Blue Grand Canyon ® Monterey San Jose San Francisco Salinas Oakland San Francisco Oakland San Jose
Monterey Wine Country is located less than an hour south of California’s famous Silicon Valley, yet thousands of miles away in so many respects. The region provides a which gracefully coexist and whose distinct communities range from chic tourist destinations to unpretentious farming towns.
Monterey County’s economy, lifestyle and wines are defined by the cooling influence of the ocean and especially of Monterey Bay and its very deep marine canyon, whose immensity and depth have earned it the nickname,
Winegrowing takes place in a 90-mile-long valley, with only The valley experiences a spreading north-to-south, cold to warm, providing diverse ever-warming micro-climates supporting
Beneath the surface of the Monterey Bay is an enormous canyon that is sixty miles long and two miles deep. This is the Blue Grand Canyon ® .
This submarine canyon is the largest and deepest on the west coast and the only one that closely approaches shore. This is the only submarine canyon of this size next to any major viticulture region.
The Monterey Canyon is as big and as deep as the Grand Canyon of Arizona.
The seasonal water flow along the Monterey coastline is made up of the California Current and the Davidson Current. The combination of these two dominant forces provides Monterey County with its unique weather patterns.
The Deep Sea averages about 13,000 feet in depth and its temperature 40 degrees. The Blue Grand Canyon ® reaches the Deep Sea at 12,000 feet. The surface temperature of the Monterey Bay at the shoreline is 50 degrees.
The Monterey Bay is a prime upwelling zone, meaning deep nutrient-rich cold water near the bottom is driven to the surface by the combination of winds, the contour of the coastline and the rotation of the earth.
The Gabilan range is to the north of the Monterey Wine Country and the Santa Lucia range is to the south.
The Sierras formed by the Gabilan and Santa Lucia Mountain ranges are the result of plate tectonic pressures that have forced layers of earth on top of each other to collide and push up from the coastal floor to form the two mountain ranges.
The two mountain ranges are west of the San Andreas fault.
The two mountain ranges form a natural channel from the Blue Grand Canyon ® all the way to Hames Valley. This gives an unrestricted flow of the marine effects from the Monterey Bay Sanctuary to the end of Monterey County.
40 Additional Varietals Merlot, Cabernet, Riesling and more
The Thermal Rainbow ® influences the location of the 40 additional varietals that are grown throughout the nine AVAs in Monterey Wine Country.
Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Riesling are the next four varietals, by acreage in Monterey Wine Country.
The Blue Grand Canyon ® has been a significant factor in guiding growers to place cool climate varietals closer to the ocean and reds and Rhone varietals in the southern regions; further from the marine influence.