121130 flagship ews drr in brunei

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My report on ASEAN COST (Committee on Science and Technology) Flagship Program on Early Warning Systems (EWS) Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) presented in Brunei, 30 November 2012

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121130 flagship ews drr in brunei

  1. 1. Implementation of FLAGSHIP PROGRAM inEARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (EWS DRR) presented by Dr. Pariatmono Sukamdo Ministry of Research and Technology Republic of IndonesiaThe 64th ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST-64) Meetings Empire Hotel and Country Club Brunei, 27 November – 02 December 2012
  2. 2. Outline1.  Introduction – Historical Background, Implementation Plan2.  ASEAN – Indian Ocean Countries Training Course on Earthquake Monitoring, Crustal Deformation, Seismic Zoning Method and Tsunami Early Warning3.  ASEAN Workshop on Early Warning System for Tsunami Disaster - Lesson Learned from Aceh Tsunamigenic Earthquake in 11 April 2012 and Improvement of School Preparedness4.  The Way Forward
  3. 3. 1.  IntroductionHistorical Background, Implementation Plan
  4. 4. Historical BackgroundFlagship program on Early Warning System for DisasterRisk Reduction (EWS DRR)•  First initiation (August 2005): 11th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST), Jakarta•  Endorsement (2007): ASEAN COST (Committee of Science and Technology) •  as one of APAST (ASEAN Plan of Action in Science and Technology) Flagship programs •  to be implemented in 2007-2011 •  Appointed Indonesia as the chairman•  From the period of 2007-2010, Indonesia conducted several workshop and trainings which relates to EWS DRR
  5. 5. Vision StatementBy 2015, there shall be, for all ASEAN countries, an establishedand operational national monitoring systems for 1.  earthquake, 2.  tsunami, 3.  tropical cyclone, 4.  forest fire haze, 5.  drought and 6.  floodthat are interoperable / linked regionally for early warning
  6. 6. Goal StatementConsidering: 1.  Potential overlap with ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) [December 2009] in establishing ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Center) 2.  the authority to develop early warning center (i.e. to warn people in affected area) lies within each member statesGoal Statement: To enhance the role of science and technology in establishing interoperable and operational national early warning systems for earthquake, tsunami, tropical cyclone, forest fire haze, drought and flood.
  7. 7. Split of ResponsibilitiesConsidering: 1.  Attention should only be focused on disaster which has regional Impacts 2.  Not all member states THAILAND share the same 5.  flood threat with respect to natural hazards PHILLIPINE INDONESIA 6.  tropical cyclone 1.  earthquake,Agreed in Bandung, 03-04 May 2011: 2.  tsunami, 3.  forest fire haze, 4.  drought
  8. 8. Implementation Plan ASEAN – Indian Ocean Countries Training Course onEarthquake Monitoring, Crustal Deformation, Seismic Zoning Method and Tsunami Early Warning #1: Workshop on Promoting the Role of December 2012 Disaster Mitigation Citeko, West-Java, 19-30 Scientists in #2:Workshop and Training on Seismic Data Exchange and Warning Dissemination#3:Workshop on Lesson Learned from Community Preparedness during 11 April 2012 Twin Earthquakes ASEAN Workshop on Early Warning System for Tsunami DisasterLesson Learned from Aceh Tsunamigenic Earthquake in 11 April 2012 and Improvement of School Preparedness Banda Aceh, 21 – 23 November 2012
  9. 9. 2. ASEAN – Indian Ocean Countries Training Courseon Earthquake Monitoring, Crustal Deformation, Seismic Zoning Method and Tsunami Early Warning
  10. 10. Summary Recommendations from: Focuses:1. Technical Task Force onTEWS 1. Seismology2. COST Meeting: Seam Reap 2. Analysis of earthquake parameters using SeiscomP3(2011) and Nay Pyi Daw (Germany)(2012) Participants: Date: ASEAN Member States 19 November – 1 December Timor Leste 2012 Indian Ocean Countries Venue: Instructors: BMKG Training Center in Citeko. Bogor Indonesian and German Experts BMKG Head Office, Jakarta
  11. 11. Programme (1) 1. Opening Session 2. Keynote SpeechesDAY 1: . Claus Milkereit – GFZ 3. Wave2012, Internation Cooperation, . Alexander Lim – ASEAN Secretariat 4. Advanced Study OpportunitiesMonday, 19 Nov 2012 . Sri Woro B. Harijono – BMKG 5. Geofon, Seismology in ASEAN, Last Mile 6. Aims and Fundamentals of Seismology 7. SeisComP3: Introduction and Playback Example DAY 2: 8. SeisComP3 Real Time Data Tuesday, 20 Nov 2012 9. Phase Interpretation and Methods of Event LocationDAY 3: 10. Seismological InstrumentationWednesday, 21 Nov 2012 11. SeisComP3 Playback Example / Demonstration 12. Integration of New Seismic Stations into SeisComP3 Real Time Data 13. Exercises 14. Seismic Hazard Assessment and Risk Estimation DAY 4: 15. Ground Shaking Site Effects Thursday, 22 Nov 2012DAY 5: 16. Exercises on Instrumentation and Seismic Data AnalysisFriday, 23 Nov 2012 17. Strong Motion Data and Exercises
  12. 12. Programme (2) 18. Geodynamics and SubductionDAY 6: 19. Earthquake and Surface DeformationMonday, 26 Nov 2012 20. Tsunamis 21. Exercises on Tsunami Generation with Process Simulator 22. Basics of GPS 23. GPS Instrumentation DAY 7: 24. Tsunami Early Warning: Principles and Components Tuesday, 27 Nov 2012 25. Early Warning Infrastructure 28. Exercise on 11 April 2012DAY 8: 26. Decision Support Systems 29. Source Mechanism as a Challenge forWednesday, 28 Nov 2012 27. Earthquake Monitoring and Tsunami Warning Tsunami Warning 30. Warning Level 31. Exercises at BMKG Training Room DAY 9: 32. Seismic Hazard Assessment and Risk Estimation Thursday, 29Nov 2012 33. Instrumental MicrozonationDAY 10: 34. Introduction into Seismic Risk and Loss Assessment MethodFriday, 30 Nov 2012 35. Earthquake Microzonation in Jakarta
  13. 13. 12 cm/yr 5-6 cm/yrCrustal  mo+ons  from  GPS  study  (Bock  et  al,  2004)    
  14. 14. DEPTH
  15. 15. Aceh  2004   (11)   Aceh  2012(15)   Simeulue  2002  (9)  Aceh  2012(15)   Maluku  1998  (6)   Nias  2005  (12)   Manokwari,  2009   Madina  2006  (13)   (15)  Aceh  2012  (15)   Kerinci  1995  (4)   Biak,  1996   Padang  2007  (14)   (5)   Bengkulu  2000  (7)   Banggai  2000  (7)   Nabire  2004  (11)   Liwa  1994   Ransiki,  2003   Mentawai  2005  (12)   (3)   Yogyakarta  2006  (13)   (10)   P.  Buru  2006(13)   Nabire  2004  (11)   Majalengka  2001  (8)   Situbondo  2007  (14)   Mataram  2004  (11)   Alor,  2004  (11)   Pangandaran  2006  (13)   Alor  1991  (1)   Flores  1992  (2)   Banyuwangi  1994   (3)   NO   YEAR   LOCATION   1   1991   Alor   NO   YEAR   LOCATION   2   1992   Flores   9   2002   Simelue   3   1994   Banyuwangi,  Liwa   10   2003   Ransiki   Earthquake      :  33  x     >    1  /  year   4   1995   Kerinci   11   2004   Alor,  Aceh,  Nabire  ke-­‐1,  Nabire  Ke-­‐2,  Mataram.   Tsunami                :  14  x   ∼  1  every  2  years   5   1996   Biak   12   2005   Nias,  Mentawai   6   1998   Maluku   13   2006   Jogyakarta,  Pangandaran   EARTHQUAKE   7   2000   Bengkulu,    Banggai   14   2007   Padang,  Situbondo   EARTHQUAKE  AND  TSUNAMI   8   2001   Majalengka   15   2012   Aceh  ke-­‐1,  Aceh  Ke-­‐2,  
  16. 16. Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System •  Formally launched by the President of RI at 11 am, 11 November 2008 •  InaTEWS should disseminate tsunami Warning within 5 minutes after earthquake •  Version 2 began on 23 Maret 2012 •  Last update June 2012
  17. 17. •  Location : Sea ..? 2. Buo •  Mag : > 6.5 RS..? y Data / Conf •  Depth : < 70km ? irm Satellite •  Tsunami Potential ! 1. Seismic Data TSUNAMI BMG Center 3. Tide Sirene Gauges Data GPS SEISMIC Buoy SENSOR Tide gauge SEA Bottom pressure gauge ??? OPSTectonic PlateHindia Ocean Source : LIPI - Mod
  18. 18. 1 2 BUOY 23 1 2 160 1 SEISMO 2 ACCELERO 500 1 2 TIDE GAUGES80 1 2 GPS 40COMM: IMARSAT VSAT VSAT GSM (?) VSAT VSAT (?) BPPT BMKG BAKOSURTANAL NC–Buoys NC – SEISMIC NC – ACCELERO NC – Tide Gauges NC – GPS NC: National Centre NC – InaTEWS (BMKG) Tsunami Data Base DSS INSTITUTIONS INTERFACE :GSM PROVIDER INTERNET ELECTRONIC LOC.GOV PROVIDER •  BNPB MEDIA PROV. GOV •  MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS DISTRIC GOV TV, RADIO, •  NATIONAL POLICE MEDIA ON LINE CITY GOV USER •  MILITARY SOCIAL CELLPHONE COMMUNITY •  MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION DISSEMINATION NETWORK AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES Missing link ?? •  LOCAL GOVERNMENT •  REGENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  19. 19. Palu 1 sirine DIY East 1 sirine Java 1 sirens Exis+ng                :    31       In  progress  :    3     20Monopole antenna mast Steel tower construction
  20. 20. Mulai  November  2008   October 25,2010 September 2,2009 12 m Tsunami 80 cmTsunami 0:06 November 17,2008 10 cmTsunami 0:05Waktu (hh:mm) 0:04 0:03 April 11, 2012 January3,2009 tsunami 1 m 35 cmTsunami 0:02 April 7,2010 40 cmTsunami 0:01 0:00 0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   Jumlah Peringatan Tsunami 21
  21. 21. VERSI  -­‐  1     VERSI  -­‐    2   BERITA   (11  Nov  2008  -­‐  23  Maret  2012)   (Sejak  23  Maret  2012)   Informasi  Gempabumi   Parameter  gempabumi    dan   (parameter  gempabumi)  dan  Berita  1   Peringatan  Dini  Tsunami  di  area   Potensi  Tsunami  (berpotensi   yang  terancam.     menimbulkan  tsunami)   Pemutahiran  parameter  Berita  2   -­‐   gempabumi  dan  esmasi  waktu   ba  dan  ngkat  ancaman   Informasi  hasil  observasi  de   gauge,  buoy  dan  Pemutahiran  Berita    3   -­‐   status  ancaman  tsunami  di  area   terancam  (bisa  beberapa  kali)     Pernyataan  Peringatan  Dini   Pernyataan  Peringatan  Dini  Berita    4   Tsunami  berakhir   Tsunami  berakhir   22  
  22. 22. Level of Tsunami Threat Estimate TsunamiThreat Level Reccomendation heightAWAS (Major Local Government evacuates people h ≥ 3 meterWarning) comprehensivelySIAGA 0.5 meter < h < 3 Local government evacuate people(Warning) meter lo Local government directs the peopleWASPADA h < 0.5 meter to stay away and leave the coastal(Advisory) area.
  23. 23. 24
  24. 24. Message1 Warning Tsunami in BENGKULU,LAMPUNG,NAD,SUMBAR, SUMUT, EQ Mag:8.9, 11-Apr-12 08:38:29 UTC, Loc:2.31N,92.67E,Dep:10Km::BMKG
  25. 25. Message 2 Update Warning Tsunami in NAD,SUMUT,SUMBAR,BENGKULU, LAMPUNG, EQ Mag:8.5, 11-Apr-12 08:38:33 UTC, Loc:2.40N,92.99E,Dep: 10Km::BMKG
  26. 26. Message 3 Update Warning Tsunami cause EQ Mag: 8.3, 11-Apr-12 08:38:35 UTC, has detected in SABANG (10:00 UTC) 0.06m, MEULABOH(10:04 UTC) 0,8m::BMKG
  27. 27. Message 4 Tsunami Warning caused by EQ Mag:8.1, 11-Apr-12 10:43:11 UTC, end::BMKG
  28. 28. Message 1 Tsunami warning via email 29
  29. 29. 30
  30. 30. 31
  31. 31. Message 3 Tsunami Warning via email 32
  32. 32. 33
  33. 33. Message 4 Tsunami Warning via email 34
  34. 34. Tsunami Warning – Order to evacuate Threat level Local government actionAWAS (MajorWarning)SIAGA(Warning)WASPADA(Advisory)
  35. 35. Heavy traffic jam in Banda Aceh for evacuation Sumber  :  VoA   37
  36. 36. BMG  Laut KE ATAS BANGUNKE ATAS BUKIT
  37. 37. 3. ASEAN Workshop on Early Warning System for Tsunami Disaster- Lesson Learned from Aceh Tsunamigenic Earthquake in 11 April 2012 and Improvement of School Preparedness
  38. 38. Recommendations from: COST Meeting: Seam Reap (2011) and Nay Pyi Daw (2012) Participants: ASEAN Member States (Thailand and Malaysia only) Instructors: Indonesian Experts Focuses: Date:1. The Event of 11 21-23 November 2012 April 2012 2. Increasing Venue: preparedness of Hermes Hotel, Banda Aceh School
  39. 39. Programme 1. Opening Session . Nada Marsudi – RISTEK 5. Real Condition of the Community 6. Communication Systems in SupportingDAY 1: 2. Current Status of Indonesian Tsunami Early Early Warning Warning SystemsWednesday, 21 Nov 2012 3. The Funding of Disaster Mitigation Activities 7. Community Preparedness 4. Earthquake and Tsunami Potentials 8. Preparedness of People at Schools 9. Disaster Risk Analysis DAY 2: 10. Developing SOP Thursday, 22 Nov 2012 11. Table Top SimulationDAY 3: Excursion – Tsunami Evacuation Exercise atFriday, 23 Nov 2012 Selected School
  40. 40. Subtansial Difference between Exercise with Reality Tsunami Drill Real Event 11 April 2012
  41. 41. Real Situation of 11 April 2012 in Banda Aceh numbingfrustrated anxious panic fear
  42. 42. 4. The Way Forward
  43. 43. Next WorkshopNo Activities Objectives1 Workshop on Promoting the Role of •  Promoting the use of science and Scientists in Disaster Mitigation technology in disaster management activities •  Sharing experience in channeling the research results into public policy2 Workshop and Training on Seismic •  Promoting collaboration among Data Exchange and Warning ASEAN disaster experts and Dissemination practitioners Completed •  Develop data sharing policy for ASEAN countries •  Bridging closer interaction with AHA Center3 Workshop on Lesson Learned from •  Sharing experience in the use of Community Preparedness during 11 social science and social engineering April 2012 Twin Earthquakes •  Identifying the importance of local wisdom
  44. 44. Thank you very much Terima kasihContact person: pariatmono@ristek.go.id

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