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Search Engine Optimization:<br />Understanding the Engines & Building Successful Sites<br />Rand Fishkin – August 2010<br />
Content in this Presentation<br /><ul><li>The Search Landscape
 How Search Engines Work
 Building Accessible Sites
 Conducting Keyword Research
 Link Building Strategies
 Social Media & the Web’s Influencers</li></li></ul><li>The Search Marketing Landscape<br />
100 Billion Searches<br />Each Month!<br />
Organic vs. Paid Search<br />Paid<br />Organic<br />
Organic vs. Paid Search<br />10% of Clicks<br />90% of Clicks<br />
Click-Through Rates<br />
Vertical Search<br />
Local Results<br />Completely different ranking algorithm than standard search results<br />Probably doesn’t get traffic l...
Image Results<br />
Video Results<br />
News & Blog Results<br />
Shopping Results<br />
Instant Answers<br />
Instant Answers<br />
Instant Answers<br />
News Results<br />Instant Answers<br />Real Time Results<br />Local Results<br />Image Results<br />
This Presentation Focuses on:<br />
How Search Engines Work<br />
Crawling & Indexing<br />Without links, the engines might never find this page<br />
Calculating Query-Independent Metrics<br />Via www.opensiteexplorer.org<br />
Many Domains vs. One Domain<br />VS.<br />
Domain Authority<br />
PageRank<br />
The Flow of PageRank<br />
PageRank is Split Evenly Between the<br />Links on a Page<br />
PageRank is an Iterative Algorithm<br />
Technically, Every External Link<br />“Leaks” PageRank<br />
Nofollowing or Removing Links Can<br />Alter the Flow of PageRank<br />
Or, at least it used to...<br />www.seomoz.org/blog/google-says-yes-you-can-still-sculpt-pagerank-no-you-cant-do-it-with-n...
Google Says they use PageRank to Crawl<br />
Algorithmic Ranking Factors<br />
Query Deserves Freshness (QDF)<br />QDF<br />Normal Results<br />QDF<br />
Query Deserves Diversity (QDD)<br />
Algorithmic Ranking Factors<br />
Building Accessible Sites<br />
Crawlability / Link Architecture<br />
Duplicate Content & Canonicalization<br />
Duplicate Content & Canonicalization<br />
Canonical URL Tag<br />
301 Redirects<br />302s<br />
Duplicate Titles & Meta Descriptions<br />
Search Friendly URLs<br />www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/african-elephants<br />Keywords in page name,<br />separated ...
Search UN-Friendly URLs<br />Xyz3.nationalgeographic.com/a/?q=31z&mg=vv7z&sd=8<br />No keywords in the URL string<br />Unn...
Fixing Broken Links & 404s<br />
Blocking Robots<br />
Blocking Robots<br />
XML Sitemaps<br />www.sitemaps.org/protocol.php<br />
Webmaster Tools (Google)<br />
Webmaster Tools (Bing)<br />
Search Engine Guidelines<br />www.google.com/support/webmasters/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=35769<br />
Important Tags & Signals<br />
Title Tags<br />
Meta Descriptions<br />
Tag Length Recommendations<br />
Anchor Text<br />
Page Copy<br />
Image Alt Attributes<br />Good keyword usage in the alt tag<br />
Not So Important<br />
Meta Keywords Tag<br />
H1, H2, H(x) Tags<br />
Search Engine “Submission”<br />
Keyword Research + Targeting<br />
The Goals of Keyword Research<br />
Determine Relative Volume Levels<br />
Identify High Value Keywords<br />
Predict the Effort Required to Rank Well<br />
Choose the “Best”<br />Words/Phrases to Target<br />
The Keyword Demand Landscape<br />
The Long Tail of Keyword Demand<br />
Tools & Tactics for Brainstorming<br />& Refining Your Seed List<br />
Salespeople & Customers<br />
Google AdWords Tool<br />Be Wary of<br />Match Type<br />https://adwords.google.com/select/KeywordToolExternal<br />
MS AdCenter Excel Plug-In<br />www.seomoz.org/blog/using-the-adcenter-excel-plugin-for-keyphrase-research<br />
Google Trends<br />Sign In for Y-Axis Numbers<br />Not Very Accurate<br />
Internal Site Search Stats<br />
Competitive Keyword Research<br />Restrict query<br />to competitor’s<br />domain<br />
The Keyword Research Process<br />
Start with Your Seed List<br />
Create Spreadsheet w/ these Columns<br />
Get Google Search Demand Numbers<br />
Guesstimate Conversion Rate Numbers<br />
Or Use PPC Campaign Data<br />
Add Keyword Difficulty Data for Top Terms<br />We like using a weighted average of<br />the Page Authority metric<br />
Target High Volume, High Value,<br /> Low Difficulty Terms First<br />
Measuring Keyword<br />Difficulty & Competition<br />
Run Queries for Desired Term + Engine<br />Watch for vertical<br />results, which can skew<br />CTRs & visibility<br />
Conduct a Competitive Analysis of Metrics<br />
Tools Can Help Provide Scores<br />
Tools Can Help Provide Scores<br />www.seomoz.org/mozbar<br />
Link Building Strategies<br />
What Goals Can Link Building<br />Help Us Achieve?<br />
Bolster Individual Rankings<br />
Improve a Domain’s Ability to Rank Pages<br />
Achieve More Complete Indexation<br />
Drive Traffic & Branding Awareness<br />
Send Converting Traffic<br />Image Credit: websiteoptimization.com<br />
The 8 Basic Kinds of Link Building<br />
#1 - Manual Link Submissions/Requests<br />
#2 - Competitive Link Research/Acquisition<br />
#3 - Links via Embedded Content<br />
#4 - Linkbait & Viral Campaigns<br />
#5 - Content, Technology & API Licensing<br />
#6 - Partnerships, Exchanges & Trades<br />
#7 - Paid Links<br />
#8 - Link Reclamation<br />
Matching the Right Link Building Strategies<br />to Your Organization’s SEO Goals<br />
Links for Individual Rankings<br />
Links for Domain “Authority”<br />
Links for Indexation<br />
Links for Traffic & Branding<br />
Links for Conversion<br />
Using Tools & Processes to Ease the<br />Challenges of Link Building <br />
Tools for Competitive Link Research<br /><ul><li> Yahoo! Site Explorer & Link Commands
Open Site Explorer
 Top Pages
 Google Blog Search</li></li></ul><li>Yahoo! Site Explorer<br />Directionally indicative<br />within ~50%<br />Not necessa...
Yahoo! Link Commands<br />Less “accurate” than Site Explorer<br />Lots of cool, useful modifiers available<br />
Yahoo! Link Commands<br />Full list available in PRO Guide to Advanced Search Operators:<br />www.seomoz.org/article/the-p...
Open Site Explorer<br />
Open Site Explorer<br />Highly Correlation w/ Rankings<br />Data updates monthly from the Linkscape web index (approx. 60%...
Open Site Explorer<br />Poor Anchor Text Spells Opportunity<br />
Link Intersect<br />Link Intersect uses the same principle – sites w/ links in common that don’t point to you.<br />
Top Pages<br />Find which pages are earning links (your own & competitors)<br />404s? Reclaim them!<br />
Metrics for Evaluating a Link’s Value<br /><ul><li> Numeric (Objective) Metrics
 Subjective Metrics
 Attainability and Effort</li></li></ul><li>Numeric Metrics for Link Valuation<br /><ul><li> # of Linking Root Domains to URL
 # of Linking Root Domains to Domain
 Homepage PageRank vs. Domain mozRank
 URL PageRank vs. URL mozRank
 # of Links to the Page (Yahoo!, GG Blogsearch, Linkscape)
 Twitter mentions (Backtweets.com)</li></li></ul><li>Numeric Metrics (Backtweets)<br />Results count(in a weird location)<...
Subjective Metrics for Link Valuation<br /><ul><li> Brand name reach/recognition
 Quality of other links on page/site (Bing - Linkfromdomain)
 Attainability and Effort</li></ul>Jumping through Hoops (via WKA on Flickr)<br />
Scalable Link Acquisition Processes<br /><ul><li> Written Process + Checklist
 Tools + Metrics for Quick Analysis
 Training & Incenting Link Builders
 Building & Refining a Link Acquisition Funnel </li></li></ul><li>Written Process/Checklist<br /><ul><li> Run through the ...
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Seo training-2010-100818134052-phpapp02 (1)

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SEO TRAINING
Dharmendra Patel
Patelpratapgarh@gmail.com
+919560084611

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Transcript of "Seo training-2010-100818134052-phpapp02 (1)"

  1. 1. Search Engine Optimization:<br />Understanding the Engines & Building Successful Sites<br />Rand Fishkin – August 2010<br />
  2. 2. Content in this Presentation<br /><ul><li>The Search Landscape
  3. 3. How Search Engines Work
  4. 4. Building Accessible Sites
  5. 5. Conducting Keyword Research
  6. 6. Link Building Strategies
  7. 7. Social Media & the Web’s Influencers</li></li></ul><li>The Search Marketing Landscape<br />
  8. 8. 100 Billion Searches<br />Each Month!<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Organic vs. Paid Search<br />Paid<br />Organic<br />
  12. 12. Organic vs. Paid Search<br />10% of Clicks<br />90% of Clicks<br />
  13. 13. Click-Through Rates<br />
  14. 14. Vertical Search<br />
  15. 15. Local Results<br />Completely different ranking algorithm than standard search results<br />Probably doesn’t get traffic like most “#1” results<br />
  16. 16. Image Results<br />
  17. 17. Video Results<br />
  18. 18. News & Blog Results<br />
  19. 19. Shopping Results<br />
  20. 20. Instant Answers<br />
  21. 21. Instant Answers<br />
  22. 22. Instant Answers<br />
  23. 23. News Results<br />Instant Answers<br />Real Time Results<br />Local Results<br />Image Results<br />
  24. 24. This Presentation Focuses on:<br />
  25. 25. How Search Engines Work<br />
  26. 26. Crawling & Indexing<br />Without links, the engines might never find this page<br />
  27. 27. Calculating Query-Independent Metrics<br />Via www.opensiteexplorer.org<br />
  28. 28. Many Domains vs. One Domain<br />VS.<br />
  29. 29. Domain Authority<br />
  30. 30. PageRank<br />
  31. 31. The Flow of PageRank<br />
  32. 32. PageRank is Split Evenly Between the<br />Links on a Page<br />
  33. 33. PageRank is an Iterative Algorithm<br />
  34. 34. Technically, Every External Link<br />“Leaks” PageRank<br />
  35. 35. Nofollowing or Removing Links Can<br />Alter the Flow of PageRank<br />
  36. 36. Or, at least it used to...<br />www.seomoz.org/blog/google-says-yes-you-can-still-sculpt-pagerank-no-you-cant-do-it-with-nofollow<br />
  37. 37. Google Says they use PageRank to Crawl<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Algorithmic Ranking Factors<br />
  40. 40. Query Deserves Freshness (QDF)<br />QDF<br />Normal Results<br />QDF<br />
  41. 41. Query Deserves Diversity (QDD)<br />
  42. 42. Algorithmic Ranking Factors<br />
  43. 43. Building Accessible Sites<br />
  44. 44. Crawlability / Link Architecture<br />
  45. 45. Duplicate Content & Canonicalization<br />
  46. 46. Duplicate Content & Canonicalization<br />
  47. 47. Canonical URL Tag<br />
  48. 48. 301 Redirects<br />302s<br />
  49. 49. Duplicate Titles & Meta Descriptions<br />
  50. 50. Search Friendly URLs<br />www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/african-elephants<br />Keywords in page name,<br />separated by hyphen<br />Single domain<br />Shallow folder structurewith relevant words<br />
  51. 51. Search UN-Friendly URLs<br />Xyz3.nationalgeographic.com/a/?q=31z&mg=vv7z&sd=8<br />No keywords in the URL string<br />Unnecessary<br />Subdomain<br />Dynamic URLs don’t perform as well as static and engines recommend against more than two parameters<br />
  52. 52. Fixing Broken Links & 404s<br />
  53. 53. Blocking Robots<br />
  54. 54. Blocking Robots<br />
  55. 55. XML Sitemaps<br />www.sitemaps.org/protocol.php<br />
  56. 56. Webmaster Tools (Google)<br />
  57. 57. Webmaster Tools (Bing)<br />
  58. 58. Search Engine Guidelines<br />www.google.com/support/webmasters/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=35769<br />
  59. 59. Important Tags & Signals<br />
  60. 60. Title Tags<br />
  61. 61. Meta Descriptions<br />
  62. 62. Tag Length Recommendations<br />
  63. 63. Anchor Text<br />
  64. 64. Page Copy<br />
  65. 65. Image Alt Attributes<br />Good keyword usage in the alt tag<br />
  66. 66. Not So Important<br />
  67. 67. Meta Keywords Tag<br />
  68. 68. H1, H2, H(x) Tags<br />
  69. 69. Search Engine “Submission”<br />
  70. 70. Keyword Research + Targeting<br />
  71. 71. The Goals of Keyword Research<br />
  72. 72. Determine Relative Volume Levels<br />
  73. 73. Identify High Value Keywords<br />
  74. 74. Predict the Effort Required to Rank Well<br />
  75. 75. Choose the “Best”<br />Words/Phrases to Target<br />
  76. 76. The Keyword Demand Landscape<br />
  77. 77. The Long Tail of Keyword Demand<br />
  78. 78.
  79. 79.
  80. 80.
  81. 81.
  82. 82. Tools & Tactics for Brainstorming<br />& Refining Your Seed List<br />
  83. 83. Salespeople & Customers<br />
  84. 84. Google AdWords Tool<br />Be Wary of<br />Match Type<br />https://adwords.google.com/select/KeywordToolExternal<br />
  85. 85. MS AdCenter Excel Plug-In<br />www.seomoz.org/blog/using-the-adcenter-excel-plugin-for-keyphrase-research<br />
  86. 86. Google Trends<br />Sign In for Y-Axis Numbers<br />Not Very Accurate<br />
  87. 87. Internal Site Search Stats<br />
  88. 88. Competitive Keyword Research<br />Restrict query<br />to competitor’s<br />domain<br />
  89. 89. The Keyword Research Process<br />
  90. 90. Start with Your Seed List<br />
  91. 91. Create Spreadsheet w/ these Columns<br />
  92. 92. Get Google Search Demand Numbers<br />
  93. 93. Guesstimate Conversion Rate Numbers<br />
  94. 94. Or Use PPC Campaign Data<br />
  95. 95. Add Keyword Difficulty Data for Top Terms<br />We like using a weighted average of<br />the Page Authority metric<br />
  96. 96. Target High Volume, High Value,<br /> Low Difficulty Terms First<br />
  97. 97. Measuring Keyword<br />Difficulty & Competition<br />
  98. 98. Run Queries for Desired Term + Engine<br />Watch for vertical<br />results, which can skew<br />CTRs & visibility<br />
  99. 99. Conduct a Competitive Analysis of Metrics<br />
  100. 100. Tools Can Help Provide Scores<br />
  101. 101. Tools Can Help Provide Scores<br />www.seomoz.org/mozbar<br />
  102. 102. Link Building Strategies<br />
  103. 103. What Goals Can Link Building<br />Help Us Achieve?<br />
  104. 104. Bolster Individual Rankings<br />
  105. 105. Improve a Domain’s Ability to Rank Pages<br />
  106. 106. Achieve More Complete Indexation<br />
  107. 107. Drive Traffic & Branding Awareness<br />
  108. 108. Send Converting Traffic<br />Image Credit: websiteoptimization.com<br />
  109. 109. The 8 Basic Kinds of Link Building<br />
  110. 110. #1 - Manual Link Submissions/Requests<br />
  111. 111. #2 - Competitive Link Research/Acquisition<br />
  112. 112. #3 - Links via Embedded Content<br />
  113. 113. #4 - Linkbait & Viral Campaigns<br />
  114. 114. #5 - Content, Technology & API Licensing<br />
  115. 115. #6 - Partnerships, Exchanges & Trades<br />
  116. 116. #7 - Paid Links<br />
  117. 117. #8 - Link Reclamation<br />
  118. 118. Matching the Right Link Building Strategies<br />to Your Organization’s SEO Goals<br />
  119. 119. Links for Individual Rankings<br />
  120. 120. Links for Domain “Authority”<br />
  121. 121. Links for Indexation<br />
  122. 122. Links for Traffic & Branding<br />
  123. 123. Links for Conversion<br />
  124. 124. Using Tools & Processes to Ease the<br />Challenges of Link Building <br />
  125. 125. Tools for Competitive Link Research<br /><ul><li> Yahoo! Site Explorer & Link Commands
  126. 126. Open Site Explorer
  127. 127. Top Pages
  128. 128. Google Blog Search</li></li></ul><li>Yahoo! Site Explorer<br />Directionally indicative<br />within ~50%<br />Not necessarily followed & in a somewhat random order<br />
  129. 129. Yahoo! Link Commands<br />Less “accurate” than Site Explorer<br />Lots of cool, useful modifiers available<br />
  130. 130. Yahoo! Link Commands<br />Full list available in PRO Guide to Advanced Search Operators:<br />www.seomoz.org/article/the-professionals-guide-to-advanced-search-operators <br />
  131. 131. Open Site Explorer<br />
  132. 132. Open Site Explorer<br />Highly Correlation w/ Rankings<br />Data updates monthly from the Linkscape web index (approx. 60% the size of Yahoo!/Google/Bing)<br />
  133. 133. Open Site Explorer<br />Poor Anchor Text Spells Opportunity<br />
  134. 134. Link Intersect<br />Link Intersect uses the same principle – sites w/ links in common that don’t point to you.<br />
  135. 135. Top Pages<br />Find which pages are earning links (your own & competitors)<br />404s? Reclaim them!<br />
  136. 136. Metrics for Evaluating a Link’s Value<br /><ul><li> Numeric (Objective) Metrics
  137. 137. Subjective Metrics
  138. 138. Attainability and Effort</li></li></ul><li>Numeric Metrics for Link Valuation<br /><ul><li> # of Linking Root Domains to URL
  139. 139. # of Linking Root Domains to Domain
  140. 140. Homepage PageRank vs. Domain mozRank
  141. 141. URL PageRank vs. URL mozRank
  142. 142. # of Links to the Page (Yahoo!, GG Blogsearch, Linkscape)
  143. 143. Twitter mentions (Backtweets.com)</li></li></ul><li>Numeric Metrics (Backtweets)<br />Results count(in a weird location)<br />
  144. 144. Subjective Metrics for Link Valuation<br /><ul><li> Brand name reach/recognition
  145. 145. Quality of other links on page/site (Bing - Linkfromdomain)
  146. 146. Attainability and Effort</li></ul>Jumping through Hoops (via WKA on Flickr)<br />
  147. 147. Scalable Link Acquisition Processes<br /><ul><li> Written Process + Checklist
  148. 148. Tools + Metrics for Quick Analysis
  149. 149. Training & Incenting Link Builders
  150. 150. Building & Refining a Link Acquisition Funnel </li></li></ul><li>Written Process/Checklist<br /><ul><li> Run through the link building process yourself
  151. 151. Document every step thoroughly
  152. 152. Pass it on to others (w/ some training time)</li></ul>Checklist (via adesigna on Flickr)<br />
  153. 153. Tools for Quick Analysis<br />Get usable metrics quickly as you surf<br />
  154. 154. Tools for Quick Analysis<br />
  155. 155. Training & Incenting Link Builders<br /><ul><li> Do link building together
  156. 156. Create consistent metrics
  157. 157. Reward like a sales team
  158. 158. Record reasons why links didn’t happen (like objections to sales) and work on these (things like design quality, affiliations, language, etc. will come up)</li></ul>Training Camp (via Gil Searcy on Flickr)<br />
  159. 159. Building a Link Acquisition Funnel<br />Visit Link-Targeted Content<br />Grab Link Code<br />Link to the Site<br />
  160. 160. Social Media & the Web’s Influencers<br />
  161. 161. Influencers on the Web<br />
  162. 162. The Power of the “Linkerati”<br />
  163. 163. Content that Appeals to Influencers<br />
  164. 164. Making Content Easy to Share<br />
  165. 165. Making Content Easy to Share<br />
  166. 166. Incenting/Rewarding Link Behaviors<br />
  167. 167. Cannibalization of the Link Graph<br />MMM… LINK GRAPHS ARE DELICIOUS!<br />
  168. 168. The Rise of the Social Graph<br />
  169. 169. You have to do these right, before you can do these right<br />Algorithmic Ranking Factors<br />
  170. 170. Learn More w/ the Free Beginner’s Guide:<br />http://guides.seomoz.org/beginners-guide-to-search-engine-optimization<br />Feel free to distribute this presentation for educational use. We love to help SEOs learn!<br />
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