Pollution, its Kinds and PollutantsEnvironmental Pollution is any undesirable chage in the physical chemical or biological characteristics of air, water and soil that may harmfully affect the life or create a potential health hazard to any living organism . Kinds of Pollution• Air Pollution• Water Pouultion• Land Pollution
Contd.Pollution, its Kinds and PollutantsEnvironment Pollutants Deposited Matter: Soot, Smoke, Tar, Grit etc. Gases: Oxides of Nitrogen, Carbon monoxide, Sulphur etc. Metals: Lead, Mercury, Zinc, Iron, Nickel etc. Agro Chemicals: Pesticides, Herbicides, Bactericides etc. Solid Wastes: Plastics, Polythene, Glasses etc. Noise: Industries, Vehicular, Domestic etc. Radioactive Wastes: Atomic Energy Waste. Radiation Pollution: Nuclear Energy Recourses, Mobiles etc.
Why Protection ?Pollution destroys all the components of environment that sustain life on earth. Soil, we cultivate Air, we breathe Water, we drink Food, we eat
AIR POLLUTION SOURCESAutomobiles andGeneratorsThermal Power StationsFossil FuelsIndustry Chimney WastesEffects: Respiratory infections, Lung diseases, Skin allergies, Anxiety, Irritation to eyes, nose & throat.
Protective MeasuresVehicular Emission: CNG, Fuel feeding, Catalytic filters, Motor Vehicles act.Ind. Pollution: Technologies to check and destroy particles released by industrial plantsNoise Pollution: By planting more trees to reduce sound levels, Nuisance check squads, silencing devices etc.
WATER POLLUTION SOURCESBiological: Domestic wastes, Solid wastes,Ind. Wastes and Effluents: Heat and Radio Active Substances from thermal power plants.Agricultural Discharges: Fertilizers and Pesticides through rain and irrigation via drainage patternEffects: Diseases like Flurosis, Cholera, Diarrhoea, Jaundice etc.
Protective MeasuresRecycling of sewage water and treatment of water beforedischarging into water bodies.Reducing the waste inputRe-utilization of wasteRemoval of Pollutants using technologies.
LAND POLLUTION SOURCESAgricultural and forestryDrainageDeforestationEffects: Depletion of fertile top soil, Extinction of flora etc.
Protective MeasuresSelf Restrain: Judicious exploitation and use of natural resourcesAwarenessEducation & Legally
SOME OTHER PROTECTIVE MEASURESPeoples’ participationLife Styles and Attitudes: Green thinking, Waste not want not. Yeriscoping.Enforcement of Various Acts: Water and Air Prevention and control act1974 and 1987, Environ. Protection act 1986
To Conclude, I Quote“NATURE HAS EVERY THING FOR EVERY BODY’SNEED, BUT NOT ENOUGH FOR ONE MAN’S GREED” Mahatma Gandhi