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Open Education in Europe –
Social Innovation for Learning, Teaching and Training?
Patricia Arnold
Munich University of App...
Slide 2
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
1. Introduction: Open Education in Europe
2. MOOC Mania
3. ...
Slide 3
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Meeting your lecturer
Website: http://patriciaarnold.wikisp...
Slide 4
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Meeting your audience
Who studies HRM / who
social work?
Wh...
Slide 5
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Meeting the topic I
“The European Commission launched Open ...
Slide 6
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Meeting the topic II
Source: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-r...
Slide 7
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Meeting the topic II
Action Plan: “Opening Up Education” (0...
Slide 8
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
• 2,600,000 results with Google-Search (2014-04-20)
• Horiz...
Slide 9
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
„MOOCs in Europe
Source: ana carla pereira 12. November 201...
Slide 10
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
„MOOCs verfolgen das Z...
Slide 11
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
„X-MOOCs“: Ivy League für alle?
11
German MOOC Competition...
Slide 12
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
• M Massive = up to 160.000 participants
• O Open = Open S...
Slide 13
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Slide 14
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
„X-MOOCs“: Ivy League für alle?
14
source
October 2012
1/2...
Slide 15
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Discussion 1
• Interested in participating in a MOOC?
• Wh...
Slide 16
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
What are Open Educational Resources? I
h
“digitized materi...
Slide 17
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
What are Open Educational Resources? II
Source: OECD 2007
Slide 18
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
What are Open Educational Resources? III
Source:
SURF
2012...
Slide 19
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Discussion 2
• What are the benefits of OER? (for learners...
Slide 20
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Slow uptake of OER in Germany
 OER uptake in Germany is l...
Slide 21
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
From the video: What is"COER13" and who runs it with what ...
Slide 22
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
#COER13: A MOOC on OER April – June 2013
http://www.coer13...
8 partners with diverse organizational affiliations –
dedicated to the OER cause
• E-teaching.org
• TU Graz, L3T
• Univers...
COER13 – to realize the impossible PROGRAM
• Starting Week: What are OER?
• Unit 1: Looking for and finding OER
• Unit 2: ...
COER13 – educational design
• Community-oriented MOOC (cMOOC) i.e.
participants‘ contributions were considered to
be an in...
COER13 – structure
• Structured course with 1-2 online events
per unit
• Instructional videos or presentations &
reading m...
• One practical assignment per unit
• Assessment via online badges on two
levels (hOERer, wOERker)
COER13 – assessment
COER13 – in numbers
• 1090 registered participants (15% students)
• Instructional videos/ 10 registered Online-Events
• 67...
COER13 – participation online events
COER13 – participantsProfessional Background Number %
Higher ed lecturer 83 21%
teacher 89 22%
Support staff 91 23%
studen...
COER13 – in numbers
• From 89 participants striving for an
online badge 56 actually obtained
badges:
• 29 hOERer / 27 wOER...
Slide 32
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Discussion 3
• Open Education in Europe – a social innovat...
Slide 33
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Conclusions
 Potentially great impact on
education in Eur...
Slide 34
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
Thank you very much…
…..for your attention!
Contact:
Prof....
Slide 35
Social Europe Days 2014
Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
References
 Hylén, J. et al. (2012), “Open Educational Re...
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  1. 1. Open Education in Europe – Social Innovation for Learning, Teaching and Training? Patricia Arnold Munich University of Applied Sciences, Germany Social Europe Days 2014, Leuwen, 25.04.2014
  2. 2. Slide 2 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu 1. Introduction: Open Education in Europe 2. MOOC Mania 3. Open Education Resources 4. Showcase: COER13 – A MOOC on OER 5. Conclusions: Open Education as Social Innovation? Structure
  3. 3. Slide 3 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Meeting your lecturer Website: http://patriciaarnold.wikispaces.com Slides:
  4. 4. Slide 4 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Meeting your audience Who studies HRM / who social work? Who knows what a MOOC is? Who has participated in a MOOC or knows someone who has? Who has come across the term „Open Educational Resources“ (OER)
  5. 5. Slide 5 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Meeting the topic I “The European Commission launched Open Education Europa in September 2013 as part of the Opening up Education Initiative to provide a single gateway to European OER.” http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/en/about_this_portal , 2014-04-20
  6. 6. Slide 6 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Meeting the topic II Source: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-859_en.htm , 2014-04-20
  7. 7. Slide 7 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Meeting the topic II Action Plan: “Opening Up Education” (09/2013)  “A joint initiative led by Androulla Vassiliou, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, and Neelie Kroes, Commission Vice- President, responsible for the Digital Agenda, Opening up Education focuses on three main areas:  Creating opportunities for organisations, teachers and learners to innovate;  Increased use of Open Educational Resources (OER), ensuring that educational materials produced with public funding are available to all; and  Better ICT infrastructure and connectivity in schools.”  Background: “90% of jobs by 2020 will require high quality education and the digital skills”  http://prezi.com/8ei8snj8tqrc/opening-up-education/ http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-859_en.htm
  8. 8. Slide 8 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu • 2,600,000 results with Google-Search (2014-04-20) • Horizon Report 2013 identified Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCS) as technology innovation within 1 year • New York Times: „2012 The Year of the MOOC“ (Pappano 2012) • More than 500 European MOOCs listed in Portal Open Education „MOOC – Mania“ http://www.nmc.org/publications/2013- horizon-report-higher-ed
  9. 9. Slide 9 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu „MOOCs in Europe Source: ana carla pereira 12. November 2013, http://prezi.com/8ei8snj8tqrc/opening-up-education/
  10. 10. Slide 10 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) „MOOCs verfolgen das Ziel, hochqualitative Online-Kurse in großem Maßstab unabhängig von Standort und Vorbildung der Teilnehmenden anzubieten und werden aufgrund ihrer hohen Sichtbarkeit und ihres Potentials, eine bisher unvorstellbare Zahl von Lernenden zu erreichen, mit großem Enthusiasmus angenommen“ Horizon Report 2013, 12 Online Kurse mit Tausenden von Teilnehmenden!
  11. 11. Slide 11 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu „X-MOOCs“: Ivy League für alle? 11 German MOOC Competition by Stifterverbands für die Deutsche Wissenschaft & iversity 2013 https://iversity.org/
  12. 12. Slide 12 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu • M Massive = up to 160.000 participants • O Open = Open Source, Open Learning • O Online = fully internet-based • C Course = educational as a course with start, end , video lectures and assignment • Term MOOCs was coined in 2008, by George Siemens („connectivism“) und Stephen Downes • First MOOCs were cMOOCs (c=connectivism): • Focus on participants‘ contributions • MOOCs got famous in 2011 through xMOOCs (x= extension) : • Teacher-centerd, instruction design, video lectures (differentiation according to Daniel 2012) • A typical MOOC has ~ 20.000 participants and 5-10% complete the course (Sharples et al. 2013) MOOCs im Überblick
  13. 13. Slide 13 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu
  14. 14. Slide 14 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu „X-MOOCs“: Ivy League für alle? 14 source October 2012 1/2014: 127 Kurse 1/2014: 33 Kurse 1/2014: 585 Kurse
  15. 15. Slide 15 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Discussion 1 • Interested in participating in a MOOC? • Where do you see challenges and benefits? • In which contexts can you imagine a MOOC offer?
  16. 16. Slide 16 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu What are Open Educational Resources? I h “digitized materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research” (Hylen 2006, 1)  Open Access  Open Licence  Open Format  Open Software  Reuse  Revise  Remix  Redistribute Source: OER Logo 2012 CC-BY J. Mello UNESCO 2002 UNESCO 2012 Paris OER Declaration
  17. 17. Slide 17 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu What are Open Educational Resources? II Source: OECD 2007
  18. 18. Slide 18 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu What are Open Educational Resources? III Source: SURF 2012, 4
  19. 19. Slide 19 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Discussion 2 • What are the benefits of OER? (for learners, for teachers & trainers, for organizations)? • What are the challenges of OER (for learners, for teachers & trainers, for organisations)?
  20. 20. Slide 20 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slow uptake of OER in Germany  OER uptake in Germany is lagging behind (Ebner & Schön 2011, Arnold 2012),  Many controversial issues: copyright, business cases, etc.  OECD Survey 2011 (Hylen et al. 2012)  “Germany was the only country [out of 28] who responded that the OER issue is not expected to become a policy priority in the near future”.
  21. 21. Slide 21 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu From the video: What is"COER13" and who runs it with what sort of ideas (in German) http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=xqfAohcsSec#!  “One can’t believe impossible things.”  “I daresay you haven’t had much practice,” said the Queen. “When I was your age I always did it for half-an-hour a day. Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.”  Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland OER – or to believe impossible things? Source: OER Logo 2012 CC-BY J. Mello (Inspired by: http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/what_is_21st_century_education.htm)
  22. 22. Slide 22 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu #COER13: A MOOC on OER April – June 2013 http://www.coer13.de /
  23. 23. 8 partners with diverse organizational affiliations – dedicated to the OER cause • E-teaching.org • TU Graz, L3T • University Tübingen • Munich University of Applied Sciences • OER Services • BIMS e.V, L3T Patricia Arnold Johannes Moskaliuk Andreas LinkSimone HaugMartin Ebner Anne ThillosenSandra Schön Markus Schmidt The team of convenors of COER13
  24. 24. COER13 – to realize the impossible PROGRAM • Starting Week: What are OER? • Unit 1: Looking for and finding OER • Unit 2: Producing OER oneself • Unit 3: OER Use cases • Unit 4: Business plans & financing OER • Unit 5: OER at schools and in higher education • Closing Week: Looking back & what‘s next?
  25. 25. COER13 – educational design • Community-oriented MOOC (cMOOC) i.e. participants‘ contributions were considered to be an integral part of the course • Free and open, i.e. no prerequisites for participating / run entirely online • Variety of communication channels: website, newsletter, forum – twitter, blogs – aggregated via #COER13 – emerging social network groups
  26. 26. COER13 – structure • Structured course with 1-2 online events per unit • Instructional videos or presentations & reading material for each unit
  27. 27. • One practical assignment per unit • Assessment via online badges on two levels (hOERer, wOERker) COER13 – assessment
  28. 28. COER13 – in numbers • 1090 registered participants (15% students) • Instructional videos/ 10 registered Online-Events • 673 forum postings / 316 Blog posts / 2.247 Tweets from 336 people • 105 participants in emergent Facebook COER13-group / COER13 discussion in OER Google+ group • 612 new tags at edutags • OER-Wiki, 2 OER apps, several presentations, posters, summaries • As of 04.09.2013 - Details unter http://prezi.com/52xrza0rsgfw/coer13/#share_embed
  29. 29. COER13 – participation online events
  30. 30. COER13 – participantsProfessional Background Number % Higher ed lecturer 83 21% teacher 89 22% Support staff 91 23% students 61 15% Professional development/ adult education 80 20% Corporate staff 31 7% freelance 72 18% pupils 1 0,26% retired 8 2% N = 426 | n = 391 | sys-missing = 35 COER13 – participants’ background
  31. 31. COER13 – in numbers • From 89 participants striving for an online badge 56 actually obtained badges: • 29 hOERer / 27 wOERker
  32. 32. Slide 32 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Discussion 3 • Open Education in Europe – a social innovation for learning, teaching and training?
  33. 33. Slide 33 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Conclusions  Potentially great impact on education in Europe  Still many hurdles to overcome and further research needed  “The key question here is whether our higher education institutions and individual instructors can afford to adopt a ‘wait-and-see’ attitude in the light of these [OER and OEP] movements. Asking that question in fact amounts to answering it! Didderen & Verjans (2012, 15) Cheating Sheet on OER
  34. 34. Slide 34 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Thank you very much… …..for your attention! Contact: Prof. Dr. Patricia Arnold Munich University of Applied Sciences arnold@hm.edu http://patriciaarnold.wikispaces.com/
  35. 35. Slide 35 Social Europe Days 2014 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu References  Hylén, J. et al. (2012), “Open Educational Resources: Analysis of Responses to the OECD Country Questionnaire”, OECD Education Working Papers , No. 76, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k990rjhvtlv-en  Arnold, P. (2012). “Open Educational Resources: The Way to Go, or ‘Mission Impossible’ in (German) Higher Education?” In: Stillman, L.; Denision, T.; Sabiescu, A. & Memarovic, N. (Eds.): CIRN 2012 Community Informatics Conference: “Ideals meet Reality”. Monash: CD-ROM.  Brown, J. S. & Adler, Richard P. (2008). “Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail and Learning 2.0”. In: Educause Review, Vol. 43, Nr. 1, 16-32.  Daniel, J. (2012). “Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility”. In Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 3. http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2012- 18/html (2013-09-01).  Ebner, M. & Schön, S. (2011). “Offene Bildungsressourcen: Frei zugänglich und einsetzbar”. In K. Wilbers & A. Hohenstein (Eds.). Handbuch E-Learning. Expertenwissen aus Wissenschaft und Praxis – Strategien, Instrumente, Fallstudien. (Nr. 7-15). Köln: Deutscher Wirtschaftsdienst (Wolters Kluwer Deutschland), 39. Erg.-Lfg. Oktober 2011, 1-14.  Geser, G. (Ed.) (2007). Open educational Practices and Resources. OLCOS Roadmap 2012. Salzburg: Salzburg Research/EduMedia Group. http://www.olcos.org/cms/upload/docs/olcos_roadmap.pdf (2012-10- 01)  COER13 website:www.coer13.de  Slides based partially COER13 slides BY COER123 Team and prezi-presentation by Markus Schmidt ( CC BY)
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