Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Robotics in healthcare
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Robotics in healthcare

7,237

Published on

Healthcare Discussion

Healthcare Discussion

3 Comments
11 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,237
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
3
Likes
11
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ROBOTICS IN HEALTHCARE ONKAR S KEMKAR ASST. PROFESSOR, PCD ICSR, VMV COLLEGE CAMPUS, WARDHAMAN NAGAR NAGPUR - 440008
  • 2. AGENDA
    • What is a Robot?
    • Why Robotics?
    • Healthcare & Robotics
    • Use of Robotics in healthcare
    • Significance
    • Conclusion
  • 3. WHAT IS A ROBOT?
    • A re-programmable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.”
  • 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF A ROBOT
    • Mobility: It possesses some form of mobility.
    • Programmability: implying computational or symbol- manipulative capabilities that a designer can combine as desired (a robot is a computer). It can be programmed to accomplish a large variety of tasks. After being programmed, it operates automatically.
    • Sensors: on or around the device that are able to sense the environment and give useful feedback to the device
    • Mechanical capability: enabling it to act on its environment rather than merely function as a data processing or computational device (a robot is a machine);
    • Flexibility: it can operate using a range of programs and manipulates and transport materials in a variety of ways.
  • 5. ISAAC ASIMOV'S THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICS
    • First Law A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
    • Second Law A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
    • Third Law A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law
  • 6. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
    • It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs
    Zero – the emotional robot
  • 7. APPLICATION OF ROBOTS
    • Industry
    • Animatronics
    • Safety
    • Space
    • Healthcare
    • Robot Ants: James McLurkin invented micro robots that work together as a community.
  • 8. PREDICTION
    • Prediction is difficult . . .. . . especially about the Future”….
    • Yogi Berra
  • 9. VIRTUAL REALITY: THE PROMISE OF THE FUTURE 1987
  • 10. VIRTUAL REALITY: THE REALIZATION OF THE FUTURE 2010
  • 11. WIZARD OF ID: BY BRANT PARKER
  • 12. CURRENT VISION
    • The future ……………………………
    • ……… .. Is here………..
  • 13. ROBOTICS
    • Robotics is the engineering science and technology of robots, and their design, manufacture, application, and structural disposition.
    • Robotics is related to electronics , mechanics , and software .
    • The term "robotics" was coined by Isaac Asimov in his 1941 science fiction short-story " Liar! "
  • 14. ROBOTICS IN HEALTHCARE
    • By 2050 one in four people in the WORLD will be over the age of 65. The NHS will be unable to cope with the likely increase in chronic illness.
    • To meet this challenge, health and local authority services must reconfigure, placing greater emphasis on community care and the effective use of technology. One promising technology is robotics .
  • 15. WHY ROBOTICS?
    • Compared with humans, robots are quicker to train, cheaper to maintain, easier to refuel and repair and less prone to be bored by repetitive tasks.
    • They could help the elderly and chronically ill to remain independent, reducing the need for careers and the demand for care homes.
  • 16. ADVANTAGES
    • Robots could help in the care of the elderly and chronically ill in four main ways:
    • Addressing cognitive decline; for example, reminding patients to drink, take medicine or of an appointment.
    • Enabling patients and caregivers to interact, thereby reducing the frequency of personal visits.
    • Collecting data and monitoring patients, emergencies, such as heart failure and high blood sugar levels, could be avoided.
    • Assisting people with domestic tasks—many give up independent living because of arthritis.
  • 17. WHY HEALTHCARE ROBOTICS
    • Medical Robotics is an emerging sub-discipline of robotics in which humans are the focal point of its creation.
    • Humans interact with medical robotics either as health providers such as physicians or as the healthcare recipients - the patients.
    • Introducing a medical robot at the interface between a physician and a patient is based on an understanding of the medical treatment itself and its related biology, physiology and anatomy.
    • Inherent to the field of medical robotics is a unique synergy between medicine, life and health sciences, and many sub-disciplines of engineering.
  • 18. ROBOTICS: TODAY’S SCENARIO
    • The use of Robotics in Healthcare has been tried from more than two decades, but has still not been used to its maximum potential.
    • Currently in healthcare, robots are mainly used for surgical purposes. Various surgical procedures like hip replacement are being implemented using these robots.
    • Robots could be used to perform minimal invasive surgery, remote surgery, and unmanned surgery.
  • 19. USE OF ROBOTICS IN HEALTHCARE
    • SURGERY
    • PROCEDURES
    • TREATMENT (PRE & POST)
    • PLANNING
    • SIMULATION
    • GUIDING
  • 20. ADVANTAGES
    • Accuracy - Robots once instructed can perform a task without fatigue and with accuracy, even after long hours of operation. A robot would also eliminate hand-tremors of the surgeon, due to fatigue or other reasons and increase accuracy of the operation.
    • Smaller Scars - Robots perform surgery by making smaller cuts to the patient' s body, thus leaving smaller scars to the patients.
    • Less Blood Loss - Smaller incisions lead to lesser amount of blood loss for the patients.
    • Less Pain - Patients suffer lesser pain due to the smaller cuts made by the robots.
    • Faster Recovery - Smaller external cuts, eventually leads to faster healing, decreased possibility of infections, and therefore a faster recovery for the patients.
    • Shorter Hospital Stay - Speedier healing and recovery leads to a shorter stay in the hospital thus saving costs.
  • 21. WHY ROBOTICS
    • Healthcare is the only industry without a computer representation of its “product”
    • A robot is not a machine . .it is an information system with arms . . .
    • An operating room is an information system with
  • 22. POTENTIAL OF ROBOTICS
    • The value of robotics for healthcare could be huge in terms of health, societal and economic benefits.
    • Robotics offer the promise of
      • sustainable and affordable health provision without compromising quality of care. Some products are already available, like the surgical robot
      • Da Vinci, but this is just the beginning. Clear roadmaps are required for the scale of research and development still needed to transform the challenges that exist – technological, financial, ethical into practical and beneficial solutions.
  • 23. RESEARCH ROADMAPS FOR ROBOTICS
    • The basic idea of roadmapping is to look for the
    • best way to arrive at a destination.
    • In healthcare,this means dealing with the societal issues,diseases and other medical conditions, which healthcare systems need to cure, care for or prevent, both now and in the future.
    • In relation torobotics, this concerns questions such as which robotic applications will be valued additions to healthcare, which products can meet market needs and which technologies are needed to accomplish them.
    • Some technologies are available, while others need a lot of research and development before they can be applied to the production of a robotic system.
  • 24. BEST WAYS TO A ROADMAP
    • Smart medical capsules
    • Robotised surgery
    • Intelligent prosthetics
    • Robotised motor coordination analysis and therapy
    • Robot-assisted mental, cognitive and social therapy
    • Robotised patient monitoring systems;
  • 25. SMART MEDICAL CAPSULES
    • A means of ‘journeying’ through the body in a way that causes less discomfort than traditional endoscopy where invasive probes are used. The smart capsule endoscope is a ‘pill’ that is swallowed and then makes pictures of internal systems such as the intestines, while travelling through the body.
    • Robotising the capsules boosts greatly their diagnostic and therapeutic effectiveness and signifies a radical change in medicine.
    • A minirobot (and in the future perhaps a “nanobot”) will be able to move itself, or be externally steered, to have a closer look at internal tissues, take samples or even destroy unwanted tissue.
  • 26. ROBOTISED SURGERY
    • Robotised surgery will facilitate new types of intervention, e.g., in areas of the human body that are difficult to access.
    • Precision, durability and repeatability enable automation of surgical tasks and facilitate minimally invasive surgery, remote tele-surgery, preoperative planning, surgical training, intra-operative navigation (image-guided surgery) and surgical simulation all from one place.
    • The future: the integration of different robotic systems in broader platforms to assist surgeons
  • 27. ROBOTIC SURGERY
  • 28. ROBOTICS
    • Robotics for Medicine and Healthcare is the application of technology whereby systems are able to perform coordinated mechatronic actions (force or movement) on the basis of processing information acquired through sensor technology.
    • These systems cooperate safely with humans and support the functioning of impaired individuals, medical interventions, care and rehabilitation of patients as well as participation of individuals in prevention
  • 29. ADVANTAGES
    • Robotics hold the promise of addressing some major healthcare issues.
    • The field of robotics in healthcare is in its infancy – industry, government and research can still exert influence.
    • There is a need to bridge the difficult ransitions from laboratories to trials and from trials to regular healthcare practice.
    • Systematic support to research is needed for progress to be made.
    • Addressing ethical and legal problems should be an integral part of any research programme in this field.
    • Awareness must be raised through a flanking communication programme.
  • 30. IS THIS THE FUTURE?
  • 31. INNOVATIONS
  • 32. CONCEPTION OF HEALTHCARE ROBOT FOR ELDERLY
  • 33. APPLICATION OF THE ROBOT FOR ELDERLY PEOPLE
  • 34. APPLICATIONS
  • 35. APPLICATIONS
  • 36. APPLICATIONS
  • 37. APPLICATIONS
  • 38. APPLICATIONS
  • 39.  
  • 40. ROBOTIC NURSE
  • 41.  

×