Medications the EMT-B can assist a patient in taking
What EMT-Bs must know when giving medications
Twelve CORE CONCEPTS
Pharmacology The study of drugs, their sources, characteristics, and effects K EY TERM
Medications Carried on the EMS Unit
Aspirin (in some systems)
Assisting with Prescribed Medication
Tell new EMT-Bs that compiling an accurate description of the patient’s medication not only helps the ambulance crew but also helps hospital personnel obtain important information about the patient and his or her history. P RECEPTOR P EARL
G ENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT MEDICATIONS
Generic name listed in
Name assigned to drug before
it becomes officially listed
Usually a simple form of the
chemical name Medication Names: Generic
Brand name used by
manufacturer of the drug Medication Names: Trade Name
Indication K EY TERM Use of a medication to treat for a specific illness
Contraindication K EY TERM Situation in which a medication would be ineffective and cause harm
Side Effects K EY TERM Undesirable effects on a patient Some side effects are predictable (e.g., headache as a side effect of nitroglycerin).
Dose Actions Route (i.e., orally, sublingually, by injection) K EY TERMS How much should be given to a patient Desired effects on a patient How the medication is administered
Compressed Powders, or Tablets Sublingual Spray Forms of Medications (Continued)
Liquids for Injection Gases Forms of Medications (Continued)
Gels Suspensions Forms of Medications (Continued)
Fine Powder for Inhalation Metered-Dose Inhaler Forms of Medications
Right time of administration?
Patient must be reassessed
after medication is administered.
Repeat vital signs.
Document patient’s response
There are many medications that patients may be taking that offer clues to their medical history or presenting problem. The EMT-B should carry a pocket guide (e.g., Pocket Reference for BLS Providers ) that lists commonly prescribed medications. Field Resources
1. List the forms of medications. medication administration. 3. List the medications carried on the 2. List the four of the “rights” in ambulance. R EVIEW QUESTIONS