The Impact of Openness in and Beyond Academia- Open By Default


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➡ Why should I care about openness?
➡ What are the options to publish my scientific content and keep it open to everyone?
➡ Are patents an effective way to transfer technologies to society?
➡ Is intellectual property being an enabler of scientific and technological advance?
➡ Are there concrete examples of the open science impact?

This and other questions were the basis for debate

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  • Ponder the costs versus the benefits of openness in an holistic mannerThe advantages of the not invented here syndrom
  • Metrics… units of knowledgeSelf reinforcing system
  • The Impact of Openness in and Beyond Academia- Open By Default

    1. 1. Research openness and its impact in and beyond academia Pedro Parraguez Ruiz 29th November 2012 Open by Default, DTU
    2. 2. Road mapIntroduction The different flavours of openness Examples What can we do? Wrap up
    3. 3. IntroductionAbout Open by Default Openness right here, right now About me
    4. 4. Introduction – about you Have you ever published in an OA journal? 24 vs 8 Do you maintain aresearch blog or anyother non traditional way of sharing your 28 vs 4 results?
    5. 5. Introduction – Openness enablers and criticality Enablers: • Decreasing transactional costs • Increasing complexity / interconnectedness Criticality: • Urgent global challenges to complex to afford closeness • Huge needs but limited resources
    6. 6. From Closed by Default
    7. 7. Don Tapscott’s four principles of an open world applied to Science Collaboration Sharing Transparency Empowerment
    8. 8. But first we need to bash some of the old paradigms…
    9. 9. Key Barriers for Openness in Science Intellectual Property as the key strategy to bringOld School Academic Career and Incentives research results/ technology to the market/society
    10. 10. The different flavours of opennessScience/Academia Both Technology/Industry/Society
    11. 11. *
    12. 12. Open Science Examples
    13. 13. Open Science Examples Open Peer review
    14. 14. Open Innovation and Openness in Science
    15. 15. The traditional tech transfer pipeline Generation Evaluation and Selection Technology Push Transaction Evaluation of the Technology is discovery/invention and “packed” to be offered its potential applications in the market If it has If there is commercial an interested value party Application for a If it doesn’t Negotiations to patent or other Final transaction and have commercial prospects licence, sell or create IP rights exchange of IP Research centre If there is no interest an spin-offResearch Funding infrastructure and Scientific Discovery in the offer accumulated knowledge Once IP is cleared it is possible to publish Patent becomes part Scientific Publication of the passive portfolio of IP TTO usually does not TTO offers support and expertise Usually TTO is fully get involved in commercial evaluation and IP responsible for this process
    16. 16. Tech Transfer meets Open Innovation Classic university technology transfer model Open innovation through innov. intermediaries Technology Push Technology Pull Technology is “packed” to be Final transaction and offered in the exchange of IPResearchers market If it has commercial value If it doesn’t If there is no interest have commercial prospects in the offer Open innovation networks Company Scientific Publications with a need Passive patents
    17. 17. Unfortunately this doesn’t flow well Technology Push Technology Pull Final transactionsResearchers and exchanges of IP Company with a need Researchers Company with a need Researchers Open innovation networks Company with a need Company Researchers Company with a need with a need
    18. 18. From R to D and from D to R offers Successful product/services reach needs the market as innovationsDevelopment:Increasingly in high tech i Market needsSMEs (ex spin offs).Sometimes in bigcorporations anduniversities. D Engineering Research: usually in Universities and & design Research Centres. R Science + Eng Motivated by scientific curiosity and disruptive discoveries. needs offers The full R&D potential is highly distributed and requires collaboration and co-creation to be exploit
    19. 19. Open innovation examples
    20. 20. Quick Intellectual Property DiscussionDTU owns roughly 200 patentssource:“The 20-year lifetime costs of a patentfamily consisting of US and Japanese patentsand a European patent extending toGermany, France and the UK will amountbetween 100.000 to 200.000 USD”Source: cost of DTU patent portfolio could easilybe 30 million USD2011 total DTU income-expenses = 14 Million USD
    21. 21. Open Design and Openness in ScienceFjeldsted, A., & Adalsteinsdottir, G. (2012). Open Design Consulting. TechnicalUniversity of Denmark. Retrieved from
    22. 22. Open Design and Openness in Science
    23. 23. Open Design and Openness in Science
    24. 24. Examples of Tools and Resources
    25. 25. Wrap up
    26. 26. Open to connect! Pedro Parraguez Ruiz Blog: