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Assessment4

  1. 1. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels Universidade Catolica de Mozambique1 Faculdade Economia E Gestao PROPOSAL (Resubmission) Title An Assessment of the Sustainability of Agricultural Practices and Technologies in Improving rural livelihoods and farm production levels in semi-arid regions of Mozambique and Zimbabwe Submitted By Peter Nkala2, Alfandega Manjoro3, Virgulino Nhate4, Enard Mutenheri5, Teddy Dube6 Milton Webb Ndlovu7 To Association of African Universities Mobilizing Regional Capacity Initiative (MRCI) Association of African Universities (AAU), Aviation Road Extension, Airport Residential Area P. O. Box AN 5744, Accra-North, Ghana, Tel.: 233-21-774495, 761588 Email: oyewole@aau.org / secgen@aau.org Website:http://www.aau.org Contact Person Peter Nkala Graduate School of Business, Catholic University of Mozambique, Avenida Eduardo Mondlane, Ponta Gea, Caixa Postal 821, Beira, Mobile: +258827098456, Email: pedronkala@yahoo.co.uk1 The RectorPadre. Dr. Alberto FerreiraCatholic University of Mozambique,Faculty of Economics and Management,Ponta Gea Campus,Avenida Eduardo Mondlane,Ponta Gea,Caixa Postal 821,Beira,MozambiqueContact: aferreira@ucm.ac.mzTelephone: Landline: 0025823313077 Mobile : 002588442074612 Coordinator and Lecturer, Graduate School, Faculty of Economics and Management, Catholic University ofMozambique, Beira, Mozambique3 Dean and Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Management, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira, Mozambique4 Head of Department / Lecturer- Head of Department / Lecturer, National Directorate of Studies and Policy Analysis,Ministry of Planning and Development; Lecturer, Eduardo Mondlane University5 Lecturer, Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe, P. O. Box MP167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe6 Chairman, Department of Business Management, National University of Science and Technology, Box AC939,Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe7 Chairman, Department of Banking, National University of Science and Technology, Box AC939, Ascot, Bulawayo 1
  2. 2. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsSignature: Date: 30 May 2008 --------------------------------------- ------------------------ (Peter Nkala)On behalf of the Catholic University of Mozambique (UCM) as the Submitting Institution) May 2008 Beira Mozambique 2
  3. 3. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels AbstractAgriculture is the backbone of poor rural livelihoods in many developing countriesincluding Mozambique and Zimbabwe. However the disparity between farmers’ resourceinputs and output does not justify continued existence in agriculture. Zimbabweanagricultural sector performed better than most countries in Southern African during the1980s while relative peace and stability after the end of the civil war in 1994 gaveMozambican farmers more time to work on the land. Despite these good developments inboth countries in the 1980s and 1990s respectively, social indicators did not showsignificant changes in the welfare and livelihoods of the rural peasants. Communalfarmers in central (Manica and Sofala) and northern (Tete) provinces of Mozambique andsouthern provinces (Matabeleland and Masvingo) of Zimbabwe still face perennial foodshortages due to sub-optimal agricultural production levels. This research will assess thesustainability of the existing subsistence agriculture in these areas and how it can beimproved to ensure enhanced food security and poverty reduction. The Research willapply the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) in the smallholder agriculturalsector to identify sources of vulnerability, resources endowments, support institutions,priority livelihood strategies and possible outcomes and variations across communities inthese two countries. What agricultural technologies are necessary to improve rurallivelihoods and sustainability in the selected vulnerable districts and provinces inMozambique and Zimbabwe, will be the major question in this research. The role of howresearch results or findings from institutions of Higher Learning like colleges anduniversities contributes to rural economic and social development will be explored.Participatory social science survey techniques, interviews, focus group discussions, keyinformant interviews and community mapping, will be used to collect primary data.These data will include types of crops, land holdings, quantity of harvests, capital, farmand non-farm incomes and their uses, markets, agricultural technologies and policies,survival strategies and livelihood outcomes. These research efforts will contribute to ruraldevelopment, poverty alleviation and discovery of new approaches to sustainable ruralsmallholder agriculture in both countries. Finally, this study will unlock the nexusbetween government rural development policy and specific development challenges asperceived by the rural communities in Mozambique and Zimbabwe. 3
  4. 4. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels Title of Research An Assessment of the Sustainability of Agricultural Practices and Technologies in Improving rural livelihoods and farm production levels in semi-arid regions of Mozambique and Zimbabwe1.0: IntroductionAgriculture is the backbone of rural livelihoods although in countries like Mozambiqueand Zimbabwe disparities between farmers’ labor input and output does not justifycontinued existence in agriculture. In these countries more than 70% of the populationreside in rural areas and are heavily dependent on subsistence agriculture for theirlivelihoods. People in Mozambique’s central and northern provinces of Sofala, Manica,Tete, Cabo Delgado and Nampula are more vulnerable due to their geographical locationand distance from Maputo, the capital, and protracted effects of 17 years of civil war. InZimbabwe, the southern provinces of Matabeleland North and South and Masvingo aregenerally semi-arid and smallholder farmers in these areas are food insecure like theircounterparts in Mozambique. Rural development has been slow compared to urban areasthereby denying the rural population in both countries, equitable employmentopportunities in the formal sector. The rural informal sector activities in both countriescomprise mainly gold panning, charcoal production, wood carving, fishing, vending, andcross border trade. These activities have failed to generate adequate supplementaryhousehold income for the rural poor.In the 1980s Zimbabwe performed better than most Southern African countries mainly asa result of a generally good economic performance supported by prioritized investmentsin human resource development and smallholder agricultural support8. However thesegains in smallholder agriculture have not been sustained hence the overwhelming povertyand malnutrition among rural households in the semi-arid communal and resettlementareas especially in the last 10 years. On the other hand, Mozambique has witnessednotable economic growth and sustained tranquility since the 1994 peace agreement butmore than 70% of the population lives below the poverty line of less than US$1 per day.Even existing low levels of production are threatened by the environmental fragility ofthe natural resource base and the unsustainable farming practices. Some questionableestimates show that that poverty in Mozambique declined to 54.1% in 2003.Although the 1980s and 1990s were promising years for Zimbabwe in terms of economicgrowth and development, since 1997, the country has witnessed an acute decline ineconomic and social indicators. Inflation rose rapidly from 2000% in November 2006 to100 000% in January 2008, and has currently reached unprecedented levels9. The land8 Rapid expansion in the smallholder agricultural sector during the first half of the 1980s owing toimproved technologies, increased land availability, better government services and prices acceleratedimprovement in social and economic indicators. At the beginning of the 1990s Zimbabwe had a lowerinfant mortality rate, higher adult literacy, and higher school enrollment rate than the developing countryaverage. However due to rapid economic decline resulting from gross economic and politicalmismanagement, these trends have not been sustained.9 The inflation in Zimbabwe is currently estimated to be above 11 million percent, and is said to be thehighest in the world, and has never been precedented especially for a country that is not at war. 4
  5. 5. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsreform programme implemented in year 2000 has been blamed for a decline inagricultural production, food shortages, increasing political instability, and a generalpoverty increase in both urban and rural areas. HIV and AIDS have reduced lifeexpectancy from above 65 in the 1980s to about 35 and 34 years, for men and womenrespectively. Past resource endowments distribution imbalances favoring urban areashave left rural areas more affected and most vulnerable. Urban areas have more socialsafety nets and opportunities for survival compared to rural areas. Vulnerability amongsmallholder farmers also increases from high rainfall areas to arid and semi-arid regionsof Matabeleland North and South and Masvingo in Zimbabwe.Communal farmers in both countries lost a number of livestock to drought and livestockdiseases in the 1980s and 1990s. These farmers not only face problems of animal tractionbut lack farm implements, seed, fertilizer and herbicides because they do not haveadequate financial resources to purchase these inputs. They are forced to use traditionalagricultural technologies, cultivating marginal land along riverbanks and embankments.In Mozambique some farmers are still practicing the “slash and burn” type of agriculturalthat has been criticized for environmental degradation in many parts of the world. Forestsare razed down; trees left to dry and then burnt down just before the onset of the rainyseason.Further, the levels of poverty in both countries been exacerbated by the devastatingimpact of HIV & AIDS. Estimates show that in 2006, about 16.2% of the population inthe 15-39 age groups is living positively with HIV in Mozambique and in Zimbabwe25% of the population is estimated to be positive. In both countries the rural populationbears the burden of looking after the sick because of the traditional belief that peopleshould be buried close to the graves of their ancestors in the rural areas and not in thecities. Caring for the sick and orphans in rural areas has serious implications onagricultural labor hours lost. Although attempts to fight poverty and HIV & AIDS havecome from government, the private sector as well as the not for profit organizations theeffectiveness of these efforts is hampered by the extremely high poverty levels anddegree of helplessness and despair.This research will contribute to the current development and poverty alleviation efforts aswell as introduce new approaches to the challenges facing the rural farmers and otherpoor households in both countries. The researchers hope to discover new approaches topursuing rural development and poverty alleviation and establishing a positive linkbetween government policy and development requirements in rural areas of Mozambiqueand Zimbabwe. The focus in this research is on policy and development rather than onlyacademically inclination in order to solve some rural developmental challenges commonin both countries. This research will bring together all the stakeholders (government andthe private sector) concerned about rural development in mapping out and implementingrural development strategies and plans.1.1: Problem Statement 5
  6. 6. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsRetarded growth in small-scale agriculture and unemployment suggest that improvementin social indicators during the 1980s and 1990s in both countries has not been matched bya commensurate increase in the incomes of the rural poor. Communal farmers in theCentral and Northern provinces of Mozambique and in the southern provinces ofMatabeleland and Masvingo in Zimbabwe face perennial food insecurity. There are alsovery few options available for these farmers to get out of agriculture which is thebackbone and survival strategy for many rural communities. Although poverty levels arearguably decreasing in Mozambique, they are still unacceptably high. Social sectorachievements in the past have been affected by drought, decline in public resources, andthe HIV/AIDS pandemic. On the other hand Zimbabwe is experiencing exponentialgrowth rates in poverty due to the current economic meltdown and communal areas moreaffected than urban areas. These uncertainties are even worsened by the unclear picture ofhow the envisaged free trade area in the Southern Africa Development Community in2008 will impact on agricultural activities and poverty alleviation efforts.1.2: Objectives of the studyThe major objective of this research is to assess the sustainability of subsistenceagriculture in Manica and Sofala provinces of Mozambique and in Matabeleland north,Matabeleland south and Masvingo provinces in Zimbabwe in terms of agriculturalcontribution to household incomes and hence livelihood amidst generally high povertylevels in the two countries. Second, the research will seek to identify priority livelihoodstrategies how these strategies vary across different types of households using thesustainable livelihoods framework. The specific objectives in the main are to:- Identify vulnerability factors (weather patterns, soil infertility, lack of skills and knowledge, diseases like HIV & AIDS, etc) affecting rural farmers in both countries, Identify resources available and how these are used by farmers to effectively contribute to livelihood strategies, Identify and document agricultural practices and technologies employed by communal farmers in both countries, Estimate annual incomes derived from the sale of agricultural output and compare these incomes with what the households need to survive in a year, Identify livelihood coping strategies, their influences and sustainability towards realizing the desired livelihood outcomes, Characterize households on the basis of gender, vulnerability and develop some vulnerability indices for households, Measurement of thresholds required (could be economic, social, resource) for different households to move from vulnerability to progress or sustainability, Discover other alternative economic activities that could be explored by farmers to counter the dominance of agriculture. Bring in Higher Education institutions into the mainstream of rural development through the establishment of centers of excellence in the selected communities to help farmers improve their knowledge and skills in sustainable agriculture. 6
  7. 7. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsFinally, this research will be used as a rural agricultural and livelihoods development toolor instrument to inform policy-makers particularly local government/parliamentarians onagricultural practices in rural areas and what can be done to help poor local farmers inthese areas. Gender issues and HIV&AIDS will be mainstreamed into the broaderresearch framework in this study.1.3: Research QuestionsThe major questions that this research seeks to answer are: - First, what agriculturaltechnologies are necessary to improve rural livelihoods and sustainability in the selectedvulnerable provinces and districts in Mozambique and Zimbabwe? Second, where are thefarmers and intervening organizations including government missing the point: is it at thefarm gate, in the market, or in the field? Are there no other coping strategies that thesefarmers can adopt instead of concentrating on agriculture? How can Higher Educationinstitutions contribute to rural development especially through dissemination ofknowledge and skills development in partnership with smallholder farmers? Other sub-questions in this research include the following: - (a) What local resources are available and how can they be used in a sustainable way by rural farmers in their agricultural activities? (b) What are the different agricultural technologies that have been introduced by various stakeholders in the past? (c) What notable changes have been realized since implementation or adoption of some of these technologies by farmers? What are the significant differences between adopters and non-adopters? (d) How have the rural farmers been affected by HIV&AIDS and how are gender issues integrated in agricultural production among the rural farmers in these areas? (e) What should be done to increase the effectiveness of external advisory services by the agricultural extension officers and non-governmental organizations in improving output levels in rural agriculture? (f) What agricultural policy framework has been put in place to improve agricultural production and farmers livelihoods in the two countries? If such a policy framework exists, how effective has it been? What gaps are evident in these policies and what more needs to be done? (g) How can Higher Education institutions use results of academic research to improve the livelihoods of the poor especially in the marketing and distribution of produce in rural areas?2.0: Contribution of Project to wider aims of the MRCI Programme2.1: Poverty alleviationThis study is essentially aimed at addressing poverty among the rural smallholder farmersin Mozambique and Zimbabwe. First, using the sustainable livelihoods framework, thisproject seeks to establish what is necessary for communal farmers to realize a transition 7
  8. 8. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsfrom vulnerability to sustainability given local resource endowments. Second, theresearch will explore how current agricultural practices could be improved to reducenegative impacts on the environment while simultaneously proffering solutions forpoverty alleviation strategies. Third, findings from this research will help identify bestpractices and technologies needed by poor rural farmers to improve incomes fromagriculture as well as how locally available forms of capital can be used to find an escaperoute from poverty and despair caused by HIV &AIDS and other shocks. Finally, thestudy seeks to discover alternative approaches to address poverty among the ruralhouseholds and researchers will work closely with government structures at district,provincial and national levels in reviewing the content and implementation of existingpoverty alleviation strategies and policies as outlined in the relevant statutes in bothcountries. The relevant government departments in the ministries of agriculture,education and social services will be partners in this study and will be the directbeneficiaries of the results of this research.2.2: Meeting the Millennium Development GoalsMozambique and Zimbabwe are some of the countries that have subscribed to theMillennium Development Goals (MDGs) and these countries face huge challenges inensuring that they meet the various targets like that of reducing poverty by 40% in 2015.By focusing on poverty and agriculture, this research essentially draws attention of thetwo countries to their MDG targets on poverty, gender and especially womenempowerment and HIV&AIDS as national priority goals. This study will enables HigherEducation institutions compliment government efforts by providing informationnecessary for development projects and programmes in different parts of the country andhow these could be implemented. This research approaches the MDGs in both countriesthrough an analysis of agricultural production systems and livelihoods among communalsmallholder farmers and by streamlining gender and HIV&AIDS in the analysis.2.3: Revitalizing of African Higher EducationResearch activities in most universities and other research institutions in Africa have beenscaled down in recent years because of funding and human capacity constraints inSouthern Africa. Mozambique and Zimbabwe are currently lagging behind in researchdue to historical imbalances of the past, poor educational systems (Mozambique) andmassive brain drain (Zimbabwe) in the last 10 years. This project seeks to revitalizeresearch among young academics and university students in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.The first strategy towards this endeavor has been including individuals from variousinstitutions of higher learning spread across 4 universities in both countries. Graduatestudents from the 4 universities in both countries will be recruited to participate in thisstudy and will be allowed to use the data for their research projects10. Although it couldbe ideal to support a PhD research at any university in the region, this will be difficultgiven that this project has to be completed within two years while most PhD studies10 At least four Masters students from National University of Science and Technology (NUST),Universidade Catolica de Mozambique (UCM), Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) and the Universityof Zimbabwe (UZ) will be involved in this research and could use the data for their studies. 8
  9. 9. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelswould generally take longer than that. This would have been the most desirable optionespecially for building capacity in agricultural research in the newly establisheduniversities in both Mozambique and Zimbabwe.2.4: Creating Synergies between Higher Education and FarmersOn many occasions Higher Education institutions have been criticized for doingresearches whose findings cannot be implemented but in this project Researchers willendeavor to establish centers of excellence for agricultural transition in rural areasthrough education and training of smallholder farmers on sustainable agriculturalpractices. This can be through short courses tailored to address skill deficient areas suchas marketing of produce, selection and use of chemicals and fertilizers, cropping systemsetc. These centers can also be involved in research on suitable agricultural practices andtechnologies most suitable for rural small-holder farmers in particular. Most farmers inthe rural areas lack appropriate and affordable technology interventions suitable forenhancing productivity. Research will also focus on best farming practices to suitparticular areas and in this regard universities can partner with agricultural extensionunits, NGOs and other interested partners involved in this kind of activity e.g. ICRISATand AGRITEX in Zimbabwe. NUST has established a Centre for Rural Technologies inPartnership with Kellogg Foundation and the role of the centre is looking at how to tap onindigenous knowledge of the communities to produce value added products and the sameconcept can be applied to agricultural knowledge as well. In this regard this research willcreate a good opportunity for universities in both countries to create linkages andworking frameworks with the farmers and to assist policy makers and farmers to formsustainable working partnerships in which all stakeholder contribute in decision makingand project implementation..3.0: MethodologyThis section of the proposal outlines the methodology and techniques that will be used inthis research. The sustainable livelihoods framework will be heavily relied upon to helpfocus the study on what variables and data to collect in order to assess agriculturalsystems and livelihoods. A brief description of the sustainable livelihoods framework isgiven below.3.1: Sustainable Livelihoods FrameworkThis study adopts Chambers and Conway (1992) understanding of livelihoods where “alivelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required as means of livingand sustainable livelihoods are those than can cope and recover from stress and shock,maintain and enhance its capabilities and assets and provide sustainable livelihoodopportunities for the next generation and which contributes to the net benefit to otherlivelihoods”. The concept of sustainable livelihoods places emphasis on people andsocio-cultural systems and is thus embodied in the concept sustainable agriculturalsystems and production approaches. Figure 1 shows the sustainable livelihoods 9
  10. 10. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsframework that has been discovered to be very useful in designing poverty interventionstrategies in most vulnerable production systems.Figure 1: The Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) FrameworkMost NGOs intervening in sustainable development have used the SL framework toexplain relationship between factors that drive the SL like gender, kin and belief systemsshowing the link between vulnerability, transformation structures, livelihood strategiesand outcomes (see figure1) and do underline that understanding of ownership of assets bythe poor is fundamental in identifying the options, strategies and outcomes available tothem and how vulnerable they are. Analysis of ownership of assets will focus on whatfarmers have rather than what they need and also how transitions in ownership couldtaken place over time.Literature on sustainable agricultural practices and technologies in a dynamic economicand technological environment will be reviewed in order to compare agriculturalpractices in Mozambique and Zimbabwe with success stories in other parts of the world.A combination of social science estimation techniques will be adopted for the collectionof both primary and secondary11 data. For example, primary data on crops, land holdings,quantity of harvests, capital, incomes from crop sales, uses of incomes, markets,agricultural technologies, agricultural policies, survival strategies, livelihood outcomes,etc will be collected through personal interviews and focus group discussion (FGDS)with the households and key informants. Camera study, community mapping, transactwalks, freelisting, etc are other data collection techniques that will be employed in thisstudy. Two districts will be visited in each of the of Sofala, Manica, and Nampula,provinces in Mozambique. Two districts will also be visited in Matabeleland north,Matabeleland south, and Masvingo provinces in Zimbabwe. The target number in eachdistrict will be 200 household interviews and four focus group discussions. The keyinformant interviews will depend on the number of key informants in each area. Theresearchers will spend 5 days on average in each district hence the data collection process11 Secondary data in this case will be used to inform the background of the study and possible in comparingresults of this project with what was already known before the research was undertaken. 10
  11. 11. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsis envisaged to last for a maximum of 60 days. Appropriate software like the StatisticalPackage for Social Sciences (SPSS) will be used for data analysis.4.0: Research ActivitiesThe major activities in this research will include those described below: (a) A reconnaissance visit to the research areas with a view to build rapport with the various community leaders and heads of ministries and government departments working in these areas. (b) After the development of the second draft data collection instruments, the Researchers and the Research Assistants will conduct a pilot test of the questionnaires – in two areas that will be selected and identified12. (c) Field work for at least 5 days in each of the study areas by the Research Team and research assistants for the purposes of collecting data. (d) Data entry will start simultaneously with the commencement of data collection and expected to be concluded at least two weeks after field work is finalized. (e) After production of the final report, a workshop will be held at the Catholic University of Mozambique, in Beira and the National University of Science and Technology in Bulawayo to disseminate the results of the research. Invited guests at this workshop will include government officials, lecturers, personnel from non- governmental organizations, community leaders, farmers, students and other stakeholders. (f) Training workshop in partnership with other stakeholders organized by the Research Team from the participating universities for selected smallholder farmers in an attempt to implement some recommendations based on the research findings in both Mozambique and Zimbabwe.12 Due to differences in agricultural practices and language in the different countries one pilot study will bedone in each of the countries to test the appropriateness of the research instrument before implementationin the main study. 11
  12. 12. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels5.0: Time BudgetTable 1: Work Plan and Log Frame Period Description of Research Activities Person Responsible September - (a) Initiation of the project All members of the Research Team (P. Nkala, November 2008 (b) Development of research instrument A. E. Manjoro & V. Nhate, E Mutenheri, T. (c) Consultation of stakeholders13 and communities – unveiling the research idea Dube, M. W. Ndlovu) (d) Identification of other important stakeholders (e) Sampling frame and Sampling December 2008 (a) Polishing up the research questionnaire All members of the Research Team (P. Nkala, –February 2009 (b) Recruitment of 10 Research Assistants14 A. E. Manjoro & V. Nhate, E. Mutenheri, T. (c) Pilot testing the research instrument Dube, M. W. Ndlovu) (d) Training research assistants March – April (a) Field work All members of the Research Team (P. Nkala, 2009 (b) Collection of Data A. E. Manjoro & V. Nhate, E Mutenheri, T. (c) Data Entry Dube, M. W. Ndlovu)) (d) Data Cleaning 10 Research Assistants May 2009 (a) Data Analysis and interpretation Team leader & Reviewer that will be (b) Report writing identified. (c) Produce First Draft for comments Comments on the first draft June 2009 (a) Revising the comments on the first draft Team Leader, Researchers and Project (b) Producing a Second Draft report Reviewer (c) Get comments on the second draft July 2009 (a) Work on the comments and Produce Final Draft – Research Report All members of the Research Team August 2009 (a) Presentation of Report or Research Results at a workshop at Catholic University of Mozambique All members of the Research Team & National University of Science and Technology (NUST) September – All members of the Research Team December 2009 (a) Publication of the document participating universities’ publications department and publishing houses in (b) Conclusion of the research activity Mozambique and Zimbabwe (c) Training workshop for selected farmers13 These stakeholders include non-governmental organizations, government ministries and departments, community leaders in the areas where fieldwork will bedone, agricultural research institutions carrying out intervention projects in these areas, etc.14 These will be recruited from students in their final year at the Catholic University of Mozambique’s Faculty of Economics and Management, Nationaluniversity of Science and Technology, and Eduardo Mondlane University. 12
  13. 13. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels6.0: Monetary Budget LINE ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT NO. OF UNIT AMOUNT UNITS COST (US$)1. Setting up Research Collaboration in the Districts Personnel Costs 30 man days @ $250 per day for 5 days for 6 people Day 5x6 250.00 7 500.00 Travel & Transport 6 return Air tickets @ $1000 per ticket Ticket 1x6 1 000.00 6 000.00 Transport Car Hire and Communication for 5 days Car / day 2x5 150.00 1 500.00 Accommodation Accommodation for 3 people for 8 days, (2 days Maputo, 2 Night 3x8 100.00 2 400.00 days in Tete, 2 days Harare, 2 days Gwanda)A Sub-Total 17 400.002. Equipment Laptop 1 1 450.00 1 450.00 Printer 1 600.00 600.00 Digital cameras 2 500.00 1 000.00 Voice Recorders 4 300.00 1 200.00B Sub-Total 4 250.003. Development of Research Instruments Personnel Costs 20 man days @ 250 per day including days spent on Training Man Days 2 x 10 250 5 000.00 and testing the instrument Stationery Bond paper, Toner, flip charts, Board markers, pens, pencils, Various 6 000.00 notebooks, files, bags, etc Training Cost of hiring premises – Training venue @ $50 per day Day 2x5 300 3 000.00 Accommodation 10 Research Assistants for 5 days @ $50 per day Nights 2x5x 50 2 500.00 (bed and breakfast) 5 2 Trainers / Researchers for 5 days @ $100 per day Nights 2x5 100 1 000.00B Sub-Total 17 000.003. Fieldwork – Data Collection Personnel Costs 60 man days @ $250 per day for 6 people Days 2 x 30 250 15 000.00 Travel & Subsistence 4 air tickets @ $1000 per ticket 4 000.00 40 man days subsistence @ $125 per day for 6 Researchers 2 x 20 125 5 000.00 40 man days subsistence for 10 people @ $50 per day 2x5x 50 10 000.00 5x4 13
  14. 14. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels Transport Car Hire and Communication for 80 days Car / day 2 x 40 100 8 000.00 Fuel Cost 4 200.00 Accommodation 2 Researchers @ $100 per room per night for 30 days Night 2x1x 100 3 000.00 (Bed & Breakfast) 15 10 Research Assistants @ $50 per room for 40 days Night 2x5x 50 10 000.00 20C Sub- Total 59 200.004. Dissemination of Research Results Travel & Subsistence 10 air tickets @ $1000 per ticket for invited 5 guests and - 1 x 10 1000 10 000.00 Researchers living away from the area 2 days subsistence @ $200 per day for 5 guests invited to the Day 2x5 200 2 000.00 information dissemination workshop (subsistence for traveled researchers) Transport and Communication, car hire, and printing of dissemination Various 10 000.00 communication material including training and education of selected farmers Publication Expenses for publishing limited copies of the research results Various 14 705.00 paid to the publishers including farmers training and educationD. Sub-Total 41 105.00E. Sub – Total (A + B +C +D) 138 955.00Add 10% Contingency 13 895.005. Grand Total Cost of the Project 152 850.00 14
  15. 15. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels7.0: Dissemination of Research ResultsAt various stages the Researchers will convene meetings in the communities that will bevisited to discuss with the farmers and community members about the aims of the project.Some farmers will be selected for further training and education by the Research team inpartnership with other organizations working in the study areas. The research team willmake available the results of the research to Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)interested in carrying out interventions aimed at alleviating poverty through enhancedagricultural technologies as opposed to too much reliance on rain-fed agriculture. Thefinal report results will be distributed at workshops planned at the Catholic University ofMozambique (UCM) in Beira and the National University of Science and Technology(NUST) in Bulawayo, to all invited and interested stakeholders including governmentofficials, NGOs; companies involved in agricultural sector and selected rural farmersfrom the different research areas.8.0: ConclusionPoverty reduction in both countries requires growth in employment and increasedproductivity in smallholder agriculture and this largely depends on economic growth,continued investment in human capital and increased ownership and control of assets bythe poor, land included. In order to achieve these results a more efficient use of theabundant labor resources, scarce agricultural land, capital and managerial skills isnecessary. Well-documented experiences of good practices and identification of the newproduction technologies that will enhance the production systems in rural and peri-urbanagriculture would be welcome for the process of economic integration in SADC. A closerworking relationship between government, the private sector and research institutions isnecessary for the research output from universities and colleges to be turned into policyand development instruments. Development oriented research is necessary to inform allthe above assertions to ensure that sustainable development goals are achieved atminimum ecological and social costs.9.0: References1. Chambers, R. and G. Conway (1992): Sustainable rural livelihoods: Practicalconcepts for the 21st century, IDS Discussion Paper 296. Brighton: IDS. (Pp.7-8)2. Coller and Menendez (2006): An assessment of support for vulnerable householdsin Southern Mozambique, John Hopkins University.3. Duraiappah A. K. (1998) : “Poverty and Environmental Degradation: A review andAnalysis of the nexus”, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, World Development, Vol. 26,no. 12, pp 2169-21794. Scoones I (1998): Sustainable Rural Livelihoods, A Framework for Analysis, IDSWorking Paper Number 72, Brighton. 15
  16. 16. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels10.0: Research Team15(a) Peter Nkala (Team Leader) – Lecturer / Coordinator – MA Economics andManagement Programme, Catholic University of Mozambique, Faculty of Economicsand Management, Beira.(b) Enard Mutenheri – (Researcher) - Lecturer, Department of Econmics, University ofZimbabwe(c) Nhate Virgulino (Researcher) - Head of Department / Lecturer, National Directorateof Studies and Policy Analysis, Ministry of Planning and Development; Lecturer,Eduardo Mondlane University(d) Teddy Dube – (Team Leader and Contact Person in Zimbabwe) –Chairman/Lecturer, Department of Business Studies, National university of Science andTechnology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe(e) Alfandega Manjoro (Researcher) – Dean / Lecturer, Faculty of Economics andManagement, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira.(f) Milton Webb Ndlovu (Researcher) – Chairman/Lecturer, Department of Banking,National university of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe15 The latest short versions of the CVs for the individual Research Team members are attached as anappendage to this proposal. 16
  17. 17. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels11.0: Appendices11.1: Researchers’ Curriculum VitaeA – Peter Nkala16 (Team Leader – Researcher and Contact Person)1- PERSONAL DETAILSName : Nkala PeterDate of Birth : 01 January 1966Nationality : ZimbabweanLanguages : English (Excellent), Ndebele (Excellent), Portuguese (Fair)Residential Address : 160 Fernao Magalhes, Ponta Gea, Beira, MozambiqueE-Mail Address : pedronkala@yahoo.co.ukTelephone : Cell Zimbabwe: +26323408821, Landline:+2639282842 ext 2034 Cell Mozambique: +258827098456 Landline: +258233202492 - TERTIARY EDUCATION(1) Master of Science in Economics (UZ) (1999 – 2001)(2) BSc Honours in Economics (UZ) 1996-1999(3) Diploma in Human Resources Management (IPMZ)3 - EMPLOYMENT HISTORY(1) Current Employer: Catholic University of Mozambique (UCM) – 01 January 2007 –31 December 2009 – 3 – Year Contract: Position held – Coordinator MA EconomicsProgramme: Duties – Coordinating the students registration, lectures, and supervision ofdissertations through various individual student supervisors.(2) National University of Science and Technology – (NUST) (2002- December 2006)Position Held: Chairman/Lecturer – Department of Banking. Duties: Ensuring smoothrunning of the Department of Banking, Teaching undergraduate and postgraduateeconomics courses – principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics, quantitativemethods, banking and development, managerial economics & supervising studentdissertations. Programme Coordinator: Diploma in Development and DisasterManagement – this diploma is offered by the center for continuing education and iscoordinated by the department of banking at NUST. Academic Advisor and counselor:Part IV Banking Students. Faculty of Commerce Representative to the Research Board(3) Catholic University of Mozambique (CUM): Period :( August 2006 – December2006): Position Held: Visiting Lecturer / Supervisor: Duties: Supervision of Master ofBusiness (MBA) and Master of Arts (MA) in Economics and Management students’Dissertations & Teaching courses in the two programmes if necessary.4 - OTHER RESPONSIBILITIES16 Currently pursuing PhD studies in Economic and Social Sciences at the University of Natural Resourcesand Applied Life Sciences (BOKU) in Vienna, Austria. 17
  18. 18. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsBoard Member – National Furniture industries (Pvt) Limited, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe,elected to the Board with effect from August 2007. Duties – together with other boardmembers to provide advice to company management regarding business management andeconomic issues critical to successful operation of the enterprise in a very volatileeconomic and business climate that currently prevails in Zimbabwe.5 - PREVIOUS EMPLOYERS(1) Catholic University of Mozambique (UCM): Period :( February – March 2005):Position Held: Visiting Lecturer: Duties: Teaching and Examining Master of ScienceEconomics and Master of Business Administration Managerial Economics courses.(2) International Crop Research Institute For The Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)(March – August 2002) -Position Held: Scientific Officer: Economics & Social ResearchDuties: Conducting surveys on seed and commodity markets in the dry areas ofZimbabwe, coding, enumerator training, data analysis, writing reports & presentation ofresults(3) Zimbabwe Community Health Intervention Research -: ZICHIRE Project:Period: (September 2001 – February 2002), Position Held: Ethnographer/ResearcherDuties: preparation of questionnaires, collection of data & coding, coding and dataanalysis for the ZIM-CDC-ZICHIRE modeling and reinforcement to combat HIV/AIDS(M.A.R.C.H.) project(4) University Of Zimbabwe – Period: (October 1999 – June 2001). Position Held:Teaching Assistant / Research Assistant, Duties: Conducting tutorials for undergraduatecourses – quantitative methods and political economy / Collecting, Coding, Imputing &Analysis Of Data On Zimbabwe’ S Social Safety Nets, Globalization / collecting data &preparation of the policy paper for the human development (1999) / collecting data onland-use patterns in SADC, data on small scale enterprises, & data on retrenchment inZimbabwe since ESAP.(5) Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG) Period: (January – March,1998) Position held: Research Assistant, Duties: questionnaire administration, teamleader, driving, planning of daily activities6 - PROJECTS AND RESEARCH PAPERS1. Increasing the Rural Livelihood Benefits from Natural Plant product Ventures in Southern Africa, a case study of Mel da Mozambique and SOMEL, an ongoing project being implemented with two other colleagues from the Catholic University and University of Eduardo Mondlane in Mozambique, in collaboration with Stellenbosch and Pennyslavania State Universities in South Africa and the United States of America, respectively2. The Impact of Used clothing on the Clothing and Textile industry in Zimbabwe, On-going research being carried out for WTO, Geneva, Switzerland.3. An Assessment of Orphaned and Vulnerable Children in Bulilima and Mangwe Districts in Matabeleland South Province, a Baseline report prepared for SNV Bulawayo, March 20064. Challenges and opportunities faced by Rural Businesses in a hyperinflationary 18
  19. 19. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels environment, Paper prepared for the Entrepreneurial Development Centre Consultative Conference – 28th September 2005, NUST, Council Chambers, Bulawayo5. Financial sector reforms and access to financial services by cross border traders in Small to medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in Zimbabwe, Southern Africa Trade and Research Network (SATRN), May 2005, Livingstone- Zambia6. The Impact of Financial Sector reform on Poverty Alleviation: the Case of Development Finance Institutions in Zimbabwe, ILO/Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe sponsored research – Principal Researcher(2003), Cotnou - Benin7. A Structural analysis of the Sources and Dynamics of Fluctuations in the South African Economy, Co-authored with T. Ndlela, Paper presented at the Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS) 2003 Conference, from 8-10 September 2003, Indaba Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa.8. The Social Sector and National Budget: A Focus on social welfare, Education, Agriculture and the informal sector, Poverty Reduction Forum, Zimbabwe, and Paper presented at the Budget Series Workshop, 26 February 2004, Rainbow Hotel, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.9. The impact of financial sector reform on poverty alleviation: the case of development finance institutions in Zimbabwe, Paper presented at the ILO, workshop, 29-31 October 2003, Cotonou, Benin10. Valuation of Water and an Analysis of Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Water Development Projects in Zimbabwe: The Case of Mtshabezi Dam, University of Zimbabwe, 20017 - INTERNATIONAL / NATIONAL CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS1. UNCTAD workshop on Trade and Poverty, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, 19-23 November 20072. UNCTAD Training Course on Key Issues on the International Economics Agenda, Second Regional Training for Africa, Cairo, Egypt, 04-22 February 2007.3. UFS & NUST, Sphere Training Workshop, 03-07 July 2006, NUST Council Chambers, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe4. UNCTAD Training Workshop on Commodities Production and Trade, Dares Salaam, Tanzania, 16-20 January 20065. Southern Africa Trade Research Network, (SATRN) Researchers Workshop, Livingstone Zambia, May 2005.6. SATRN, UNCTAD, WTO Researchers Workshop, Windhoek Country Club, Windhoek, Namibia, November 20047. SATRN, BIDPA Researchers Workshop on Commodities Trade, University of Pretoria, South Africa, 19-23 April, 20048. Trade and Investment Policy Strategies (TIPS), DIPRU Annual Forum 2003, Indaba Hotel, Sandton, Johannesburg, South Africa, September 20039. ILO Researchers Workshop on Financial Sector Liberalization, Hotel Marina, Cotonou, Benin, 29-31 October 200310. UNDP/CPU, National Conference on the Plan of Action to Strengthen Disaster Risk Management, 25-29 July 2005, Troutbeck Inn Hotel, Inyanga, Zimbabwe 19
  20. 20. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels8 - AREAS OF RESEARCH INTERESTInternational Trade, Development Economics, Environmental Economics, PovertyAlleviation, Financial Economics, Financial Liberalization, Development and DisasterManagement9 - COMPUTER SKILLS: Microsoft Word, Excel, Limdep, Stata, Microfit 4.0, Nudist5, and SPSS.10 - REFEREES(1) Mr. A. Manjoro, Dean, Catholic University of Mozambique (UCM), Faculty ofEconomics and Management, Ponta-Gea Campus, CP-821, Beira, Mozambique, Cell:+258825465920, E-mail: alfandikam@yahoo.com(2) Dr. M. Ncube, Department Of Economics, University Of Fort Hare, P. O. Bag X1314,Alice 5700, Republic Of South Africa, Telephone: +27 (040) 6022229, E-Mailmncube@ufh.ac.za(3) Mr. R. Tadu, Dean, Faculty Of Commerce, National University Of Science AndTechnology, P. O. Box Ac939, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, Phone: 2639282842 Ext2126, Cell: 091261833 E-mail: rtadu@nust.ac.zw(B) – Enard Mutenheri – (Researcher - Zimbabwe)Surname : MutenheriForenames : EnardDate of birth : 10 February 1969Nationality : ZimbabweanLanguages : Shona, EnglishContact address : University of Zimbabwe, box MP167, Mount Pleasant, HarareMobile : +263 - 912-919345E-mail : e.mutenheri@yahoo.comACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS2000 - 2003: PhD in Economics, Loughborough University, UKThesis topic, “The determinants of corporate financial Policy in Zimbabwe: Empiricalevidence from company panel accounts”1998-1999, MSc in Economics, Leicester University, UK1992-1993, MSc in Economics, University of Zimbabwe1989-1991, BSc (Hons) in Economics University of Zimbabwe, (2.1)RESEARCH INTERESTSApplied Econometrics, Corporate Finance, and Efficiency of financial institutions,Sustainable development modellingTEACHING INTERESTS 20
  21. 21. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsMathematical Economics, Statistics for economists/business, Forecasting,Microeconomics, macroeconomics, Agricultural Economics, Industrial Economics,Economic theory, Public Finance, International Economics, Monetary Economics,Econometrics, corporate finance, financial economics, Investments and QuantitativefinanceWORK EXPERIENCE, March 1995-currentOrganisation: University of Zimbabwe: Economics Department, Position: LecturerPostgraduate courses, Econometrics, Financial Markets, Corporate Finance, Supervised15 Msc dissertations: Undergraduate teaching, Mathematical EconomicsEconometrics, Microeconomics, MacroeconomicsPUBLICATIONSMutenheri.E and Green. C (2003) Financial Reform and Financing Decisions of listedfirms in Zimbabwe, Journal of African Business 4 (2)Mutenheri.E and Green. C (2004) “The Determinants of the Decision to ChangeDividends in Zimbabwe”, November, mimeoMutenheri.E and Green. C (2002) “The Interaction Between Dividend policy andCapital structure Decisions in Zimbabwe”, July, mimeoMutenheri.E and Green. C (2002) “Differences between financial behaviour of Holdingand Non-Holding firms: The Zimbabwean Experience”, October, mimeoMutenheri E. (2006), “The impact of macroeconomic crisis on firm performance inZimbabwe”, November, mimeoSEMINARSMatshe I., E. Mutenheri, and M. Kwaramba (2006) “Property rights and agriculturalinvestments in Zimbabwe”, paper presented at The Role of Property rights in Turningaround the Economy: with specific Reference to Agricultural Land Conference, MeiklesHotel, Harare, 5 DecemberMutenheri.E and Green. C (2001), ‘The Financial System, Corporate OwnershipStructure and Financing Patterns in Zimbabwe’, paper presented at the Finance andDevelopment Conference, University of Manchester, 5-6 April.Mutenheri.E and Green. C (2001), ‘The Determinants of Capital Structure Choice inZimbabwe’, paper presented at the Finance and Development Conference, Nairobi,Kenya, 9-10Mutenheri.E and Green. C (2002), ‘Dividend Policy and Behaviour in Zimbabwe:Empirical Evidence from Company Accounts’, paper presented at the Finance andDevelopment Conference, University of Manchester, 10-12 April.Mutenheri.E and Green. C (2002), ‘Simultaneous Determination of Dividend andFinancing Policies in Zimbabwe: Empirical Evidence from Company Panel Data’, paperpresented at the Finance and Development Conference, University of Manchester, 10-12April.CURRENT RESEARCH(1) Returns to Education in Zimbabwe, (2) Impact of User fees on quality of Healthin Zimbabwe, (3) Child housework and school achievement in Masvingo Province, 21
  22. 22. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels(4)Macroeconomic instability and Firm Performance in Zimbabwe, (5) Stock pricebehaviour during the economic crisis in Zimbabwe, (6) The impact of monetary policystatements on stock prices in Zimbabwe, (7) An Analysis of the impact of land tenuresecurity on farm investments, access to credit and agricultural productivity in ZimbabweREFEREES(1) Professor C.J. Green (Phd thesis supervisor), Loughborough University, EconomicsDepartment, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, C.J.Green@lboro.ac.uk(2) Dr. I. Matshe (Lecturer & Chairman, Economics Department), University ofZimbabwe, Economics Department, P.O.Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant , Harare,matshe@sociol.uz.ac.zw(3) Mr. Marko Kwaramba (Lecturer, Economics Department), University of Zimbabwe,Economics Department, P.O.Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare,mkwaramba@sociol.uz.ac.zwC– Virgulino Nhate (Researcher - Mozambique)1- PERSONAL INFORMATIONSurname: Nhate First Names: Virgulino ChicochaneData of Birth: 15/08/1973 Nationality: MozambicanID: 110056518T Issued on: 08/08/2002Work Address : 21st Avenue Ahmed Sekou Toure, 6th floor, Flat 62 – Mozambique,Telephone: +258824051560 or +258-21-492711, Email: virgulinonhate@dnpo.gov.mz orvnhate@gmail.com2- TERTIARY EDUCATION2004 – Masters in Economics at University of Stellenbosch – South Africa2003 – Honours in Economics at University of Cape Town- South Africa1999- Post-graduate in Policy analysis and Formulation at University Eduardo Mondlane - Mozambique1992- Honours in Agronomy at Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering of Eduardo Mondlane University- Mozambique3- WORK EXPERIENCEIn 1999 I was admitted as Government Servant in National Directorate of Planning andBudget of the Ministry of Planning and Finance.Main duties: Household data analysis and policy adviser4- RESEARCH ACTIVITIES1. 2007- On the Robustness of Poverty Predictors- Research in process. 22
  23. 23. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels2. 2007 - An Empirical Estimation of the Degree of Price Transmission from Borderto Consumer Prices in Mozambique.3. 2006 - Small Group Poverty Estimation: The Case of Disabled People inMozambique. World Bank. Washington.4. 2005- Orphans and Discrimination in Mozambique: An Outlay EquivalenceAnalysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.5. 2004- Orphans in Mozambique: Determinants, Vulnerability, Trends andProgram Responses- University of Stellenbosch- South Africa.6. 2003- Local and migrant labour in Khayelitsha: an analysis of labour marketpositions in South Africa- University of Cape town. South Africa.7. 2001- Poverty, inequality, and geographic targeting: Evidence from small-areaestimates in Mozambique- International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington8. 2001- Public Expending and Poverty in Mozambique. University of Copenhagen,International Food Policy Research Institute.9. 2000 - Provincial Poverty Profiles in Mozambique. Ministry of Planning andFinance. Maputo10.1998- Comparing Household data collection by interview and GeographyInformation System (GIS) in terms of distances to the basic infrastructures andanalyses of the impact of the distances on household well-being in ruralMozambique – Eduardo Mondlane University- Mozambique.11.1998- Understanding the Well Being in Mozambique: First National Assessment,Ministry of Planning and Finance; 1998.12. 1998- Characteristics and infrastructures of Villages in Mozambique, Ministry ofPlanning and Finance; 1998.5- CONSULTANCY1.2006 –Socio-economic and Poverty Impact Study on Swedish InternationalDevelopment Agency Supported Project – Rural Electrification of Ribaue District(Nampula Province) -5 years after Electrification. A study carried out at the request ofSida, Sweden and the Swedish Embassy in Maputo.2. 2005 – Rapid Poverty Assessment in Niassa, Mozambique “Is the Swedish Support tothe Niassa Province on track?” May 2005. A study carried out at the request of Sida,Sweden and the Swedish Embassy in Maputo.3. 2003 - Socio-economic impact of the construction of the Bridge connecting southto center and north Mozambique – Bridge over Zambeze River between Caia andMopeia districts. This study was done at the request of INEC/IF, Sida, Sweden.4. 2002 –Poverty and Social Impact Analysis on Fuel tax in Mozambique. Fuel Tax inMozambique, 2003. World Bank.5. 2001 - Socio-economic impact of the rehabilitation of the road linking NampulaCity and the district of Mecuburi (Nampula Province). Study carried out on behalf ofSida (INEC/INFRA), Sweden.5- COMPUTER SKILLSProficient in operating Windows, Microsoft (word, excel, PowerPoint); 23
  24. 24. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsProficient in operating statistics programs: STATA, SPSS, Eviews, DAD and PovMap.Proficient in operating Geography Information System- Arc view GIS 3.2a.6- LANGUANGESEnglish – GoodPortuguese- ExcellentTsonga – Excellent7. REFEREES1- António Sousa Cruz. - National Directorate of Studies and Policy Analysis of Ministry of Planning and Development. antonioscruz@gmail.com2- Gunilla Akesson, independent Swedish consultant, sociologist. Main area of specialization: studies and analyses related to rural socio-cultural-economic and gender aspects. Working experiences in Mozambique since 1983 up to present time. gunilla@akesson-nilsson.se3- Channing Arndt. Ministry of Planning and Development and University of Purdue. channingarndt@gmail.com(D)– Teddy Dube – Researcher and Contact Person - Zimbabwe)Surname DubeName TeddyDate of Birth 24 June 1968Nationality ZimbabweanCurrent Position Chairman and Lecturer in Department of Business ManagementBusiness Address National University of Science and Technology, PO Box AC939 BulawayoHome Address 47 Hampshire Drive, Hillcrest, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS1995 – 1996 University of Strathclyde Glasgow, SCOTLAND Master of Science Degree in Business Management.1989 – 1992 University of Zimbabwe Bachelor of Technology (Honours) Degree in Business Management.WORK EXPERIENCE(1) Organisation: National University of Science and Technology, Position:ChaimanLecturer, Department of Business Management, Period, 2000 – Date, Lecturer,Department of Business Management & Marketing 1996 – 2000, JobDescription:Providing academic and administrative leadership to the department,Teaching Under-graduate and Post-graduate Management and Marketing students inareas such as Marketing and Business Strategy, Business to Business (Industrial)Marketing, Consumer and Organizational Behaviour, Conducting research and 24
  25. 25. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsconsultancies in various areas of business such as Business Strategy, CustomerRelationship, Management, and Customer Service with special focus on small, businessenterprises.(2) Small Enterprise Development Corporation, Position, Business Analyst, Period,1992– 1996, Job Description: - Project appraisal for loan applications for small,Business finance, Consultancy services to small businessRESEARCH AND CONSULTANCY• Research on the Effectiveness of Zimbabwe International Trade Fair as a Marketing Window for Zimbabwean companies. Study commissioned by the ZITF board to assess the appeal of the ZITF to local and international clients.• Research to investigate the causes for the decline in sales of Draught beer in the Bulawayo area. Study commissioned by Natbrew. As a result of the research recommendations, Natbrew soon after sub-contracted the sale of draught beer to a third party.• Company and Product Image Survey for Rubber and Allied (Pvt) Ltd. The aim of the research was to determine how the company’s image and products were viewed in the market. This allowed Rubber and Allied to identify the areas of their product and service that needed to be focused on.• Research to establish whether or not there was a market for a private refuse collector in the Bulawayo Metropolitan area on behalf of Encore Consolidated Holdings of Harare.• Customer Satisfaction Survey for the Edgars Group of Stores. The main purpose of the research was to determine the extent to which customers are satisfied by the service provided by Edgars/Express Stores nationwide.• Facilitator for Ingwebu Breweries, a beer manufacturing and retailing organization in the development of their 2004 – 2009 Strategic Plan.• Sector consultant on a project to develop a National Information and Communication (ICT) Strategy for Zimbabwe.• Analysing production variations between day and night shifts for Kadoma Paper Mills (Pvt.) Ltd, the largest tissue and fine paper manufacturing company in Zimbabwe. As a result of the consultancy results, Kadoma Paper Mills reorganized its work structures.• Feasibility study for the establishment of a business complex at Ramokgwebana Border Post, Botswana.TRAINING ACTIVITIESResource Person for Small Business Development Organizations such as, EMPRETEC,SEDCO and NGO’s. Developed and conducted training sessions on A the following 11of their modules.POSITIONS OF RESPONSIBILITY HELD • Chairperson department of business management 2000 – date 25
  26. 26. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levels • Member of the University Senate, National University of Science and Technology (NUST)1998 – date • Faculty of Commerce committee member, Faculty of commerce, 1997 – 2001 • Institutional audit steering committee member, National University of Science and Technology (NUST), 2007 – date • Advisory board member, Business environmental services (Pvt.) ltd, 1999 – 2004 • Chairperson, Hillside nursery school board, 2006 - dateREFEREES(1) Mr. R. Tadu, Dean – Faculty of Commerce, National University of Science andTechnology, PO Box AC 939, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, Tel; 263-9-282842/288413, E-mail; rtadu@nust.ac.zw(2) Mr. M. Ngulani, Director – Graduate School of Business, National University ofScience and Technology, PO Box AC939, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, Tel; 263-9-282842/288413E-mail; mngulani@nust.ac.zw(3) Mrs. B. Sibanda, Regional Manager, Small Enterprises Development Organisation(SEDCO), Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, Tel ;- 263-9-74871/2E - Alfandega Estevao Manjoro (Researcher - Mozambique)CITIZENSHIP: MozambicanTERTIARY EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS2005-2006 - Masters in the Management of Companies, Catholic University ofMozambique, Beira1986 – 1991 – Licenciatura in Mathematics and Statistics, University Enrique JoseVarona, Havana, CubaFIELD OF EXPERTISE: Statistics and financial evaluationEMPLOYMENT HISTORY2003 – date: Dean of the College of Economy and Management, Catholic University ofMozambique, Beira2002-2003: Coordinator of the Department of Quantitative Methods and Professor ofStatistics, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira2000 – 2001: Professor of Statistics, UCM, Beira1999 – 2000: Coordinator, Monitoring and Evaluation, ACID VOCA (NGO in Chimoio,Mozambique1991 –1999: Lecturer in Statistics, Zimbabwe Open UniversityAREAS OF RESEARCH INTEREST 26
  27. 27. MRCI 08/F06/P98 - An assessment of the suitability of agricultural practices and technologies in improving rurallivelihoods and farm production levelsStatistics and mathematics, small to medium enterprises, entrepreneurship inMozambique, and agricultureCurrently engaged in an ongoing research project on HIV & AIDS in MozambiqueF- Milton Webb Ndlovu – (Researcher – Zimbabwe)PERSONAL DETAILSSurname : NdlovuForenames : Milton WebbDate of birth : 20 October 1971Nationality : ZimbabweanLanguages : Ndebele/Swati; Xhosa; Zulu; Shona; Russian; EnglishCell phones : +263 - 912-852-670; +263-9-400086E-mail : dlozilolaka@yahoo.caBusiness address : Banking Department , National University Of Science and Technology, P. O. Box ac 939, Ascot, Bulawayo, ZimbabweACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS(1) Bachelor of Commerce (honours) in Banking: National University of Science andTechnology [1995] Overall grade Upper Second Class [2.1](2) Diploma in Russian Language and Economics: Moscow Automobile and RoadConstruction Institute Technical University [preparatory faculty – 2000/2001):(3) Master of Science in Banking and Financial Services: National University of Scienceand Technology – 2003/2005 : Degree Classification : MeritCOMPUTER SKILLSMicrosoft Excel, SPSS (statistics program), Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Word,Microsoft Power PointWORKING EXPERIENCE1. Ministry of education [1996 – 2001]2. National blood transfusion service Zimbabwe [June – September 2002]3. National university of science and technology [current job since September 2002 – DateRESPONSIBILITIESChairman – Department of Banking – National University of Science andtechnologyLecturer – Executive MBA, General MBA; Post Graduate Diploma in ManagementLecturer – MSC Banking and Financial ServicesProject and Thesis supervisor (MBA; MSC. Banking and Financial Services; Bachelor ofCommerce (honours) in Banking; Development and Disaster management)REFEREES1. Mrs O. Gwate-Hall (Director), Graduate School of Business, Faculty of Commerce, National University of Science and Technology, P O Box AC939 Ascot, BULAWAYO, ZIMBABWE, ogwate-hall@nust.ac.zw, Tel: +263-9-282842 Extension 2114/21102. Mr R M Bhala (Chairman), Finance Department, National University of Science and Technology, P O Box AC 939 Ascot, BULAWAYO, ZIMBABWE, rmbhala@nust.ac.zw, TEL: +263-9-282842 27

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