Sustainable Cities

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Presented at Lake County Green Forum, Summer 2010

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Sustainable Cities

  1. 1. Sustainable Cities: Less Waste, More Purpose<br />Daniel Parker, MSP<br />Sustainability Director, Division of Environmental Public Health<br />Planning Commissioner, Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Commission<br />Commissioner, Tallahassee Urban Design Commission<br />2007 State of Florida Appointee, Healthy Communities Workgroup of the National Governor’s Association<br />Daniel_Parker@doh.state.fl.us<br />(850) 245-4250<br />
  2. 2. New Rules for Sustainable Cities<br />Fix it First<br />The End of Zoning<br />Zero Waste<br />Aesthetic Purpose<br />
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  7. 7. How do you draw attention to your community?<br />
  8. 8. Courtesy of Billy Hattaway<br />
  9. 9. http://www.ikiw.org/2009/12/10/apple-retail-philosophy-evokes-pre-wwii-urban-design/<br />
  10. 10. http://joecrubaugh.com/photos/chattanooga/11.jpg<br />
  11. 11. UCF Student Union<br />
  12. 12. University of Florida<br />
  13. 13. Local vs. Franchise Feel<br />Courtesy of Billy Hattaway<br />
  14. 14. www.prlog.org/10510274-attachment.jpg <br />
  15. 15. Katz & Minicozzi, 2010<br />
  16. 16. Katz & Minicozzi, 2010<br />
  17. 17. Katz & Minicozzi, 2010<br />
  18. 18. Katz & Minicozzi, 2010<br />
  19. 19. How efficiently are we using our infrastructure dollars?<br />Katz & Minicozzi, 2010<br />
  20. 20. Planning Model Example<br />Los Angeles Planning Commission<br />
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  36. 36. What about planning from a child’s perspective?<br />
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  41. 41. Vancouver Public Library<br />
  42. 42. Foot and Pedal Power (Cheap!)<br />www.pedbikeimages.org / Ryan Snyder<br />
  43. 43. Florida National Ranking for Bicycle Fatalities<br />#1 in 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007.<br /><ul><li>-- from the Fatality Analysis Reporting Systems (FARS) database at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), as reported by Stephanie Striefel, April 2009, Florida Planning</li></li></ul><li>
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  45. 45. Fear Sells<br />KB Homes Market Research<br />Research of Tampa home buyers<br />Asked what they valued most in their home and community.<br />More space and a greater sense of security.<br />Over 88% want home security systems and deadbolt locks.<br />Safety always ranks second, even in communities where there is virtually no crime.<br />As reported by Rick Lyman in NYTimes, August 15, 2005. “Living Large by Design, in the Middle of Nowhere”.<br />
  46. 46. According to Sperling's Best Places research (http://www.bestplaces.net/), <br /> Orlando area 2-driver households spend over $5,000 a year in gas and drive over 60 miles a day, the 3rd highest averages in the nation. <br />
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  48. 48. Room to Grow?<br />
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  57. 57. Are schools the anchor of the community?<br />
  58. 58. Orange County<br />Elementary School<br />830 Students<br /><ul><li> 1969 - 48% of students walk or bike to school
  59. 59. 2001 - less than 16% of students walk or bike to school
  60. 60. 2005 - less than 8% walk or bike to school
  61. 61. Since World War II, the number of schools declined 70% while average school size grew fivefold, from 127 to 653 students</li></ul>* National Household Travel Survey<br />
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  65. 65. Perhaps the Real Measures of Land Use Success should be….<br />Amount of Mixed Used<br />Amount of Walking<br />The Number of Free Roaming Children<br />
  66. 66.  Depression<br /> Air pollution<br /> CO2 emissions<br /> Physical activity<br /> Osteoporosis<br />Injuries<br />And by the way…<br /> Infrastructure costs<br /> Social capital<br />
  67. 67. Does our Environment Really Influence What We Do?<br />Food Marketing Example<br />Courtesy of Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  68. 68. Environmental Influences that Increase Consumption<br />Marketing techniques<br />Displays<br />Ads<br />Visual Cues<br />Context<br />THESE INFLUENCES USUALLY DO NOT RISE TO THE LEVEL OF CONSCIOUS AWARENESS<br />
  69. 69. Doubling shelf space increases sales by 40%<br />
  70. 70. Placing the product at <br />eye-level <br />triples sales compared <br />to products <br />placed <br />on the <br />second to<br />bottom <br />shelf.<br />
  71. 71. End aisle <br />display <br />increases <br />sales 2-5 <br />fold<br />
  72. 72. The Current Food Environment<br />
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  74. 74. Ulysses and the Sirens<br />
  75. 75. Eating Patterns have Changed<br />We spend 46% of our food budget on food eaten away from home<br />Our diets have increased in processed foods, especially sugar and fats.<br />
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  77. 77. Relationship of Nature with Human Health and Well-being<br />
  78. 78. Horticultural TherapyHistory, Theory & Applications<br />Kirk Hines, HTR<br />
  79. 79. What is Horticultural Therapy?<br />Horticultural Therapy (HT) is a process through which plants, gardening activities, and the innate closeness we all feel toward nature are used as vehicles in professionally conducted programs of therapy and rehabilitation. (Davis, 1994)<br />
  80. 80. Horticultural Motifs Have Always Been There<br />
  81. 81. China<br />The Buddha obtaining Enlightenment beneath the Bodhi Tree<br />
  82. 82. India<br />Vishnu sleeping in the Eternal Lotus Pond<br />
  83. 83. Mid-East<br />Garden of Eden<br />
  84. 84. Garden City Aspect Has Always Been There<br />
  85. 85. What Do We Grow Today?<br />http://img.slate.com/media/1/123125/2079215/2112767/2129635/051107_arch_suburbSprawl_ex.jpg<br />
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  87. 87. Nature & Culture<br />Births<br />Birthdays<br />Marriage<br />Illness<br />Death<br />Holidays<br />Language<br />
  88. 88. Psychological Impact<br />Creates positive community atmosphere<br />Neighborhood satisfaction<br />Reduction of fear and anger<br /> (Relf, 1998)<br />Decreased anxiety<br />Decreased symptoms of depression<br />
  89. 89. Healing Garden<br />
  90. 90. Elements of the Walkway<br />
  91. 91. Lake County Population by Age<br />
  92. 92. “Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to pray in and to play in, where Nature may heal and cheer and give strength to body and soul alike. ” ~ John Muir<br />
  93. 93. ©1997-2004 Steve Price, Urban Advantage<br />
  94. 94. Break Through<br />Amount of impervious surface <br />Childhood Obesity <br />Vehicle Ownership<br />Number of Drive-Thrus<br />
  95. 95. Sustainable Cities: A Path Forward<br />Envision healthy, wholesome environments.<br />Think big, think synthetically, think across many issues.<br />Be a good ancestor. What we did vs. what we didn’t do.<br />Don’t be afraid to lead.<br />Pursue justice<br />
  96. 96. Be joyful and have fun <br />

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