Physical and Spiritual Body - Cosmic Form (CH15, P3, Garuda Puran)
Garuda Puran BackgroundGaruda Puran is a dialogue between Lord Vishnu and Garuda narrated by sage Suta. Itis used at funeral ceremonies and due to fear and ignorance; people do not keep it in thehouse. Chapters 15 and 16 are the most wonderful part of this Puran and we depriveourselves of the knowledge contained therein by not reading it. Chapter 15 Description of Rebirth after Term in Heaven (Begetting Virtuous Children, Parts of Body, Customary and Spiritual Body Six Chakras and Seed Sounds of Language, Stillness of Mind and Yoga) Physical and Spiritual Body (Part 3) (Microcosm and Macrocosm, Cosmic Form)Chapter 15 starts with the method of conceiving a meritorious and fortunate son. Therighteous son thus obtained, in his youth, reflects upon ‘self’ (soul) and ‘not-self’(soulless). The difference between ‘self’ and ‘not-self’ is made known to him by theconstruction of body through five subtle elements which are ‘not-self’ and owe theirexistence to ‘self’ the power of soul.Blessed Lord continues:• O Garuda! Human body has two forms; one is Vyavaharika (customary, usual, habitual, forensic, and practical) and the second is Paramarthika (pertaining to spiritual object, most desirable, immortal, and permanent).Customary Physical Body• The customary body is said to have thirty-five millions of small hairs, seven hundred thousands of hairs of the head, and twenty nails.• Garuda! Usually there are said to be thirty-two teeth. The flesh is one thousand pal (about 46 kg) and blood one hundred pal (about 4.6 kg).• The stomach is ten pal (about 460 g); skin is seventy pal (about 3.22 kg); marrow is twelve pal (about 552 g); the mahaa rakt* (Oja) is three pal (about 138 g). [* Mahaa Rakt (Oja) is the essence of seven dhatus**, which gives strength to the body, improves immunity power and takes care of well being of the body. It is present all through the body like ghee exists in the milk or honey exists in the flower. To maintain the condition of the good health Oja nourishes all the body constituents and mind. Moreover, it controls or promotes all the physiological activities and is responsible for lively condition of the body and immunity power of the body.]
[Oja prevails all over the body (Para Oja) and in the heart (Apara Oja). Fear, physical and mental weakness, discomfort in sense organs, mental impairment, dryness, and impairment of colour and complexion are all signs and symptoms that indicate the deformity of Oja loss. Trauma, loss of dhatus, anger, grief, tension, physical hard work, and hunger are the factors that are responsible for the deformity of Oja loss.] [** There are seven dhatus or body sustainers which are produced from the food we take. Rasa (Sap): comes from digested food. It takes the form of lymph, tissue fluid, chyle and plasma, through which it provides nourishment to the entire body. Rakta (Blood): includes red blood cells and functions to invigorate the body. Mansa (Flesh): includes muscles and ligaments, and functions to support and stabilize the body structure. Meda (Fat): comprises fatty tissues, and reduces friction at the interfaces of body tissues. Asthi (Bone): consists of bones and cartilage and functions as support. Majja (Bone Marrow): includes red and yellow bone marrow and functions as a filling for bones. Shukra (Sexual fluid): includes male and female sexual fluids and functions in reproduction and immunity. Each dhatu is the source from which the next dhatu is formed and nourished, i.e. from Rasa to Shukra in that order.]• Semen is two kudav (about 368 g); ovum one kudav (about 184 g); and bones in the body are said to be three hundred and sixty.• The nadis, both dense and subtle, number tens of millions. Bile is fifty pal (about 2.30 kg); and half of that twenty five pal (about 1.15 kg) is phlegm.• There is no fixed measure for ever producing faeces, urine (and other waste) materials. [Vedic unit of measure used for above conversions: 1 pal = 4 tolas and 1 tola = 11.6638 g, thus 1 pal = 46 g (rounded off) and 1 kudav = 4 pal = 184 g]• The body which possesses these attributes is Vyavaharika i.e. customary physical body.Spiritual Body or Cosmic Form• The entire universe (creation), mountains, continents, oceans, suns and planets are in the Paramarthika (Spiritual) body.• Paramarthika body certainly has six chakras. All the attributes of the universe are present in the Paramarthika (Spiritual) body.• All these attributes are known to Yogins by concentration of mind and degree of concentration and I will tell you about these, by recollection of which one acquires Cosmic Form i.e. Virat Roop (literally meaning huge).
• I will describe the Cosmic Form – There are fourteen spiritual planes. The space between the head and the base of spine represents the seven lokas while the space from hips to under the foot represents the seven talas.• Under the foot is Patala, over the foot is Rasatala, ankles are Mahatala, shanks are Talatala, knees are Sutala, thighs are Vitala, and hips are Atala.• Head is Satyaloka, forehead is Tapaloka, throat is Janaloka, heart is Maharloka, navel is Svargaloka, pelvis is Bhuvaloka, and base of the spine is Bhuloka. Description of Spiritual PlanesThe entire universe is body of God, the Cosmos, and Macrocosm. These fourteen spiritualplanes (seven upper worlds - lokas and seven lower worlds - talas) which correspond to thefourteen chakras make-up the “world-egg of God,” the universe, called Brahmanda. Each loka(or tala) reflects or involves a particular range of consciousness.The universe is divided into the three worlds: six upper worlds (lokas – heavens and higherworlds), earth (bhuloka), and seven underworld and netherworlds (talas – hells). God createdman in His own image and these spiritual planes are reflected within the causal, astral andphysical body in every being. Man is Microcosm of the Macrocosm and thus carries the entireuniverse within him. The universe as experienced and viewed from Bhuloka, is thuscollective projection of all mankind and the weather inside is the weather outside.Distinction between lokas and talas has been made as upper part and lower part of body at thebase of spine. Lokas above the base of spine are spiritual planes of increasing purity and bliss.Talas below the base of spine are material planes of decreasing purity and increasing suffering.Of these seven loka-tala pairs, the three highest belong to the relatively arupa (formless) orspiritual worlds, and are often called arupa lokas and arupa talas. The four lowest pairs belongto the rupa (form) or material worlds, and are often called rupa lokas and talas. These lokas andtalas are not placed in natures structure above each other like steps of a stair, but are withineach other, interblending and continually interacting. Each inner one is finer and more etherealthan the next outer one; the inmost of either series is the most ethereal and spiritual of all.For each loka there is an exactly corresponding tala, and in fact, the tala is the nether pole of itscorresponding loka. They are the two sides of being, the two contrasting forces of nature, thelight-side and the dark-side. The inmost Satyaloka at Crown of Head has correspondence withthe topmost material tala – Atala at Hips. Imagine these seven loka-tala pairs as concentricspheres with the inmost Satyaloka-Atala pair (Head-Hips) being the most powerful. It carriesthe seed of creation and all subsequent loka-tala pairs have evolved from this primary pair.Atala is the nether pole of Satyaloka and its prime qualities are fear and lust. Atala is positionedat hips around the base of spine which is the position of the lowest loka – Bhuloka, our earthworld. It is followed by Tapaloka-Vitala pair (Forehead-Thighs) and Vitala as nether pole atthighs has prime quality of raging anger and resentment that builds up for desires not fulfilled.Those performing austerity are prone to anger if their consciousness drops to nether pole Vitala.
It is followed by Janaloka-Sutala pair (Neck-Knees) and Sutala as nether pole at knees has primequality of retaliatory jealousy and covetousness that builds up when we allow ourconsciousness to prevail in anger and resentment for long. These are the three arupa (formless)loka-tala pairs which act as seed for subsequent rupa (form) loka-tala pairs or material worlds.Maharloka-Talatala (Heart-Shanks), Svargaloka-Mahatala (Navel-Ankles), and Bhuvaloka-Rasatala (Sacral-Over the Foot) are the next three loka-tala pairs that constitute the astral world,the inner body.Our earth world is the lowest of the seven lokas. The corresponding tala is Patala. The field ofinfluence of Bhuloka is said to extend little farther than our atmosphere. We are placed at theoutmost Bhuloka-Patala pair surrounded by a powerful field of fear and lust at Bhuloka andour consciousness engrossed in its nether pole Patala (positioned under the foot) with its primequalities of enchanting material world, malice, murder, gratification of senses, and conceit.Cruelty to animals is severely frowned upon in Hindu Scriptures and there are specificguidelines about the manner in which we should behave with lower creatures. Skandha Five,Chapter 26 of Srimad Bhagavat or Bhagavat Puran has a passage that reads, "God has givendifferent forms of livelihood to different creatures. Some of these may go against the interest ofman. But man should not retaliate against these creatures for two reasons. They are notendowed with the capacity to know that they are doing injury to man; and next, man knowsthat they will be injured if he retaliates. A person who injures lower animals for selfish purposesgoes to the purgatory called Andhakupa and there he will have to live in a low type of body,attacked by the creatures he had injured. In darkness, without sleep and restless, he will have todrag out a wretched existence."Therefore, as long as we justify our interest ‘to kill to eat’ to fulfill our selfish interest of taste,intend harm to all creatures (malice), and remain engrossed in this enchanting material world;our consciousness will never rise to experience the peace and bliss of higher lokas. We willalways remain at the nether pole of Bhuloka and hells below Patala.Our consciousness keeps on moving between all loka-tala pairs but it does not stay at higherlokas and drops down to their respective nether poles i.e. talas. Virtue, purity, kindness,compassion are signs that the entity possessing them is evolving the spirit within, andtherefore is ascending along the lokas. Selfishness, impurity, unkindness, cruelty, anddeception are the signs that the entity possessing them is descending along the talas.These lokas-talas are centers of force and consciousness located within the inner bodies of man.In the physical body there are corresponding nerve plexuses, ganglia and glands. The sevenprincipal lokas are situated along the spinal cord from the base of the spine to the cranialchamber. Additionally, seven talas, barely visible, exist below the spine. They are seats ofinstinctive consciousness, the origin of jealousy, hatred, envy, guilt, sorrow, etc. They constitutethe lower or hellish world, called Naraka or Patala.Naraka is a congested, distressful area where demonic beings and young souls may sojournuntil they resolve the darksome karmas they have created. Here beings suffer the consequencesof their own misdeeds in previous lives. Naraka is understood as having seven regions, called
tala, corresponding to the states of consciousness of the seven lower chakras. Snakes anddemons live in the underworld.According to the Vishnu Purana, seventy thousand yojanas (a unit of measurement, 1 yojana isapproximately 9 miles) below the Earths surface lie the seven realms of Patala, which arelocated one above the other. Each of them extends ten thousand yojanas. BhagavataPurana presents a detailed description of the seven lower realms. A similar description of theseven Patalas also appears in the Devi Bhagavata Purana, Vayu Purana, and Padma Purana. ChakrasThere are fourteen great nerve centers in the physical body, in the astral body and in the bodyof the soul. These centers are called chakras in Sanskrit, which means “wheel.” When inwardlyperceived, they are vividly colorful and can be heard. In fact, they are quite noisy. Whenawareness flows through any one or more of these regions, the various functions ofconsciousness operate, such as memory, reason and willpower.The physical body has a connection to each of the seven higher chakras through plexuses ofnerves along the spinal cord and in the cranium. As the power of awareness travels the spine, itenters each of these chakras, energizing them and awakening in turn each function and rotatesin clockwise direction. The chakras open up and pour out their qualities. By examining thefunctions of these great force centers, we can clearly cognize our own position on the spiritualpath and better understand our fellow man.Clockwise rotation of chakras is their natural disposition. For consciousness or the power ofawareness to flow down the spine the magnetic fields of chakras have to rotate clockwise.In any one lifetime, one may predominantly be aware in two or three centers, thus setting thepattern for the way one thinks and lives. One develops a comprehension of these seven regionsin a natural sequence, the perfection of one leading logically to the next. Thus, though we maynot psychically be seeing spinning forces within ourselves, we nevertheless mature throughmemory, reason, willpower, cognition, universal love, divine sight and spiritualillumination.There are six chakras above the Muladhara, which is located at the base of the spine. Whenawareness is flowing through these chakras, consciousness is in the higher nature. There arealso seven chakras below the Muladhara, and when awareness is flowing through them,consciousness is in the lower nature. The lower chakras are located between the coccyx and theheels.In this age, the Kali Yuga, most people live in the consciousness of the seven force centersbelow the Muladhara. Their beliefs and attitudes strongly reflect the animal nature, theinstinctive mind. Thus, the Muladhara chakra is the dividing point between the lower natureand the higher. It is the beginning of religion for everyone, entered when consciousness arrivesout of the realms below the base of spine. Through personal sadhana, prayer, meditation, rightthought, speech and action and love of God, we lift our own consciousness into the chakrasabove the Muladhara, bringing the mind into the higher nature. Venturing below theMuladhara, we enter the basement levels of consciousness.
These chakras are also called ‘energy body’. Both the energy body and the visible physical bodyare so closely related that what affects one, affects the other and vice-versa. For instance, if thethroat is weakened, then this may manifest on the visible physical body as cough, cold, sorethroat, tonsillitis or other throat-related problems. If any part of the energy body is weakenedbecause of pranic depletion, the visible physical counterpart would either malfunction orbecome susceptible to infection. For example, a depleted solar plexus and liver may manifestas jaundice or hepatitis.The major chakras are whirling energy centers, which in general are about three to four inchesin diameter. They control and energize the vital organs of the visible physical body, and worklike power stations to supply life energy to them. When the power station malfunctions, thevital organs become sick or diseased, because they lack the enough life energy to operateproperly. Minor chakras are about one to two inches in diameter and the mini chakras are evensmaller. Both the minor and mini chakras control and energize the less important parts of thevisible physical body.The fourteen spiritual planes (lokas / talas) with their respective location, qualities, and seedsounds have been tabulated below for better understanding: Table 1: Brief Summary A Loka Chakra Quality Corresponding Tala Quality Satya Sahasrara Illumination Atala (Hips) Fear, Lust, Promiscuity Tapa Ajna Divine Sight Vitala (Thighs) Anger, Resentment Jana Vishuddha Divine Love Sutala (Knees) Jealousy, Covetousness Mahar Anahata Direct Cognition Talatala (Calves) Instinctive Willfulness Greed, Deceit, Grasp Svarga Manipura Will Power Mahatala (Ankles) Selfishness, Corruption Animal Nature Bhuva Svadishthana Reason, Intellect Rasatala (Over Foot) Absence of Conscience Ignorance Bhu Muladhara Memory Patala (Under Foot) Malice, Murder, Conceit Time, Space Gratification of Senses Table 2: Brief Summary B Loka Extent Body Center Tala Extent Body Center Satya Aries Head Atala Libra Hips Action, Prime Initiator Partners, Responsive Tapa Taurus Forehead Vitala Scorpio Thighs Fertility, Possessions Critical, Passionate Jana Gemini Throat Sutala Sagittarius Knees Communication, Study Neck Truthful, Harsh Mahar Cancer Heart Talatala Capricorn Shanks Security, Feeling Practical, ManagementSvarga Leo Navel Mahatala Aquarius Ankles Expressive, Outgoing Planner, Partial Bhuva Virgo Sacral Rasatala Pisces Over Foot Conserving, Careful Appearance, Self Bhu Libra Base of Spine Patala Aries Under Foot Partners, Responsive Action, Prime Initiator
Table 3: Expanded SummaryLoka Body Center Quality Chakra (Wheel)Satya Crown of Head Truth (No Change, Permanent) Sahasrara Chakra Illumination, Awareness Understanding – Insight It is a Plane of Reality, Truth filled Consciousness with the silence and the bliss of the Situated in the limbic area, it Spirit. Also called Brahmaloka; the represents the integration of all realm of Sahasrara Chakra, it is the the chakras and all the aspects of highest of the seven upper worlds. the Divine within us. It is the inmost and closest to the Located at the top of the head, it radiating spiritual center, and yet it is also called the crown chakra. It extends its influence in, above, has 1000-petal lotus. It is also one through, and beyond all the other of the major entry points of prana inferior lokas. into the body. Alphabet / Seed Sound It controls and energizes the ॐ pineal gland, the brain and the Om (AUM) hypothalamus. Hypothalamus is the main coordinating center between the endocrine and nervous systems. Pineal gland is known to regulate mating behaviour, middle body temperature and day-night (wake-sleep) cycle. Satyaloka followed by Tapaloka and Janaloka comprise the causal plane. Subsequent three lokas i.e. Maharloka, Svargaloka and Bhuvaloka are the higher, middle and lower astral planes. Bhuloka is the physical plane. Corresponding tala and nether pole of Satyaloka is Atala (Hips).Tapa Forehead Divine Sight Ajna Chakra It is a Plane of Austerity, a world of Situated in the middle of the virtue; realm of Ajna Chakra, the forehead, at the optic chiasm, second highest of the seven upper where the channels of the subtle worlds. system cross. It is located at the area between the eyebrows. It has The straight and narrow way 2-petal lotus. leading to the Kingdom of God, the state of thoughtless awareness. Forehead Chakra It is known as the "world of the This is located at the center of the seven sages ", and also "the realm forehead. It has 4-petal lotus of penance ". which acts as projection and
Hypothalamus coordinates-controls receiving center to and from and energizes the pituitary gland, astral and physical plane. the endocrine glands and energizes the brain to a certain extent. Ajna chakra is the “third eye,” the center of divine sight and direct Malfunctioning of the forehead cognition. Of its two “petals” or chakra may result in the loss of facets, one is the ability to look memory, paralysis and epilepsy. into the lower worlds or states of mind and the other is the Alphabet / Seed Sounds perception of the higher worlds, Ajna Chakra or spiritual states, of gÕ consciousness. ha kśa It, therefore, is the connecting As this chakra controls the next link, allowing the awakened soul lower chakra, the revised seed to relate the highest sounds are as under: consciousness to the lowest in a unified vision. Ajna Chakra va v“ Tapaloka is a devotion world, am aħ contemplation world, because of Forehead Chakra the intellectual entities popularly (Antahakaran) considered to be sunken gÕ=K profoundly in contemplative devotion; the corresponding tala ha kśa tra jna being Vitala (Thighs).Jana Neck Divine Love Vishudhi Chakra Throat It is a Plane of Creativity, or of Situated in the neck and the liberated mortals; realm of throat, this centre is in charge of Vishudhi chakra, the third highest every aspect of communication of the seven upper worlds. between human beings. The world wherein the Munis are Universal or divine love is the supposed to dwell after their faculty expressed by the Vishudhi corporeal death. Also a terrestrial chakra. Whenever people feel locality that is inhabited by filled with inexpressible love for altruistic (unselfish) celibates. and kinship with all mankind, all creatures large and small, It is located at the center of the they are vibrating within the throat. It has 16-petals lotus. sixteen-petaled Vishuddha. From a physical point of view, it When deeply immersed in this controls the cervical plexus; it state, there is no consciousness governs the five senses and enables of being a person with emotions, us to achieve the witness state. no consciousness of thoughts. One is just being the light or It controls and energizes the being fully aware of oneself as throat, the thyroid glands, radiant force flowing through all parathyroid glands, and lymphatic form. One may sometimes see system and to a certain degree, light throughout the entirety of also influences the sex chakra. the body.
Alphabet / Seed Sounds The exceptional soul who resides अ आइ ई उ ऊ fully in this center is able for the aāiiuū first time to withdraw awareness totally into the spine, into ऋ ॠ ऌ ॡ ए ऐ sushumna, the central spiritual ŕ e lŕ le e ai current. Ultimately, he realizes ओऔ that the inner being is the reality o au of him-self. va v“ am aħ The corresponding tala and nether pole is Sutala (Knees). As this chakra controls the next lower chakra, the last two seed [Bali vadh in Ramayana is sounds are replaced by: symbolic of withdrawing and ट ठ retaining our consciousness ťa ťha above knees thus overcoming retaliatory jealousy within us.]Mahar Heart Direct Cognition Anahata Chakra It is a Plane of Greatness, Situated behind the sternum, also called the Devaloka, and this where antibodies are produced to fourth highest of the seven upper protect our subtle system. worlds is the mental plane, realm of Anahata Chakra. It is the higher The human body contains two astral plane, the Plane of Balance. heart chakras, one located at the center of the chest, called front A region wherein dwell the Munis heart chakra, and the other during Pralaya i.e. dissolution. Its located at the back of the heart, sphere of influence is exoterically referred to as back heart chakra. said to extend to the utmost limits of the solar system. This chakra is the center of perception and insight is often It gives a sense of security, it referred to as “the lotus of the controls the heart plexus. It has 12- heart.” Its 12 “petals” imply that petal lotus. cognition can be expressed in twelve distinct ways or through The front heart chakra energizes as many masks or personae. and controls the heart, the thymus gland and the circulatory system. People abiding here are generally well-balanced, content Malfunctioning of the front heart and self-contained. They have a chakra manifests as heart and deep understanding of human circulatory ailments. nature, which brings effortless tolerance and an innate ability to The back heart chakra primarily help others, to resolve conflicts controls and energizes the lungs and confusions. and, to a lesser degree, the heart and the thymus gland. Between ages 21 and 28, perceptions deepen and Malfunctioning of the back heart understanding matures for those chakra is marked as lung problems who enter this chakra. Many such as asthma, tuberculosis, and people regress back into reason others. and memory. But, if awareness is
Alphabet / Seed Sounds mature, having incarnated many क ख ग घ ङ times, and well-trained all ka kha ga gha na through youth, the soul proceeds smoothly into anahata च छ ज झ ञ consciousness. ca cha ja jha na ट ठ The corresponding tala and ťa ťha nether pole is Talatala (Shanks, Calves). Withdrawing and As this chakra controls the next retaining our consciousness lower chakra, the last two seed above calves is the only way to sounds are replaced by: overcome stubbornness, greed, प फ deceit, instinctive willfulness pa pha and grasp of material world.Svarga Navel Will Power Manipura Chakra(Svar) It is a Celestial or Bright Plane, This chakra is located on the the fifth highest of the seven upper navel and it affects the general worlds (Heaven or mental plane), vitality of a person. the mid-astral region (equated in some texts with Svarga), realm of Spleen Chakra Manipura Chakra. The front spleen chakra is located on the left part of the abdomen Heaven-world; the fifth counting between the front solar plexus downwards of the seven lokas. chakra and the naval chakra. Svargaloka is also exoterically said to be a paradise situated on Mount Solar Plexus Chakra Meru, “described geographically as The solar plexus chakra is also ‘passing through the middle of the referred to as the energy clearing earth-globe, and protruding on house center, mainly because the either side. On its upper station are subtle energies from the lower the gods, on the nether (or South chakras and from the higher Pole) is the abode of the demons chakras pass through it. The (hells)". whole body can be energized through the solar plexus chakra. Heaven is a plane of enjoyment only. It is a place to reap the fruits Malfunctioning of this may of one’s good Karmas done in the cause diabetes, ulcer, hepatitis, earth-plane. One cannot do fresh heart ailments and other illness Karmas there. One cannot attain related to the organs mentioned Moksha or the final emancipation above. from there. He will have to come down to Bhuloka again for trying This chakra is represented in the for his salvation. central nervous system by the solar plexus, where all nerves The sphere of influence of merge to form the “second Svargaloka is said to reach to the brain.” pole star. It is the seat of our attention, and it transmits material Of its ten petals, five face up and well-being and inner peace. five down. Correspondingly, depending on how the energy is Malfunctioning of the naval flowing, the forces of willpower
chakra results in constipation, from this chakra add power appendicitis and difficulty in either to worldly consciousness giving birth, low vitality and other or to spiritual consciousness. intestine related diseases. When awareness is confined to The front and back spleen chakras the realms of memory, reason control and energize the spleen. The and aggressive willpower, men spleen purifies the blood of disease- and women are instinctive in causing germs. It also destroys nature. They are quick to react worn-out blood cells. and retaliate; quick to have their feelings hurt and quick to pursue The front and back solar plexus the conquest of others while chakras control and energize the fearing their own defeat. In these diaphragm, pancreas, liver, states of mind, the ego rises to its stomach and to a certain extent greatest prominence, and energize the large and small emotional experiences are intestines, appendix, lungs, heart extremely intense. and other parts of the body. Young adults from 14 to 21 Alphabet / Seed Sounds discover willpower, willfulness ड ढ ण and individuality as this chakra da dha na unfolds. त थ द ध न Its corresponding tala and nether ta tha da dha na pole is Mahatala (Ankles). प फ Withdrawing and retaining our pa pha consciousness above ankles is the only way to overcome selfish, self-centered, corrupt and possessive nature. Bhuva Sacral Reason, Intellect Svadishthana Chakra(Bhuvar) It is a Plane of Atmosphere, the This centre gravitates around the sixth counting downwards of the Nabhi, providing support for its seven upper worlds, realm of action and creating the area of the Svadishthana Chakra, consisting of Void. This chakra is located on the two astral regions closest to the the pubic area. physical plane: Pitriloka, "world of ancestors," (the upper region of Once the ability to remember Bhuvaloka) and Pretaloka, "world has been established, the natural of the departed," (the realm of the consequence is reason, and from earth-bound souls. This lower reason evolves the intellect. region of Bhuvaloka is an astral Reason is the manipulation of duplicate of the physical world. memorized information. It has six- petal lotus. It is a world of development or growth -- so called because it is one It is in this chakra that the of the higher astral realms acting as majorities of people live, think, one of the fields for the evolution of worry and travel on the astral sentient beings. plane. We open naturally into this chakra between ages 8 and 14. Also known as Antariksha or astral plane, the mid-region; the This center controls the
firmament or space between earth Muladhara, as does each and heaven, the abode of apsaras progressively higher chakra (nymphs), gandharvas (celestial controls those that lie below it. musicians), and yakshas (nature sprites of many types) along with The corresponding tala and the mythical wish-granting cow of nether pole is Rasatala (Over plenty, Kamadhenu. Foot). It symbolizes the creative sense Withdrawing and retaining our within us. It controls and energizes consciousness above ‘over the the sexual organs and the bladder. foot’ is the only way to overcome the absence of conscience (the Alphabet / Seed Sounds sense of right and wrong that ब भ म य र ल governs a person’s thoughts and actions), and stealing nature in ba bha ma ya ra la us. Bhu Base of Spine Memory, Time & Space Muladhara Chakra(Bhur) It is our Earth World, the physical This chakra is located at the base plane, the world perceived through of the spine or the coccyx area. the five senses, also called the gross plane, as it is the densest of the As memory center, it creates a worlds. consciousness of time through the powers of memory. It has 4- The body of man is viewed as a petal lotus. microcosm of the entire divine creation. Microcosm refers to the This chakra is associated with internal source of something larger human qualities of individuality, or more external (macrocosm). The egoism, physicality (including microcosm precedes the sexuality), materialism and macrocosm. Thus, the guiding dominance. principle of the Bhuloka comes from the six higher lokas. A person lives predominantly in Consciousness precedes physical this chakra during the first seven form. years of life, acquiring language skills, relationships and cultural In the physical plane one gets ways. knowledge of objects through the five Jnana-Indriyas or organs of These are the seven lokas that knowledge, viz., ear, skin, eye, interpenetrate. Each plane has its tongue, and nose. own matter of an appropriate degree of density, which In the mental plane or heaven one interpenetrates the matter of the does not hear, see and feel by plane next below it. The astral separate and finite organs. One plane, or Bhuvaloka, gets a Divya Chakshu or divine interpenetrates the earth plane eye, an extraordinary new power and extends for some distance or faculty. One can hear, see, feel beyond it. The mental plane and know everything of an object interpenetrates the astral but also instantaneously, through this new extends further into space than mental eye. One gets an accurate does the latter. and perfect knowledge of all objects. One is not deceived or
misled by any external appearance. The vibrations of the astral world There is no misunderstanding. are more rapid or quicker than those of the physical plane. The Bhuloka is at the base of the left vibrations of the mental plane are channel. It controls the pelvic more rapid or quicker than those plexus and gives innocence and of the astral plane. The vibrations wisdom. of the Satyaloka are more rapid or quicker than those of the mental This controls, energizes and plane. In each plane the soul strengths the whole visible physical develops a new and higher sense body, especially the spine, the of power. When you pass from production and the quality of blood one plane to another you do not produced, the adrenal glands, the move in space. You simply tissues of the body, the internal and change your consciousness. You sexual organs. change your focus of consciousness. The corresponding tala and nether pole is Patala (Under Foot). Withdrawing and retaining our consciousness above ‘under the Alphabet / Seed Sounds foot’ is the only way to overcome व श ष स sense gratification, conceit, malice, murder, and pull of va śa śa sa enchanting material world.Tala Body Center Quality Chakra (Wheel)Atala Hips Fear and Lust Wheel of the Bottomless Put “Childless” Region It is the Bottomless Region, the first The first lower chakra, located in chakra below the Muladhara, the hips, governs the state of centered in the hips. Region of fear mind called fear, which is truly a and lust. Corresponds to the first bottomless abyss. Someone in this sub-causal netherworld beneath the consciousness fears death, fears earths surface, called Put life, even fears God and other ("childless") or Atala, the first of people. This center is also the the seven hellish regions of home of lust and promiscuity. consciousness. Lust is a strong desire for sexual gratification (and material things) It is the nether pole of Satyaloka or a strong desire or drive. and absence of Truth results in fear at Atala. No place, no material locality; the first and most spiritual of the Atala is ruled by Bala - a son of seven talas, so nearly one with Maya - who possesses mystical Satyaloka, its corresponding loka powers. By one yawn, Bala created or pole that the two nearly three types of women - svairinis conjoin into one. ("self-willed"), who like to marry men from their own group; kaminis When consciousness of a man or ("lustful"), who marry men from woman enters Atala, a strong any group, and the pumscalis field of lust, it induces sexual ("whorish"), who keep changing energy in both and they enjoy their partners. sexual play and forget impending death.
Vitala Thighs Anger, Resentment Wheel of Negative Region Avichi “Joyless” Here anger predominates, and It is the Region of Negation, region burning resentment. Anger of raging anger and viciousness. comes from despair, confusion, The second chakra below the frustration or lack of Muladhara, centered in the thighs. understanding. People in the Corresponds to the second sub- consciousness of this chakra, causal netherworld beneath the centered in the thighs, are always earths surface, called Avichi wrathful, mad at the world, even ("joyless") or Vitala. angry at God. Vitala is ruled by the god Hara- It is the Better Place, i.e., better for Bhava - a form of Shiva, who dwells matter, in that its substance is with attendant ganas including more material or differentiated ghosts and goblins as the master of than Atala which precedes it; the gold mines. The residents of this second on the descending scale of realm are adorned with gold from the seven talas, corresponding to this region. Tapaloka.Sutala Knees Retaliatory Jealousy Wheel of Great Depth Samhata “Abandoned” This chakra, found in the knees, It is the Great Depth, region of governs jealousy, wanting what obsessive jealousy and retaliation. one can’t have. Jealousy is a The third chakra below the feeling of inadequacy, Muladhara, centered in the knees. inferiority and helplessness. Corresponds to the third sub-causal People in Sutala consciousnesses netherworld beneath the earths covet everything, often deny the surface, called Samhata existence of God and are ("abandoned") or Sutala. contentiously combative. Sutala is the kingdom of the pious It is the Good Place, i.e., still demon king Bali. better for matter; the third counting downwards of the seven talas, corresponding to Janaloka.Talatala Shanks Prolonged Mental Confusion Wheel of the Lower Region (Calves) Tamisra “Darkness” Prolonged confusion dominates It is the Lower Region, the fourth here, giving rise to instinctive chakra below the Muladhara, willfulness: to get rather than centered in the calves. Region of give, to push others around and chronic mental confusion and pursue materialistic advancement unreasonable stubbornness. over all else. Greed and deceit Corresponds to the fourth prevail in this dog-eat-dog state netherworld (and first sub-astral) of mind, centered in the calves. beneath the earths surface, called Tamisra ("darkness") or Talatala. Talatala is the realm of the demon-architect Maya, who is This state of consciousness is born well-versed in sorcery. of the sole motivation of self- preservation. It is nether pole of Maharloka and it is the first tala where matter takes form.
Mahatala Ankles Selfishness, Self-centeredness Wheel of Subterranean Corruption and Possessiveness Region Rijisha “Expelled” This chakra of the ankles is the It is the Subterranean Region, the true home of the animal nature. fifth chakra below the Muladhara, Unmitigated selfishness prevails, centered in the ankles. Corresponds of seeing to the well-being of to the fifth netherworld (and second “number one” first. The suffering sub-astral) beneath the earths of others is of no concern. surface, called Rijisha ("expelled") Jealousy, anger and fear are or Mahatala. Region of corruption, intense, even high, states of selfishness, self-centered and consciousness. possessive nature. Vedas describe corruption as The fifth counting downwards of hydra headed. Its heads are the seven talas, its corresponding bribery, exploitative profit, loka or pole being Svargaloka. The vested interest, selfish desires, talas from this point become treachery, sycophancy, rapidly more material. It officiousness, wickedness, and corresponds to the hierarchies of hypocrisy. rupa- or sight-devas, possessed of three senses: hearing, touch, and Hydra is a mythological monster sight. The state of this tala with nine heads, each of which, corresponds in man on earth with when struck off, is replaced by an artificial state of consciousness, two new ones. such as that produced by hypnotism or drugs. Bribery is door through which all sins enter and join the river Mahatala is the abode of many- of corruption, which flows in the hooded Nagas (serpents) - the sons human mind, senses and sense of Kadru, headed by the Krodhavasha organs of the gross body. This (Irascible) band of Kuhaka, results in diminishing the Taksshaka, Kaliya and Sushena. discerning power of mind to They live here with their families in distinguish between right and peace but always fear Garuda, the wrong, virtuous and non- eagle-man. virtuous conduct and values. Tamasic guna of passivity, Cause of corruption is deceitful dullness, ignorance becomes lust and corruptible things on this predominant and the person is earth are gold, silver etc. Bribe forced to lead an artificial life of blinds the eyes of the wise and fun and frolic, eat drink and be twists the words of righteous. merry, by ignoring the laws of God described as Rta in the Buddha had said that consciousness Vedas. of gross body dims the eye of the mind that leads to germination of Corruption is a disease which the evil of corruption in all its goes on increasing with all forms. This is the origin of all material treatment and makes the illusion. power of soul and human spirit weaker and weaker. Corruption spreads from father to the offspring, teachers to pupils, Rig Veda 2-2-12 makes it very false prophets to their followers, clear that persons who acquire
buyer to a seller and vice versa and material wealth and property so on, until the entire society is through righteous, honest and corrupted. unquestionable means on the path of Rta, Dharma and Satya The nine kinds of hydra headed get good and virtuous progeny of corruption enter the gross body sons and daughters. Those who through five senses, five sense acquire wealth through corrupt organs, and outward instinctive means suffer miseries and face mind. It becomes vehement and gloom through their children. extremely uncontrollable with the predominance of tamasic guna of The worst thing about corruption impurity and passivity. is that it distorts the concept of knowledge. The weakness of the Corruption and extreme outward looking mind, materialism can turn the mighty incompetence, lack of integrity into weak. owing to excessive desire of sensual pleasure, material Mahatala is nether pole of wealth and other psychic Svargaloka. conditions are the real causes of falsehood, evils and corruption.Rasatala Foot Absence of Conscience Wheel of the Great Lower Kudmala “Leprous” Region (Ignorance) It is the Vast Netherworld, the sixth This is the realm of (and third sub-astral) beneath the consciencelessness, or inner earth’s surface called Kudmala blindness to the effect of one’s (“leprous”) or Rasatala. Region of actions, of negativity and deep consciencelessness. depression. Those living in this chakra of the feet steal freely, The sixth in the descending scale of taking what they justify as theirs the seven talas. The corresponding anyway, feeling that the world loka or pole is Bhuvaloka. Among “owes them a living.” other things it corresponds to the elemental beings that are Rasatala is the home of the connected with taste, and therefore demons - Danavas and Daityas, includes the state of consciousness who are mighty but cruel. They appertaining to this class. are the eternal foes of Devas (the gods). They live in holes like It is next to the grossest of the serpents. cosmic spheres or realms; the grossest or most material of all The intensity of “hell” begins at being Patala. this deep level. Patala Under Foot Murder & Malice Wheel of the Fallen or Sinful Kakola “Black Poison” Level It is the Fallen or Sinful Region, the Here, in the soles of the feet, is seventh chakra below the the abode of destructiveness, Muladhara, centered in the soles of revenge, and murder for the sake the feet. Corresponds to the seventh of murder, torture and hatred and lowest (material) netherworld expressed through harming the beneath the earths surface, called properties, minds, emotions and Kakola ("black poison") or Patala. bodies of others. Hatred and This is the realm in which scorn abide here. Malice reigns misguided souls indulge in
destruction for the sake of supreme. Reason seldom reachesdestruction, of torture, and of this state of mind.murder for the sake of murder. Malice is ill will; desire or intentNethermost, farthest underneath; to do harm to another, generallythe reference being not so much to without conscience.locality or position in space, as toquality - grossness, heaviness, or Patala, from one aspect,material substance. The seventh, corresponds to the lowerlowest, and most material tala. The hierarchies of the Gandha,state of this tala corresponds to the elementals ruling the sense andconsciousness of most humans on organ of smell. This lowest tala isearth. the sphere of irrational beings, including animals, having littleThe Hindu rishi Narada is said to or no sense or feeling save thathave descended in bygone times of self-preservation and theinto the regions of Patala, and to gratification of the senses -have been delighted with what he attributes of materiality whichfound there. On his return to the includes a vast number of thecelestial regions, he gave to the human species.gods a glowing account of thebeauties of the hells, stating that Patala is also the sphere ofthey abounded in everything intensely human as contrastedministering to luxury and with human-spiritual beings,sensuous delight. and is likewise the abode of the animal dugpas, elementals ofFor precisely these reasons, Patala animals, and multitudes ofas the lowest of the talas has been nature spirits, all belonging tocalled the infernal regions or hell. the bipolar planes of bhuloka-To beings evolving in the spheres patala.of matter, these spheres areextremely pleasant despite the Dugpa is one devoted wholly toinherent pain and suffering (of self. The beasts of Dugpas havebeing away from the real source of nothing but the animal in them,life) that invariably accompany and even when they awaken thesojourn in all sub-astral spheres, highest spirituality in them; it iswhich the talas are. the spirituality of the beast where there is nothing but vile, selfishIt is the region of the Nagas, ruled instinct.by Vasuki. Here live several Nagaswith many hoods. Each of their The corresponding loka or pole ishoods is decorated by a jewel, Bhuloka. Meru - the abode of thewhose light illuminates this realm. gods - was placed in the North Pole, while Patala, the netherWhat the evolving entities lose in region, was supposed to lie in thespiritual power, intellectual bliss, South. Meru and Patala are theand higher faculty, is compensated two poles, the ‘Mountain’ and thefor by the attachments and bonds ‘Pit’ or ‘Heaven’ or ‘Hell’.of a sensuous character, tying themtemporarily to these realms.
Explanation and Summary of Tables 1, 2, and 3Loka-tala description above is the vertical disposition of the universe as seen from Bhuloka.From the vertical disposition we note that God has created this universe in three layers:First Layer: Satyaloka (Plane of Reality, Truth) is the spiritual plane (matter dormant), withconcept and desire of God to create, and carries the seed of creation. It is followed by Tapaloka,Divine Light (Plane of Austerity, Virtue) to project the concept on Janaloka, Divine Love (Planeof Creativity). It is like CCTV i.e. Concept, Carry by Light, and finally Telecast and View.The first layer as a whole is the Causal World, the Seed World and its attribute is Satogun(Goodness – beneficial to all creatures in the world; Joy, nobility, enlightenment, happiness,contentment, equability, satisfaction; Disposition for faith, forgiveness, courage, truth,straightforwardness; Absence of stinginess, fear, wrath, malice, cleverness, prowess; etc.). WhenSatogun prevails it helps in invoking our Understanding – Insight.These are formless regions which have been given form in the lokas to follow. The next threeplanes are the reflection of the upper three planes.Second Layer: Maharloka (Plane of Greatness, Balance) is reflection of Satyaloka with thepower of direct cognition. It is followed by Svargaloka, Will Power (Plane of Brightness, Light,and Shining Bodies) as reflection of Tapaloka to project the concept on Bhuvaloka, Reason –Intellect (Plane of Atmosphere).The second layer as a whole is the Astral World, the Activity World and its attribute isRajogun (Passion – Injuring others, beauty, toil, pleasure and pain, cold and heat; War, peace,arguments, dissatisfaction, endurance, might, valour, pride, wrath, exertion, quarrel, jealousy,malice, battle; Sense of Mine-ness, protection of others, slaughter, bonds, and affliction; Buyingand Selling, fierceness, cruelty; Pointing out fault of others, thoughts entirely devoted toworldly affairs; Anxiety, animosity, false speech, hesitancy or doubts, praise and criticism;Thirst, desire, possessions, grief, vows and regulations; Treachery, deception, respect anddisrespect, theft, killing, desire of concealment; Vexation, wakefulness, ostentation, haughtiness,attachment, devotion, exultation, gambling and drinking; Indulgence in Scandal, all relationsarising out of women; Actions with expectation of good results, study, teaching, making of gifts,acceptance of gifts, rites of expiation, auspicious acts, performance of sacrifices andparticipating in such acts, diverse acts of public charity; etc.).Rajogun incites us for activity but it does not offer any guidance. Bhuvaloka is the astralduplicate of the physical world.Third Layer: Bhuloka, Earth World, is the physical plane which is a mixture of spirit andmatter and its attribute is Tamogun (Darkness, Delusion – Ignorance, illiberality, indecision inrespect of action; Sleep, haughtiness, fear, cupidity, grief, censure of good acts, loss of memory;Un-ripeness of judgment, absence of faith, violation of all rules of conduct, want ofdiscrimination, blindness, vileness of behaviour; Boastful assertions of performance when thereis no performance; Presumption of knowledge in ignorance, hostility, evilness of disposition,stupid reasoning, crookedness; Incapacity for association, sinful action, senselessness, stolidity,lassitude, absence of self-control, degradation; etc.).
Tamogun - Darkness is known to have the night (or obscurity) for its essence. It is otherwisecalled Delusion. It has unrighteousness (or sin) also for its indication, and it is alwayspresent in all sinful acts.Soul as life was encased in eighty four lakhs (eight point four million) species to inhabitthree astral worlds, physical world, and seven talas below Bhuloka.Embodied souls in the astral and sub-astral worlds; gods, devas, apsaras (nymphs),gandharvas (celestial musicians), yakshas (nature spirits of many types), and demons with theirseats at Heart, Navel, and Sacral and corresponding talas; with their prime quality of passionpush the embodied souls in Bhuloka to activity. The embodied souls of the astral and sub-astral worlds cannot invoke higher causal worlds being limited due to their prime quality ofactivity and they have to take birth as humans to invoke higher worlds and seek liberation.Humans along with other animate forms were placed at Bhuloka. Demons, goblins, ghosts,and all other lower forms of embodied life inhabit the underworld of talas.Of all the animate forms only humans have been given the privilege to break open the shellof “the world-egg of God” and thus free themselves from their embodied form. Bhuloka isthe ideal plane and only humans can ascend to higher lokas by right conduct or descend to theunderworld by wrong conduct. It depends upon the choices we make as human-spiritualbeings while placed at Bhuloka. Right activity at Bhuloka under the guidance of a fullyrealized and duly authorized teacher will lead us to Inactivity, which is one of the attributesof soul, and finally towards the much sought liberation.As primal command of God we were sent to experience His creation and now ouraccumulated experience is the main hindrance to break free from our embodied status and inrealization of self, Self and God. Our accumulated experience in all lives as humans, oursanskaras, push us down from higher lokas to physical plane or underworld and we remainembodied in various forms in the astral, physical, and the underworld.Thirst (trishna) is the reason why the ego seeks reincarnation. It is the blind thirst formanifested life, the desire to find some region where the ego can express itself. Until therealisation of Brahman is reached, there must always be trishna. When a man has assimilated allthat he has acquired, and made it part of himself, then trishna will arise and drive him out toseek new experiences.Trishna is the thirst for the things which the human ego formerly knew, and which it willsand desires to know again — things familiar and akin to it from past experiences — whichdraws the intermediate nature or human ego of man back again to incarnation in earth-life. It isattracted anew to what is to it old and familiar worlds and scenes; it thirsts for the manifestedlife comprising them, for the things which it formerly made akin to itself; and thus is it attractedback to those spheres which it left at some preceding period of its evolutionary journey throughthem, when death overtook it.Its attraction to return to earth is naught but an operation of a law of nature. Here theintermediate nature or human ego sowed the seeds of thought and of action in past lives, and
here therefore must it of necessity reap their fruits. It cannot reap where it has not sown, as isobvious enough. It never goes whither it is not attracted or drawn.These seeds of former thoughts and acts, of former emotions, desires, loves, hates, yearnings,and aspirations, each one of such begins to make itself felt as an urge earthwards, towards thespheres and planes in which they are native, and where they naturally grow and expand anddevelop. In this our present life also, all of us are setting in motion causes in thought and inaction which will bring us back to this earth in the distant future. We shall then reap theharvest of the seeds of thought and action that we are in this present life planting in the fields ofour human nature.The 4-petal lotus of Forehead Chakra is the lowest chakra of Astral World that oversees theworking of human body and is known as the Antahkaran or Inner Mind. As manas it receivesinput from the senses of perception, as chitta it is memory of our entire activity not only incurrent life but all previous lives, as buddhi it is intellect – knowledge acquired through senses incurrent life, and as ahankar it is ego and executing authority. This 4-petal lotus of Inner Mind hascorrespondence with the 4-petal lotus of Bhuloka at the base of spine which is also called theOutgoing Instinctive Mind. If we do not check this Outgoing Instinctive Mind by Reason,Intellect; we are bound to descend to the underworld – talas.Sub-Causal Planes: Human beings placed at Bhuloka are surrounded by lust and fear ofAtala situated at Hips. Fear leads us towards Ignorance (Moh) and Lust (Kama) as strongdesire for sex and material things leads us to the next lower region Vitala situated at Thighscomprising of Anger (Krodh) and burning Resentment that builds up due to unfulfilled desires.Indulgence in Anger and Resentment leads us to the next lower region Sutala situated at theKnees comprising of Retaliatory Jealousy and Covetousness. This completes the sub-causal setof nether poles of the top three lokas.Lust otherwise as a strong desire can be used by us at Bhuloka to know our Creator but wealways miss this opportunity as our consciousness remains engrossed in malice, sensegratification, conceit, pride, wrath, jealousy, greed, deceit, selfishness, corruption, and aboveall ignorance.We are always busy converting life as consciousness into matter (without conscience) seekingsecurity in gold, silver, diamonds and other bhuloka associations and possessions which are alltemporary and will be taken away from us at the time of death. Such consciousness after life asa human at Bhuloka ensures our descent to talas and we keep on missing the goldenopportunity of ascending to higher lokas.We fail to understand that for a graduate / post-graduate / or doctorate degree in a limitedfield of some physical science we spend twenty to thirty years of our prime life-time readingbooks, going to schools, colleges, universities seeking guidance of various experts / adepts inthat field. But in case of Spiritual Science which is the mother of all sciences and withoutreading even one scripture and sincerely reflecting over what is written there for our benefit,and without seeking any guidance from a spiritual adept, we feel that we know everythingand what we are doing is right and the best. To seek spiritual knowledge we have to devotetime and make sincere effort as we do to learn any physical science but most fail to do so.
This is Ignorance and speaking on the method to attain liberation Lord Rama advises Hanumanin Muktiko-Upanishad, “So long as you are without a mind of (true) discrimination and arenot a knower of the Supreme Seat, so long should you follow whatever has been decided bythe teacher and the authorities of the sacred books.”For best education in physical sciences, we look for the best institutions and the best teachersand we have to pay the best price. But in Spiritual Science the best teacher is one who impartsthe highest knowledge without any charge. If you have to pay even a penny to gain spiritualknowledge, you have not yet found a true teacher.Sub-Astral Planes: Nether pole of Maharloka generates Greed (Lobh) and Grasping ascognition of material world commences from here and we are led to the next lower regionTalatala at Shanks (Calves) which is the home for Instinctive Willfulness, Stubbornness, Greed,Deceit and Grasp of material world. Indulgence in Greed and Deceit with Instinctive Mind notchecked by Reason / Intellect leads us to the next lower region Mahatala situated at the Anklescomprising of Selfishness, Possessiveness and Corruption and indulgence in corruption leads tocomplete absence of Reason / Intellect and Ignorance (Moh) prevails at Rasatala situated ‘overthe foot’. This completes the sub-astral set of nether poles of the three astral lokas.Material Plane: The sub-causal and the sub-astral planes (nether poles of causal and astrallokas) oversee the working of the lowest material plane Patala. It is a material world (spiritdormant) and home for embodied souls with consciousness engaged in malice, murder, sensegratification, and ego (Ahankar). For embodied souls there is no problem here but it is atemporary sojourn, subject to change and impermanent.The Bhagavata Purana calls the seven lower regions bila-svargas ("subterranean heavens") andthey are regarded as planets or planetary systems below the earth. These regions are describedas being more opulent than the upper regions of the universe, which include heaven. The lifehere is of pleasure, wealth and luxury, with no distress. The natural beauty of Patala is saidto surpass that of the upper realms. There is no sunlight in the lower realms, but the darknessis dissipated by the shining of the jewels that the residents of Patala wear. There is no old age,no sweat, and no disease in Patala.The sage Narada paid a visit to these regions and on his return to the skies gave a glowingaccount of them, declaring them to be far more delightful than Indra’s heaven, and aboundingwith every kind of luxury and sensual gratification. In this place the good-looking daughters ofthe Daityas and Danavas wander about, fascinating even the most austere. In Patala the sons ofDaityas and Danavas are happy in the enjoyment of delicious foods and strong wines.As human beings at Bhuloka, if we intend to seek liberation, we have to withdraw ourconsciousness step wise from under the foot, over the foot, ankles, calves, knees, thighs andhips and hold it at the base of spine. Then we have to work our way up to sacral, navel, heart,throat, ajna (third eye), and then to crown of head and beyond. This has to be achieved whileliving in human form at Bhuloka.With our best efforts, we can at the most ascend to Svargaloka (Navel) but it is a temporarysojourn and when the allotted time for our good deeds is over, we will be pushed out and
our past experience in seed form will determine our next birth. Similarly, when the allottedtime for our bad deeds is over, we will be pushed out of hells and our past experience in seedform will determine our next birth.This cycle of birth, death and rebirth and the embodied state of the soul will never endunless we practice Surat- Shabad Yoga (conscious union with the creative power) for a longtime while living as a human being on Bhuloka through well-conducted deliberation andtruth under the guidance of a spiritual adept.If the teacher has realization of only sub-astral or sub-causal planes, he cannot take us toBhuvaloka or higher planes of consciousness. Similarly, if the teacher has realization up to sayMaharloka, he cannot take us beyond to higher causal worlds. In case we are looking forabsolute liberation, we must seek a teacher who has realization beyond Satyaloka.We cannot find a truly liberated teacher with our intellect. We must seek help of God with astrong desire above all other desires to know our Creator. The maxim is, “When the pupil isready, the Master appears.” Depending upon the nature of our desire i.e. for things created(not-self) or the power that works behind creation (self) we shall be led to a suitable teacher. So,desire from God for His Understanding so that we can know Him while living and make bestuse of our sojourn at Bhuloka. Remember there are no guarantees after death. So, achievewhatever you have to while living.Spiritual Body or Cosmic Form continued:• Meru is situated in the triangle; Mandrachal in the lower angle; Kailas and Vas in the southern angle; Himachal, in the north-west angle. Nishadh is in the upper lines Gandhamadan in the lines on the right; Ramnachal in the lines on the left. These are the seven great mountains.• Jambudweep is in the place of the bones; Plakshadweep (Gomed) in the mass of hair; the Shalmalidweep is in the skin; Kushadweep is situated in the flesh; the Kronchdweep in the nerves; Shakdweep is situated in the marrow; and Pushkardweep in the place of the nails.• Now listen to the oceans that surround these islands (dweeps). Know that in the urine of Virat Purush, is the Khara Ocean (saline water); the Rasa (sugarcane, Ikshu) Ocean in the juices; the Sura (wine) Ocean in the phlegm; the Ghee (clarified butter) Ocean in the marrow; the Dadhi (emulsified yogurt) Ocean in the blood; and the Ksheer (milk, dugdha) Ocean in the milk. O son of Vinta! In the soft palate know it to be the Sweet (fresh water) Ocean.• The sun is situated in the Nada chakra; the moon is in the Bindu chakra; Mars is situated in the eyes; and Mercury is in the heart of Virat Purush. Jupiter is in the Vishnu Sthan – Nabhigol; Venus is situated in the seed; Saturn is in the navel; and Rahu in the mouth. Ketu is situated in the lungs; -- thus in that Virat Body is the circle of the planets.
Description of Earth-Universe (Svargaloka-Bhuvaloka-Bhuloka)The above four paragraphs give an overview of our Earth-Universe (Bhu-Mandala) comprisingof three lower lokas i.e. Bhuloka, Bhuvaloka, and Svargaloka complete with the mountains,islands, oceans, suns, and planets. These have been described in Vishnu Puran, Bhagavat Puran,Agni Puran and Mahabharata. The extent of God’s creation is limitless and it cannot beunderstood even in hundreds of years of life. That is why a description of the names, form,measurement and characteristics of this Earth-Universe only has been given in these Puranas.The description of higher four lokas i.e. Maharloka, Janaloka, Tapaloka, and finally Satyaloka isbeyond human comprehension and can only be known by actual experience / realizationwithin.How big this Universe of fourteen spiritual planes is can be imagined from the life span ofBrahma? The total duration of the four yugas is 4,320,000 years, and when that is multiplied athousand times, it equals twelve hours in the life of Brahma. Therefore we cannot factuallycomprehend even twelve hours of Brahmas life, to say nothing of the one hundred years thatconstitute his entire lifetime, which works out to 311.04 trillion human years. How, then, can weunderstand his abode?Lord Brahmas abode is practically indescribable from our present status. What can we talkabout Satyaloka, which is situated 233.90 millions yojanas away from Bhuloka? (According tosaints like Kabir, Guru Nanak, Dadu, Paltu, Ravi Das, Sheikh Farid, Rumi and many more;our real home is much beyond Satyaloka).Every demigod has his own abode in our Earth-Universe. Indra, the King of the demigods, hashis own abode, as do Candra, the lord of the moon planet, and Surya, the predominating deityof the sun planet. There are many millions of demigods, and the stars and planets are theirrespective homes. Those who worship the demigods go to their different planetary systems. Thelife span of demigods is 36,000 human years.Materialists who want quick results in the material world worship demigods. Those who desirebeautiful wives, substantial wealth and many sons worship the demigods, but an intelligentdevotee desires to know only his Creator – God.Priyavrata was son of Svayambhuva Manu and grandson of Lord Brahma and he ruled theEarth-Universe for eleven arbudas of years. One arbuda consists of 100,000,000 years, andPriyavrata ruled the universe for eleven such arbudas.Planets in outer space are called islands. Priyavrata divided our Earth-Universe (Bhu-Mandala)sphere into seven islands with their mountains, rivers, forests, hills and planetary systems andseparated their boundaries by oceans of equal size. In the Gayatri mantra, we chant, Om bhurbhuvah svah tat savitur varenyam. Above the Bhuloka (bhur) planetary system is Bhuvaloka(bhuvah), and above that is Svargaloka (svah), the heavenly planetary system. All theseplanetary systems are controlled by Savita, the sun-god.The names of the islands are - Jambu, Plaksh, Shalmali, Kush, Kronch, Shak, and Pushkar.Each island is twice as large as the one preceding it and each is surrounded by a liquidsubstance, beyond which is the next island.
The ocean in each planetary system has a different type of liquid. The seven oceans respectivelycontain salt water, sugarcane juice, liquor, clarified butter, milk, emulsified yogurt, and sweetdrinking water. All the islands are completely surrounded by these oceans, and each ocean isequal in breadth to the island it surrounds. Jambudweep is the smallest and lowest of theseislands and its breadth is 100,000 yojana. One yojana equals nine miles and therefore thebreadth of the first island is calculated to be 900,000 miles.To stop the quarreling among different peoples, Priyavrata marked boundaries at rivers and atthe edges of mountains and forests so that no one would trespass upon anothers property. Asindicated here, different classes of men are destined to live in different areas; Priyavrata dividedthe surface of the globe (earth-universe) into different islands so that each class of men wouldlive peacefully and not clash with the others. For example, the Naisada race was given a place inthe forest because by nature they are thieves and rogues. As animals are given places in variousforests and hills, men who are like animals are also destined to live there. 1. Jambudweep and the EarthBhu-Mandala is like a lotus flower, and its seven islands are compared to the whorl of the lotus.The place known as Jambudweep is in the middle of that whorl. It is 100,000 yojanas (1 yojana =9 miles) large and this is round like a lotus leaf. There are nine divisions (Varsh) of this island.These Varsh are divided by eight mountains. In the center of this is the Ilaavrit Varsh. It issurrounded by salty water sea which is also 100,000 yojanas large.In the middle of this Ilaavrit Varsh, there is a mountain known as Sumeru, which is made ofsolid gold. The height of this mountain is 84,000 yojanas, of which 16,000 yojanas are below theearth. Its width is estimated to be 32,000 yojanas at its summit and 16,000 yojanas at its foot.This king of mountains, Sumeru, is the support of the planet earth.Just north of Ilaavrit Varsh and going further northward, one after another, there are threemountains named Neel, Shwet, and Shringvaan. These mark the borders of the three Varshasnamed Ramyak, Hiranmaya and Kuru and separate them from one another. The width of thesemountains is 2,000 yojanas. Lengthwise, they extend east and west to the beaches of the ocean ofsalt water. Going from south to north, the length of each mountain is one tenth that of theprevious mountain, but the height of them all is the same.Similarly, south of Ilaavrit Varsh and extending from east to west, there are three greatmountains named (from north to south) Nishadh, Hemkoot, and Himalaya. They are alsospread east-west and are 10,000 yojanas high each. They are the boundaries of Hari Varsh,Kimpurush Varsh and Bharat Varsh (India).In the east and west of Ilaavrit there are two mountains - up to north is Gandhamadan and upto south is Maalyavaan. These two mountains, which are 2,000 yojanas high, extend as far asNeel Mountain in the north and Nishadh in the south. They indicate borders of Ilaavrit Varshand also the two Varshas known as Bhadraashwa and Ketumaal.Surrounding Sumeru Mountain are four mountains known as Mandrachal, Merumandar,Supaarshwa, and Kumud mountains, 10,000 yojanas high and wide each, as the base of MeruParvat. Standing like flagstaffs on the summits of these four mountains are a mango tree, a rose
apple tree, a kadamba tree and a banyan tree. Those trees are calculated to have a width of 100yojanas and a height of 1,100 yojanas. Their branches also spread to a radius of 1,100 yojanas.Between these four mountains are four huge lakes full of milk, honey, sugarcane juice and purewater respectively. These lakes can fulfill all desires. The celestial beings such as the Siddhas,Caranas and Gandharvas, who are also known as demigods, enjoy the facilities of those fourlakes.There are also gardens named Nandana, Citraratha, Vaibhrajaka, and Sarvatobhadra. The bestof the demigods, along with their wives, who are like ornaments of heavenly beauty, meettogether and enjoy within those gardens, while their glories are sung by lesser demigods knownas Gandharvas.On the lower slopes of Mandara Mountain is a mango tree named Devacuta. It is 1,100 yojanashigh. Mangoes as big as mountains peaks and as sweet as nectar, fall from the top of this tree forthe enjoyment of the denizens of heaven.When all those solid fruits fall from such a height, they break, and the sweet, fragrant juicewithin them flows out and becomes increasingly more fragrant as it mixes with other scents.That juice cascades from the mountain in waterfalls and becomes a river called Arunoda, whichflows pleasantly through the eastern side of Ilavrta.Similarly, the fruits of the jambu tree, which are full of pulp and have very small seeds, fall froma great height and break to pieces. Those fruits are the size of elephants, and the juice glidingfrom them becomes a river named Jambu-nadi. This river falls a distance of 10,000 yojanas, fromthe summit of Merumandar to the southern side of Ilavrta, and floods the entire land of Ilavrtawith juice. The mud on both banks of the River Jambu-nadi, being moistened by the flowingjuice and then dried by the air and the sunshine, produces huge quantities of gold called Jambu-nada. The denizens of heaven use this gold for various kinds of ornaments. Therefore all theinhabitants of the heavenly planets and their youthful wives are fully decorated with goldenhelmets, bangles and belts, and thus they enjoy life.On the side of Supaarshwa Mountain stands a big tree called Mahakadamba, which is verycelebrated. From the hollows of this tree flow five rivers of honey, each about five vyamas(about 40 feet) wide. This flowing honey falls incessantly from the top of Supaarshwa Mountainand flows all around Ilavrta-Varsh, beginning from the western side. Thus the whole land issaturated with the pleasing fragrance. The air carrying the scent from the mouths of those whodrink that honey perfumes the land for a hundred Yojanas around.Similarly, on Kumud Mountain there is a great banyan tree, which is called Satavalsa because ithas a hundred main branches. From those branches come many roots, from which many riversare flowing. These rivers flow down from the top of the mountain to the northern side ofIlavrta-Varsh for the benefit of those who live there. Because of these flowing rivers, all thepeople have ample supplies of milk, yogurt, honey, clarified butter, molasses, food grains,clothes, bedding, sitting places and ornaments. All the objects they desire are sufficientlysupplied for their prosperity, and therefore they are very happy.
There are other mountains beautifully arranged around the foot of Mount Meru like thefilaments around the whorl of a lotus flower. Their names are Kuranga, Kurara, Kusumbha,Vaikanka, Trikuta, Sisira, Patanga, Rucaka, Nisadha, Sinivasa, Kapila, Sankha, Vaidurya,Jarudhi, Hamsa, Rsabha, Naga, Kalanjara and Narada.On the eastern side of Sumeru Mountain are two mountains named Jathara and Devakuta,which extend to the north and south for 18,000 yojanas. Similarly, on the western side ofSumeru are two mountains named Pavana and Pariyatra, which also extend north and south forthe same distance. On the southern side of Sumeru are two mountains named Kailasa andKaravira, which extend east and west for 18,000 yojanas, and on the northern side of Sumeru,extending for the same distance east and west, are two mountains named Trisrnga and Makara.The width and height of all these mountains is 2,000 yojanas. Sumeru, a mountain of solid goldshining as brilliantly as fire, is surrounded by these eight mountains.In the middle of the summit of Meru is the township of Lord Brahma. Each of its four sides iscalculated to extend for ten million yojanas. It is made entirely of gold, and therefore learnedscholars and sages call it Satakaumbhi.Surrounding Brahmapuri in all directions are the residences of the eight principal governors ofthe planetary systems, beginning with King Indra. These abodes are similar to Brahmapuri butare one fourth the size. 1A: Ruler of Jambudweep and its NatureAgnidhra, son of Priyavrata, became the ruler of Jambudweep. Desiring to get a perfect sonand become an inhabitant of Pitriloka, Agnidhra once worshiped Lord Brahma, the master ofthose in charge of material creation. He went to a valley of Mandrachal Hill, where the damselsof the heavenly planets come down to stroll, there he engaged in severe austerities and worship.Understanding his desire, Lord Brahma sent a celestial girl named Purvacitti to Agnidhrashermitage. After dressing herself very attractively, she presented herself before him withvarious feminine movements, and Agnidhra was naturally attracted to her. The girls actions,expressions, smile, sweet words and moving eyes were fascinating to him.Agnidhra was expert in flattery. Thus he attracted the celestial girl, who was pleased to accepthim as her husband because of his mellifluous words. She enjoyed royal happiness withAgnidhra for many years before returning to her abode in the heavenly planets.In her womb Agnidhra begot nine sons -- Nabhi, Kimpurusa, Harivarsa, Ilavrta, Ramyaka,Hiranmaya, Kuru, Bhadrasva and Ketumala. He gave them nine islands with namescorresponding to theirs. Agnidhra, however, his senses unsatisfied, was always thinking of hiscelestial wife, and therefore in his next life he was born in her celestial planet.A beautiful womans movements and gestures, her hair and the structure of her breasts, hipsand other bodily features attract the minds not only of men but of demigods also. Theattraction of feminine gestures is powerful everywhere within this material world, both on thisplanet and in the higher planetary systems. It is said that the standard of living in the higherplanetary systems is thousands and thousands of times higher than the standard of living on