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    Solar Presentation Solar Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission - 2010, INDIA Wockhen&Co.
        • India – has been undertaking a country wide solar programme for more than two decades:
          • Remote village electrification – amongst the largest decentralised solar programmes globally
            • Approximately 95% of all remote villages electrification using SPV
          • Promotion of solar in Urban, Industrial & Commercial applications
        • Cumulative Capacity Added till upto 31.12.2009
          • Grid Based Solar Power - 6 MW
          • Decentralised Solar Power Projects & Street Lights – 2.39 MWp
          • Solar Home Lighting Systems - 5,10,877
          • Solar Lanterns - 7,67,350
          • Solar PV Street Lighting Systems - 82,384
          • Solar PV Pumps - 7,247
          • Solar Water Heating - 3.25 Million square metres (Collector Area)
          • Solar Cookers – 6,72,000
        • At 1900 kWh/sq M, India receives one of the highest levels of solar irradiance globally.
        • Most parts receive i rradiance of 5-7 kWh per sq meter per day - average power generation potential of 20 MW per square kilometer
        • Certain sites receive higher levels of insulation (Rajasthan, TN, AP, Ladakh, Gujarat) - average potential of 35 to 40MW/sq Km
      High Solar Incidence Zones Status of Solar Energy Development in India
      • Objective of the National Solar Mission
        • To achieve volume production at a scale which leads to cost reduction and rapid diffusion and deployment of solar technologies across the country
        • For this purpose set up enabling policy environment and regulatory framework.
      Road Map for the Solar Mission
      • National Solar Mission’s Strategy for Phase 1 & 2
        • Supporting Utility scale power generation
        • Expanding off-grid applications
        • Developing rooftop installations
        • Accelerating Research and Development
        • Enhancing the Domestic manufacturing base
      Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission Roadmap S.no Application Segment Target for Phase 1 (2010-13) Target for Phase 2 (2013-17) Target for Phase 3 (2017-22) 1 Solar Collectors 7 Million Sq meters 8 Million Sq meters 5 Million Sq meters 2 Off Grid Solar applications 200 MW 800 MW 1000 MW 3 Utility grid power, including roof top 1000 MW 4000 MW 16000 MW The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission: Key Highlights
      • Off Grid Solar Applications
      • JNNSM proposed to add 200 MW capacity in I st phase for off grid applications like solar lighting, rural power supply, telecom towers etc
        • Soft loans up to 5% annual interest rate
        • 30% subsidy for select applications
        • 90% subsidy for niche applications in special category states and other remote areas.
        • Demonstration Projects
        • JNNSM to identify new technology configurations not covered under 1,100 MW capacity target
        • Focus on large scale Solar Thermal projects and new solar thermal technologies
        • PFC to prepare bidding documents for these projects - tariff based bidding - initiated in 2010
        • Rooftop Based Solar Generation
        • JNNSM – targeting 100 MW of rooftop solar PV connected by 2022 to replace conventional power/ diesel-based generators.
        • Operators eligible to receive the feed-in tariff fixed by the SERC.
        • Generation Based Incentives payable to utility to cover difference between solar tariff less the base price of Rs. 5.50/kWh with 3% p.a. escalation.
        • Tariff to be fixed by concerned SERC & utility to pay a minimum of Rs. 5.50/unit - increasing annually @3%
      Key Action Points under JNNSM – Off-Grid, Rooftop & Demonstration Projects under JNNSM
        • Under JNNSM, NVVN (NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam) to be the nodal agency for the procurement and sale of solar power
          • NVVN to source and sell 1,000 MW solar power in Phase 1 based on
            • A Solar Tariff (to be paid to solar power project developers) fixed by Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC)
            • Solar tariff for FY 2010-11 tariff as per CERC - Solar PV Rs. 18.44 per unit; CSP Rs. 13.45 per unit
          • NVVN to bundle an equal amount of conventional power with solar power
            • Bundled solar and conventional solar power to be sold to states by NVVN @ Rs 5.5/ unit
          • NVVN to sign a PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) with solar developers and NTPC as well as a PSA (Power Sale Agreement) with state utilities
            • PPA to remain valid for 25 years (in line with CERC regulations)
            • NVVN shall establish irrevocable revolving Letter of Credit (LCs) in favor of the Solar Power Developers
            • Distribution Utilities shall open irrevocable revolving Letter of Credit to ensure Payment Security.
        • CERC discussing SERCs to set committed RPO’s at state level for solar
            • Solar RPO to start with 0.25% in the phase-I, and increase gradually to 3% by 2022.
      Key Action Points under JNNSM - Grid Connected Solar Power
      • New Projects - Requirements for Setting up of Solar Projects
        • Confirmation that Capacity shall be commissioned on or before 31st March 2013.
        • Net worth of the SPD for the past three years and turn-over of last three years
        • Technical requirements
        • New Projects – Conditions for signing of MOU
        • Confirmation from STU regarding availability of evacuation infrastructure at >33 kV
        • Statutory (allotment of land) and other clearances as applicable & Bank Guarantee
        • Complete Detailed Project Report (DPR) & Letter of comfort from Promoter(s) /FI’s
        • Time-Frame for major activities
        • Necessary water linkages for solar thermal from the concerned State Authorities
      Proposed Time Lines & Requirements for New Projects
      • CERC Solar Tariff
              • Duration of solar feed in tariff inadequate for developers to risk such high investment
              • 1 year solar FIT – does not allow a developer enough time to develop projects
              • Financial closure for solar projects – solar feed in tariff window not large enough to accommodate project gestation period – 12 months for SPV and 28 months for CSP
              • Capital costs assumed for solar tariff design may not be appropriate
              • Solar tariff based on capital cost prevailing in market today – however project gestation period may move the capital costs higher – risk especially as MNRE expects a development guarantee while awarding projects
              • RoE for the first 10 years assumed at 17 % (provides an effective post tax return of 14.11 %) - on the lower side considering the risks associated with new technology
              • No or limited information on CUF’s achievable by solar power projects
              • CERC CUF (of 19% - SPV) might be difficult to achieve in most parts of India except Rajasthan & Gujarat – developers of the view that this should be in the range of 16‐19%.
              • Same case with CSP
      Key Messages & Issues
      • JNNSM’s Goal
        • Play to India’s strength – Shift focus to Solar (India has very high solar potential)
          • Address energy security & high cost of solar power through rapid scale-up & technological innovation for driving down solar power costs towards grid parity.
          • Mid-term appraisal (based on emerging cost & technology trends) to be undertaken
            • to evaluate progress & review capacity and targets for subsequent phases
            • protect Government from un-necessarily high subsidy exposure
      • Shift in focus of Renewable Energy Development from State to Federal Level:
        • JNNSM – Shifts focus in renewable energy development to the centre
          • MNRE & NVVN emerge as main players in RE promotion from states like in wind etc
          • Limited role of states – land, water allocation
          • However limited or no clarity on Solar RPO’s and REC’s and how these will function
          • A number of issues still to be addressed by JNNSM in conjunction with Central & State Governments, Regulators, Power utilities etc:
            • Availability of year on year funding for the JNNSM (solar tariff – 25 years – from which budgetary head)
            • Solar projects - connected at 33 kV & above grid substations & not discom substations - escalate project costs - longer evacuation networks
            • Project financial closure within 3 months from date of signing of PPA – highly ambitious - considering the Indian banking systems unfamiliarity with solar
      Key Messages & Issues
      • Risk Mitigation for Key Stakeholders
              • Risk mitigation for solar power developers & NVVN in case of default or non purchase of power by state utilities
              • No clarity on ‘chain of events’ or liabilities in case a utility stops buying power from NVVN or is late in making payments to NVVN for the power – domino effect
              • MNRE & Multi/ Bi lateral institutions (WB & ADB) for development of appropriate ‘Risk Funds’ for NVVN and solar developers
              • No risk mitigation instruments for solar project developers
              • Need for a technology guarantee from solar technology providers
              • Development of Solar Parks
              • MNRE very keen to develop solar parks in states like Rajasthan and Gujarat
              • Gujarat already has a very ambitious solar policy in place and had already bid out projects with a cumulative capacity of 700 MW.
      • Promotion of Solar Manufacturing
      • An incentive package, similar to SIPS, to be considered for development of manufacturing for solar thermal systems and components.
      • SME’s to be supported through soft loans for expansion of facilities and technology
      • Technology transfer to be built into procurement from foreign sources
        • no clarity on this clause and whether projects under JNNSM would need to source all or part of their equipment from Indian suppliers
      Key Messages & Issues