Austrian E Democracy Strategy
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Austrian E Democracy Strategy

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1st International Conference on eParticipation – ePart 2009

1st International Conference on eParticipation – ePart 2009
Agenda
- Austrian e-democracy strategy
- Youth2Help
- MyParliament
- Outlook

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  • Starting position … eDemocracy & eParticipation are central topics for the future Strategy serves as a starting point for projects and further guidelines.
  • The 4 e-participation phases (based on a model developed by Piswanger, 2004) in the project were: 1. Information and communication; 2. Analysis; 3. Validation; 4. Publication. These 4 phases provided the participants with a schedule and an outline of what they are required to do, and, at the same time, ensured the transparency of the project. The project mitmachen.at was the first e-participation project to add the fourth phase, publicising the results and making them available to political actors (all results are still available on the website www.mitmachen.at).
  • "MeinParlament" Austria This independent project is provided by the NonProfit Organisation "Politik Transparent", and supported by the Austrian Parliament S chirmherrschaft of the 3 Presidents of the Federal Assembly enabled by a cooperation with its German partner-site and 10 Austrian media. The site was launched (on the 22th of August 2008) during this parliamentary election campaign. In one month, till the polling day - the day before yesterday - about 2.500 user-questions reached the candidates. This project allows the citizens to: view and compare the (political) programs of 7 different parties, find (more than 2.000) profiles of candidates (also for their own constituency) ask questions, that are usually answered within a week, read all the collected answers - (which are) clearly arranged and searchable by party, regional and local constituency Also the politicians' work is faciliated, because they can give clearly laid-out answers refer to their prior answers (in case of multiple similar questions) (After the Election,) From this October on, users will also be able to: ask the (183) Members of Parliament view collected, relevant information about these persons check their track record - including work in the committees, speeches and voting in Plenum deal directly with the persons (who are) responsible/ answerable for specific matters , cause the MPs (and members of a committee) are also searchable by themes, Track the (important/decisive) committees' work
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/
  • We are still in broadcasting mode …
  • Compare: O`Reilly
  • http://www.wikinomics.com/blog/index.php/2009/07/30/three-focal-points-of-open-government/

Austrian E Democracy Strategy Austrian E Democracy Strategy Presentation Transcript

  • Danube-University Krems Peter Parycek www.donau-uni.ac.at/egov eParticipation & eDemocracy in Austria: Projects and Tenets for an eDemocracy Strategy
  • Agenda
    • Terms & Definitions
    • Austrian eDemocracy strategy
    • Future of …
    • Austrian e-democracy strategy
    • Youth2Help
    • MyParliament
    • Outlook
    • Austrian e-democracy strategy
  • Austrian eGovernment Cooperation Federal Government Platform Digital Austria Local and National Governments as well as Business Representatives Federal ICT Board BLSG Board Federal Ministries, Provinces, Municipalities, Chamber Organisations Federal Ministries … WG: Infrastructure & Interoperability WG: Law & Security PG: eDemocracy
  • Austrian e-democracy strategy Building Blocks & Roadmap 1. eDemocracy Strategy 2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools 3. eParticipation Prototype Processes 4. eParticipation Modules
  • 1. eDemocracy Strategy – Main objective Strengthening and enhancement of democracy by incorporation of citizens and their knowledge to improve processes and results in politics, administration and society through the use of interactive media
  • 1. eDemocracy Strategy - Aims
      • Increase transparency & traceability
      • Improve eParticipation & communication
      • More efficient participation projects
      • Develop new cooperation models
      • Promote social networks
    • Overview of instruments & projects & tools
    • Linked to CAHDE Tool Box (Council of Europe)
    • Structured:
      • Top Down (Politics, administration, legislation)
      • Bottom Up
    2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools
    • Guide lines for eParticipation processes
    • First prototype process design till 2009
    • Processes for different sectors:
      • eServices & ePolitics
    • Development of a prototype eParticipation tool (2010)
    3. eParticipation Prototype Processes
    • e.g.:
      • registration,
      • identification,
      • privacy,
      • chats, forums,
      • voting,
    • Information will be published via WIKI for the administration.
    4. eParticipation Modules
  • 2. Youth 2 Help top down
  • Participation & Collaboration in Administration (Jugend2Help) top down
    • Austrian youth-participation-project
    • young users were asked to decide on the content and features of "their" HELP-space themselves.
    • ~900 contributions
    • ~2000 votes
  • Procedure - Processes Entry Phase 1 “ Discussion or Comments” Online Phase 3 “ Rating” Online Phase 2 “ Elaboration” Online or Offline Export data Import data Administration Administration Phase 4 Results Publication
  • Lessons Learned
    • Web accessibility is precondition
    • Moderation is essential
    • PR is one of the most crucial success factors
    • PR with social media – like facebook, myspace – especially for younger target groups
    • Context of eParticipation processes
    • Schools are still most trusted institutions
  • 3. MyParliament bottom up
  • Participation & Collaboration in Policy-Making bottom up
  • Start: meinparlament.at
    • Online 22nd of August 2008
    • Media-Cooperation with 8 Austrian Newspapers
    • 2700 Questions until Election Day Sept. 28
    • Patronage: all three Presidents of the Austrian Parliament
    • Partnerships with www.abgeordnetenwatch.de
  • meinparlament.at (Campaign Period)
    • Voters can put questions to all candidates,
    • Access election programmes of all parties,
    • Access profiles of politicians online.
    • Candidates can answer questions and refer to other answers.
    • Voters see what questions have already been asked.
  • meinparlament.at (Legislative Period)
    • MPs can be asked in public
    • Citizens can access profiles of politicians
    • Citizens can observe the work of parliamentary committees
      • Unfiltered, direct access to texts from the parliamentary editorial department (e.g. committees, parliamentary sessions and sittings)
    • Structured: regionally, thematically and by parties
  • Users background
  • unique visits & questions unique visits / day questions / month
  • Documentation of MP‘s work
  • MP‘s profile
  • MP‘s profile
  • Moderation system
  • Service for journalists
  • 4. Outlook
  • First media revolution Second media revolution Third media revolution Fourth media revolution One 2 Many „ One 2 Many“ One 2 Many One 2 One Fifth media revolution Digitization Convergence Many 2 Many
  • Enhancing Tendencies of Progress …
    • enhanced Usability
    • growing Usage and Spread of Internet
    • new Generation
  • Changed User Behaviour
    • Users compile Content together,
    • share their Ideas,
    • create networks on E-Platforms and
    • organise themselves quick and simple.
  • Communication is changing …
  • One 2 Many
  • Many 2 Many
  • New organization models & Power is shifting
  • Hierarchy vs. Network
  • vs
  • vs
  • BLOGs vs
  • vs
  • vs
  • vs
  • vs
  • vs vs
  • HOW?
  • Government as a plattform
    • „ We, the people, are the government“
  • Open Innovation Principles
    • O pen = default (access, standards, …)
    • D esign for cooperation = always simple
    • L earn from your users & hackers
    • S timulate experimentation & partnership
  • Open Innovation Tools (Obama Admin.)
  • Dr. Peter Parycek, MSc Centre for eGovernment, Danube-University Krems [email_address] +43 2732 893-2312 http://www.donau-uni.ac.at/egov http://pep-net.eu http://linkedin.com/parycek http://www.slideshare.net/parycek Thanks for your attention!
  • References:
    • Books & Articles:
      • The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More, Chris Anderson, Harper Collins, 2008
      • Wikinomics, Don Tapscott, D. Williams, 2007
      • The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make A Big Difference, Malcolm Gladwell, Little, Brown, 2001
      • Linked: The New Science of Networks, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, 2001
      • The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yochai Benkler, 2007
      • Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations, Clay Shirky, 2008
      • Which Kind of Collaboration Is Right for You? by Gary P. Pisano, Roberto Verganti, HBR 12/08
      • Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage Through Collaborative Innovation Networks, Peter A. Gloor, 2006
      • Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of the Crowd Is Driving the Future of Business, Jeff Howe, 2008
      • Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom, How Online Social Networking Will Transform Your Life, Work and World, Matthew Fraser, Soumitra Dutta, 2008
    • Blogs:
      • Dion Hinchcliffe‘s Web 2.0 Blog: http://web2.socialcomputingmagazine.com/
      • Longtail Blog: http://www.thelongtail.com/
      • Wikinomics Blog: http://www.wikinomics.com/blog/
    • Examples:
      • http://www.jugend2help.gv.at/
      • http://www.meinparlament.at /