Water is the Eye of the Earth: Restoring Balance to the City

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2014 Park Pride Parks and Greenspace Conference Presenter is David Waggoner

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Water is the Eye of the Earth: Restoring Balance to the City

  1. 1. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND David Waggonner Waggonner and Ball 31 March 2014 Restoring Balance to the City Water is the Eye of the Earth
  2. 2. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  3. 3. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  4. 4. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  5. 5. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  6. 6. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  7. 7. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  8. 8. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Amsterdam, Netherlands
  9. 9. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Amsterdam, Netherlands
  10. 10. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Rotterdam, Netherlands
  11. 11. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Rotterdam, Netherlands
  12. 12. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Shaoxing, China
  13. 13. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Shaoxing, China
  14. 14. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND New Orleans
  15. 15. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND New Orleans
  16. 16. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND
  17. 17. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Mardi Gras Parade, New Orleans
  18. 18. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND New Orleans Matters
  19. 19. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Water Economy
  20. 20. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Water City
  21. 21. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Dutch Dialogues
  22. 22. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND MULTIPLE LINES OF DEFENSE Urban Water Management Louisiana 2007 Coastal Master Plan Multiple Lines of Defense
  23. 23. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Living Lines of Defense
  24. 24. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Combining Good Ideas
  25. 25. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Planning Approach Inhabitation Land Cover Infrastructure Networks Soils Water Biodiversity
  26. 26. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Problems 1. Flooding 2. Subsidence 3. Water Assets Wasted
  27. 27. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 1. Flooding 2. Subsidence 3. Water Assets Wasted Problems
  28. 28. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 1. Flooding 2. Subsidence 3. Water Assets Wasted Problems
  29. 29. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Opportunities 1. Improved Safety 2. Economic Vitality 3. Enhanced Quality of Life
  30. 30. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 1. Improved Safety 2. Economic Vitality 3. Enhanced Quality of Life Opportunities
  31. 31. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 1. Improved Safety 2. Economic Vitality 3. Enhanced Quality of Life Opportunities
  32. 32. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Problems: 10 Year Storm Modeled Flooding Estimated Damages Due to Flooding Over Next Fifty Years: $7.99 Billion
  33. 33. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND System Modeling: Proposed Water System
  34. 34. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Landscape Types: Soils and Subsidence Estimated Damages Due to Subsidence Over Next Fifty Years: $2.19 Billion High Subsidence Potential Moderate Subsidence Potential
  35. 35. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Living in a Basin
  36. 36. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Landscape Types
  37. 37. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND A Tale of Two Systems Pump + Drain Store DrainSlow
  38. 38. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Water Strategies: Split at the Ridge
  39. 39. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Proposed Stormwater Flows A storage-based system that works with natural features System scale water storage Small scale strategies to slow water Split at the ridge waterworks 5 miles Stormwater Proposals
  40. 40. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Proposed Everyday Water Flows A circulating system to recharge groundwater and improve quality Brackish water Fresh water Urban wetland filtration 5 miles
  41. 41. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Living Water System System Components Green Streets, Circulating Canals, Parklands, and Waterfronts
  42. 42. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Costs Come Before Benefits
  43. 43. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Regional Costs vs. Benefits Over Fifty Years 52 Greater New Orleans UrBuilding Value Estimated Economic Value: Quantitative Benefits Common two-year, five-year, and ten-year storm events in the New Orleans area (with 50%, 20%, and 10% chance of occurring each year, respectively) impose an economic drain on local businesses and property owners. Beyond the structural damage and lost worker productivity, these flood events, over 50 years, produce approximately 600,000 tons of debris and leave over 270,000 households in need of temporary shelter. Reduced Flooding Cost $8.0 Billion By actively managing the region’s groundwater levels, the Plan minimizes land subsidence, thereby reducing damage to structures and infrastructure, including levee improvement costs. Only costs associated with building structural damage are presented here. Infrastructure costs due to subsidence, such as damage to streets, sidewalks, utilities, etc, which are not quantified within the scope of this project, will be significantly higher. Reduced Subsidence Cost $2.2 Billion The National Flood Insurance Program allows cities and counties to earn discounts on flood insurance premiums for their residents through the Community Rating System. The CRS awards points to communities that implement technical solutions and outreach campaigns that mitigate flood risk. Analysis of the credits currently earned by Orleans and Jefferson Parish communities, and the range of credits available, reveals that there is potential for significant savings in all three parishes. Lower Flood Insurance Premiums $609 Million By investing in new open canals, storage areas and green space, the Urban Water Plan stands to have a positive impact on property values and new investment. Over 41,500 properties lie within 200 meters of a proposed intervention or improvement. Using assessed values for these parcels, it is estimated that with intensive implementation, property values would increase by $183 million. Increased Property Values $183 Million The Urban Water Plan introduces a new industry, creating jobs in the design, construction, and maintenance of stormwater management practices. In addition to the wages paid to individual workers, these new jobs create an economic benefit to society in expanding the tax base and reducing poverty- related costs. Intensive implementation of the plan would create up to 101,790 direct and indirect jobs (full and part-time) over the next 50 years and have a regional economic impact of $11.3 Billion. Economic Impact and Job Creation $11.3 Billion >$22.3 Billion = Total Economic Be + + + EEcono & Jo Reduced Cost of Flood Damages Reduced Cost of Subsidence Damage Improved Insurability Increased Property Values 1%2% 10% 36% Quantitative Benefit Ratios 0 5 10 6.2 22.3 15 20 Slow Store Drain Incre Prop Impr Insur Redu due t Redu due t Econ & Jo Urban Water Plan Long-Term Cost 50 Year Benefit Billions($) Plan Costs vs. Benefits + 53Greater New Orleans Urban Water Planlue mated Economic Value: Quantitative Benefits Common two-year, five-year, and ten-year storm events in the New Orleans area (with 50%, 20%, and 10% chance of occurring each year, respectively) impose an economic drain on local businesses and property owners. Beyond the structural damage and lost worker productivity, these flood events, over 50 years, produce approximately 600,000 tons of debris and leave over 270,000 households in need of temporary shelter. educed Flooding Cost $8.0 Billion By actively managing the region’s groundwater levels, the Plan minimizes land subsidence, thereby reducing damage to structures and infrastructure, including levee improvement costs. Only costs associated with building structural damage are presented here. Infrastructure costs due to subsidence, such as damage to streets, sidewalks, utilities, etc, which are not quantified within the scope of this project, will be significantly higher. duced Subsidence Cost $2.2 Billion The National Flood Insurance Program allows cities and counties to earn discounts on flood insurance premiums for their residents through the Community Rating System. The CRS awards points to communities that implement technical solutions and outreach campaigns that mitigate flood risk. Analysis of the credits currently earned by Orleans and Jefferson Parish communities, and the range of credits available, reveals that there is potential for significant savings in all three parishes. Lower Flood urance Premiums $609 Million By investing in new open canals, storage areas and green space, the Urban Water Plan stands to have a positive impact on property values and new investment. Over 41,500 properties lie within 200 meters of a proposed intervention or improvement. Using assessed values for these parcels, it is estimated that with intensive implementation, property values would increase by $183 million. creased Property Values $183 Million The Urban Water Plan introduces a new industry, creating jobs in the design, construction, and maintenance of stormwater management practices. In addition to the wages paid to individual workers, these new jobs create an economic benefit to society in expanding the tax base and reducing poverty- related costs. Intensive implementation of the plan would create up to 101,790 direct and indirect jobs (full and part-time) over the next 50 years and have a regional economic impact of $11.3 Billion. conomic Impact nd Job Creation $11.3 Billion >$22.3 Billion = Total Economic Benefit + + + EEconomic Impact & Job Creation Reduced Cost of Flood Damages Reduced Cost of Subsidence Damage Improved Insurability Increased Property Values 51% 1%2% 10% 36% Quantitative Benefit Ratios 0 5 10 6.2 22.3 15 20 Slow Store Drain Increased Property Values Improved Insurability Reduced Damages due to Subsidence Reduced Damages due to Flooding Economic Impact & Job Creation Urban Water Plan Long-Term Cost 50 Year Benefit Billions($) Plan Costs vs. Benefits +
  44. 44. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Diverse Populations
  45. 45. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND September 2013 Waggonner & Ball Architects Vision Greater New Orleans Urban Water Plan
  46. 46. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND September 2013 Waggonner & Ball Architects Urban Design Greater New Orleans Urban Water Plan September 2013 Waggonner & Ball Architects Implementation Greater New Orleans Urban Water Plan September 2013 H+N+S Landscape Architects System Design Greater New Orleans Urban Water Plan
  47. 47. Team & Partners Arcadis Deltares Royal Haskoning City of Rotterdam City of Amsterdam H+N+S Landscape Architects Bosch Slabbers Landscape Architects Robbert de Koning Landscape Architect Palmbout Urban Landscapes Technical University Delft Manning Architects Dana Brown Landscape Architects FutureProof CDM Smith Nelson Engineers Dewberry GCR Eustis Engineering Sherwood Design Engineers Tulane University LSU Coastal Sustainability Studio Bright Moments Waggonner & Ball ArchitectsWaggonner & Ball Architects
  48. 48. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Living in a Basin Metro Basin Orleans East Basin St. Bernard Basin Adaptation will be second nature, as the region, the place which President Jefferson referred to as the “Island of New Orleans,” becomes a true delta city.
  49. 49. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lake Pontchartrain Lake Borgne West Bank Jefferson Parish New Orleans New Orleans East St. Bernard Gulf of Mexico Regional Plan
  50. 50. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Jefferson Basin 1. Louis Armstrong International Airport 2. Airline to City Center 3. Elmwood Fields and Water Lanes 4. Hoey’s Basin 5. 17th St. Canal 6. Canal St. Canal 7. Veteran’s Canal 8. Kenner Parklands 9. LaBranche Wetlands 10. Lake Pontchartrain 9 8 1 10 2 7 3 6 5 4
  51. 51. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 1 6 2 3 4 7 9 9 9 10 11 12 1. Lafitte Blueway 2. Orleans Avenue Canal 3. Bayou St. John 4. London Avenue Canal 5. Filmore (Gentilly) 6. Claiborne Corridor 7. Desire Parklands 8. Inner Harbor Navigation Canal 9. Uptown Streets 10. Palmetto Canal 11. Hollygrove & the Monticello Canal 12. Lakeview 5 6 11 Orleans Basin
  52. 52. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Orleans East Basin 7. Bayou Michoud 8. Gulf Intracoastal Waterway 2 1 3 1. Chef Menteur Highway 2. Dwyer Canal 3. Heart of the East 4. Morrison Canal 5. Lincoln Beach and Lake Pontchartrain 6. Bayou Sauvage Wildlife Refuge 4 8
  53. 53. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND St. Bernard Basin 1. Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans 2. Bayou Bienvenue 3. Chalmette 4. Forty Arpent Zone 5. Central Wetlands Unit 6. Violet Canal 7. Bayou Terre aux Boeufs 1 3 4 7 5 2 6
  54. 54. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND St. Bernard Basin: Chalmette and Lower Ninth Ward
  55. 55. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Chalmette Blueway
  56. 56. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Chalmette Blueway
  57. 57. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Forty Arpent Canal
  58. 58. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND N Claiborne Avenue Florida Canal St. Claude Avenue Potential Streetcar Line Bayou Bienvenue Wetlands Assmiliation Project Lower Ninth Ward and Desire Parklands
  59. 59. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lower Ninth Ward: Adaptive Wetlands
  60. 60. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Inner Harbor
  61. 61. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND City Arrival
  62. 62. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Integrate Water and Transportation Networks
  63. 63. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Airport Arrival and Kenner Wetlands
  64. 64. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Canal Street Canal: Groundwater Infiltration Test
  65. 65. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Canal Street Canal: Groundwater Infiltration Test
  66. 66. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Canal Street Canal: Revitalized Canal
  67. 67. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lowland Canals: Typical Canal Retrofits West Esplanade Canal
  68. 68. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lowland Canals: Typical Canal Retrofits West Esplanade Canal
  69. 69. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Wally Pontiff Park
  70. 70. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND New Identity for Jefferson
  71. 71. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Kenner Wetlands
  72. 72. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Elmwood District Dry Condition Wet Condition Watersystem: Condition dry period May 2013Jefferson Elmwood, lines & fields Waterlane Waterlane Gutter Gutter Parking lots Empty lots Waterway Culvert waterway Small weir Big pump 400’ 1600’ 4000’ 8000’ Small rainfall Oktober 2012Jefferson Elmwood, lines & fields Filled waterlane Waterlane Gutter InfiltrationStorage Gutter Infiltration in parking lots Infiltration/storage on empty lots Waterflow Storage Small weir Big pump
  73. 73. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Elmwood District: Green Rooftops and Parking Lots
  74. 74. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Elmwood District: Water Lanes
  75. 75. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Commercial Setbacks: Proposed Condition
  76. 76. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Redirect Upslope Drainage
  77. 77. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Interceptor Streets
  78. 78. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Interceptor Streets
  79. 79. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: River to Lake Katrina Memorial West End storage basin and park Connections to Jefferson Parish Lake Avenue New developments with mixed-use waterfront housing Slow, Store, Drain locally with vacant lots; basin-wide with vacant lots Canal Street Canal Redesign canal to store water in rain event; recharge groundwater in dry periods Networks of bike and pedestrian pathways Emergency water overflow and everyday flow to reduce subsidence 17th Street Canal Upper lower water level; widen canal; lower walls; bike and pedestrian access Lower capacity for Pump 6 17th Street Canal Lower fluctuating water levels: high when dry, drain before it rains Cascade to slow stormwater and runoff storage Possible enlarged storage capacity Possible water storage and riverfront development adjacent to new development Xavier University waterfront development bridging Palmetto Canal Palmetto Canal Raise water levels; provide pedestrian pathways and recreation Hollygrove slow, store, drain; utilize NORA lots and parks Emergency stormwater overflow Emergency inlet to reduce subsidence Purification zone for river water Bike Trail Pump to River outlet for Claiborne New inlet for drinking water Retain, Store, Drain Slow, drain Split of water basins
  80. 80. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Monticello Canal
  81. 81. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Monticello Canal
  82. 82. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Monticello Proposal
  83. 83. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Hoey’s Basin/Monticello Canal
  84. 84. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Hoey’s Basin/Monticello Canal
  85. 85. SANKT JØRGENS SØ Zollhallen Platz, Freiburg Linnenbauerplatz, Herford
  86. 86. SANKT JØRGENS SØ
  87. 87. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Hollygrove
  88. 88. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND dry wet Uptown to Bucktown: Floating Streets
  89. 89. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Uptown to Bucktown: Floating Streets
  90. 90. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lakeview and Bucktown
  91. 91. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Pontilly Hazard Mitigation Grant
  92. 92. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Pontilly Hazard Mitigation Grant
  93. 93. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND 18 miles DPS #4 DPS #3 DPS #7 DPS #6 DPS Dwyer DPS #19 26 linear miles of potential waterfront Rediscovered Waterfronts
  94. 94. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND London Avenue Canal
  95. 95. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Outfall Canals
  96. 96. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Figure 3 4 6 8 10 12 VD) London Canal Minimum Bank Elevation 1 ft Freeboard 2 ft Freeboard Scenario 1 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 Elevation(ftNAV Distance from DPS03 (ft) London Avenue Canal Figure 4 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 VD) Orleans Canal Minimum Bank Elevation 1 ft Freeboard 2 ft Freeboard Scenario 1 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 0.0 2000.0 4000.0 6000.0 8000.0 10000.0 12000.0 Elevation(ftNAV Distance from DPS7 (ft) Orleans Canal Outfall Canals
  97. 97. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Outfall Canals
  98. 98. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND City Park
  99. 99. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND City Park
  100. 100. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lafitte Blueway: Historic Water Identity
  101. 101. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Greater New Orleans Water Management StrategyLafitte Blueway Drainage Impact Waggonner & Ball ArchitectsLafitte Blueway: Drainage Impact
  102. 102. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lafitte Blueway
  103. 103. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Circulating System
  104. 104. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lafitte Blueway: Basin Street
  105. 105. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Lafitte Blueway: Bayou Cascade
  106. 106. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND London Avenue Canal Wetlands
  107. 107. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND London Avenue Canal Wetlands
  108. 108. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Mirabeau Water Garden
  109. 109. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Mirabeau Water Garden
  110. 110. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Mirabeau Water Garden 140 acres CAPTURED RUNOFF DIRECT SECONDARY 745 acres IMPROVED FLOW PUMP STATION #4 FRENCHQUARTER PUMP STATION #3 PUMP STATION #17 PUMP STATION #19 L A K E P O N T C H A R T R A I N LAKEFRONT PUMP STATION (INTERIM) LONDONAVENUECANAL INDUSTRIALCANAL BAYOUST.JOHN This area drains through two main pipes under Mirabeau and Owens Blvds, which can be diverted into the site Retention upstream allows drainage in this area to flow more efficiently to Pump Station #4 Reduced volume at Pump Station #4 benefits the entire Gentilly area 2,900 acres INCREASED PUMP CAPACITY Less water entering the London Avenue Canal at Pump Station #4 makes pumping at Station #3 more effective LOWERED CANAL WALLS6,115 acres (London Avenue Canal watershed) BENEFITS 25 acres RETENTION AND STORAGE CSJ + adjacent vacant properties developed into water storage M I S S I S S I P P I R I V E R 3,785 acres 6,115 acres TOTAL 9,900 acres N 1 mi
  111. 111. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Forebay Municipal Drainage Pump Filtration Terraces Public Access Cypress Forest Swimming Pool Willow Grove Lillies Grasses Mirabeau Water Garden LIGHT RAIN EVENTDRY CONDITION EXTREME RAIN EVENTAVERAGE RAIN EVENT
  112. 112. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Mirabeau Water Garden
  113. 113. LIVING WATER, BUOYANT LAND Living with Water
  114. 114. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  115. 115. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  116. 116. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  117. 117. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  118. 118. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  119. 119. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport
  120. 120. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Bridgeport Park to Park Park
  121. 121. CLAIMING THE EDGE, CONNECTING THE CENTER Amsterdam l i v i n g w i t h w a t e r . c o m

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