eParticipation &
 eDemocracy in Austria:
 Projects and Tenets for an Edemocracy Strategy




Peter Parycek, Danube Univers...
Agenda

1.           Terms & Definitions
1.           Terms & Definitions
2.           Austrian eDemocracy strategy
2.    ...
1. Terms & Definitions

Donau-Universität Krems
Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
What is eDemocracy?


       By the use of ICT …
       Improving information accessibility & relevance AND/OR
       Crea...
Level of eParticipation


                                         co-decision
                                         co...
eParticipation: Levels of Engagement

      eInformation (Ann Macintosh: quot;eEnablingquot;)
          one-way channel
  ...
Co-decision

                              Private Sector „Market“
                              Private Sector „Market“
 ...
2. Austrian eDemocracy
              Strategy
Donau-Universität Krems
Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
Austrian eGovernment Cooperation

                                  Federal Government

                             Platf...
Austrian eDemocracy
 Building Blocks & Roadmap

                          1. eDemocracy Strategy

             2. eDemocra...
1. eDemocracy Strategy - Aims



 1.      Increase transparency & traceability
 2.      Improve eParticipation & communica...
2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools

       Overview of instruments & projects & tools
       Linked to CAHDE Tool Box (C...
3. eParticipation Prototype Processes


      Guide lines for eParticipation processes
      First prototype process desig...
4. eParticipation Modules

             e.g.:
                registration,
                identification,
              ...
3. Power Shift …

Donau-Universität Krems
Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
Government 2.0 ?
 a transition from monolithic government
   to Government 2.0 where pluralistic,
       networked forms o...
Government 2.0 ?

      Governance will become more
      engaging, participative,
      democratic and transparent,
     ...
FEAR!
       Tension between network dynamics
       and institutional structures
        Organizational resistance!!!
   ...
BUT
       you can‘t stop it! because …..




       Digital natives (Virtual Generation) are starting to work!

       Ti...
… facts!
                             Web site           Web site
                1          yahoo.com     1     yahoo.com...
… facts!

            My Space and Facebook:
         300.000 new members every day
        4,5 billion page views a singl...
4. Examples …

Donau-Universität Krems
Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
Cooperation Models




Donau-Universität Krems
Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek


        Source:   Which Kind of Co...
Business
Participation & Collaboration (Innocentiv)




                             • 160.000 scientists
                ...
Business
Participation & Collaboration (Globe Forum)




                Market place for innovators
                100.0...
Business
Participation & Collaboration (DELL-Ideastorm)

        View & discusswith Dell                   Wir




       ...
Grass-Root
Participation & Collaboration (FixMyStreet)
    bottom up




 Donau-Universität Krems
 Centre for E-Government...
Grass-Root
Participation & Collaboration
   bottom up




 Donau-Universität Krems
 Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek...
Participation & Collaboration
       Administration                    (PeerToPatent)
in




                             ...
Participation & Collaboration
       Administration                 (Jugend2Help)
in




                                 ...
Participation & Collaboration
       Policy-Making
in




                                         bottom up
Donau-Univers...
Participation & Collaboration
       Policy-Making
in




                                         bottom up
Donau-Univers...
Participation & Collaboration




                                                                                     top...
Too many e-government initiatives are
  little more than electronic versions of the
  old fashioned system.
 Sharing power...
If you are interested in eParticipation …


 Join!

If you are interested in further contact …


              • http://ww...
Thanks for your
                      attention!
      Dr. Peter Parycek, MSc
      Centre for eGovernment, Danube-Univers...
References:
       Books & Articles:
            The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More, Chris ...
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eDemocracy & Web 2.0

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1. Terms & Definitions
2. Austrian eDemocracy strategy
3. Power Shift …
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eDemocracy & Web 2.0

  1. 1. eParticipation & eDemocracy in Austria: Projects and Tenets for an Edemocracy Strategy Peter Parycek, Danube University Krems, Austria Noella Edelmann, Danube University Krems, Austria www.donau-uni.ac.at/egov Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
  2. 2. Agenda 1. Terms & Definitions 1. Terms & Definitions 2. Austrian eDemocracy strategy 2. Austrian eDemocracy strategy 3. Power Shift … 3. Future of … 4. Examples … Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  3. 3. 1. Terms & Definitions Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
  4. 4. What is eDemocracy? By the use of ICT … Improving information accessibility & relevance AND/OR Creating opportunities for people to be actively involved in design & delivery of government policies & services & Politics Administration Information Participation Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  5. 5. Level of eParticipation co-decision co-decision cooperation cooperation consultation consultation information information Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  6. 6. eParticipation: Levels of Engagement eInformation (Ann Macintosh: quot;eEnablingquot;) one-way channel information < government (official sites) or citizens (ePetition) eConsultation (quot;eEngagingquot;) limited two-way channel official initiatives by public or private agencies stakeholders contribute their opinion on specific issues eCollaboration more enhanced two-way channel all stakeholders active: proposing & shaping policy Officials responsible for final decision eVoting / Codetermination /co-decision (quot;eEmpoweringquot;) Public: final decision (e.g. legally binding referenda …) Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  7. 7. Co-decision Private Sector „Market“ Private Sector „Market“ Third Sector Third Sector Public Sector „State“ Public Sector „State“ Policies Public (e)Services Information (Transparency) Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  8. 8. 2. Austrian eDemocracy Strategy Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
  9. 9. Austrian eGovernment Cooperation Federal Government Platform Digital Austria Local and National Governments as well as Business Representatives Federal ICT Board BLSG Board Federal Ministries Federal Ministries, Provinces, Municipalities, Chamber Organisations … WG: Infrastructure WG: Law & Interoperability & Security PG: eDemocracy Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  10. 10. Austrian eDemocracy Building Blocks & Roadmap 1. eDemocracy Strategy 2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools 3. eParticipation Prototype Processes 4. eParticipation Modules Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  11. 11. 1. eDemocracy Strategy - Aims 1. Increase transparency & traceability 2. Improve eParticipation & communication 3. More efficient participation projects 4. Develop new cooperation models 5. Promote social networks Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  12. 12. 2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools Overview of instruments & projects & tools Linked to CAHDE Tool Box (Council of Europe) Structured: Top Down (Politics, administration, legislation) Bottom Up Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  13. 13. 3. eParticipation Prototype Processes Guide lines for eParticipation processes First prototype process design till 2009 Processes for the different sectors: eServices & ePolitics Development of a prototype eParticipation tool (2010) Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  14. 14. 4. eParticipation Modules e.g.: registration, identification, privacy, chats, forums, voting, … Information will be published via WIKI for the administration. Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  15. 15. 3. Power Shift … Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
  16. 16. Government 2.0 ? a transition from monolithic government to Government 2.0 where pluralistic, networked forms of government called quot;governance websquot; become the dominant organizational model for service delivery & policy-making, Don Tapscott, D. Williams Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  17. 17. Government 2.0 ? Governance will become more engaging, participative, democratic and transparent, Jeremy Millard But who wants to loose Power? Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  18. 18. FEAR! Tension between network dynamics and institutional structures Organizational resistance!!! Institutions will try to protect existing organizational arrangements Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  19. 19. BUT you can‘t stop it! because ….. Digital natives (Virtual Generation) are starting to work! Tipping factor is demographic …. Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  20. 20. … facts! Web site Web site 1 yahoo.com 1 yahoo.com 2 msn.com 2 youtube.com 3 google.com 3 live.com 4 ebay.com 4 google.com 5 amazon.com 5 myspace.com 6 microsoft.com 6 facebook.com 7 myspace.com 7 msn.com 8 google.co.uk 8 hi5.com 9 aol.com 9 wikipedia.org 10 go.com 10 orkut.com Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek Source: Alexa Global Traffic Rankings 14/03/2009
  21. 21. … facts! My Space and Facebook: 300.000 new members every day 4,5 billion page views a single day Web 2.0 social sites have passed the tipping point! Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  22. 22. 4. Examples … Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek
  23. 23. Cooperation Models Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek Source: Which Kind of Collaboration Is Right for You? by Gary P. Pisano, Roberto Verganti, HBR 12/08 14/03/2009
  24. 24. Business Participation & Collaboration (Innocentiv) • 160.000 scientists • Solutions for: Boeing, Dow, DuPont, Novartis and Procter & Gamble. Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  25. 25. Business Participation & Collaboration (Globe Forum) Market place for innovators 100.000 Community members Founder: Johan Gorecki (Co Developer Skype) Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  26. 26. Business Participation & Collaboration (DELL-Ideastorm) View & discusswith Dell Wir User see & control User posts improvements and innovations Donau-Universitätpromote and vote User Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  27. 27. Grass-Root Participation & Collaboration (FixMyStreet) bottom up Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  28. 28. Grass-Root Participation & Collaboration bottom up Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  29. 29. Participation & Collaboration Administration (PeerToPatent) in top down • backlog of over 600,000 applications • ecosystem of scientific expertise • community of inventors decides on its own criteria for assessing patent applications.” Donau-Universität Krems • 44 months down to 23! Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  30. 30. Participation & Collaboration Administration (Jugend2Help) in top down • Austrian youth-participation-project • young users were asked to decide on the content and features of quot;theirquot; HELP-space themselves. • ca. 900 contributions Donau-Universität Krems • ca. 2000 votes Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  31. 31. Participation & Collaboration Policy-Making in bottom up Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  32. 32. Participation & Collaboration Policy-Making in bottom up Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  33. 33. Participation & Collaboration top down Policy-Making in Ministry: proposal for legislation Federal Chancellery: 1 legally authentic 7 publication online E-LAW Assessment process 2 incl. publication Signing 6 3 5 4 Parliament adopts Council of Ministers: decision decision Federal Chancellery publishes government bill Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  34. 34. Too many e-government initiatives are little more than electronic versions of the old fashioned system. Sharing power, opening up the decision-making process, forging new relationships and partnering on service delivery are the foundations of 21st-century government. Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek Don Tapscott, Anthony D. Williams, Dan Herman 14/03/2009
  35. 35. If you are interested in eParticipation … Join! If you are interested in further contact … • http://www.slideshare.net/parycek • http://linkedin.com/parycek • http://twitter.com/parpet Follow me! Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  36. 36. Thanks for your attention! Dr. Peter Parycek, MSc Centre for eGovernment, Danube-University Krems peter.parycek@donau-uni.ac.at +43 2732 893-2312 http://www.donau-uni.ac.at/egov http://pep-net.eu http://linkedin.com/parycek http://www.slideshare.net/parycek Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009
  37. 37. References: Books & Articles: The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More, Chris Anderson, Harper Collins, 2008 Wikinomics, Don Tapscott, D. Williams, 2007 The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make A Big Difference, Malcolm Gladwell, Little, Brown, 2001 Linked: The New Science of Networks, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, 2001 The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yochai Benkler, 2007 Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations, Clay Shirky, 2008 Which Kind of Collaboration Is Right for You? by Gary P. Pisano, Roberto Verganti, HBR 12/08 Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage Through Collaborative Innovation Networks, Peter A. Gloor, 2006 Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of the Crowd Is Driving the Future of Business, Jeff Howe, 2008 Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom, How Online Social Networking Will Transform Your Life, Work and World, Matthew Fraser, Soumitra Dutta, 2008 Blogs: Dion Hinchcliffe‘s Web 2.0 Blog: http://web2.socialcomputingmagazine.com/ Longtail Blog: http://www.thelongtail.com/ Wikinomics Blog: http://www.wikinomics.com/blog/ Examples: http://www.innocentive.com/ http://www.gfbn.com/ http://www.ideastorm.com/ http://www.mysociety.org/ http://www.fixmystreet.com/ http://www.rassismusstreichen.at/ http://www.peertopatent.org/ http://www.jugend2help.gv.at/ http://askyourlawmaker.org/ http://www.meinparlament.at/ Donau-Universität Krems Centre for E-Government, Peter Parycek 14/03/2009

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