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Oracle Database 12c Techday Hyderabad AIOUG

Oracle Database 12c Techday Hyderabad AIOUG

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    Oracle database 12c intro Oracle database 12c intro Presentation Transcript

    • © Copyright 2013. Apps Associates LLC. 1 Oracle Database 12c – An Introduction -- Satyendra P @pasalapudi
    • Cloud Computing
    • Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS): Gives users access to databases running on a cloud computing platform Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features From now on, we can speak of two types of instances: CBD and PDB. The CDB, or contanier Database, is the kind of body that can nurture others within your setup.While the PDB, Pluggable Database (embedded database or embedded) are still the classic database instances that we know in previous versions to 12c. A container database (CDB), can absorb many (252) PDB instances, in order to consolidate and streamline administration and save resources at the hardware level. "The idea is that we can manage many database instances as if they were one." PDB
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features Physically, MYCDB is an Oracle database. MYCDB has a database instance (although possible number in Oracle Real Application Clusters) and a set of database files, as well as a non-CBD. Logically MYCDB contains two PDB: hrpdb and salespdb. The PDB serve their respective applications as they did before the consolidation of databases. For managing the CBD itself or any PDB within it, an administrator can connect to the root, which is a father for the PDB.
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Pluggable Databases What? • You can have many pluggable databases inside a single container database. A PDB is fully backwards compatible with an ordinary pre-12.1 database • Each instance in a RAC opens the CDB as a whole. A foreground session sees only the single PDB it connects to and sees it just like a non-CDB • The system administrator connects to the CDB as a whole and sees a single system image • Resource Manager is extended with new between-PDB capabilities • Integrated with Enterprise Manager and tools like SQL Developer
    • Pluggable Databases Benefits? • Very fast provisioning of a new database or of a copy of an existing database. Very fast redeployment, by unplug and plug, of an existing database to a new platform • Patch or upgrade the Oracle Database version for many databases quickly, and for the human cost of doing it once. Patch or upgrade by unplugging a PDB and plugging it into a different CDB at a later version • Secure separation of the duties of the application administrator from the duties of the administrator of the Oracle-supplied system • Consolidate many more PDBs onto a single platform than you can non-CDBs • Centrally manage and administer multiple databases • Disaster recovery • Backups • Scale-out and fault isolation using RAC
    • © Copyright 2013. Apps Associates LLC. 14
    • What changed in 12c • Dictionary tables and user tables – the only ultimate logical reality Brand-new database: DBA_Objects, DBA_Views, … DBMS_Sql, DBMS_Output, …
    • Earlier Releases before 12c The “system” and the application are mixed together
    • In 12c Architectural separation between the “system” and the application
    • Architecture to support multiple PDBs
    • Cloning Made Easy
    • User Management • A PDB can be administered by a local user • PDBs can be administered by a common user in the root • A privileged common user can switch between PDBs • A privilege is contained within the container where it is granted
    • Sessions and Services -How to connect • Every PDB has a default service with its name. • Service names across has to be unique across CDB • Connection pool across PDB with a Common User
    • Architecture
    • For the entire CDB • The Oracle software version • Active Data Guard • Scheduled RMAN backups • Some initialization parameters; some alter database operands (e.g. in 12c, character set must be the same in all containers) • Control files • spfile • Redo log files • Flashback log files • Undo
    • For just a particular PDB • RMAN Point-in-time recovery (flashback PDB planned) • Ad hoc backup • In each instance: the PDB Open_Mode: MOUNTED, RESTRICTED, READ ONLY, READ WRITE • Flush shared pool • All parameters where IsSes_Modifiable = 'TRUE' and IsSys_Modifiable <> 'FALSE' and a few others (like Open_Cursors, Resource_Manager_Plan) • Some alter database operands (like default edition)
    • Dictionary views and performance views • When queried from within a PDB, all dictionary views, and all performance views, will show information only from that PDB • New CDB_ dictionary views, when queried from the root, will provide information across PDBs • The existing performance views, when queried from the root, will provide information across PDBs • The set of PDBs that the current user sees, from the root, depends on a new attribute of the user
    • Pluggable Databases Conclusion • No application validation required • All Oracle database regression suites run in PDBs with no change • Fast Provisioning • Fast creation of empty PDB • Fast clone of a PDB for testing • Fast plug PDB for migrations & upgrades • Strong Isolation • Pluggable database per application • High Level of Consolidation • One database to manage • Excellent Performance • Fewest database instances
    • © Copyright 2013. Apps Associates LLC. 27
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features The new Oracle Database 12c, maintains system privileges SYSDBA, SYSOPER, SYSASM, 11g of its predecessor but includes three new system privileges, extremely important and contribute to building a more secure and robust, in the issue of security . These privileges are: SYSBACKUP SYSDG SYSKM New administrative privileges in Oracle Database 12c: SYSBACKUP, SYSDG and SYSKM
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features • SYSBACKUP, is a new privilege created to manage backup and recovery of database, made ​​with the RMAN utility. • SYSDG, is the privilege assigned to manage disk groups and disk storage in a Automatic Storage Management, better known as ASM. • SYSKM is a privilege to manage the repository of keys and encryption keys from the same database. The new feature in Oracle Advanced Security Transparent Database Encryption (TDE) in Oracle Database 12c, adds a range of new functional to manage consistently, both Oracle Wallets and the HSMs (Hardware Security Modules). New administrative privilegies -Oracle Database 12c: SYSBACKUP, SYSDG y SYSKM
    • Oracle Database 12c New Features • Now, SQL, adding new commands, to manage these keys. From now on, it keeps a track record (METADATA) to the main attributes associated with keys created. • Also, incorporate new views that let you query the privileges of the keys. • Among the outstanding features is the ability to support export and import of keys between repositories of Oracle databases, as well as support to store, the Oracle Wallets, directly on Oracle ASM. New administrative privileges in Oracle Database 12c: SYSBACKUP, SYSDG and SYSKM
    • In compliance with international standards and the lack of this requirement in the Standard editions databases and Standard Edition One, it was easy to predict that this would happen. From the Oracle Database 12c, encryption for data traveling on the network, based on native encryption and SSL / TLS, and based strong authentication services such as Kerberos, PKI and RADIUS, are no longer part of the Oracle advanced Security and now will be available for all editions licensable database. Native encryption and SSL / TLS Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • • Data types VARCHAR2, NVARCHAR2, and RAW have been increased to 32K • A temporary UNDO tablespace has been added to the database, linked to global temporary tables. • Oracle Data Pump 12c, can turn the redo import processes for added load performance. This feature is only on import. • To turn off mode "Archive log" is not necessary to download the database. • Move or rename a "datafile" is now online • Check paged. Keywords SQL level will limit the number of records that must be deployed. This replaces the old reference ROWNUM Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • SQL> select * from pruebas; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 2 como 21/05/13 2 3 te 21/05/13 3 4 encuentras 21/05/13 4 5 en 21/05/13 5 6 este 21/05/13 6 7 momento 21/05/13 7 7 filas seleccionadas. SQL> select * from pruebas fetch first 2 rows only; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 2 como 21/05/13 2 select * from pruebas fetch first 30 percent rows only; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 2 como 21/05/13 2 3 te 21/05/13 3 select * from pruebas fetch first 50 percent rows only; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 2 como 21/05/13 2 3 te 21/05/13 3 4 encuentras 21/05/13 4 select * from pruebas offset 2 rows fetch next 2 rows only; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 3 te 21/05/13 3 4 encuentras 21/05/13 4 Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • From 12c, a set of columns that are the same leading order in an existing index, are permitted. For example, in a DW, where desired to have a column in an index such as "bitmap", previously defined in a type B-tree index in the table. SQL> create table pruebas(campo1 number, campo2 varchar2(10), campo3 date, campo4 number); Tabla creada. SQL> create index idx1_pruebas on pruebas( campo1, campo2); Indice creado. SQL> create bitmap index idx2_pruebas on pruebas(campo1, campo2); create bitmap index idx2_pruebas on pruebas(campo1, campo2) * ERROR en linea 1: ORA-01408: this column list already indexed SQL> create bitmap index idx2_pruebas on pruebas(campo1, campo2, campo3); Index created. Oracle Database 12c New Features Duplicate Indexes
    • • RMAN Backup container level • An instance PDB can be "disengaged" from a container and embedded in other CBD • The PDB's can be cloned in the same container • The basic administrative actions of a PDB (clone, create, embed, disengage, delete) are implemented through SQL's. • Each PDB has its own data dictionary • The Data Guard configuration is at the level Container • Recovering from a PDB to a specific spot RMAN does not alter the functionality of the other instances within the container • Flashback for a PDB is available from Oracle Database 12c Release 2 The level of PDB Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Object-level recovery RMAN at 12c version, recover or restore from a backup, one or more tables, based on a versioning scheme (newest, oldest), with a single command, to solve a problem of accidental deletion or updating of data, on a table. The process may be performed at the same schema where the table belongs or another schema. The ability to manage versions, allows RMAN, work in an area where the Flashback could not come, either because the table had been purged from the recycle bin (recycle bin) or that the retention period of time, had passed. New features in RMAN Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • Platform migration simplification The backup created with RMAN can back up tablespaces users and their respective metadata. When you need to restore the tablespace on a different target platform to source, RMAN will automatically convert, allowing easily attach the database to "Container". Support for database consolidation RMAN can back up and restore the "Container" in full, or only one of the databases attached. Restoring with RMAN, allow to fully or partially recover or restore a database, based on a point in time or in a change control number. Oracle Database 12c New Features New features in RMAN
    • Increased performance? RMAN will allow us to easily clone our databases contained in the "Container". An important point is that they need prior to backup the database to be duplicated or cloned, before performing this task. A new feature compression during backup, restore, or clone, will increase the speed in these processes, including creating multiple tasks to meet the same process. The restoration or recovery of a datafile through the network from the STANDBY database may also be performed as part of the features added to improve performance. Oracle Database 12c New Features New features in RMAN
    • An invisible column is a user-specified column whose values ​​are accessible only when the column is explicitly specified by name. You can add an invisible column to a table without affecting existing applications, and make visible column if necessary. Oracle Database 12c New Features Tables with columns INVISIBLE
    • SQL> alter table pruebas add (INVISIBLE int); Tabla modificada. SQL> desc pruebas Nombre +Nulo? Tipo ----------------------------------------- -------- ---------------- CAMPO1 NUMBER CAMPO2 VARCHAR2(10) CAMPO3 DATE CAMPO4 NUMBER INVISIBLE NUMBER(38) SQL> update pruebas 2 set invisible=0 3 where campo1 in ( 1,3,5); 3 rows updated. Tables with columns INVISIBLE Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • SQL> select * from pruebas; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 INVISIBLE ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 0 2 como 21/05/13 2 3 te 21/05/13 3 0 4 encuentras 21/05/13 4 5 en 21/05/13 5 0 6 este 21/05/13 6 7 momento 21/05/13 7 7 filas seleccionadas. SQL> alter table pruebas modify(INVISIBLE invisible); Table Modified. Oracle Database 12c New Features Tables with columns INVISIBLE
    • SQL> select * from pruebas; CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 2 como 21/05/13 2 3 te 21/05/13 3 4 encuentras 21/05/13 4 5 en 21/05/13 5 6 este 21/05/13 6 7 momento 21/05/13 7 7 filas seleccionadas. SQL> select campo1, campo2, campo3, campo4, invisible from pruebas 2 where campo1 in (1,3,5); CAMPO1 CAMPO2 CAMPO3 CAMPO4 INVISIBLE ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- ---------- 1 Hola 21/05/13 1 0 3 te 21/05/13 3 0 5 en 21/05/13 5 0 Oracle Database 12c New Features Tables with columns INVISIBLE
    • Oracle Object Tables is a user defined type with a name, attributes and methods. This object type to model real-world entities such as customers and purchase orders as objects in the database. An object type defines a logical structure, but does not create storage. Oracle Object Tables Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • SQL> create type registro_clientes as OBJECT 2 ( nombre varchar2(100), 3 identificacion varchar2(30), 4 edad number, 5 empresa varchar2(20), 6 profesion varchar2(30), 7 educacion varchar2(15)); 8 / Type created. SQL> create table clientes of registro_clientes; Tabla created Oracle Object Tables Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • SQL> insert into clientes values('Ronald Vargas','302970920',44,'NetsoftCA','Consultor','Universitaria'); 1 fila creada. SQL> select * from clientes; NOMBRE IDENTIFICACION EDAD EMPRESA PROFESION EDUCACION --------------- -------------- ----- ----------- -------------- -------------- Ronald Vargas 302970920 44 NetsoftCA Consultor Universitaria Oracle Database 12c New Features Oracle Object Tables
    • SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.0.2 Beta on Mar May 21 16:38:09 2013 Copyright (c) 1982, 2012, Oracle. All rights reserved. Enter the user name: system @ lab1 Enter the password: Right Connection last time: Mon May June 2013 20:26:44 -06:00 Connected to:Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.0.2 - 64bit Beta With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options SQL> select to_char(sysdate,'dd-mon-yy hh24:mi') from dual; TO_CHAR(SYSDATE --------------- 21-may-13 16:39 Last login Time Information in SQL*Plus Oracle Database 12c New Features
    • © Copyright 2013. Apps Associates LLC. 49
    • © Copyright 2013. Apps Associates LLC. 50
    • Thank You! Satyendra.kumar@aioug.org Satyendra.pasalapudi@appsassociates.com @pasalapudi