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  • 1. COER13 – A MOOC on Open Educational Resources as Change Agent? Patricia Arnold Munich University of Applied Sciences, Germany Online Educa 2013, Berlin Partially funded by
  • 2. Agenda 1. Open Educational Resources in Germany – Setting the Scene 2. Introducing “COER13” – A MOOC on OER 3. Implementation - How did “COER13” Evolve? 4. “COER13” as Change Agent ?– A Critical Assessment 5. Conclusions ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 2
  • 3. What are Open Educational Resources? I h “digitized materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research” (Hylen 2006, 1)  Open Access  Reuse  Open Licence  Revise  Open Format  Remix  Open Software  Redistribute Source: OER Logo 2012 CC-BY J. Mello UNESCO 2002 ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu UNESCO 2012 Paris OER Declaration Slide 3
  • 4. What are Open Educational Resources? II Source: OECD 2007 ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 4
  • 5. What are Open Educational Resources? III Source: SURF 2012, 4 ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 5
  • 6. Slow uptake of OER in Germany  OER uptake in Germany is lagging behind (Ebner & Schön 2011, Arnold 2012),  Many controversial issues: copyright, business cases, etc.  OECD Survey 2011 (Hylen et al. 2012)  “Germany was the only country [out of 28] who responded that the OER issue is not expected to become a policy priority in the near future”. ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 6
  • 7. OER – or to believe impossible things?   “I daresay you haven’t had much practice,” said the Queen. “When I was your age I always did it for half-an-hour a day. Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.”  Source: OER Logo 2012 CC-BY J. Mello “One can’t believe impossible things.” Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (Inspired by: http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/what_is_21st_century_education.htm) From the video: What is"COER13" and who runs it with what sort of ideas (in German) http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=xqfAohcsSec#! ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 7
  • 8. #COER13: A MOOC on OER April – June 2013 http://www.coer13.de / ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 8
  • 9. 8 partners with diverse organizational affiliations – dedicated to the OER cause • E-teaching.org • TU Graz, L3T • University Tübingen • Munich University of Applied Sciences • OER Services • BIMS e.V, L3T Patricia Arnold Martin Ebner Johannes Moskaliuk Markus Schmidt Simone Haug Sandra Schön Andreas Link Anne Thillosen The team of convenors of COER13
  • 10. COER13 – to realize the impossible PROGRAM • • • • • • • Starting Week: What are OER? Unit 1: Looking for and finding OER Unit 2: Producing OER oneself Unit 3: OER Use cases Unit 4: Business plans & financing OER Unit 5: OER at schools and in higher education Closing Week: Looking back & what‘s next?
  • 11. COER13 – educational design • Community-oriented MOOC (cMOOC) i.e. participants‘ contributions were considered to be an integral part of the course • Free and open, i.e. no prerequisites for participating / run entirely online • Variety of communication channels: website, newsletter, forum – twitter, blogs – aggregated via #COER13 – emerging social network groups
  • 12. COER13 – structure • Structured course with 1-2 online events per unit • Instructional videos or presentations & reading material for each unit
  • 13. COER13 – assessment • One practical assignment per unit • Assessment via online badges on two levels (hOERer, wOERker)
  • 14. COER13 – in numbers • • 1090 registered participants (15% students) Instructional videos/ 10 registered Online-Events • • 673 forum postings / 316 Blog posts / 2.247 Tweets from 336 people 105 participants in emergent Facebook COER13-group / COER13 discussion in OER Google+ group • • 612 new tags at edutags OER-Wiki, 2 OER apps, several presentations, posters, summaries • As of 04.09.2013 - Details unter http://prezi.com/52xrza0rsgfw/coer13/#share_embed
  • 15. COER13 – participation online events
  • 16. COER13 – participants’ background Professional Background COER13 – participants Number % Higher ed lecturer 83 21% teacher 89 22% Support staff 91 23% students 61 15% Professional development/ adult education 80 20% Corporate staff 31 7% freelance 72 18% pupils 1 0,26% retired 8 2% N = 426 | n = 391 | sys-missing = 35
  • 17. COER13 – in Zahlen • From 89 participants striving for an online badge 56 actually obtained badges: • 29 hOERer / 27 wOERker
  • 18. COER13 as change agent? Critical Assessment I A Challenges and Effects within one Institution (Munich University of Applied Sciences MUAS)  Issues of mandate:  Is a MOOC on OER mandated by a project to improve the overall teaching quality of MUAS with digital media?  Is a joint venture of many different players, inside and outside of HE, mandated?  Is an open target group mandated?  Issues of public relations:   What is the official status of such an informal co-operation by experts in the field without contractual basis? Issues of accreditation:  How to give students credit in ECTS * for successful participation?  *ECTS = European Credit Transfer System ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 18
  • 19. COER13 as change agent? Critical Assessment II A Challenges and Effects within one institution (MUAS; cont.)  Raised awareness:  COER13 obtained much attention within the university (management, PR division, faculty boards etc. –due to MOOC “me too-effect”?)  Increased student choices:   COER13 was accredited for within a scheme of study offerings across programs – ECTS for an informal learning opportunity -> increased student choices! Enhanced information material on OER:  COER13 website is used as a comprehensive learning/promotion site on OER within the university (in German) ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 19
  • 20. COER13 as change agent? Critical Assessment II B Promoting the OER cause  Comprehensive learning resource on OER:  COER13 website is still used and referred to frequently after the end of the course – acts as OER on OER (in German)  many other OERs came into existence:  Participants created many other OERs in their fields, often tagged with “edutags”, and linked to the COER13 website  OER wiki with suggestions and recommendations on strategies & policies  A variety of summarizing posters and graphics, openly licensed  2 smart phone apps for choosing the most adequate open license ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 20
  • 21. Conclusions  COER13 advanced the OER cause in Germany  To measure impact further research needed  Cheating Sheet on OER “The key question here is whether our higher education institutions and individual instructors can afford to adopt a ‘wait-and-see’ attitude in the light of these [OER and OEP] movements. Asking that question in fact amounts to answering it! Didderen & Verjans (2012, 15) ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 21
  • 22. Thank you very much… …..for your attention! Contact: Partially funded by Prof. Dr. Patricia Arnold Munich University of Applied Sciences arnold@hm.edu http://patriciaarnold.wikispaces.com/ ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 22
  • 23. References  Hylén, J. et al. (2012), “Open Educational Resources: Analysis of Responses to the OECD Country Questionnaire”, OECD Education Working Papers , No. 76, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k990rjhvtlv-en  Arnold, P. (2012). “Open Educational Resources: The Way to Go, or ‘Mission Impossible’ in (German) Higher Education?” In: Stillman, L.; Denision, T.; Sabiescu, A. & Memarovic, N. (Eds.): CIRN 2012 Community Informatics Conference: “Ideals meet Reality”. Monash: CD-ROM.  Brown, J. S. & Adler, Richard P. (2008). “Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail and Learning 2.0”. In: Educause Review, Vol. 43, Nr. 1, 16-32.  Daniel, J. (2012). “Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility”. In Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 3. http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/201218/html (2013-09-01).  Ebner, M. & Schön, S. (2011). “Offene Bildungsressourcen: Frei zugänglich und einsetzbar”. In K. Wilbers & A. Hohenstein (Eds.). Handbuch E-Learning. Expertenwissen aus Wissenschaft und Praxis – Strategien, Instrumente, Fallstudien. (Nr. 7-15). Köln: Deutscher Wirtschaftsdienst (Wolters Kluwer Deutschland), 39. Erg.-Lfg. Oktober 2011, 1-14.  Geser, G. (Ed.) (2007). Open educational Practices and Resources. OLCOS Roadmap 2012. Salzburg: Salzburg Research/EduMedia Group. http://www.olcos.org/cms/upload/docs/olcos_roadmap.pdf (2012-1001)  COER13 website:www.coer13.de  Slides based partially COER13 slides BY COER123 Team and prezi-presentation by Markus Schmidt ( CC BY) ONLINE EDUCA 2013 Patricia Arnold, arnold@hm.edu Slide 23