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Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
Branches Of Robotics
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Branches Of Robotics

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  • 1. Robotics
    • Robotics is the science and technology of robots, including their design, manufacture, and application.
    • Robotics requires a working knowledge of electronics, mechanics, and software.
    • A robot is an electro-mechanical or biomechanical device that can perform autonomous or preprogrammed tasks.
  • 2. Branches of Robotics
    • Robotics being a combination of electronics, software and so other fields, has a great number of branches.
    • Some of them are: -
    • Android science.
    • Artificial intelligence.
    • Nanorobotics.
    • Robot surgery.
    • Laboratory robotics.
    • Robot locomotion.
    • Telepresence.
    • Swarm robotics.
    • Speech processing.
  • 3. Android Science
    • Android science is a new branch for studying human and robot interaction based on the premise that a very humanlike robot (that is, an android) can produce human-directed social responses in human beings.
    • The android's ability to produce human-directed social responses enables researchers to employ an android in experiments with human participants as it can be more precisely controlled than a human actor.
  • 4. Artificial Intelligence
    • Artificial intelligence (AI) is both the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it.
    • It is generally defined as the study and design of intelligent agents , where an intelligent agent is a system that tries to maximize its chances of success by taking into account its environment.
    • John McCarthy first used this term in1956.
    • Researchers hope that artificial intelligence will help machines in reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.
  • 5. Nanorobotics
    • Nanorobotics is the technology of creating robots close to the scale of nanometres or a robot which allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects.
    • Nanomachines are largely in the research but some molecular machines have been tested. An example is a sensor having a switch approximately 1.5 nanometers across, capable of counting specific molecules in a chemical sample.
  • 6. Robot surgery
    • Robotic surgery is the use of robots in performing surgery.
    • Three major advances aided by surgical robots have been remote , minimally invasive and unmanned surgery.
    • Major advantages of robotic surgery are : -
    • Precision.
    • Miniaturization.
    • 3-D magnification.
    • Its dis advantages are: -
    • Analysis is limited by available sensory inputs
    • Increases job shortages.
    The Da Vinci surgery robot
  • 7. Laboratory Robotics
    • Laboratory robotics is the act of using robots in biology or chemistry labs.
    • Its advantages are: -
    • Faster processing .
    • Increased repeatability and productivity.
    • Improved efficiency.
    • Its dis advantages are: -
    • Increases job shortages.
    • Analysis is limited by available sensory inputs .
    • It is difficult to automate in instances where visual analysis, recognition or comparison is required.
  • 8. Robot locomotion
    • Robot locomotion is the study of designing robot control mechanisms to allow robots to move efficiently.
    • Though wheeled robots are quite energy efficient and easy to control, they cannot be used in rocky terains.
    • A major goal in this field is to develop capabilities for robots to decide to move prpoerly themseles.
    • However, coordinating a large number of robot joints for even climbing stairs is difficult.
    The Mars Rover collecting soil samples on Mars.
  • 9. Telepresence
    • Telepresence is the study of giving an illusion of being at a place without being there physically.
    • The best example of telepresence is in robot surgery where the surgeon gives instructions to the robot about the surgery from a faraway place.
    • It can also be used for conducting important conferences across nations.
    Telepresence conference room
  • 10. Swarm Robotics
    • Swarm robotics is a new approach to the coordination of multirobot systems which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.
    • It is supposed that a desired collective behavior emerges from the interactions between the robots and interactions of robots with the environment.
    A group of experimental insect like robots working together
  • 11. Speech processing
    • Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals.
    • This study enables robots to recognize and memorize voices.
    • The first robot that can recognize and remember voices is the QRIO developed by Sony.
    The QRIO robot

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