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Knowledge-Gathering: Architecture + Wayfinding

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  • 1. Morphology YMCA 1898 - 1934 Frank Palmer Speare took the position as head of the new Evening Institute at the Young Men’s Christian Association. In October 1891, the Department of Law of the Boston YMCA was opened. This was followed by the ... Automobile School in 1903 Polytechnic School in 1904 School of Commerce and Finance in 1907 Coop School of Engineering in 1909 In 1917, the various schools joined under the name Northeastern University 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 2. Morphology Richards Hall 1934-1940 In 1934, NEU president Frank Palmer Speare announced that the university would build a new campus. Richards Hall opened in 1938. Coolidge Shepley Bulfinch & Abbot designed the building and described it as having beaux arts classiscm with its light gray brick, punctured by vertical strips of windows. 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 3. Morphology A White Campus 1940 - 1955 In 1936, NEU was denied accredidation to their engineering school. This created a boom in buildings all over campus in order to achieve accre- didation. The campus became a campus of grey brick, courtyards, gathering spaces, and axial symmetry. Dodge Library Hayden Hall Hurtig Hall Mugar Sciences Building Churchill Hall 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 4. Morphology Expanding Recreation 1955 - 1980 Matthews Arena, built in 1910 and also known as the Boston Arena, is aquired by NEU. It was the home of the Boston Celtics, and Boston Bruins Curry Student Center is expanded Cabor Physical Education Center is built NEU purchases the land belonging to the United Drug Company, located to the west of campus. Originally the entire area was to be razed and rebuilt, but budget cuts resulted in Meserve, Light, Nightingale, and Holmes to remain. Willis Hall was built in 1979, and was not widely recieved. Students and faculty were bored with the mundane beaux arts style of grey brick and punctured windows. 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 5. Morphology A New Style and Connections 1970- 1995 New buildings Egan Engineering, Shill- man, Snell Library, Kariotis Hall, and Marino Center are built using a more modern style. Ruggles Station is built in 1987 and completely restructures and opens up the area to the south of the orange line. More dorm buildings are aquired to the north of the campus. Ryder Hall which was built in 1913, was aquired, redesigned, and opened in 1989. 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 6. Morphology West Village 1995 - 2010 NEU expands its dormitories South Campus: Davenport A & B Columbus Coventry International Village 2009 West Villages: West A 1999 WEst B 2001 West C 2001 Behrakis 2002 West E 2002 West G 2004 West H 2006 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 7. Urban Form Landmarks A sequential series of landmarks is a standard way that people move through a city. A close sequence of landmarks facilitates recognition and memorization. Landmarks are significant when they: have a clear form, contrast with their background, are spatially prominent, or are located at a junction involving path decisions. Northeastern Campus Local Landmarks 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 8. Urban Form Nodes and Centers Nodes are the points in a city where a visitor can enter and often travel to. They may be junctions, transit centers, concentrated areas whose importance come from use or physical character, or the convergence of paths. 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 9. Urban Form Edges Edges are organizing features that represent linear breaks in continuity. Physical examples include shorelines, railroads, and walls. They also may be perceived boundaries where two districts or areas join. 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 10. Urban Form Composite The Northeastern campus is introverted. The public enters campus through public transportation or pedestrian routes along Ruggles Street, Forsyth Street, and Huntington Avenue. There are three main areas utilized by the student body, which are not located in close proximity to areas of high public concentration. Therefore, none of these nodes foster stuent and public interaction. wayfinding strategies: locate landmarks on paths where paths converge, locate a node 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 11. Location west fens additional info./ Surrounding Neighborhoods back bay photos / diagrams east fens longwood south end mission hill roxbury diagram title GdAM | environmental design artg 4553 | spring 2010 0 75 375 500 GdAM
  • 12. Program additional info./ Surrounding Neighborhoods photos / diagrams retail food recreation academic office residential diagram title GdAM | environmental design artg 4553 | spring 2010 0 75 375 500 GdAM
  • 13. 14 Location Campus Districts 1 student center/library 2 krentzman quad 3 cabot center 8 7 4 engineering 5 parking/facilities 6 organic sciences 7 st. stephens/huntington 9 3 2 8 freshmen quad 9 law school 13 10 centenial common/art 15 6 11 international village 12 columbus 4 1 13 facilities/matthews 14 hemenway/fenway 10 15 west village 5 12 11 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 14. Program Campus Districts retail food recreation academic office residential 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 15. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary bus stops 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 16. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary bus stops 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 17. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary bus stops 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 18. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 19. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts primary secondary shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 20. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts primary secondary shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 21. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts primary secondary shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 22. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts primary secondary shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 23. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 24. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts green line primary secondary orange line shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 25. Movement Building Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access VehicularShortcuts primary secondary shortcuts tertiary bus stops parking lots parking garages 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 26. Movement Campus Underground Pedestrian Circulation Transit Access Vehicular Circulation green line primary secondary orange line underground path tertiary bus stops parking lots tunnel entrance dead ends garages parking 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 27. Spaces Northeastern Public - Private Green Line Most public; events and lectures Public; better known to NU students Semi-Private; NU ID access Private; dormitories and residences Ruggles Orange Line 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 28. People Pedestrian Traffic Areas of density in pedestrian traffic from 9:00am to 9:30am. 0 100 450 GdAM
  • 29. People Northeastern Pedestrian Traffic Green Line Areas of density in pedestrian traffic on campus from 9:00am to 9:30am. The two most dense areas of campus during these times are located around the Northeastern and Ruggles “T” b stations. a c a b d d Ruggles Orange Line c 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 30. People Northeastern Pedestrian Traffic Green Line Areas of density in pedestrian traffic from 1:30pm to 2:00pm. A typical condition found during class times. The major circulation routes stay the same, however are travelled less frequently. Ruggles Orange Line 9:00am - 9:30am 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 31. People Northeastern Pedestrian Traffic Green Line Areas of density in pedestrian traffic from 1:30pm to 2:00pm. A typical condition found during class times. The major circulation routes stay the same, however are travelled less frequently. a The majority of space occupied during these times are largely allocated to academic buildings and offices. c a. Curry Student Center b. Snell Library c. Shillman d. Ryder b d Ruggles Orange Line 9:00am - 9:30am 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 32. People Northeastern Pedestrian Traffic Green Line Areas of density in pedestrian traffic on campus from 10:00pm to 10:30pm. a c b d Ruggles Orange Line 9:00am - 9:30am 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 33. People Northeastern Pedestrian Traffic Green Line Areas of density in pedestrian traffic on campus from 10:00pm to 10:30pm. The majority of occupied space during these times are dormitories and resi- dences. b a. West Village b. St. Stephen, Stetsons, Speare, a Hemmenway c. International Village d. Colombus c The Marino Center and Snell Library are also occupied to an extent due to the late hours of operations. However there are not as many people there at night. a b d d Ruggles Orange Line c 9:00am - 9:30am 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 34. Shoreline additional info./ Original Shoreline of Boston photos / diagrams Defines the shoreline of Boston in 1630 0 500 GdAM
  • 35. Shadows Darkened Hardscapes Defines where shadows fall on hardscapes and how one would experience shadow while walking around the area. SHADOW ON HARDSCAPE 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 36. Wind Intensity of Wind On Campus Defines location and intensity of the wind tunnels created on campus. HIGH INTENSITY LOW INTENSITY 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 37. Hardscapes Types of Paving Defines location, accessibility, and material of paving. Types include public streets, parking lots, open hard courts, and private lanes on Northeastern University Campus. Paving stones indicate private lanes on NU campus, and asphalt indicates public access. PAVING STONES ASPHALT 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 38. Greenspace Location of Open Greenspace and Trees TREES/SHRUBS GREENSPACE 0 75 375 GdAM
  • 39. NI NI OS-G Location Zoning Laws MFR IS MFR MFR multifamily residential CUF subdistrict CUF NI neighborhood institutional NI subdistrict MFR NS NS neighborhood shopping subdistrict OS-UP IS institutional subdistrict CUF cultural facilities subdistrict IS OS-A air rights open space IS subdistrict OS-G community garden open space subdistrict OS-G OS-RC recreation open space sub OS-RC district OS-A OS-UP urban plaza open space MFR subdistrict IS MFR 0 75 375 GdAM