Sixth Regional Conference on HIV andAIDS17-18, May, 2012HUMAN RIGHTS AND HIV SKENDER FIFO firstname.lastname@example.org
Criminalization and human rights violations towards MSM population in Albania.
Men who have sex with men(MSM) Although there is stigmatized in Albania a gay community that is trying to organize. A low level of condom use among men who have sex with men Lack of knowledge and to practice safer sexual behaviors associated with a lack of friendly services for men who have sex with men. MSM have difficulty providing appropriate condoms for anal sex and lubricants. Stigma and discrimination often constitute an obstacle to the community to use existing services or organizing. Sex work has served as a survival tool for many Albanian men who have emigrated.
Antidiscrimination Law IMPORTANCE:Diversity and nondiscrimination are fundamental elements of a modern society, and the development of a democratic legal system can not be thought without a law prohibiting all forms of discrimination. In all international and regional documents governing the protection of human rights, now includes provisions for the prohibition of discrimination.Law Against Discrimination was a necessary first step towards creating a legal framework for combating discrimination in all spheres of public life, and towards ending the phenomenon of unequal treatment of individuals in society.This law will fill the institutional vacuum to ensure equal rights to everyone regardless of the reason for some of the groups that are easily distinguishable from the others and I put in an inferior position because they have something different from what was labeled as normal.
SITUATION: In Albania, the awareness of society regarding the principle of discrimination and the fight against it is still very low. All reports on the situation of human rights, in particular those dealing with groups of so-called "vulnerable" people such as minority communities, persons with disabilities, women, children, people of color, etc.. , make a great word for discrimination of these categories of people, indicating the presence of such practices in all spheres of public life.
Adoption of the Law AgainstDiscrimination As a key measure in combating all forms of discrimination As a defense mechanism to guarantee human rights and that makes these groups less exposed to this type of reaction and aggression of institutions and the community at large.
Important factors:In Albania: Awareness of society regarding the principle of discrimination and the fight against it is still very low. All reports on the situation of human rights, in particular those dealing with groups of so-called "vulnerable" people such as minority communities, persons with disabilities, women, children, people of color, etc.. , make a great word for discrimination of these categories of people, indicating the presence of such practices in all spheres of public life Sexual minority devijacione considered and regarded as a moral crime
Effects of different forms ofstigma can lead to: Discrimination Violation of basic human rights Exclusion or denial Violence Difficulty in accessing services Isolation Compulsory testing for HIV
Discriminatory practices inhealth care centers Going public status of the patient Mandatory Testing The result Advertising Isolation of patients Placing gloves during noclinical raids Denial of care etc.
MSM and their male andfemale partners;Challenges: Low condom use Number of male and female partners Inadequate STI and HIV screening and treatment procedures, mechanisms, and facilities Drug taking and consequential needle sharing.
Obstacles to expanding thenational response Inadequate data on the scale and location of the HIV and STI problem makes planning for and providing strategic and adequate services for MSM extremely difficult. Inadequate and under-funded national prevention, treatment and care programs, and lack of integration of existing health programs results in ineffective services and awareness, especially for MSM Legal status of CSWs means that it is very difficult to provide meaningful outreach, social, and health services to this large at risk group.
… Health systems which discourage many at risk groups from attending primary health care services and obtaining appropriate treatment and very poor referral systems to HIV and STI diagnostic services. Inadequate HIV and STI testing and treatment facilities which means that people do not know their HIV status and, as a result, carry on with prior behaviour. Additionally, STIs may not be detected or inadequately treated leaving people more vulnerable to HIV infection. Inability to track and monitor migrants means that many people who could be affected go undetected