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Regulaciones y proceso de inspección de material propagativo exportado.

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Regulaciones y proceso de inspección de material propagativo exportado. …

Regulaciones y proceso de inspección de material propagativo exportado.
Linda Cullen

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • 1. U.S. Customs and Border Protection Fresh Fruits, Vegetables and Herbs Inspections May, 2012
  • 2. Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders.We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror. We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.
  • 3. CBP’s Agriculture Mission To protect the American public. To detect and prevent agro- terrorism and bio-terrorism.
  • 4. MIA Agriculture Inspections MIA is the largest U.S. gateway for Latin America and the Caribbean. Is one of the leading international freight airports in the world. MIA Air Cargo leads all U.S. airports with 68 percent of fresh fruits and vegetables imported into the U.S. every year.
  • 5. Port of Miami Known as the Cargo Gateway to Latin America. Ranks as the number one port in Florida and the eleventh busiest in the nation. Cargo traffic with South and Central America and the Caribbean.
  • 6. Fruits, Vegetables & Herbs  Might serve to introduce exotic pests.  Outbreak of plant pests can:  Cause damage to crops, trees, flowers, or lawns.  Cause millions of dollars of damage.  Increase the price  Reduce the quality of food  Lower property values,  Ruin recreational areas.
  • 7. Suggestions to the Exporter for faster Clearance of your MerchandiseInclude invoice informationType invoice information clearlyInclude packing list informationProvide a detailed descriptionMark merchandise legibly with the country of originComply with provisions of any special laws of the U.S. that may apply to yourmerchandise
  • 8. Suggestions to the Exporter for faster Clearance of your Merchandise (Continuation) Develop packing standards for your commodities Establish sound security procedures Consider shipping on a carrier participating in the Automated Manifest System (AMS) If you use a licensed Customs broker for your transaction, consider using a firm that participates in the Automated Broker Interface (ABI) For additional information: www.cbp.gov
  • 9. Entry Process File entry documents for goods with CBP at the POE. Must be filed within 15 calendar days of arrival at U.S. POE. Entry for consumption  Must be filed and estimated duties deposited at the port with an entry/entry summary within 10 working days of the goods entry into the commerce. Must be accompanied by evidence that a bond has been posted with CBP In the event that a customs broker is employed, the broker may permit the use of his bond to provide the required coverage Following presentation of the entry, the shipment may be examined, or examination may be waived by CBP
  • 10. Agriculture Inspection Hold Placed on items of agricultural interest. Using CBP automated tools. Serves as a notification to the carrier and the other parties that the cargo is being restricted for agricultural reasons. Should not be released until CBP has authorized the release.
  • 11. Prerequisite to the General Inspection ProceduresCBP will collect information and review  Notices of Arrival necessary documents prior inspection:  Permits (PPQ, Convention on  Air waybills and shipping papers International Trade in Endangered  Foreign phytosanitary certificates Species of Fauna and  Invoices (obtained from importer  Flora (CITES), Endangered or broker) Species Act (ESA))  Labels Note: Import Requirements are subject  Packing lists to change. For additional information visit: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/index.shtml
  • 12. Invoices Detailed description of the merchandise:  Name by which each item is known;  The grade or quality;  The marks, numbers and symbols under which sold and packaged;  Quantities in appropriate weights and measures being imported;  Purchase price of each item in the currency of the purchase;  All charges itemized by name and amount;  All discounts, commissions and rebates; and  Country of origin
  • 13. Generally Admissible Fruits, Vegetables & HerbsAdmissible into the United States from all countries. Aloe vera (above ground parts) Maguey leaf Bat nut or devil pod (Trapa bicornis) Matsutake Cannonball fruit Mushroom Chinese water chestnut Palm heart, peeled Coconut, see Seed Manual Peanut Corn smut galls 1 Pomegranate arils Cyperus corm St. Johns Bread Edible flowers 2 (inflorescences only 3) Singhara nut (Trapa bispinosa) Garlic cloves, peeled Tamarind Ginger root Truffle Lily bulb (Lilium spp.) Water-chestnut (Trapa natans)
  • 14. Admissible Fruits, Vegetables & Herbs Colombia
  • 15. Import Permit RequirementsUSDA PPQ•Regulates the importation of plants and plant products under the authority ofthe Plant Protection Act.•Issues Transit Permits in accordance with the Code of Federal RegulationsTitle 7, CFR Part 352Import Permits Required for the importation into the U.S. and transit through the U.S. ofregulated plants and plant products.
  • 16. Import Permit Requirements (Continuation) Transit Permits  Required in advance of arrival for the unloading, landing or other movement of plants, plant products, or soil in cargo through the United States. Two types:  Transportation and Exportations (T&E)  Immediate Exports (IE)Contact Permit Services:Telephone: (301) 734-0841 or (877) 770-5990 (Toll-Free Automated System);Fax (301) 734-4300; Email: Permits@aphis.usda.gov
  • 17. USDA-APHIS E-Permits Is a web-based tool that gives customers the ability to apply for a permit, check its status, and view it online. E-Permit customers can apply for the following:  PPQ Application for Permit to Import Plants or Plant Products  Veterinary Services (VS) Applications for Permits  Biotechnology Notifications  VS Notification of On-Hold Shipment and  Other PPQ applications for permit E-Permits users are required to complete a registration process called e- Authentication. USDA’s e-Authentication: www.eauth.egov.usda.gov E-Permits: www.aphis.usda.gov/permits
  • 18. Fruits and Vegetables Arriving Without a Permit  In general,  Most importations of admissible fresh fruits and vegetables require an import permit.  Lack of an import permit is not grounds to prohibit entry to an admissible consignment.  If the importer lacks an import permit,  Importer must apply for a permit  Provide proof of application to CBP
  • 19. Phytosanitary Certificates Is issued by the foreign plant protection organization (exporting country). Is a statement of fact (certifies the inspection) attesting to freedom from pests and admissibility into the destination country. Can be valid and accurate, yet still be insufficient to meet conditions of entry. Even when plants or plant products are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate, CBP inspects the importations to confirm admissibility.
  • 20. Examining and Monitoring Cargo Policy  All foreign cargo of agricultural interest are to clear at the first port of arrival or first port of unlading. OR  Shipments may be authorized movement to another approved CBP port, if cargo is remaining on board a carrier and has an USDA Transit Permit. Operational Methods  May vary from port to port  The use of automated CBP systems, CBP release programs, and other CBP initiatives may vary from location to location.
  • 21. Sample Size Is how many boxes you should open and examine from each inspectional unit. Standard Sample is a 2 percent . CBP verifies samples for inspection and may request additional samples, if needed.
  • 22. Fruits, Vegetables & Herbs Inspection CBPAS inspect for the following:  Insects  Mites  Mollusks  Nematodes  Noxious weeds and their seeds  Pathogens  Plant debris  Soil  Packing Material  Conveyance for hitchhiking pests
  • 23. Fruits, Vegetables & Herbs Inspection If product is infested with insects, mollusks, or pathogens,  CBP will HOLD the shipment and  Will send the interception to the nearest USDA Plant Inspection Station.
  • 24. Wood Packing Material Regulation restricts the importation of many types of wood articles, including wooden packaging materials such as:  Pallets  Crates  Boxes  Bracings. WPM must be marked with the WPM mark. wood_packing_material.wmv
  • 25. Wood Packing Material Acceptable mark
  • 26. Wood Packing Material Non-Compliant Wooden Pallet
  • 27. Wood Packing Material
  • 28. Enforcement Link Mobile Operations Cargo Is a web basis CBP application via BlackBerry®. Benefits:  Expedite the process of recording a Physical exams and release immediately after inspection.  Conduct queries of Agriculture bill holds from ATS by Port of Unlading, Arrival date, Vessel name or Container number.  Presents result sets from queries to the user on handheld device (BlackBerry® PlayBook).  Retrieves search results from ATS within minutes.
  • 29. Emergency Action Notification CBP will consult with USDA to decide the regulatory action. CBP will complete an Emergency Action Notification (EAN) (PPQ Form 523) and provide the importer or broker with the following options:  Treat the inspectional unit under USDA monitoring  Destroy the contaminated shipment under CBP supervision at the owner’s expense  Reexport the inspectional unit under proper safeguarding measures
  • 30. Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders.We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror.We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.