Adolescence

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Adolescence

  1. 1. Adolescence
  2. 2. Adolescence The only thing consistent about adolescence is inconsistency The wonder years…
  3. 3. Importance• The ages 10-15 are transitional period for children from childhood to adolescence.• Physical, emotional, social and cognitive
  4. 4. • The adolescents are kept in the dark : – Social conditioning – Cultural implications So, they get their information from sources that are equally ‘incompetent’
  5. 5. The adolescent brain a growth spurt (over-confidence) a period of pruning (use it or loose it) Development of Prefrontal Cortex – information synthesis – Planning & organization, – working memory, – mood modulation
  6. 6.  Implications – Meta-cognition - Begin to think about thinking. – Sustained learning - Influences learning for the rest of life. – Hardwiring - More time for intellectual activities. – Risk takers – Innovative, explorers
  7. 7. Mirror neurons• ( in early childhood – baby see, baby do )• In adolescence – hardwiring built around ‘role models’
  8. 8. Circadian cycle • Melatonin (of pineal glands) – a sleep regulator, is secreted 2 hrs. later. • Exceeding sleep needs (9 hrs) • Sleep deficiency – Greater Cortisol (a stress hormone) – Lesser processing of glucose (obesity & type 2 diabetes)
  9. 9. Implications • Binge drinking – Blackouts & memory loss – Violence – Downward social class drift – Can drink more, Can be affected more • Nicotine can permanently damage Hippocampus • Cannabis – can have more, more cognitive memory problems
  10. 10. The four L’s of building adolescent identity • Love and caring – Make it visible consistently • Laughter – Be humorous, share your adolescence • Limits – Help set goals and solve problems • Linkages – Make healthy connections to the outside world

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