li>The BSA's most significant service during WWI was the sale of Liberty Loan bonds to help finance the war effort. Five bond drives were held, and, in each case, Scouts were called upon to follow up the regular canvas by adult volunteer salesmen. They sold a total of 2,238,308 bonds worth either $147,876,902 or $355,000,000 , depending on the information source. Scouts also sold war savings stamps to a value of either $3 million or $53 million, again depending on the source. </li></ul><ul><li>During WWI Boy Scouts collected peach pits and nut hulls which were burned to make charcoal for gas mask filters. More than 100 train carloads were gathered . </li></ul><ul><li>Another WWI Good Turn involved a national census of standing black walnut trees . Its wood was prized for gunstocks and airplane propellers. The BSA located 21 million board feet, or enough to fill 5,200 railroad cars . </li></ul><ul><li>1934-President Roosevelt called on Boy Scouts to collect household furnishings, clothing, and other items to help the needy during the Depression . More than 1.8 million articles were collected. </li></ul><ul><li>During WWII the BSA responded to 69 requests for help from the government. These requests included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1941-Scouts distributed 1.6 million defense bonds and stamp posters; began the collection of aluminum and waste paper ; conducted defense housing surveys; planted victory gardens; distributed air-raid posters; cooperated with the American Red Cross; and, by agreement with the Office of Civil Defense Mobilization, formed an Emergency Service Corps composed of older Scouts who served in three capacities: messengers, emergency medical unit assistants, and fire watchers. </li></ul></ul>
Scouts Good Turns 2 of 3 <ul><li>WWII continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1942-Scout projects included: delivery of millions of war-bond pledge cards-it was estimated they were indirectly responsible for sales of $1.8 million worth of bonds and stamps ; collection of a vast amount of rubber, primarily old tires, estimated at either 5,898 tons or 30 million pounds; and continuation of scrap and paper drives. During the first drive, Scouts collected 5,000 tons of aluminum ; other sources added another 17,400 tons of tin cans and 20,800 tons of scrap metals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1944-Boy Scouts were sent to collect milkweed floss as a substitute for the kapok used in life jackets -total collection was 750 tons . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1944-An estimated 184,000 victory gardens were planted by Scouts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1944-An estimated 126,000 Boy Scouts helped farmers with their harvests . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The largest single war-effort project conducted by the BSA was the 1945 General Dwight D. Eisenhower Waste Paper Campaign. More than 700,000 Boy Scouts and Cub Scouts gathered 318,000 tons of paper ; this brought the total paper collected during WWII to more than 590,000 tons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scouts collected 10 million used books for military personnel . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scouts collected 7,000 tons of used clothing that was distributed to refugees in Europe and China. </li></ul></ul>
Scouts Good Turns 3 of 3 <ul><li>1950-51-Two million pounds of clothing for overseas relief was collected at the request of the American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service and the United Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>1952-More than 1 million boys went house-to-house and placed 30 million Liberty Bell doorknob hangers and a million posters (in businesses) to remind citizens to vote in the presidential election. Scouts also cooperated nationally in securing blood donor pledges, collected clothing for worthy causes, distributed seeds for Asia, and aided in conservation projects and civil defense. </li></ul><ul><li>1954-A National Conservation Good Turn involved the distribution of 3.6 million copies of a conservation poster. In parks, rural areas, and wilderness areas, Scouts planted 6.2 million trees ; built and placed 55,000 bird-nesting boxes ; and arranged 41,000 conservation displays. </li></ul><ul><li>1970-Project SOAR (Save Our American Resources) was initiated as an ongoing BSA project. It's estimated that during the year, 60,000 BSA units took part in SOAR-related conservation projects. </li></ul><ul><li>1980-Scouts distributed fliers urging support of the national census. </li></ul><ul><li>1986-An estimated 600,000 youth members distributed 14 million brochures to families informing them of the need for donated human organs and tissue and urging them to make a commitment to donate. Millions of other homes were reached through publicity and other promotional efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>1988-The first Scouting for Food collection was completed. One million Scouts collected an estimated 65 million cans of nonperishable food. </li></ul><ul><li>1989-1991-The continuing Scouting for Food collection resulted in a combined total of an additional 209 million cans of food for people in need. </li></ul>
Scouting Statistics <ul><li>80% of boys join that scouts do so because of the boy’s parents. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the scouts that quit scouts do so because of the boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Average of 2 to 4 percent attain the rank of Eagle. Hundreds of friends, fellow scouters who have heard you are an Eagle Scout or they see the Red / White & Blue knot, then say: I was in scouts, but I never made it to Eagle, I wish I would have stayed in. </li></ul><ul><li>Your scout does not have to make Eagle Scout to enjoy scouting, but he will never have the opportunity if he does not join. </li></ul><ul><li>If your Webelo II is wondering about Boy Scouts, visit the troop at a meeting, at a court of honor at a campout & other outing. </li></ul><ul><li>Join & try it out for 6 months, if the scout has doubts about continuing then talk with him and the Scoutmaster. </li></ul>
Check Out Boy Scouts <ul><li>Visit a troop meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Visit a Court of Honor </li></ul><ul><li>Attend a Troop campout </li></ul><ul><li>Attend another Troop outing </li></ul><ul><li>Do this with a parent or a Webelo leader </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions of the Boy Scouts, especially the leadership (SPL) </li></ul><ul><li>Parents, visit a committee meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Visit the troops web site </li></ul><ul><li>Read the troops newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Make the effort to get some information on a troop </li></ul>
Adult Troop Visit Checklist Troop Number: ________ Date of Visit: __________ Quality Unit: Yes No Sponsored by: _____________________________ How Long: _________ Scoutmaster's Name: ________________________________ Meeting Place: _____________________________ Time: ___________ Meeting Run By: Youth Adults Mixed Was the meeting organized: Yes No Does the troop have an active boy leadership corps: Yes No How often do they meet: _____________ How many boys in the leadership corps: ______ How is the boy leadership decided? Elected by boys Appointed by adults How often does the troop hold elections: _____________ Does the troop produce a calendar of events: Yes No How often does the troop camp? ___________________ What type of camping does the troop do? (check all that apply) _____ Summer camp _____ In Council _____ Out of Council _____ Alternate _____ Frequency Where: ________________________________________________________ _____ Winter camp _____ Camporee _____ High Adventure _____ Backpacking _____ Canoeing Do all the boys get to go on all of the outings? ______________________ Are there any age or rank restrictions? _____________________________ Does the program schedule change from year to year or are the events the same? _______ Do campouts have a theme, merit badge or rank requirement focus? Yes No What type of special events does the troop participate in? (ie. Scouting for Food, Scout Show)_______________________________________________________________________ What are the uniform requirements of the troop? ________________________________ How many uniforms will each boy need? ____________________ Were the Scouts in uniform? Yes No Were the adults in uniform? Yes No Are there additional costs to join the troop: _______________________________________
My Troop Visit Troop Number: ___________ Date of Visit: ________________ Meeting Place: ____________________ Time: ___________________ Scoutmaster's Name: _________________________________ Senior Patrol Leader's Name: ________________________________ My Evaluation of the troop: (Circle the answers) Are all the boys in uniform? Yes No Was the meeting organized? Yes No Is the meeting run by the boys? Yes No Do they have boys of all ages? Yes No Did I feel welcome? Yes No Did their campouts sound like fun? Yes No Do they have a calendar? Yes No Do I already know boys in the troop? Yes No Are there plenty of adult leaders involved? Yes No Were the older Scouts helpful? Yes No Did they answer my questions? Yes No Do they have a program for new Scouts? Yes No Notes: Things I liked about this troop are:
Questions to Ask at Troop Visits How often has your Troop achieved Quality Unit status in the last 5 years? How are new Scouts handled? Are they mixed in with existing patrols or put into a new patrol? How many registered leaders are there? What is their attendance history at regular meetings and on outings? What is the boy:leader ratio at meetings and on outings? Do you have an active outdoor program? How many days/year are spent camping? Where? What are the plans for summer camp? What is your philosophy on uniforms? How are new Scouts going to learn what to do as Boy Scouts (camping skills, patrol activities, advancement, etc.)? Will they have an experienced adult leader working with them? What is a typical Troop meeting like? Do you work on merit badges? Do you play a lot of games? What is your philosophy regarding advancement (at what pace are the ranks earned)? What kind of program do you have for the older Scouts? Are there any High Adventure activities? What kind of fundraising do you have? What are the financial obligations for each Scout: at signup? per campout? summer camp? Dues? Other? Do you pay for or subsidize training for the boys (Junior Leader Training, Den Chief training, etc.)? Does your Troop have a limitation on size? Do you have written policies? Is your Troop "boy-run" or "adult-run?" Are Troop meetings and activities planned: by the boys? for a full year? at a patrol leaders meeting? What kind of equipment do you have? Is it in good shape? Do you have enough if (quantity) Webelos were to join your Troop? Are your Scouts able to balance Boy Scouts with other activities such as sports, band, church, etc.? How active is your Troop at District and Council events? How many current leaders are trained in: Youth Protection? Scoutmaster Fundamentals? Woodbadge? What are the expectations/requirements of new adults/parents to this Troop - as assistant leaders, committee members, special event chairpersons, event workers, merit badge counselors? Does the Troop pay for any/all adult leader registration and training? How many leaders routinely attend Round Table? How do you feel about a Scout (and parent) visiting a meeting unannounced?
Choose a Troop <ul><li>A boy may choose any Scout Troop to join - PERIOD! </li></ul><ul><li>Troops are boy led, adult advised. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a Troop that is right for the scout </li></ul>
Troops Compare & Contrast <ul><li>Small troop advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders know the boys, fulfilling a leadership requirement & logistics are much easier (meeting place, camping, contingency planning) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big troop advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually plenty of people to help out, always enough scouts to organize an activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small troop disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders may have more then one role, small or one patrol, enough boys for a meeting, re-chartering requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large troop disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many boys to know personally, fulfilling requirement for leadership & logistics can be difficult (meeting place, camping, contingency planning) </li></ul></ul>
Troop Information Request Troop number / Charter organization: Troop Meeting location, time and day of week: List of troop leaders, their positions, years in that position and near term plans: Committee meeting location, time and day of week: List of committee members, their positions, years in that position and near term plans: Number of scouts currently chartered in the troop: List of scouts, their ranks, positions, patrols ages, schools and pack they originated from: Estimate of scouts planning to recharter: Estimate of scouts coming in from Packs 205 and 206: Estimate of total scouts in troop 2003-2004: Number of patrols in the troop and their average size: Eagle scouts produced in the last five years: Please attach/send your 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 Troop calendar and your 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 Troop budget or forecast Please attach/send a recent troop newsletter Does your troop have a website? If so what is the URL? Usual fundraising events and their time of year: Campouts attended in last year: High adventure outings in the last 3 years: Camping gear to accommodate how many boys? Advantages/disadvantages of a large troop: Does your troop have a written “code of conduct” or rules and if so what are they? What does your troop offer our scouts?