St. Patrick's Day PPT for ED 205 (Grand Valley State University)
ED 205 Sec. 01
There are only two kinds of people in the
world, The Irish and those who wish they were.
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Begin! -Traditional Irish Saying
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Who Was St. Patrick?
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History of the Holiday
Symbols and Traditions
St. Patrick’s Day Games and Crafts
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Author’s Biography and Email
Who Was St. Patrick? (1 of 2)
• St. Patrick was born Maewyn Succat
around 400 B.C. (He changed his
name later to a Christian name)
• At the age of sixteen, Patrick was
taken prisoner by a group of Irish
raiders who were attacking his
• After more than six years as a
prisoner, Patrick escaped. A voice-
which he believed to be God's-spoke
to him in a dream, telling him it was
time to leave Ireland.
Who Was St. Patrick? (2 of 2)
• Patrick walked nearly 200 miles from
County Mayo, where it is believed he was
held, to the Irish coast.
• After escaping to Britain, Patrick began
religious training, a course of study that
lasted more than fifteen years.
• After his ordination as a priest, he was
sent back to Ireland with a dual mission-to
Above Image: a new
minister to Christians already living in
style of cross, the
Ireland and to begin to convert the Irish.
Cross, introduced by
• Patrick is believed to have died on March
St. Patrick during his
17, around 460 A.D.
Video on St. Patrick (Click Link and Then Select quot;St.
Patrickquot; From List)
History of the Holiday
St. Patrick's Day is celebrated
on March 17on the anniversary
of his death in the fifth century.
The Irish have observed this
day as a religious holiday for
over a thousand years.
**On St. Patrick's Day Lenten prohibitions against the consumption of meat are
waived and people are free dance, drink, and feast—on the
traditional meal of Irish corned beef and cabbage.
The Shamrock (Clover) Dance
Example Irish Music
The Color Green
The Banishment of Snakes Corned Beef and Cabbage
THE SHAMROCK (Clover)
St. Patrick used the shamrock to convey
the idea of the holy trinity during his
ministries and is still often associated with
17th the shamrock had become a symbol of
emerging Irish nationalism (Irish began to wear the
shamrock as a symbol of their pride in their
The original Irish name
for these figures of
folklore is quot;lobaircin,quot;
Leprechauns stem from the Celtic belief Leprechauns had nothing to do with
in fairies, tiny men and women who St. Patrick or the celebration of St.
could use their magical powers to serve Patrick's Day, a Catholic holy day.
good or evil. Though only minor figures
in Celtic folklore, leprechauns were Until In 1959, when Walt Disney
known for their trickery, which they often released a film called Darby O'Gill
used to protect their much-fabled & the Little People, which
treasure. (Pot O’ Gold) introduced America to a very
different sort of leprechaun than the
little man of Irish folklore.
Click Button to See a
This cheerful, friendly leprechaun is
Clip of “Darby O’Gill
a purely American invention, but
and the Little People”
has quickly evolved into an easily
recognizable symbol of both St.
Symbols and Patrick's Day and Ireland in
The Color Green
Today, St. Patrick's Day is celebrated by people of
all backgrounds in thecolor associated with St.and
Blue was the original United States, Canada,
Patrick. Green was broughtAmerica is home to the
Australia. Although North to prominence by The
Society of United Irishmen celebrating their
largest productions, St. Patrick's Day has been
nationalism, usually by wearing the green from
in other locations far
Ireland, including shamrock.
Japan, Singapore, and Russia.
Most show their spirit by wearing green clothing.
Chicago is also famous for a somewhat peculiar annual event: dyeing the Chicago
River green (shown in picture above). The tradition started in 1962, when city pollution-
control workers used dyes to trace illegal sewage discharges and realized that the
green dye might provide a unique way to celebrate the holiday. That year, they released
100 pounds of green vegetable dye into the river—enough to keep it green for a week!
Today, in order to minimize environmental damage, only forty pounds of dye are used,
making the river green for only several hours.
It has long been recounted that, during his mission
in Ireland, St. Patrick once stood on a hilltop and
with only a wooden staff by his side, banished all
the snakes from Ireland.
In fact, the island nation was never home to any
snakes. The quot;banishing of the snakesquot; was really a
metaphor for the eradication of pagan ideology
from Ireland and the triumph of Christianity.
Saint Patrick was a gentleman But not too many drinkees
Who through strategy and stealth Lest we lose ourselves and then...
Drove all the snakes from Ireland Forget the good Saint Patrick
Here's a drinkee to his health! And see them snakes again!
On St. Patrick’s Day dancing is one
of many events people use to
celebrate the passing of St.
Patrick, often in the form of
professional dancing performances.
Irish performance dancing is
traditionally referred to as
stepdance. Irish stepdance
popularized in 1994 by the world-
famous show “Riverdance” is
notable for its rapid leg
Click Picture Above for a Video on
movements, body and arms being
kept largely stationary.
Even though the harp is considered
“old Fashioned” it is still a common
symbol of Irish culture – especially on
their famous Guinness beer labels.
• After being conquered by the English, and
forbidden to speak their own language, the
Irish, turned to music to help them
remember important events and hold on to
their heritage and history.
• Today, traditional Irish bands like The
Chieftains, Flogging Molly, Shaun Davey,
Gaelic Storm, and Enya are gaining
worldwide popularity. Click to go to
some examples Click to Hear the
of modern Irish Sound of the
Symbols and music Harp Pictured
Click on a picture for
and a tasty recipe
Irish Stew Soda Bread
Corned Beef and
Cabbage was used to cover
the smell of meat so that
the tax man would not tax
you more for being able to
afford the “luxury” of meat
Corned Beef and Cabbage
in your diet.
Each year, thousands of Irish Americans
gather with their loved ones on St.
Patrick's Day to share a quot;traditionalquot; meal
of corned beef and cabbage.
Though cabbage has long been an Irish
food, corned beef only began to be
associated with St. Patrick's Day at the
turn of the century and it started in
Irish immigrants living on New York City's
Lower East Side substituted corned beef
for their traditional dish of Irish bacon to
save money. They learned about the
cheaper alternative from their Jewish
Corned Beef and Cabbage
5 pounds corned brisket of beef Place the corned beef in water to cover
6 peppercorns, or packaged with the peppercorns or mixed pickling
pickling spices spices (in supermarkets, these often come
3 carrots, peeled and quartered packaged with the corned beef). Cover the
3 onions, peeled and quartered pot or kettle, bring to a boil, reduce heat
1 medium-sized green cabbage, and simmer 5 hours or until
quartered or cut in wedges tender, skimming occasionally. During the
Melted butter (about 4 last hour, add the carrots and onions and
tablespoons) cover again. During the last 15
minutes, add the cabbage. Transfer meat
and vegetables to a platter and brush the
vegetables with the melted butter. Serve
with boiled parsley potatoes, cooked
separately. (The stock can be saved to add
to a pot roast or stew instead of other
Irish stew is a traditional dish made from
lamb, beef, or mutton (mutton is lamb over
a year old) as well as a variety of
vegetables such as potatoes, onions, and
4 qrtsof water. Boil the stewing beef alone for about 1 hour.
1 lb of stewing beef. Brown the mince.
1 lb lean mince beef. Strain off most of the fat.
2 Knorr Beef Stock Cubes. Chop the vegetables to spoon size.
2 Oxos Put all ingredients in a big pot and bring to
4 med size carrots. boil and simmer for 1 1/2 hours.
2 med size onions. Near the end add the Bisto to 1/4 cup of cold
A tablespoon of dried mixed herbs. water, mix well, and stir into the stew.
2 large stalks of celery. Then serve over the mashed potatoes.
5 med size potatoes + a med size pot of
2 table spoons of Bisto
Soda bread dates back to approximately
1840, when bicarbonate of soda was
introduced to Ireland. Because the climate
of Ireland hinders the growth of hard wheat
(which creates a flour that rises easily with
the assistance of yeast), bicarbonate of
soda replaced yeast as the leavening
powder, salt, and baking soda in large bowl
to blend. Add butter. Using fingertips, rub in
Nonstick vegetable oil spray
until coarse meal forms. Make well in center
2 cups all purpose flour
of flour mixture. Add buttermilk. Gradually
5 tablespoons sugar, divided
stir dry ingredients into milk to blend. Mix in
1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
Using floured hands, shape dough into ball.
3/4 teaspoon baking soda
Transfer to prepared pan and flatten slightly
3 tablespoons butter, chilled, cut into cubes
(dough will not come to edges of pan).
1 cup buttermilk
Sprinkle dough with remaining 1 tablespoon
2/3 cup raisins
Directions Bake bread until brown and tester inserted
Preheat oven to 375 F. Spray 8-inch- into center comes out clean, about 40
diameter cake pan with nonstick spray. minutes. Cool bread in pan 10 minutes.
Whisk flour, 4 tablespoons sugar, baking Transfer to rack. Serve warm or at room
Guinness is the world famous
stout beer from Ireland created
by Arthur Guinness in the early
Guinness is so thick that it takes
a recommended 119.5 seconds
(almost 2 minutes!) to pour
Although not proven Guinness is
said to beneficial for the heart.
Guinness Book of World
Guinness Book of
Guinness World Records
is a reference published
annually, containing an
collection of world
records, both human
achievements and the
extremes of the natural
First Edition, 1955
Official Guinness World Records Website
St. Patty’s Day Game
Pot O’ Gold Pot O’ Gold 2
Word Search (On The Internet)
What's Different? (On the Internet)
You can click and
Word Searches/Cross Words (Printable - Online)
Open these PDF files
Mazesprint for pages fun
(Printable - Online)
Coloring Pages (Printable - Online)
And finally I have
St. Patrick’s Day Mask put two fun little
Or IF you have a working Simple Leprechaun Hats activities in full detail
internet connection, you
on two slides in this
can click and open up
these online resources for
you can jump to by
some other fun activities
clicking these links
What You Do:
What You Need:
• Draw the shape of a shamrock on a
Green construction Scissors
Green yarn or wool piece of green construction paper or on
paper or white paper and
Glue white paper big enough to cover your
Paintbrushes and water Stapler face. Cut the shamrock out of the paper.
• Draw eye holes on the shamrock mask
containers if you are
painting. and cut them out too. (Trycutting the eye
holes in the shapes of shamrocks)
• Glue green wool around the outside of
the shamrock to add strength... and
• Attach yarn to the shamrock using a
stapler. Tie the shamrock mask around
What You Need: What You Do:
Green Gift Wrap • Measure around the rim of the bucket with
Masking Tape the belt and ask an adult to punch another hole
and cut off the extra piece of belt. Loop belt into
Old Belt (or paper or cloth strip)
a circle and buckle belt.
• Place paper centered over the upside-down
beach bucket and press paper down with hands
around bucket to shape.
• Place looped belt over top and push down to
the bottom of the bucket near the rim securing
the paper in place. Remove hat from bucket.
The People, the Places, the Traditions, the Music.
• » The Catholic Encyclopedia
From Celtic slave to the Patron saint of Ireland: Saint Patrick's full history.
• » The Government of Ireland Website
This site will help you to find government organizations or information by providing
links, indices of recent publications and a search engine that searches all government sites.
There is also general information about Ireland including some photographs of well known
• » Keltic Nations
Find an Irish Festival in your area with Celtic Nations.
• » Irish-American Heritage Center
Located in Chicago, IL the Heritage Center includes both a Museum and a Library.
• » Irish Heritage Trail
This site created by the Boston Irish Tourism Association to promote Massachusetts' Irish
• » John F. Kennedy Presidential Museum and Library
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum is dedicated to the memory of our
nation's thirty-fifth president and to all those who through the art of politics seek a new and
My name is Tony Pascoe, I am a
student at Grand Valley State University
and I did this PowerPoint on St. Patrick’s
Day for my Computers in Education
course. Feel free to email me with any
and all questions.
- Tony Pascoe Christmas
Click the E-mail
to Contact Me